Crops in China

 Published On: May, 2014 |    No of Pages: 113 |  Published By: CCM International Limited | Format: PDF
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Planting industry plays a critical role in national economy and people's livelihood. It restrains and promotes the development of the secondary and tertiary industries. Since the establishment of the People Republic of China, especially after the reform and opening up policy in 1980s, China's agriculture has been developing fast. China has fed more than 1/4 of the world's population on 7% of the world's land.

What is the general situation of China’s planting industry? How is the crops supply and food security of China now? How is the planting industry chain in China? How are supply and consumption situation of major crops in China? What is the situation of investment analysis on crop planting industry in China? … CCM will give descriptions in this report.

This report includes but not limited to the following parts:

-The influence over crop planting by the change of agro-environment (Change of climate, water and soil condition, urbanization)
- Overview of China’s crop planting situation of major crops (Planting area, per unit yield, output,
GM crops, etc.)
- Introduction to industry chain of crop planting industry in China (Agricultural facilities, seed, agrochemicals, etc.)
- Investment analysis on crop planting industry in China (Cost analysis on major crops, situation of VC/PE and IPO on crops planting industry)
- Comparison on the developing mode of crop planting industry in China (traditional mode and new mode)

Executive summary 1
1 PEST analysis on crops in China 3
1.1 Political environment 3
1.2 Economic environment 6
1.3 Social environment 7
1.4 Technological environment 7
2 The influence over crop planting by the change of agro-environment 9
2.1 Change of climate 9
2.2 Change of water 12
2.3 Change of soil condition 14
2.4 Urbanization 15
3 Crop supply and food security 19
3.1 Planting situation of major crops 19
3.2 Current situation and trend of GM technology 26
3.2.1 Current situation of GM crops in China 26
3.2.1.1 China's status in global market of GM crops 26
3.2.1.2 Situation of GM crops in China 27
3.2.1.3 Main production of GM crops 28
3.2.1.3.1 GM corn 28
3.2.1.3.2 GM rice 30
3.2.1.3.3 GM wheat 32
3.2.1.3.4 GM soybean 33
3.2.1.3.5 GM cotton 35
3.3 Problems and corresponding measures in food security 38
4 Industry chain of crop planting industry in China 41
4.1 Agricultural facilities 41
4.2 Supply and utilization of seeds 44
4.2.1 Market informations 44
4.2.2 Supply and utilization 45
4.2.3 Analysis on major brands of seeds 50
4.3 Supply and utilization of agrochemicals 56
4.3.1 Chemical fertilizers 56
4.3.2 Chemical pesticides 60
4.4 Analysis on crop planting situation 65
4.5 Processing, circulation and consumption of major products of grain and oil crops 67
4.5.1 Corn 67
4.5.2 Rice 70
4.5.3 Wheat 72
4.5.4 Soybean 75
4.5.5 Rape 78
5 Investment analysis on crop planting industry in China 81
5.1 Cost analysis on major crops 81
5.2 VC/PE 89
5.3 IPO 91
6 Analysis on major agricultural enterprises 94
6.1 Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps 94
6.2 Heilongjiang State Farms•Beidahuang Group 95
6.3 COFCO Limited 97
6.4 China National Agricutural Development Group Co., Ltd. 98
6.5 Beijing Shunxin Agriculture Development Group Co., Ltd. 99
6.6 Gansu Yasheng Industrial (Group) Co., Ltd. 101
7 Developing mode and trend of crop planting industry in China 103
7.1 Current situation and trend of traditional mode 103
7.2 Development and trend of crop planting industry under new mode in China 103
8 Investment analysis on crop planting industry in China 106
8.1 Opportunity 106
8.2 Risk 107

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1.1-1 List of the No.1 documents issued by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China
Table 1.1-2 USD/RMB exchange rates, 2000-2013
Table 1.1-3 Major agricultural subsidies in China, 2002-2013, million USD
Table 2.1-1 Occurrence area of pest and disease and crops lost in China, 2000-2011
Table 2.1-2 Area under control and crops recovered from the losses, 2000-2011
Table 3.2.1.3.1-1 Development of GM corn in China, 2012
Table 3.2.1.3.1-2 Import situation of corn in China, 2010-H1 2013, tonne
Table 3.2.1.3.1-3 GM corn approved for import as processing materials, as of Aug. 2013
Table 3.2.1.3.2-1 Development of GM rice in China, 2012
Table 3.2.1.3.3-1 Development of GM wheat in China, 2012
Table 3.2.1.3.4-1 Development of GM soybean in China, 2012
Table 3.2.1.3.4-2 GM soybean approved for import as processing materials, as of Aug. 2013
Table 3.2.1.3.4-3 Import volume of soybeans in China, 2008-2012, tonne
Table 3.2.1.3.5-1 Development of GM cotton in China, 2012
Table 3.2.1.3.5-2 Sown area of cotton in China, 2008-2012, ha.
Table 3.2.1.3.5-3 Output and import volume of cotton in China, 2008-2012
Table 3.2.1.3.5-4 GM cotton approved for import as processing materials, as of Aug. 2013
Table 4.1-1 Major agricultural facilities in China, '000 unit, 2000-2011
Table 4.1-2 Area of agricultural mechanization, 2000-2011, '000 ha.
Table 4.1-3 Agricultural mechanization level by major crops, 2010
Table 4.2.2-1 Supply and usage of other seeds in China, 2013-2014
Table 5.2-1 Part of VC/PE investment cases in crop planting and its related industries in China, 2012-2013
Table 5.3-1 IPO of agricultural companies in China, 2012-2013
Table 6.1-1 Basic information of Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps
Table 6.1-2 Listed subsidiary of XPCC
Table 6.1-3 Output of major crops of XPCC in 2012
Table 6.2-1 Basic information of Heilongjiang State Farms•Beidahuang Group
Table 6.2-2 Main subsidiary of HSFBG
Table 6.2-3 Revenue of main business of HSFBG, 2009-2011, million USD
Table 6.2-4 Output and sale of major crops of HSFBG, 2010 and 2011, million tonne
Table 6.3-1 Basic information of COFCO Limited
Table 6.3-2 Listed subsidiary of COFCO
Table 6.4-1 Basic information of China National Agricultural Development Group Co., Ltd.
Table 6.4-2 Listed subsidiary of of China National Agricultural Development Group Co., Ltd.
Table 6.5-1 Basic information of Beijing Shunxin Agriculture Development Group Co., Ltd.
Table 6.5-2 Main subsidiary of of Shunxin Group
Table 6.5-3 Revenue of main business of Beijing Shunxin Agriculture Co., Ltd., 2012 and 2013, million USD
Table 6.6-1 Basic information of Gansu Yasheng Industrial (Group) Co., Ltd.
Table 6.6-2 Main subsidiary of Yasheng Group
Table 6.6-3 Revenue of main business of Yasheng Group, 2011 and 2012, million USD

LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1.1-1 Agricultural financial input in China, 2000-2013, billion USD
Figure 1.2-1 The Producer Price Index of crops in China, 2008-2013
Figure 2.1-1 Area covered and affected by natural disasters in China, 1990-2011, million ha.
Figure 2.1-2 Area covered by major natural disasters in China, 2000-2011, million ha.
Figure 2.1-3 Area covered by natural disasters and yield per unit of grain in China, 2000-2011
Figure 2.1-4 Grain output and yield per unit of grain in China, 2000-2011
Figure 2.2-1 Consumption structure of water in China, 2004-2012, billion m³
Figure 2.2-2 Agricultural water and effective irrigated area in China, 2004-2012
Figure 2.2-3 Yield per unit of grain and effective irrigated area in China, 2000-2012
Figure 2.2-4 Grain output and yield per unit of grain in China, 2000-2012
Figure 2.3-1 Area polluted by heavy metal pollutant in China, 2012
Figure 2.4-1 Cultivated area in China, 1996-2011, million ha.
Figure 2.4-2 Planting structure by planting area of major crops in China, 1990-2012
Figure 2.4-3 Cultivated area, sown area and multiple cropping index of crops in China, 1996-2011
Figure 2.4-4 Number of rural employment population and its share in total population, 2000-2011
Figure 2.4-5 Structure of employment people by industry in China, 2000
Figure 2.4-6 Structure of employment people by industry in China, 2010
Figure 3.1-1 Sown area of crops in China, 2000-2012, million ha.
Figure 3.1-2 Planting structure of major crops by sown area in China, 2000-2012
Figure 3.1-3 Sown area of corn, rice and wheat in China, 2000-2012, '000 ha.
Figure 3.1-4 Sown area of soybean, rape and peanut in China, 2000-2012, '000 ha.
Figure 3.1-5 Sown area of potato, cotton and sugarcane in China, 2000-2012, '000 ha.
Figure 3.1-6 Distribution of sown area of crops in China, 2000-2012
Figure 3.1-7 Yield per unit of major types of crops in China, 2000-2012, kg/ha.
Figure 3.1-8 Yield per unit of major crops in China, 2000-2012, kg/ha.
Figure 3.1-9 Total output of food crops in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 3.1-10 Output of food crops by regions in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 3.1-11 Output of major types of crops in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 3.1-12 Output of major crops in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 3.2.1.1-1 Global sown area of GM crops, 2004-2012
Figure 3.2.1.1-2 Sown area of China's GM crops and its share in the global GM crop sown area, 2004-2012
Figure 3.2.1.2-1 Procedures from experiment to commercial production of GM crops in China
Figure 3.3-1 Self-sufficiency of major crops in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 3.3-2 Import volume of major crops, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 4.1-1 The total power of agricultural machinery in China, 1990-2012, million kilowatt
Figure 4.1-2 Area of protected agriculture in China, 2000-2011, million ha.
Figure 4.1-3 Consumption of agricultural plastic film in China, 2000-2011
Figure 4.2.1-1 Market value of seeds in China, 2000-2013, million USD
Figure 4.2.1-2 Market size of seeds of major crops by market value in China, 2012
Figure 4.2.1-3 Commodity rate of major crop seeds in China, 2012
Figure 4.2.2-1 Sown area of corn and hybrid corn in China, 2008-2013, million ha.
Figure 4.2.2-2 Situation of hybrid corn seed production in China, 2008-2013
Figure 4.2.2-3 Consumption and inventory of hybrid corn seed in China, 2008-2014, '000 tonne
Figure 4.2.2-4 Sown area of rice and hybrid rice in China, 2008-1013, million ha.
Figure 4.2.2-5 Situation of hybrid rice seed production in China, 2008-2013
Figure 4.2.2-6 Consumption and inventory of hybrid rice seed in China, 2008-2014, '000 tonne
Figure 4.3.1-1 Output and consumption (calculated by 100% AI) of chemical fertilizers in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 4.3.1-2 Output structure of chemical fertilizers in China, 2000-2012
Figure 4.3.1-3 Output share of chemical fertilizers in the major regions of China, 2000 and 2012
Figure 4.3.1-4 Consumption structure of chemical fertilizers in China, 2000-2012
Figure 4.3.1-5 Per unit consumption of chemical fertilizers in China, 2000-2012, kg/ha.
Figure 4.3.1-6 Consumption share of chemical fertilizers in the major regions of China, 2000 and 2012
Figure 4.3.2-1 Output and consumption of pesticides (calculated by 100% technical) in China, 2000-2011, '000 tonne
Figure 4.3.2-2 Output structure of pesticides in China, 2000-2012
Figure 4.3.2-3 Output share of pesticides in the major regions of China, 2000 and 2012
Figure 4.3.2-4 Consumption structure of pesticides in China, 2000-2012
Figure 4.3.2-5 Per unit consumption of pesticides in China, 2000-2012, kg/ha.
Figure 4.3.2-6 Consumption share of pesticides in major regions in China, 2000 and 2011
Figure 4.5.1-1 Output and consumption of corn in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 4.5.1-2 Import and export volume of corn in China, 2000-2012, '000 tonne
Figure 4.5.1-3 Consumption structure of corn in China, 2012
Figure 4.5.1-4 Output structure and consumption structure of corn by region in China, 2012
Figure 4.5.2-1 Output and consumption of rice in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 4.5.2-2 Import and export volume of rice in China, 2000-2012, '000 tonne
Figure 4.5.2-3 Consumption structure of rice in China, 2012
Figure 4.5.2-4 Output of polished rice in China, 2004-2013, million tonne
Figure 4.5.3-1 Output and consumption of wheat in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 4.5.3-2 Import and export volume of wheat in China, 2000-2012, '000 tonne
Figure 4.5.3-3 Consumption structure of wheat in China, 2012
Figure 4.5.3-4 Output of wheat flour in China, 2004-2012, million tonne
Figure 4.5.4-1 Output and consumption of soybean in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 4.5.4-2 Import and export volume of soybean in China, 2000-2012, '000 tonne
Figure 4.5.4-3 Consumption structure of soybean in China, 2012
Figure 4.5.4-4 Processing capacity of soybean in China, 2000-2013, million t/a
Figure 4.5.4-5 Distribution of soybean crushing capacity by province in China, 2013
Figure 4.5.5-1 Output and consumption of rapeseed in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 4.5.5-2 Import and export volume of rapeseed in China, 2000-2012, '000 tonne
Figure 4.5.5-3 Consumption structure of rapeseed in China, 2012
Figure 4.5.5-4 Output of rapeseed oil in China, 2000-2012, million tonne
Figure 5.1-1 Planting cost of major crops in China, 2000-2011, USD/ha.
Figure 5.1-2 Net profit of major crops in China, 2000-2011, USD/ha.
Figure 5.1-3 Planting cost analysis of corn in China, 2000 and 2011
Figure 5.1-4 Planting cost analysis of rice in China, 2000 and 2011
Figure 5.1-5 Planting cost analysis of wheat in China, 2000 and 2011
Figure 5.1-6 Planting cost analysis of cotton in China, 2000 and 2011
Figure 5.1-7 ting cost analysis of rape in China, 2000 and 2011
Figure 5.1-8 Planting cost analysis of soybean in China, 2000 and 2011
Figure 5.2-1 Investment number and value of VC/PE on agriculture in China, 2006-2013
Figure 5.2-2 Industry distribution of China's VC/PE on agriculture by investment number, 2006-2013
Figure 5.3-1 Number and value of IPO on agriculture in China, 2006-2013
Figure 5.3-2 Industry distribution of China's IPO on agriculture by case number, 2006-2013


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