High Power Energy Harvesting: Off-Grid 10W-100kW 2016-2026

 Published On: Sep, 2016 |    No of Pages: 229 |  Published By: IDTechEx | Format: PDF
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This unique report reflects the new reality that energy harvesting - creation of off-grid electricity where it is needed, using ambient energy - is now widely deployable up to 100kW and beyond. This is resulting in dramatic new capabilities such as the rapidly growing number of land, water and air vehicles that operate entirely on sunshine and electricity becoming affordable and feasible in remote parts of Africa. It will result in the electric vehicle that has longer range than the vehicles it replaces. It makes autonomous vehicles more feasible and shipping much more efficient. Only a global up-to-date view makes sense in this fast-moving subject embracing Google airborne wind energy (AWE), Facebook solar robot aircraft, Siemens small wind turbines and regenerative braking. There are already autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) and navigation buoys that combine solar and wave power.

The multilingual PhD level IDTechEx analysts have travelled intensively in 2015 to report the latest research and expert opinions and to analyse how the markets and technologies will move over the coming decade. Many original IDTechEx tables and infographics pull together the analysis in easily understood form. The report comes with 30 minutes free consultancy.

Energy harvesting is now a booming business at the level of 10 watts to 100 kilowatts and beyond, off-grid. That includes making a vehicle, boat or plane more efficient such as energy harvesting shock absorbers and high speed flywheels, reversing alternators and motors for instance on the propeller of a boat under sail or moored in a tidestream and regeneratively soaring aircraft and braking cars and forklifts. Similar technology now harvests the energy of a swinging construction vehicle, dropping elevator and so on and soon the heat of engines will be harvested in kilowatts and off-grid wave power will become commonplace.

High power energy harvesting also embraces off-grid creation of electricity that will be used generally such as that harnessing photovoltaics, small wind turbines and what enhances or replaces them such as the new airborne wind energy (AWE). This is underwritten by both strong demand for today's forms of high power EH and a recent flood of important new inventions that increase the power capability and versatility of many of the basic technologies of energy harvesting. It all reads onto the megatrends of this century - reducing global warming and local air, water and noise pollution, relieving poverty and conserving resources.

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1. Definition and characteristics
1.1.1. Definition
1.1.2. Overview of need
1.1.3. Characteristics
1.2. Market overview
1.2.1. Largest value market by power
1.3. Maturity of market by application
1.4. Hype curve for energy harvesting applications
1.5. EH systems
1.6. Multiple energy harvesting
1.7. Market forecast 2016-2026
1.7.1. The big picture
1.7.2. Forecasts by technology
1.7.3. Overall market for transducers
1.7.4. Market for power conditioning
1.8. Technology timeline 2016-2025
1.9. Detailed technology sector forecasts 2015-2025
1.9.1. Electrodynamic
1.9.2. Photovoltaic
1.9.3. Thermoelectrics
1.9.4. Territorial differences
2. INTRODUCTION
2.1. HPEH Technology
2.2. Technologies compared
2.2.1. Parametric
2.2.2. System design: transducer, power conditioning, energy storage
2.3. Mature technologies
2.3.1. Wind turbines, rotary blade
2.3.2. Portable wind turbine for clean energy anywhere
2.3.3. Conventional photovoltaics
2.3.4. Regenerative braking
2.4. A glimpse of the future: Lizard Electric Vehicles
2.5. Off-grid wave harvesting
2.5.1. Introduction
2.5.2. CorPower Ocean Sweden
2.5.3. Levant Power USA
2.5.4. National Agency for New Energy Technologies (ENEA) Italy
2.5.5. Oscilla Power USA magnetorestrictive
2.6. HPEH in context: IRENA Roadmap to 27% Renewable
2.7. Electric vehicle end game: free non-stop road travel
2.8. Simpler, More Viable Off-grid Power in 2016
2.9. Tesla the Follower
3. ELECTRODYNAMIC HARVESTING
3.1. Definition and scope
3.2. Many modes and applications compared
3.2.1. Options by medium
3.2.2. Examples compared
3.3. Flywheel KERS
3.4. Active regenerative suspension: Levant Power USA
3.5. Audi regenerative suspension
3.6. Airborne Wind Energy AWE
3.6.1. Kite-surfing in the stratosphere
3.7. Favoured technologies
3.7.1. Billions in Change
3.7.2. EnerKite Germany
3.7.3. Google Makani USA
3.7.4. e-Wind USA
3.7.5. TwingTec Switzerland
3.7.6. Ampyx Power Netherlands
3.7.7. Altaeros USA
3.7.8. Kitemill Norway
3.7.9. Kitegen Italy
3.7.10. Commercialisation targets in 2015
3.7.11. IDTechEx assessment
3.7.12. ABB assessment
3.8. Energy harvesting shock absorbers
3.8.1. Linear shock absorbers
3.8.2. Rotary shock absorbers
3.8.3. Tenneco Automotive Operating Company USA
3.9. Witt Energy UK
4. PHOTOVOLTAIC HARVESTING
4.1. Photovoltaic
4.1.1. Flexible, conformal, transparent, UV, IR
4.1.2. Technological options
4.1.3. Principles of operation
4.1.4. Options for flexible PV
4.1.5. Many types of photovoltaics needed for harvesting
4.1.6. Spray on power for electric vehicles and more
4.1.7. New world record for both sides-contacted silicon solar cells
4.2. Powerweave harvesting and storage e-fiber/ e-textile
4.3. Solar roads find many uses
4.4. Non-toxic and cheap thin-film solar cells
5. THERMOELECTRIC HARVESTING
5.1. The Seebeck and Peltier effects
5.2. Highest power thermoelectrics
5.3. Designing for thermoelectric applications
5.4. Material choices
5.5. Other processing techniques
5.6. Manufacturing of flexible thermoelectric generators
5.7. AIST technology details
5.8. Automotive applications
5.8.1. BMW Germany
5.8.2. Ford USA
5.8.3. Volkswagen Germany
5.8.4. Challenges of Thermoelectrics for Vehicles
5.8.5. Marlow Industries USA
5.9. Building and home automation
5.10. Solar TEG
6. GEOTHERMAL AND OTHER
6.1. Geothermal
6.1.1. World's largest ocean thermal plant
6.2. Magnetostrictive
6.3. Nantenna-diode rectenna arrays
6.3.1. Idaho State Laboratory, University of Missouri, University of Colorado, Microcontinuum
6.3.2. University of Maryland
6.4. Thermoacoustic
6.5. Triboelectric
6.5.1. Tire EH Goodyear concept 2016
6.6. Not quite energy harvesting: microbial fuel cells, directed RF, betavoltaics
7. MULTI-MODE ENERGY HARVESTING
8. EXAMPLES OF IDTECHEX INTERVIEWS AND EH RESEARCH IN 2015
8.1. Agusta Westland Italy
8.2. Enerbee France
8.3. Eight19 UK
8.4. Faradair Aerospace UK
8.5. IFEVS Italy
8.6. Jabil USA
8.7. Komatsu KELK Japan
8.8. LG Chem Korea
8.9. Marlow USA
8.10. Pavegen UK
8.11. Piezotech France
8.12. RMT Russia and TEC Microsystems Germany
8.13. Examples of recent research
8.14. Examples of Interviews Concerning High Power Energy Harvesting on Marine Craft 2015
8.15. Examples of presentations at Electric and Hybrid Marine Amsterdam June 2015
PROFILES FROM SOME AIRBORNE WIND ENERGY COMPANIES

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