Entry Strategy: Solar Power Generation in India

 Published On: Oct, 2015 |    No of Pages: 250+ |  Published By: SNP Infra Research solutions | Format: PDF
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Complete Guidebook on Technology, Site Selection, Plant Design, Securing Finance, O&M & Permits and Licensing
India has gained momentum in growth paradigm as an economy and with global agencies touting the country suitable for stable future investments the future too seems bright not only for enhanced domestic but also for revved up investments from foreign players. Given, economic growth is the parameter which would be quintessential in determination of infrastructural impetus for the country and hence the energy needs; India looks poised for colossal power generation capacity addition. These capacities clearly would come through two facets namely conventional and renewable energy and coupled with GoI’s intent to peddle up the capacities from green channel, solar power is destined to lead.

With an impressive plan to add 100 GW capacities through solar power with the split coming from 40 GW grid connected power, 40GW from solar rooftop capacities and balance 20GW from large scale solar capacities on pan India basis by 2022 the number of upcoming solar plants would be gargantuan should the there is no slippage in planned additions. This would not only mean massive investments corridor opening up in the solar business but also would call for an informed decision making by project developers which in turn demands an exhaustive dossier which has all queries answered with a path breaking advisory approach to aid them. This very need was identified by SNP Infra Research team and hence a detailed coverage to facilitate the entry strategy in solar power generation business in form of an exhaustive research report was incepted. The report encompasses every aspect of setting a solar power plant and has dealt with minute detailing upon all intricacies and nuances involved thereof.

We have focused in particular on three preeminent challenges for solar Developer: site selection, key area of project development & regulatory framework and financing option. The research entails grid-connected electricity generation by photovoltaic cells. The dossier is set to be of great value to decision makers of diverse interests and expertise in industry and government as they guide the continuing evolution of the solar industry. Preliminary chapter provides an overview of a solar PV power plant. Subsequent chapters discuss the key elements for site selection, solar resources, energy yield predictions, plant design and standards. This report also unveils commissioning standards and operation and maintenance parameters. For niche investors it covers economic and financial analysis with financing options supported with overview of regulatory framework of different state.

A Must Buy For:
• Private investors
• Power Companies
• Niche Developers
• Oil & Gas Companies
• Airport Developers / Operators
• Port Developers / Operators
• Road & Highways Developers
• Toll Plaza/ Booth Operators
• Rail Operators
• Road developers/Operators
• Policy Makers
• Financial Institutions and Banks
• Private Equity (PE) Investors
• Construction Companies / EPC Contractors
• Construction Equipment Manufacturers / Suppliers
• Consultancy Organizations
• Engineering Firms
• IT Solutions Providers
• Logistics / Supply Chain Companies
• Transport Operators
• Academic & Research Bodies
• Allied Industries (Cement, Iron, Steel Producers, etc
1 Executive Summary

2 CHANGING PRESPECTIVE: Business Case for Solar PV System
2.1 Intermittent supply of Grid Power
2.2 Increasing cost of Grid power cost Vs Decreasing solar power cost (Trend Analysis)
2.3 Solar Power – An alternate to Conventional Power & DG system
2.4 Concurrent Policy Dynamics
2.5 Incentives as per Industrial Policy
2.6 Open Access Provision
2.7 Power Banking facilities & Benefits Associated
2.8 Low Gestation and maintenance cost
2.9 Solar PV System Perspectives – Evaluating Biz case for 40 GW Installation

3 SOLAR PV TECHNOLOGIES
3.1 Overview of Ground Mounted & Rooftop PV system
3.2 Types of Solar PV System
3.3 Components of solar PV system       
3.3.1 Solar Panel       
3.3.2 Inverters       
3.3.3 Mounting Structures       
3.3.4 Charge Controller / MPPT       
3.3.5 Cables       
3.3.6 Junction Boxes/Enclosures for Inverters/ Charge Controllers
3.4 Evaluation & Optimizing of Plant Performance
3.5 Development phase of Solar PV System

4. SOLAR PV PLANT SITE SELCTION
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Parameters to consider for selecting sites for        
4.2.1 Ground Mounted       
4.2.2 Rooftop PV system

5. ESTIMATION OF SOLAR RADIATION
5.1 Assessment of Solar radiation
5.2 Solar Irradiance Variation
5.3 State wise solar Radiation Analysis

6. PREDICTING SOLAR POWER PRODUCTION
6.1 Prediction of Energy Output of Solar PV System
6.2 Factors affecting Energy Yield
6.3 Figuring Losses in Solar PV Power Plant
6.4 Optimizing Plant Performance

7. REGULATORY APROVALS, PERMITS, LICENCES   FOR SOLAR PV SYSTEMS
7.1  Essential Clearances & Approvals        
7.1.1 Ground Mounted       
7.1.2 Rooftop PV System
7.2  Environmental & Social Impact Assessment

8. PLANT DESIGN AND STANDARDS
8.1 Selecting Component of Solar PV System
8.2 Setting up Ground Mounted Solar PV System
8.2.1 Layout and Shading        
8.2.2 Electrical Design        
8.2.3 Plant supporting Infrastructure        
8.2.4 Monitoring and SCADA System
8.3 Setting up Rooftop Solar PV System- Mapping essentials desired
8.4 Design Documentation Requirements for Ground Mounted & Rooftop PV System
8.5 Evacuation System

9 ESSENTIALS FOR CONSTRUCTION OF SOLAR POWER PLANT
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Coordinating Task & schedules 
9.3  Payment Schedules
9.4 Contracting Warranties
9.5 Quality control
9.6 Health and Safety Management
9.7 Mapping of Construction Issues

10 COMMISSIONING & TESTING OF SOLAR PV PLANT
10.1 Project commissioning        
10.1.1 Grid-direct system        
10.1.2 Battery based system
10.2 Preliminary Testing
10.3 Functional Performance Test
10.4 Documentation & Deliverables

11. OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE-Ground Mounted & Rooftop PV System
11.1 Planned Maintenance
11.2 Breakdown Maintenance
11.3 Operation & Maintenance of large scale PV plant
11.4 Spares Management
11.5 Contract Management

12. ECONOMICS AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS
12.1 Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) Cost Benchmarks
12.2 Economics of Solar PV system         
12.2.1 Ground Mounted         
12.2.2 Rooftop PV System
12.3 Financial Model (Sample -Financial modeling of   10MW)
12.4 Tariff Analysis

13. FINANCING OPTIONS IN INDIA FOR SOLAR PV PROJECT
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Method of Project Financing
13.3 Risks Analysis
13.4 Associated Insurance
13.5 Equity Investment Options

14. CONCURRENT POLICY AND REGULATIONS
14.1 Overview of Solar Policies
14.2 Overview State Rooftop Policies (Net Metering &  Gross Metering)
14.3 Preferred regions for solar business opportunity
14.4 Government’s programs to support Solar On-Grid  & Off-Grid in India
14.5 Solar Apex Bodies & Organization in India and  their Roles

15 EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES & BUSINESS MODELS IN SOLAR PV
15.1 Prevalent Business Model in India
15.2 Business Opportunities Solar PV value chain
15.3 Marketing Strategy for Entering Solar PV markets
15.4 Hottest Sectors with optimal feasibility to use Solar Power
15.5 Evolving Business Models in other countries
15.6 Future Outlook: Technological Innovation
15.7 Case study – Solar Water pumping system
15.8 Case study – Solar Hybrid system
• Wind-Solar Hybrid
• Small Hydro-Solar Hybrid

16 CHALLENGES & BOTTLENECK FOR SOLAR POWER PLANTS IN INDIA
16.1  Ground Mounted System
16.2  Rooftop PV systems

17 Annexure
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