Drought refers to that period in a year where there is scarcity of rain water which leads to dry and hot weather. The term drought is complex in nature. Drought can bring lots of physical change in environment. It brings about major effects in nature and the people. It has long lasting effects on humans.
Droughts are one of the deadliest natural calamities due to less rainfall. Drought is deadliest because agriculture is one of the main sources in India and it is depended on rainfall and water supply, a shortage in water affects agriculture badly resulting in famine and inflation and causes deaths on a large scale. Especially in rural areas.
What are the Three Types of Drought?
Meteorological drought— this type of drought occurs when there is below average rainfall for a long period which creates a natural shortage of available water.
Agricultural drought— this type of drought occurs when there isn’t enough moisture to support average crop production or average grass production on range land. Agriculture is one of the main sources in India and it is depended on rainfall, a shortage in water affects agriculture badly resulting in famine and inflation and causes deaths on a large scale.
Hydrological drought— this type of drought occurs when water reservoirs fall below an established statistical average. Everyone should use water to its limitations; otherwise in future we have to face the situations of low rainfall which leads to drought.
“Nature is god’s gift preserve environment take measurable steps before it’s too late to handle the effects. Make optimum use of resources.”
Agriculture business that depends on farming, irrigation and fishing may lose everything when drought damages crops or livestock. Power companies that normally depend on hydroelectric power may have to spend more money on other fuel sources. Water companies may have to spend money on additional water supplies. People might have to pay more for food.
Social impacts are ways that drought affects people’s health and safety and changes in lifestyle. Examples of social impacts include:
Anxiety or downfall about economic losses caused by drought. Health problems related to low water flows and that creates loss of human life. Reduced incomes which affect their standard of living. Migration from place of scarcity to place of abundance.
Environmental effects of drought
Drought also affects the environment in many different ways. Plants and animals depend on water, just like people. Lack of food and drinking water for wild animals. Increase in disease in wild animals, because of reduced food intake and water supplies. Wild life existence can also come to an end if the species keep on dying because of drought. If they didn’t get enough of water or food due to drought that will create an overall environmental problems.
The above were all the problems relating drought, there is only one solution to it grow more plants, avoid pollution, avoid every single waste of water.