With the growing technology the birth process is getting much uncomplicated, Stem Cell and various other research studies carried on in different advanced countries of the globe. These research activities enable the uncovering of many preventive measures which in the past were impossible. Prenatal testing and newborn genetic screening are two regular processes practiced in developed nations, these tests makes possible predicting potential health illness even before the birth.
Such genetic tests are systematic diagnostic techniques often practiced to detect unicellular or multi-cellular organisms’ genetic disorders (if any). Prenatal or newborn is the using of diagnostics or screening process of the fetus or the newborn baby. This is mostly done to track down chromosomal complications like Edward syndrome, Down syndrome and Patau syndrome. The prenatal or newborn testing is widely segmented on the basis of technology and geographic aspects.
The genetic testing technique is further includes biochemical testing. These tests enable detection of possible occurrence of mutant forms of genes those are related to the risk of developing genetic disorders. DNA testing or DNA screening is an essential part of the same which quite common under the genetic testing process.
“Currently there are more than 2,000 genetic tests worldwide & more are in different stages of development”
The newborn or prenatal testing is further categorized into Diagnostic tests and Screening tests.
Diagnostic Tests is popular worldwide and covers techniques such as
Fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH),
Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
& Array Comparative Genomic Hybridization (aCGH)
Screening tests include Maternal Serum Screening (MSS) and Non-Invasion Prenatal Testing (NIPT). The global industry of prenatal and newborn genetic testing is an actively developing segment of the global diagnostic market; it is driven by the developing technologies, increasing maternal age and growing cases of late pregnancies.
Commercially all of these testing methods are doing well as the demand is on an upward globally. Diagnostic testing processes are more effective as they are very accurate compared to the screening methods. Out of them-PCR technique is the most practiced method with a majority market share under the diagnostic testing category. This is due to its multiple applications and high rate of efficiency. FISH and aCGH are two upcoming techniques in the global market.
On the side of screening methods, NIPT enjoys a growing market at a highest CAGR for 2013-20.