Just when the future started turning bright (investments in tech and smart cities happening) for India, there’s a bad news in the form of a report issued by the World Bank. According to the report findings; India is speedily growing to a ‘water-scarce’ nation. The worst part being that this is set to come true within the next decade. Yes, India is most likely to face the biggest water scarcity ever by 2025 where it will is challenged with high pressure to conserve water. The study has scary exposures of things to come; it indicates that the Indian villages (50% of them) do not have access to safe drinking water. The condition is getting graver due to factors like uncontrolled population, high-end industrialization and urbanization of rural regions.
Water in India
According to the World Bank report along with several other authorities within India-improved water management is the need of the hour and it is required to be taken as soon as possible. Problems related to water and its usage are plenty as 90% of Indian states dependent on the internally flowing rivers. These resources are unclear and few of them have dried up due to consistent rainfall indeficiency.
Low rainfall has been a major problem for years in India. In fact, it can be termed “the problem of problems”. Recently the monsoons for 2015 were found to be deficient by around 14% around the country.
Out of the 632 districts examined for groundwater quality, only 59 districts had water safe enough to drink #watercrisisinindia
Going green and improved agricultural practices with aid from technology is one of the ways in which framing and agri activities can be bought on track. Moreover, India has only worked upon 20% of its hydropower potentials wherein a lot is remaining to be explored.
Dams in India have a capacity to store a mere 200 cubic metres of water per person wherein the ratio is incomparably high is countries like China, Mexico and South Africa which increases up to 100 cubic metres per individual.
Working on building infrastructure on a national level is a good thing yet there is a dreadful need to get the basics right on the lower levels, agriculture being the most important of them. States have to plan and execute campaigns and work out ways in which they can improve the resources and provide some relief.
Few facts from the World Bank report-
54% of India faces ‘high’ to ‘extremely high’ water scarcity.
In the last 7 years, groundwater levels have gone down by a whopping 54% in the 4,000 wells taken up for study.
40% of the available surface water is being utilized each year.
There are a number of locations where people are living on contaminated water, as per the records of 2011; there were at least 130 million people consuming medium to highly polluted water.
Out of the 130 million, around 20 million in 8 districts consumed water which is considered to be highly poisonous and non consumable as per national safety standards.
Bagalkot in Karnataka has the most unsafe water quality used for consumption. The water has 5 out 6 pollutants exceeding the safety limits making it deadly.
Most of all, water supply nationwide is likely to fall drastically by 50% by 2030 which is all set to turn the situation grimmer.