The state of West Bengal has held a very significant place in the economical, cultural and historical entity of India. Located in the eastern end of the country, it was a hub of many ancient kingdoms like Vedic kings to Maurya’s and the Palas till the pre-independence time of the East India Company of the British Empire. Similarly it was also main center for all the merchants and industries for their trade as well as business. It also holds a rich tradition of culture and customs. It has given several famous personas that are famous across the world due to their contribution to art, science, society, economy and industrialization. Renowned personalities worldwide like Ravindranath Tagore, Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Swami Vivek Anand and J.C Bose belong to this state. Be it in the renaissance period, fight for independence or in the foundation of development of modern India, this state has played a very important part.
The state of West Bengal has a very diverse flora-fauna and demographic condition. The occupation of the people here is mainly agriculture and Farming Industry. For some years subsequent to independence this state was dependent on the central government for meeting its demands for food as the food production remained stagnant and the Green Revolution surpassed the state. In the recent times the scenario has changed as its has become the largest producer of rice in India with an annual output of around 15 million tons along with other crops like potato, jute, sugarcane and wheat which are the top five crops of the state.
State industries are mostly localized in the Calcutta region, the mineral rich western highlands, and Haldia port region. This territory is well known for its position among one of the leading industrialized states of the country with major centre for industries including the jute industry, numerous steel plants in the state apart from the alloy steel plant at Durgapur and in the areas of tea, sugar, chemicals and fertilizers. The state’s only international airport terminal is Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport which is located at DumDum, Calcutta. Bagdogra airport near Siliguri is another important air terminal over here.
With the point of view of tourism industry it has very valuable position as this area has number of tourist spots within and surroundings areas. It was the first state in India to have underground railway. The Howrah Bridge, The Victoria Memorial, Sundarbans National Park, Shantiniketan, Darjeeling are some of the tourist spots. The famous Darjeeling Himalayan Railway (Toy Train) is the main attraction. IT sector is growing here too; with companies like Wipro, HCL and Infosys making their set up in the state of West Bengal. The latest development of Rajarhat and EM bypass has boosted its growth factor too.
Even though there are several opportunities, there is some amount of hiccup still prevailing in this region, but with correct planning and political will, the future surely looks bright.