Electricity Industry

 Published On: Oct, 2014 |  Published By: Key Note | Format: PDF
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This Key Note Market Report analyses the electricity market in the UK, covering the generation, transmission, distribution and supply of electricity.

The economic downturn in 2008 led to a fall in industrial activity and, subsequently, a reduction in electricity consumption. Demand for electricity from the domestic sector has also slowed down in recent years as consumers have adopted energy-saving measures to cut household energy bills. Electricity consumption has been offset by the improvement in energy efficiency as a result of the new appliance standards and investments in energy-efficient products and equipment.  

Introduction & Definition 1
REPORT COVERAGE......1
Electricity Generation .....1
Transmission2
Distribution.2
Supply2
MARKET SECTORS.........2
1. Executive Summary 4
2. What’s KEY in the Market? 5
KEY DRIVERS........5
MARKET TRENDS5
Depletion of Fossil Fuel...5
Low Carbon Economy ....6
Increasing Use of Renewable Energy 6
Table 2.1: Electricity Generation by Main Renewable Sources (terawatts per hour),
2009-2013....7
Figure 2.1: Electricity Generation by Main Renewable Sources
(terawatts per hour), 2009-2013.........8
ECONOMIC TRENDS......8
Table 2.2: UK Economic Trends (000, £m, %, million and £), 2009-2013......9
KEY CURRENT ISSUES.11
Environmental Target...11
Primary Fuel Production in the UK...11
Table 2.3: UK Indigenous Production of Primary Fuels by Type by Volume (million tonnes of oil equivalent), 2009-2013......12
Figure 2.2: UK Indigenous Production of Primary Fuels by Type by Volume (million tonnes of oil equivalent), 2009-2013......13
Fuel Used for Electricity Generation in the UK ...13
Table 2.4: Fuel Used in UK Electricity Generation by Type by Volume (million tonnes of oil equivalent), 2009-2013.......14
Figure 2.3: Fuel Used in UK Electricity Generation by Type by Volume (million tonnes of oil equivalent), 2009-2013.......15
Reform of the Electricity Market .....15
‘Fracking’...16
HOW ROBUST IS THE MARKET?...17
3. Market Size, Segmentation & Forecasts 18
THE TOTAL MARKET .18
Table 3.1: UK Supply and Demand for Electricity by Volume (gigawatts per hour), 2009-2013..18
Figure 3.1: UK Supply and Demand for Electricity by Volume (gigawatts per hour), 2009-2013..19
Table 3.2: UK Plant Generating Capacity for All Generating Companies (megawatts), 2009-2013..........20
Figure 3.2: UK Plant Generating Capacity for All Generating Companies (megawatts), 2009-2013..........21
Table 3.3: Electricity Supplied by All Generating Companies in the UK by Fuel Type (terawatts per hour), 2009-2013.......22
Figure 3.3: Electricity Supplied by All Generating Companies in the UK by Fuel Type (terawatts per hour), 2009-2013.......23
Table 3.4: UK Supply of Electricity by Type of Producer (terawatts per hour), 2009-2013..23
Figure 3.4: UK Supply of Electricity by Type of Producer (terawatts per hour), 2009-2013..24
BY MARKET SECTOR...25
By Volume.25
Table 3.5: UK Final Electricity Consumption by Sector by Volume (gigawatts per hour), 2009-2013........25
Figure 3.5: UK Final Electricity Consumption by Sector by Volume (gigawatts per hour), 2009-2013......26
Table 3.6: UK Final Electricity Consumption in the Industrial Sector by Subsector by Volume (gigawatts per hour and %), 2013.....26
By Value.....27
Table 3.7: UK Electricity Sales by Sector by Value (£m), 2009-2013..28
Figure 3.6: UK Electricity Sales by Sector by Value (£m), 2009-201329
MARKET POSITION......29
The UK........29
International Perspective.........29
Table 3.8: Global Electricity Generation by Volume (terrawatts per hour),
2009-2013..30
Table 3.9: Global Electricity Generation by Region by Volume (terawatts per hour and %), 2013....31
Figure 3.7: Global Electricity Generation by Region by Volume (%), 201331
Table 3.10: World Petroleum and Other Liquids Consumption by the Electricity Sector by OECD and Non-OECD Countries (quadrillion British thermal units [Btu]), Reference Case 2010, 2020, 2030 and 2040 .........32
Figure 3.8: Sources of Electricity Generation in EU-27 Countries (%), 2010-2012 and 2020....33
OVERSEAS TRADE........33
By Volume.33
Table 3.11: Overseas Trade in UK Electricity by Volume (gigawatts per hour), 2009-2013..33
By Value ....34
Table 3.12: Overseas Trade in the UK Electricity by Value (£m), 2009-2013.........34
FORECASTS.........34
Future Trends.......34
The Economy .......34
Table 3.13: Economic Forecasts (000, % and million), 2014-2018.....35
Renewable Energy Sources for Electricity .35
A Diverse Future Energy Mix .36
Carbon Capture and Storage .36
Forecast Total Market...36
Table 3.14: Projected Electricity Demand and Capacity by Slow Progression Scenario and Gone Green Scenario (gigawatts and terawatts per hour), 2013, 2020
and 2035....37
Figure 3.9: Projected Electricity Demand and Capacity by Slow Progression Scenario and Gone Green Scenario (gigawatts and terawatts per hour), 2013, 2020
and 2035....37
4. Competitor Analysis 38
INTRODUCTION.38
Generation ..........38
Transmission ........38
Distribution .........39
Supply.........39
MARKET LEADERS.......39
Centrica PLC.........39
EDF Energy PLC ...40
E.ON UK PLC.........42
National Grid PLC43
npower Ltd44
Scottish Power Ltd.........44
SSE Energy Supply Ltd ..45
Total Gas & Power Ltd...46
NUMBER OF COMPANIES....47
By Turnover..........47
Table 4.1: Number of UK VAT- and/or PAYE-Based Enterprises Engaged in the Production, Transmission, Distribution and Trade of Electricity by Turnover
Sizeband (£000 and number), 2013..47
By Employment....47
Table 4.2: Number of UK VAT- and/or PAYE-Based Enterprises Engaged in the Production, Transmission, Distribution and Trade of Electricity by Employment Sizeband (number), 2013.48
Regional Variation in the Marketplace......48
Table 4.3: Electricity Sales in Great Britain by Volume by Sector by Region (gigawatt hours), 2012..49
Table 4.4: Number of Electricity Customers in Great Britain by Sector by Region (000), 2012.50
KEY TRADE ASSOCIATIONS.50
5. Buying Behaviour 51
FINAL ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION.......51
Table 5.1: UK Final Electricity Consumption by Sector (gigawatt hours), 2009-2013..51
Figure 5.1: UK Final Electricity Consumption by Sector (gigawatt hours), 2009-2013..53
Industrial Sector..53
Domestic Sector...53
Table 5.2: Expenditure on Energy by the Domestic Sector by Type of Energy (£m), 2009-2013...54
Figure 5.2: Expenditure on Energy by the Domestic Sector by Type of Energy (£m), 2009-2013...54
Commercial Sector.........55
6. Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats 56
STRENGTHS.........56
WEAKNESSES.....56
OPPORTUNITIES56
THREATS...57
7. PESTEL 58
POLITICAL 58
Scottish Referendum 2014......58
Ofgem Launches Full-Scale Investigation into Energy Market..........58
ECONOMIC ........58
Table 7.1: Consumer Prices Index for Gas and Electricity in the UK (index 2010=100), 2010-2013.....59
Figure 7.1: Consumer Prices Index for Gas and Electricity in the UK (index 2010=100), 2010-2013.....59
SOCIAL .....60
Demographic Trends ....60
TECHNOLOGICAL ........60
Energy Efficiency 60
Carbon Capture and Storage .61
ENVIRONMENTAL ......61
Climate Change Act 2008........61
Green Deal.62
LEGISLATIVE ......62
The Energy Act....62
8. Further Sources 63
Publications........63
General Sources63
Government Publications ...63
Other Sources....64
Key Note Research 65
The Key Note Range of Reports 66

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