Fiber Optic Sensors Global Market Forecast & Analysis 2016-2026

 Published On: May, 2017 |    No of Pages: 866 |  Published By: ElectroniCast Consultants | Format: PDF
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Report Description

This is the ElectroniCast forecast of global market consumption of Fiber Optic Sensors.  The quantitative market forecast data presented in this study report, covering the years 2016-2026, are segmented into the following geographic regions, plus a Global summary:

-The Americas (North America, Central and South America)
-EMEA (Europe, Middle Eastern countries, plus Africa)
-APAC (Asia Pacific)

The market forecast data is presented and segmented in two main sections:
   
-Fiber Optic Point Sensors: Component-Level
-Distributed Continuous Fiber Optic Sensor Systems

ElectroniCast counts each Point fiber optic sensors as one unit; however, the volume/quantity (number of units) of Distributed fiber optic sensors is based on a complete optical fiber line and associated components, which are defined as a “system”.

Distributed fiber optic sensor systems involve the optic fiber with the sensors embedded with the fiber.  ElectroniCast includes the optoelectronic (system board and/or module), connectors, optical fiber, cable (fiber jacket) and the sensor elements in this market forecast data. 

Competition Also included in this market forecast and analysis report from ElectroniCast is an extensive list of fiber optic sensor manufacturers and related companies, along with a matrix table classifying the types of sensor technologies of each competitor.  Market share estimates for the leading competitors are also provided. 

Fiber Optic Point Sensors  The ElectroniCast market forecast of the Fiber Optic Point Sensors is segmented by the following end-user applications:

-Manufacturing Process/Factory
-Civil Engineering/Construction (buildings, bridges, tunnels, etc)
-Military/Aerospace/Security
-Test & Measurement used in Telecommunication, CATV, Private/Enterprise
-Biomedical/Science
-Petrochemical/Energy/Utilities/Natural Resources
-Automotive/Vehicle

Sensing/Measuring (Measurand)  The ElectroniCast Fiber Optic Point Sensor Forecast further segmented by the following sensing/measuring quantity (measurand) types:

-Mechanical Strain
-Temperature
-Pressure
-Chemical, Gas, Liquid
-Vibration, Acoustic, Seismic
-Displacement, Acceleration, Proximity
-Electric and Magnetic Field - Fiber Optic Sensors
-Rotation (such as Fiber Optic Gyroscopes: FOGs)

Extensive Technology Review  This report by ElectroniCast Consultants provides a very detailed review of applicable technologies, including:

-Interferometry
-Intensity
-Polarization
-Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG)
-Raman back-scattering
-Fluorescence
-Brillouin waves
-Doppler Anemometry
-Spectroscopy
-Waveguides/ Specialty Optical Fiber
-Optrode

Distributed Continuous Sensors  The market forecast of the Distributed Continuous Sensors is further segmented by application and by technology, as follows:

-Manufacturing Process/Factory
Interferometric
Raman back-scattering 
Brillouin waves

-Civil Engineering/Construction (buildings, bridges, tunnels, etc)
Interferometric
Raman back-scattering 
Brillouin waves

-Military/Aerospace/Security
Interferometric
Raman back-scattering 
Brillouin waves

-Petrochemical/Energy/Utilities/Natural Resources
Interferometric
Raman back-scattering 
Brillouin waves

-Biomedical/Science
Interferometric
Raman back-scattering 
Brillouin waves

Market Research Methodology Information Base    
This study is based on analysis of information obtained continually over 25 years, but updated through the beginning of May 2017.  Continuously, ElectroniCast analysts performed interviews with authoritative and representative individuals in the fiber optics industry plus automotive, petrochemical/energy/ utilities, civil engineering/construction, telecommunications, data communication, military/aerospace/security and other (multiple) industries, instrumentation/ laboratory – R&D and factory/manufacturing, from the standpoint of both suppliers and users of fiber optic sensors. The interviews were conducted principally with:

-Engineers, marketing personnel and management at manufacturers of fiber optic sensors, test equipment, biophotonics and medical devices, mechanical splice, connectors, transceivers and receivers, as well as LEDs, laser diodes and photodiodes, and other components used in the fabrication of optoelectronic transceivers, specialty optical fiber, optical fiber/cable and installation apparatus

-Design group leaders, engineers, marketing personnel and market planners at major users and potential users of fiber optic sensor system manufacturers, defense (primary) contractors, weapon system, aircraft and spacecraft electronic equipment producers, optical instrumentation system producers, optic fiber/cable, telecommunication transmission, commercial/industrial, manufacturing switching and distribution equipment producers, data communications equipment producers (switches, hubs, routers), computer and workstation producers, and others. Other industry experts, including those focused on standards activities, trade associations, and investments. 

The interviews covered issues of technology, R&D support, pricing, contract size, reliability, documentation, installation/maintenance crafts, standards, supplier competition and other topics. Customers also were interviewed, to obtain their estimates of quantities received and average prices paid, as a crosscheck of vendor estimates. Customer estimates of historical and expected near term future growth of their application are obtained. Their views of use of new technology products were obtained.

The analyst then considered customer expectations of near term growth in their application, plus forecasted economic payback of investment, technology trends and changes in government regulations in each geographical region, to derive estimated growth rates of quantity and price of each product subset in each application. These forecasted growth rates are combined with the estimated baseline data to obtain the long-range forecasts at the lowest detailed level of each product and application.

A full review of published information was also performed to supplement information obtained through interviews. The following sources were reviewed:
-Professional technical journals and papers; Trade press articles
-Technical conference proceedings; Product literature
-Company profile and financial information
-Additional information based on previous ElectroniCast market studies
-Personal knowledge of the research team

In analyzing and forecasting the complexities of the total available market for optical interconnect products, it is essential that the market research team have a good and a deep understanding of the technology and of the industry. ElectroniCast members who participated in this report were qualified.

Bottom-up Methodology  ElectroniCast forecasts are developed initially at the lowest detail level, then summed to successively higher levels. The background market research focuses on the amount of each type of product used in each application in the base year (last year), and the prices paid at the first transaction from the manufacturer. This forms the base year data. ElectroniCast analysts then forecast the growth rates in component quantity use in each application, along with price trends, based on competitive, economic and technology forecast trends, and apply these to derive long term forecasts at the lowest application levels. The usage growth rate forecasts depend heavily on analysis of overall end user trends toward digital broadband communication equipment usage and economic payback.

Cross-Correlation Increases Accuracy The quantities of fiber optic sensors, transmitters/receivers, test equipment, biophotonic devices, couplers, filters, attenuators, specialty and singlemode/multimode glass fiber and plastic optical fiber and other optical communication components used in a particular application are interrelated.  Since ElectroniCast conducts annual analysis and forecast in each component field, accurate current quantity estimates are part of the corporate internal database.  These quantities are cross-correlated as a "sanity check".
 1. Executive Summary       
1.1 Overview         
1.2  LEDs in Sensing/Detection and Analytical/Monitoring    
1.3  Fiber Optic Networks        
2.  Point Fiber Optic Sensor Measurand and Application Market Forecast  
2.1  Overview        
2.2  Point Fiber Optics Sensors Market Forecast: Strain    
2.3  Point Fiber Optics Sensors Market Forecast: Temperature   
2.4 Point Fiber Optics Sensors Market Forecast: Pressure    
2.5 Point Fiber Optics Sensors Market Forecast: Chemical, Gas and Liquid  
2.6 Point Fiber Optics Sensors Market Forecast: Vibration, Acoustic and Seismic 
2.7 Point Fiber Optics Sensors Market Forecast: Displacement, Acceleration and Proximity
2.8 Point Fiber Optics Sensors Market Forecast: Electric and Magnetic Field   
2.9 Point Fiber Optics Sensors Market Forecast: Rotation      
3. Distributed Fiber Optic Sensor Systems Market Forecast   
3.1 Overview        
3.2 Distributed Fiber Optic Sensors: Manufacturing/Factory Market Forecast  
3.3 Distributed Fiber Optic Sensors: Civil Engineering/Construction Forecast  
3.4 Distributed Fiber Optic Sensors: Military/Aerospace/Security Market Forecast  
3.5 Distributed Fiber Optic Sensors: Petrochemical/Energy/Utilities Forecast  
3.6  Distributed Fiber Optic Sensors: Biomedical/Science Forecast    
4. Fiber Optic Sensor Technology      
4.1 Overview        
4.2 Interferometric Fiber Optic Sensors      
4.3 Intensity Fiber Optic Sensors      
4.4 Polarization Fiber Optic Sensors      
4.5 Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) Fiber Optic Sensors    
4.6 Raman Scattering Fiber Optic Sensors      
4.7 Fluorescence Fiber Optic Sensors      
4.8 Brillouin Scattering Fiber Optic Sensors     
4.9 Doppler Anemometry       
4.10 Spectroscopy        
4.11 Waveguides Fiber Optic Sensors      
4.12 Optrode          
5. Competitive Market Share Estimates by ElectroniCast and List of Selected Vendors
5.1 Overview        
5.2 List of Fiber Optic Sensor and Related Companies (over 160 companies are listed)
5.3 Fiber Optic Sensor Company / Product Matrix  (over 160 companies are listed) 
6. Optical Communication Trends       
6.1 Fiber Network Technology Trends      
6.2 Components        
6.2.1 Overview        
6.2.2 Transmitters and Receivers      
6.2.3 Optical Amplifiers        
6.2.4 Dispersion Compensators       
6.2.5 Fiber Cable        
6.3 Devices and Parts       
6.3.1 Overview        
6.3.2 Emitters and Detectors       
6.3.3 VCSEL & Transceiver Technology Review     
6.3.4 Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits / Photonic  Integrated Circuits (PIC)  
6.3.5 Modulators        
7. ElectroniCast Research Methodology      
8. Definitions: Acronyms, Abbreviations, and General Terms    
9. Market Forecast and Analysis Database Introduction/Explanation

List of Tables

1.1.1 Distributed Fiber Sensor Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Million) 
1.1.2 Distributed Fiber Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value $Million) 
1.1.3 Point Fiber Sensor Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Million)  
1.1.4 Point Fiber Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value $Million)  
1.1.5 Point Fiber Sensor Global Forecast, By Measurand Function Type (Value $Million)
1.2.1 LEDs in Sensing/Detection & Analytical/Monitoring Devices Global Forecast ($Million) 
1.3.1 OM3- and OM4-Specified Distances for Ethernet     
1.3.2 Physical Layer Specifications       
1.3.3 United States Broadband Plan – Goals      
1.3.4 Mexico FTTX Number of Lines, By Selected Operators in Mexico New Installation   
1.3.5 Licensed Local Fixed Carriers in Hong Kong      
1.3.6 Key specifications of the PC-1 Trans-Pacific System     
1.3.7 Features: Distributed Fiber Optic Sensor System Components    
1.4.4 Licensed Local Fixed Carriers in Hong Kong     
1.4.5 Key specifications of the PC-1 Trans-Pacific System     
1.4.6 Features: Distributed Continuous Fiber Optic Sensor System Components  
2.1.1 Point Fiber Optic Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP) 
2.1.2 Point Fiber Optic Sensor America Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.1.3 Point Fiber Optic Sensor EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP) 
2.1.4 Point Fiber Optic Sensor APAC Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP) 
2.2.1 Strain Sensing Technology Attributes Summary     
2.2.2 Strain: Point Fiber Optic Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.2.3 Strain: Point Fiber Optic Sensor America Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.2.4 Strain: Point Fiber Optic Sensor EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.2.5 Strain: Point Fiber Optic Sensor APAC Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.3.1 Temperature: Point FO Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.3.2 Temperature: Point FO Sensor America Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.3.3 Temperature: Point FO Sensor EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.3.4 Temperature: Point FO Sensor APAC Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.4.1 Pressure: Point FO Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.4.2 Pressure: Point FO Sensor America Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.4.3 Pressure: Point FO Sensor EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.4.4 Pressure: Point FO Sensor APAC Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.5.1 Chemical: Point FO Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.5.2 Chemical: Point FO Sensor America Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.5.3 Chemical: Point FO Sensor EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.5.4 Chemical: Point FO Sensor APAC Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.6.1 Vibration: Point FO Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.6.2 Vibration: Point FO Sensor America Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.6.3 Vibration: Point FO Sensor EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.6.4 Vibration: Point FO Sensor APAC Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.7.1 Displacement: Point FO Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.7.2 Displacement: Point FO Sensor America Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.7.3 Displacement: Point FO Sensor EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.7.4 Displacement: Point FO Sensor APAC Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.8.1 Electric and Magnetic Field: Point FO Sensor Global Forecast, By Application   
2.8.2 Electric and Magnetic Field: Point FO Sensor America Forecast, By Application  
2.8.3 Electric and Magnetic Field: Point FO Sensor EMEA Forecast, By Application  
2.8.4 Electric and Magnetic Field: Point FO Sensor APAC Forecast, By Application  
2.9.1 Rotation: Point FO Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.9.2 Rotation: Point FO Sensor America Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.9.3 Rotation: Point FO Sensor EMEA Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
2.9.4 Rotation: Point FO Sensor APAC Forecast, By Application (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.1.1 Continuous Distributed Fiber Sensor Global Forecast, By Region (Value Basis, $Million)
3.1.2 Continuous Distributed Fiber Sensor Global Forecast, By Region (Quantity of Systems)
3.1.3 Continuous Distributed Fiber Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Value $Million)
3.1.4 Continuous Distributed Fiber Sensor Global Forecast, By Application (Quantity/Systems)
3.2.1 Manufacturing/Factory: Continuous Distributed FO Sensor Global  (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.2.2 Manufacturing/Factory: Continuous Distributed Sensor America  (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.2.3 Manufacturing/Factory: Continuous Distributed FO Sensor EMEA  (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.2.4 Manufacturing/Factory: Continuous Distributed FO Sensor APAC (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.3.1 Civil Engineering: Continuous Distributed FO Sensor Global  (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.3.2 Civil Engineering: Continuous Distributed Sensor America  (Value, Quantity, ASP) 
3.3.3 Civil Engineering: Continuous Distributed Sensor EMEA  (Value, Quantity, ASP) 
3.3.4 Civil Engineering: Continuous Distributed Sensor APAC (Value, Quantity, ASP) 
3.4.1 Military/Aerospace/Sec: Continuous Distributed FO Sensor Global  (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.4.2 Military/Aerospace/Sec: Continuous Distributed Sensor America  (Value, Quantity, ASP) 
3.4.3 Military/Aerospace/Sec: Continuous Distributed Sensor EMEA  (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.4.4 Military/Aerospace/Sec: Continuous Distributed Sensor APAC (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.5.1 Petrochemical/Utility: Continuous Distributed FO Sensor Global  (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.5.2 Petrochemical/Utility: Continuous Distributed Sensor America  (Value, Quantity, ASP) 
3.5.3 Petrochemical/Utility: Continuous Distributed Sensor EMEA  (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.5.4 Petrochemical/Utility: Continuous Distributed Sensor APAC (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.6.1 Biomedical/Science: Continuous Distributed FO Sensor Global  (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.6.2 Biomedical/Science: Continuous Distributed Sensor America  (Value, Quantity, ASP) 
3.6.3 Biomedical/Science: Continuous Distributed Sensor EMEA  (Value, Quantity, ASP)
3.6.4 Biomedical/Science: Continuous Distributed Sensor APAC (Value, Quantity, ASP)
5.1.1 Competitor Market Share - Fiber Optic Sensors (Year 2016)   

List of Figures

1.1.1 Fiber Optic Sensor Global Consumption Value Market Forecast  ($Billion) 
1.1.2 Fiber Optic Sensor Global Consumption Value Market Forecast, by Region  ($Billion)
1.1.3 Fiber Optic Sensor Forecast, Distributed and Point Sensors ($Million)  
1.1.4 Detection Fiber Optic Sensor Used in Automotive/Vehicle   
1.1.5 Detection Fiber Optic Sensor Used in Automotive/Vehicle   
1.1.6 Sensors: Single Helix and Double Helix     
1.1.7 Schematic: Laser Ultrasonic Inspection System      
1.1.8 LED-Based Defined Points along Optical Fiber Link for Sensing   
1.1.9 Fiber Optic Sensors in Formula 1 Race Car      
1.1.10 Harsh Environment Digital Fiber Optic Sensor     
1.1.11 Fiber Optic Sensor Installation      
1.1.12 Fiber Optic Sensors (FOS): Operating Principles, type of Measurands and Applications
1.2.1 LED-induced chemiluminescence platform      
1.2.2 LED-based Monitoring Sensor       
1.2.3 Light-Emitting Diode Detection and Ranging Board Modules    
1.2.4 Fluorescence detection of trace hydrazine vapor     
1.2.5 Seven (7) wavelengths acquire blood constituent data    
1.2.6 Seven (7) wavelengths acquire blood constituent data    
1.2.7 Oximeters - Upgradable Technology Platforms     
1.2.8 LED-based Non-invasively tracks the direction of a person’s gaze in real time  
1.2.9 FLIPPER - LED excites fluorescence in the sample flow cell    
1.2.10 Nano-sized "carbon dots" glow brightly when exposed to light    
1.2.11 Variable wavelength HPLC/CE detector      
1.2.12 Led-Based Direct Visualization of Tissue Fluorescence    
1.2.13 LED-Based Cell Phone Sensor for Detection of E. coli    
1.3.1 FTTP PON Architecture       
1.3.2 TIA-942 Standard: Basic Data Center Topology     
1.3.3 Multi-Tier Data Center Architecture       
1.3.4 HFC Distribution System        
1.3.5 Fiber Map (United States of America)      
1.3.6 Fiber Service Pricing Comparison       
1.3.7 Fiber Hut, Telecom Cabinets, and FTTH Network Configuration   
1.3.8 Fiber Optic Equipment Building – Fiber Hut      
1.3.9 Types of Metro Networks        
1.3.10Optical Fiber in an Aircraft 
1.3.11 Optical Fiber Sensor Locations in an Aircraft       
1.3.12 Africa: Subocean Fiber Cable       
1.3.13 South-East Asia Japan Fiber Optic Cable System     
1.3.14 KDDI Data Centers in Japan       
1.3.15 NTT Data Centers in Asia        
1.3.16 Distributed Continuous Fiber Optic Sensor System Components   
2.2.1 Expanded View of an FBG       
2.2.2 PM Photonic Crystal Fiber       
2.2.3 Fiber Optic Strain Sensor       
2.2.4 Strain Gauge         
2.2.5 Strain Sensor Installed        
2.2.6 Chloride Sensor         
2.2.7 Chloride Sensor Installed        
2.3.1 Fabry-Perot Fiber-Optic Temperature-Sensor      
2.3.2 Fiber Optic Temperature Sensor      
2.3.3 Fiber Optic Cable with Temperature Sensor      
2.3.4 Examples: Material Used in Fiber Optic Point Sensor Packaging   
2.3.5 Upgradeable Mulichannel Fibre Optic Thermometer     
2.3.6 GaAs based fiber optic temperature sensor      
2.3.7 Flat Flame Burner        
2.4.1 Pre-Clinical Transducer with Fiber Coating     
2.4.2 Sealed-Gauge Fiber Optic Pressure Sensors     
2.4.3 FBG Pressure Sensor        
2.5.1 UVOST system deployed with the CPT      
2.5.2 Fiber Optic Sensor would be implanted through the skin   
2.5.3 Optical Fibers Bundled with a Capillary Tube     
2.5.4 Surgery Fiber Optic Sensor - Probe      
2.5.5 Digital Fiber Sensor          
2.6.1 Vibration optical fiber sensors classification      
2.6.2 Illustration of USS Virginia-Class Submarines    
2.6.3 Illustration of the envisioned trans-ocean cable     
2.6.4 Life of Field (LoF) Monitoring       
2.6.5 Fiber-Optic Acoustic Sensors (FOAS)      
2.7.1 Fiber-optic Vibration & Displacement Sensor     
2.7.2  Fiber Optic Position Sensor (FOPS)       
2.7.3 Optical Displacement Sensor       
2.7.4 Fiber Optic Position Sensor System      
2.7.5 Fiber Optic Sensor-based Microsurgical Tool     
2.7.6 Fiber Optic Displacement Gage       
2.8.1 Magneto-Optic Current Transformer for Protection     
2.8.2 Mini-sensor measures magnetic activity in human brain    
2.8.3 FOCS – Fiber-Optic Current Sensor      
2.8.4 Microfiber Knot Resonator        
2.9.1 Schematic Representation of a Sagnac Interferometer    
2.9.2 Schematic: Frequency Shift of a Rotating Ring Laser Interferometer  
2.9.3 Miniature GPS-Aided Inertial Navigation System (GPS/INS)    
2.9.4 Eurofighter and Fibre-optical Gyro Inertial Navigation System    
2.9.5 Single-Axis Fiber Optic Gyro (FOG)      
2.9.6 Smallest Fiber Optic Gyro (FOG)      
2.9.7 DSP-based Closed-Loop FOG      
2.9.8 FOG in Action – Military Tank       
2.9.9 FOG - Single Axis Sensor        
2.9.10  FOG – Three Axis Sensor        
2.9.11 Fiber Optic Gyro (FOG)        
2.9.12 Fiber Optic Gyro (FOG)        
3.1.1 Continuous Distributed Fiber Optic Sensor Systems Global Forecast (Value $Million)  
3.1.2 Distributed Temperature Sensing Systems (DTS) - Optoelectronic Device  
3.1.3 Portable DTS System         
3.1.4 Distributed Sensing
3.1.5  Distributed Sensing: Raman Back-Scattering and Brillouin Waves    
3.1.6 Fabry-Perot Fiber-Optic Temperature-Sensor     
3.1.7 Wavelength of Transmission Dip of a Chiral Fiber versus Temperature    
3.1.8  Unmanned Science and Technology Development Aircraft    
3.1.9 Security Fence – In-Ground Fiber Optic Sensor    
3.1.10 Pipeline Integrity Monitoring in Russia using Distributed Fiber Optical Sensor  
3.1.11 Transneft Pipeline in Russia       
3.1.12 Fiber Optic Sensing System       
3.3.1 Zhongnanshan Tunnel        
3.3.2 Measurement of the Convection and Radiation Heat in Tunnels   
3.3.3 Power Cable Monitoring in Tunnels       
3.4.1 Fiber Optic Cable Intrusion Detection Sensor     
3.4.2 Illustration of Fiber Optic Fence      
3.4.3 Fiber Optic Cable for a Fiber Fence       
3.4.4 Examples: Structural Stress Measurement      
3.4.5 Advanced Aircraft Built of Fiber Composite Materials     
3.4.6 Principle of a Fiber Bragg Grating       
3.4.7 Illustration of Fiber Optic Sensors In Oil & Gas Applications    
3.5.1 A Distributed Continuous Fiber Optic sensor System Components   
3.5.2 FBG Sensor Links        
3.5.3 Fiber Optic Distributed Temperature and Distributed Acoustics Illustration    `
3.6.1 Fiber Optic cable: 900 meters Groundwater Monitoring    
3.6.2 Measure Ground Surface Temperature      
4.2.1 Schematic Drawing: Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot Interferometers   
4.2.2 Schematic Drawing: Fiber-optic Fabry-Perot Interferometers   
4.2.3 All-Fiber Michelson interferometer       
4.2.4 Measurement of Micron-Scale Deflections       
4.2.5  Michelson Type-Interferometer with Improvements    
4.2.6 Traditional Fourier-Transform Spectrometer     
4.2.7 Electro-Optical Imaging Fourier-Transform Spectrometer   
4.5.1 Structure of a Fiber Bragg Grating        
4.5.2 Fabry-Perot Sensor Fabricated by Micro-machining     
4.5.3 Unpackaged FBG Sensor       
4.5.4 Weldable FBG Strain Sensor       
4.5.5 Hydrostatic Pressure and Temperature Measurements FBG Sensor  
4.5.6 Flexible Optical Sensing       
4.5.7 Bridge Scour Monitoring: FBG Sensors      
4.5.8 Real-Time Train Wheel Condition Monitoring Scheme     
4.5.9 Fiber Bragg Grating (FBG) Sensors Used in Sailing     
4.5.10 FBG centered in a 2 m length of polyimide coated optical fiber    
4.6.1 Hand-Held Raman Scanner      
4.7.1 Fluorescent Long-Line Fiber Optic Position Sensors    
4.7.2 Fluorescent Long-Line Fiber Optic Position Sensors with LED   
4.7.3 Integrated Micro Volume Fiber Optic Sensor      
4.9.1 Laser Doppler Flowmetry       
4.9.2 Schematic Representation of Zeta Potential     
4.10.1 Schematic of a LIBS system       
4.11.1 Surface Plasmon Sensors       
4.11.2 Polariton fiber sensor configuration       
4.11.3 Polariton Fiber Sensor       
4.11.4 Tapered fiber structure with uniform waist     
4.11.5 Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensing Structure    
4.11.6 Hollow core sensing structure with Bragg grating    
4.11.7 Planar SPP sensor with Bragg grating imprinted into the waveguide layer 
4.11.8 Planar SPP sensor with LPG imprinted into the waveguide layer  
4.11.9 MZI branch with the Bragg grating      
4.11.10 Dependence between the refractive index     
4.11.11 A dual LPG-based SPR sensor      
4.11.12 Tilted grating assisted SPR sensor
4.11.13 Changes in the Intensities       
4.11.14 PVDF Coated Teflon Fiber SPR Gas Sensor     
4.11.15 Hybrid Mode SPR Sensor       
4.11.16 Thin SPP Waveguide       
4.11.17 Gemini Fiber        
4.11.18 Specialty Optical Fibers with Holes for sensors, lasers and components  
4.11.19 Fiber Sensor: LPG and HiBi Fiber      
4.12.1 Use of an Optrode       
4.12.2 Optical Fiber on Probe Shank Using UV light-Curable Glue    
4.12.3 Silicon Probe and Non-Fiberoptic Waveguide     
4.12.4 Example: Use of an Optrode       
6.1.1 CFP2 ACO Transceiver for Beyond 100G Optical Networks   
6.2.2.1 OTDR-SFP Optical Transceiver Block Diagram     
6.2.2.2 Transceiver with Built-In Micro OTDR      
6.2.2.3 Monitoring Optical Fiber Faults With SFP Transceiver Micro-OTDR   
6.3.3.1 CWDM SFP 1G 80km Transceiver       
6.3.3.2 VITA 66 Fiber Optic Backplane Connector Module     
6.3.3.3 VPX Board Utilizes VITA 66.4 Optical Backplane     
6.3.3.4 Typical Intra-Office Interconnections     
6.3.3.3 1-Port OC-768c/STM-256c Tunable WDMPOS Interface Module   
6.3.4.1 Monolithic Indium Phosphide Photonic Integrated Circuit (PIC)   
6.3.4.2 Photonic Integrated Circuit (PIC)      
6.3.5.1 400 Gbit/sec Dual Polarisation IQ Modulator     
6.3.5.2 40 to 60Gbps Silicon-Based Optical Modulator     
6.3.5.3 Integrated silicon optical transceiver for large-volume data transmission   
7.1 ElectroniCast Market Research & Forecasting Methodology 

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