Supercapacitor / Ultracapacitor Interviews, Strategies, Road Map 2015-2025

 Published On: Mar, 2016 |    No of Pages: 220 |  Published By: IDTechEx | Format: PDF
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Traditionally, rechargeable batteries have been used as energy dense products and the other devices based on capacitors have been used as power dense products. There are more-power-dense versions of the favourite rechargeable batteries - lithium-ion with 70% or so of the rechargeable battery market in 2023. Unfortunately, power dense rechargeable batteries surrender a lot of energy density. It is therefore helpful that more and more energy dense supercapacitors and variants are becoming available, some even matching lead acid batteries and yet retaining excellent power density. This convergence of properties has led to the widespread combination of the two in parallel, particularly in power applications.

Battery/supercapacitor combinations approach the performance of an ideal battery - something that can never be achieved with a battery alone because its chemical reactions cause movement, swelling and eventually irreversability. In some cases, things have gone further. For example, hybrid buses using supercapacitors now rarely use them across the traction battery - the supercapacitor replaces the battery, the only battery remaining in the vehicle being a small lead-acid starter battery.

Many more supercapacitor variants are now available. There is now almost a continuum of devices between conventional electrolytic capacitors and rechargeable batteries as we explain in the report. The analysis of 80 manufacturers and putative manufacturers reveals, for example, how battery manufacturers and conventional capacitor manufacturers are entering the business of devices intermediate between the two. However, rather surprisingly, most of the intermediate devices are developed and manufactured by companies not in either conventional capacitors or batteries. Although we use the term intermediate devices, some have some properties superior to both conventional capacitors and rechargeable batteries.

1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1. Supercapacitors and batteries converge
1.1.1. Supercapacitors and Li-ion Batteries are one business
1.2. Success by application and territory
1.3. Technology road map 2015-2024
1.4. The most important future technical advances commercially
1.5. Most are chasing area improvement
1.6. Even lower temperature
1.7. Price and functional issues
1.8. Supercapacitors increase range of electric vehicles
1.9. Supercapacitors in vehicles
1.9.1. Conventional vehicles
1.9.2. Electric vehicles
1.10. Incidence of the different technologies
1.10.1. Incidence of manufacturers by operating principle
1.10.2. Incidence of current collector and active electrode types
1.10.3. Electrolytes
1.11. Achieving the impossible
1.12. Manufacturers and putative manufacturers
1.13. New entrants
1.14. Supercapacitors and lithium-ion batteries are now one business
1.15. Change of leadership of the global value market?
1.16. Supercapacitors grab the multibillion dollar electrolytic capacitor market
1.17. Planned strategies for 2015-2025
2. INTRODUCTION
3. ADVANCES REQUIRED AND PROGRESS IDENTIFIED
3.1. Supercapacitors in vehicles
3.2. Ensuring that supercapacitors will replace more batteries
4. APPLICATIONS NOW AND IN THE FUTURE
4.1. Pulse Power
4.2. Bridge Power
4.3. Main Power
4.4. Memory Backup
4.4.1. Evolution of commercially successful functions
4.4.2. Composite structural and smart skin supercapacitors for power storage
4.5. Manufacturer successes and strategies by application
4.6. Supercapacitors increase range of electric vehicles
5. SURVEY OF 80 MANUFACTURERS
6. ACHIEVEMENTS AND OBJECTIVES BY MANUFACTURER
7. EXAMPLES OF PRE-COMMERCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
8. INTERVIEWS AND COMMENTARY ON COMPANY STRATEGY FOR SUPERCAPACITORS
8.1. Lessons from the IDTechEx Supercapacitors event California November 2014
8.1.1. Jostling for Leadership
8.1.2. Supercapacitors: What Construction?
8.1.3. Supercapacitors on the smaller scale
8.2. Interviews with suppliers
8.2.1. Cap-XX Australia
8.2.2. Cellergy Israel
8.2.3. East Penn Manufacturing USA
8.2.4. Elton Super Capacitor Russian Federation
8.2.5. Furukawa Battery Co Ltd. Japan
8.2.6. Inmatech USA
8.2.7. Ioxus USA
8.2.8. JS Micro/ JS Radio/JM Energy Japan
8.2.9. Nanotune Technologies USA
8.2.10. NEC Tokin Japan
8.2.11. Nesscap Energy Inc Canada/Korea
8.2.12. Nichicon Japan
8.2.13. Nippon ChemiCon/ United ChemiCon Japan
8.2.14. Skeleton Technologies Estonia, Germany
8.2.15. Yo-Engineering Russian Federation
8.2.16. Yunasko Russian Federation
8.3. User interviews and inputs
8.3.1. Bombardier Canada
8.3.2. Hydrogenics Corporation USA
8.3.3. Honda Japan and Nippon Chemi-Con Japan
8.3.4. Komatsu Japan
8.4. New Supercapacitor Advances in Japan Oct 2014
9. DEVELOPER, MATERIALS SUPPLIER AND ACADEMIC INPUTS
9.1. Daikin Industries Japan
9.2. Hutchinson (TOTAL) France
9.3. IFEVS Italy
9.4. Northeastern University USA
9.5. NYSERDA grants reveal trends of research
9.6. Tecate Group USA
9.7. Yuri Gogotski
10. COMPANY PROFILES
10.1. Elbit Systems
10.1. Aowei Technology
10.2. Cap-XX
10.2. ELTON
10.3. Hutchinson SA
10.3. Cellergy
10.4. Ioxus
10.5. Maxwell Technologies Inc
10.6. Nesscap Energy
10.7. Paper Battery Company
10.8. Saft Batteries
10.9. Skeleton Technologies
10.10. WIMA Spezialvertrieb elektronischer Bauelemente
10.11. Yunasko
APPENDIX 1: SUPERCAPACITOR FLASH CHARGING OF ABB BUS

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