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Electric Vehicles >
Hybrid And Pure Electric Cars 2012-2022
Published Date: Oct, 2012
No of Pages: 195
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- Table of Contents
Electric vehicles just became
exciting. For 111 years, electric cars that rely only on a battery - "pure
EVs" - have had a range of only 30-50 miles and the humble golf car has
been the only type selling in hundreds of thousands every year. However, huge
changes were announced in 2009/10. Electric vehicles are penetrating the market
rapidly to constitute 35% of the cars made in 2025 - probably 25% hybrids, 10%
pure EV but pure EV may be winning by then. Any motor manufacturer without a
compelling line up of electric vehicles is signing its death warrant.
These changes include:
Within the decade, it will be possible for some suppliers to offer hybrid cars
and no price premium to conventional cars in the way that the Japanese took the
Western car market by storm 20 years ago by offering excellent vehicles with
most accessories thrown in free. There would then be no strong reason why
anyone would want the conventional alternative.
- Launch of cars that have a range of 250 miles or more in pure electric mode,
including a pure EV family car made in China and plug in hybrid
gasoline-electric and diesel-electric cars.
- Launch of the Toyota Prius plug in hybrid that is very attractive to over one
million purchasers of the existing Prius mild hybrid and millions of others.
95% of Prius owners would buy another.
- First full production of the beautiful Tesla pure EV luxury sports car and
other sports cars which silently outperform conventional equivalents.
- Large initial orders show that this can be a multibillion dollar sector of the
EV car business, particularly if we include new luxury hybrids such as the
gorgeous Fiskar Karma and what may result from Ferrari, Porsche and others
racing to catch up.
- Lithium electric car batteries from companies such as LGChem are claimed to
last at least ten years, not the more usual three years. This hugely improves
the economics of all EVs with range acceptable to mainstream purchasers.
- President Obama's Stimulus Bill granted $14.4 billion for hybrids and huge sums
have been allotted by other governments across the world to develop and
subsidise use of EV cars to save the planet and the car industry and provide
independence from dwindling oil reserves.
This unique report takes a detailed look at the market size from 2012-2022 and
the government support, technology and new model launches that will get it
there. It assesses work on energy harvesting in vehicles from light, heat and
shock absorbers, new battery technologies, fuel cells, flywheels and other
advances and clarifies which really matter.
Here you can also learn which countries and companies have the most impressive
The only detailed and up to date critical analysis of both pure and hybrid EV
Entirely researched in 2009 and 2010 and extensively updated in 2012, this
report gives the only detailed and up to date critical analysis of both pure
and hybrid EV cars worldwide. With over 245 pages and over 175 figures and
tables including many new and detailed summaries and forecasts, it gives the
future in the context of the past including the mistakes and inspired moves for
over 100 years.
This report looks closely at the forceful new market drivers such as peak oil
and government subsidies but it does not dwell on the well understood global
warming debate that is also now driving things forward. Instead, it provides
essential data useful to all investors, manufacturers, developers, component
suppliers, marketing outlets, legislators and those planning financial support.
Which will be the prosperous niches? What is the neglected part of leader
Toyota's multibillion dollar business in EVs? Where is the action globally? Why
is the geometry of the EV about to change? What about supercapacitors,
supercabatteries, zinc air batteries and even transparent solar cells fixed
over the windows? It is all here, provided by a global team of technical
experts who have been tracking this industry for ten years and writing highly
acclaimed forecasts about it.
1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1.1. The market for electric cars
1.2. Hybrid vs pure EV forecasts
1.3. Will cars be plugged in during a journey?
1.4. Geographical demand
1.5. Progress of the market leader Toyota
1.6. Golf cars will have little growth.
1.7. Technical progress
2.1. The world wakes up to global warming and oil running out.
2.2. Danger signs
2.3. Government support
2.4. Reluctant Australia
2.5. Formidable initiatives in the USA
2.6. Europe the laggard
2.6.1. Impressive efforts in Germany
2.7. Formidable East Asia
2.8. Rapid increase in number of manufacturers
2.9. Providing charging infrastructure
2.9.1. Recharging points
2.9.2. Battery changing points
2.9.3. Can the grid cope?
2.10. How green are electric vehicles really?
3. PURE ELECTRIC CARS
3.1. The arguments against
3.2. Déjà Vu
3.3. Examples of pure EV cars
3.3.1. Nissan - most ambitious of all?
3.3.2. Here come the Chinese - BYD and Brilliance
3.3.3. High performance pure EVs - Tesla
3.3.4. Pininfarina Bolloré Bluecar
3.3.5. Heuliez Friendly
3.3.7. Coda - Hafei Saibao, China
3.3.8. ElBil Norge Buddy
3.3.10. Detroit Electric
3.3.11. Tara Tiny
3.3.13. Zap Alias
3.3.15. Golf EVs
4. HYBRID CARS
4.1. Construction and advantages of hybrids
4.3. Chevrolet Volt
4.4. Bright Automotive SUV
4.5. Market drivers
4.5.1. Leading indicators
4.6. History of hybrids and planned models to 2013
5. KEY ENABLING TECHNOLOGIES FOR CARS
5.1. Three key enabling technologies become six
5.2. Many new forms of range extender
5.4. Energy harvesting
5.5. Printed electronics and electrics
5.6. Structural components and smart skin
5.7. Innovative charging
5.8. Military land vehicles and in-wheel motors
5.9. Third generation traction batteries
6. HYBRID CAR MODES AND TECHNOLOGY
6.1. Series vs parallel hybrid
6.2. Modes of operation of hybrids
6.2.1. Plug in hybrids
6.2.2. Charge-depleting mode
6.2.3. Blended mode
6.2.4. Charge-sustaining mode
6.2.5. Mixed mode
6.3. Microhybrid is a misnomer
6.4. Deep hybridisation
6.5. Hybrid vehicle price premium
6.6. Battery cost and performance are key
6.7. Tradeoff of energy storage technologies
6.9. Where supercapacitors fit in
6.10. Advantages and disadvantages
6.11. Can supercapacitors replace batteries?
6.12. Supercabatteries or bacitors
6.13. What is a range extender?
6.14. What will be required of a range extender 2012-2022
6.15. Three generations of range extender
6.15.1. First generation range extender technology
6.15.2. Second generation range extender technology
6.15.3. Third generation range extender technology
6.16. Fuel cell range extenders
6.17. Big effect of many modest electricity sources combined
6.18. Energy harvesting on and in electric vehicles
6.19. Trend to high voltage
6.20. Component choices for energy density/ power density
6.21. Trend to distributed components
6.22. Trend to flatness then smart skin
7. MARKET FORECASTS
7.1. Car production
7.2. Cars and crude oil
7.2.2. Technical progress
7.3. Hybrid cars
7.3.1. History of hybrid car sales
7.4. Forecasts 2010-2020
7.5. Pure EVs
7.5.1. Total market
7.5.2. Will sales of pure electric cars overtake hybrids?
7.5.3. Market excluding golf cars
7.5.4. Golf cars
7.5.5. Fuel cell EVs
7.6. Battery trends
8. GAS STATIONS BY COUNTRY
8.1. What level of recharging infrastructure is needed?
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