Analyzing Biofuels from Rice

 Published On: Feb, 2011 |    No of Pages: 100 |  Published By: Aruvians Rsearch | Format: PDF
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History has seen fuel innovations being driven majorly by transportation needs rather than the overall need to revolutionize the energy needs of the society. It has also been very evident that biofuels have been treated more as a cost variant to high crude oil prices rather than a serious energy alternative. However with the advent of new economies which have now begun to realize their worst energy security dreams; biofuels are now receiving the impetus required for becoming a fuel source for the future. Biofuels have received the biggest boost from transportation as even though they release CO2 on combustion; their overall use reduces the emissions from fossil sources as also their easy adaptability to existing engines and the promise of biodegradability which makes them very attractive.

As the industry finds new sources to produce biofuel the most recent spark in the plug has come from the introduction of biofuel made from rice which has been introduced in the Japanese Niigata Prefecture in which around 1000 kiloliters of ethanol is derived from 2250 tons of rice which when blended with ethanol produces 33000 kilolitres of biofuel.

These rapid strides being made in the field of biofuel and specially the implications of making biofuel from a source as simple as rice make it very important to understand this revolutionary new fuel in depth as explained in Aruvian''s R''searchís report on Analyzing Biofuels from Rice.

The report initiates with a theoretical grounding of the history and uses of biofuels as well as the role of biobutanol in the scenario. This section also explains the role of ethanol and applications such as biodiesel which have their relative pros and cons. The report further explains the economics of biofuel production in order to lay thread bare the cost matrix of the entire biofuel production sequence from processing to sales as well as the types of tax incentives in place in a retail scenario.

The role of biofuels can not only be limited to the economic cost functions and hence the report also analyzes the role of biofuels in the environmental paradigm and the sustaining role that it plays in the overall impact. This has to be also critically examined in the context of policy decisions on biofuels and the ability of biofuels to script the next success story of serving as the vehicle for rural development making technological impact on engines worldwide from distant farmlands in the vast expanses of rural areas of the world. This is bounds to have a very large impact on the energy industry and this report also explains the transformational change which is happening in the energy sector aided by biofuels.

The report commences on its core analysis of biofuel from rice in a separate section beginning from the very basics of rice bran oil and processes involved in the generation of rice straw such as thermal combustion, carbonization, pyrolysis, gasification, biomethanation and hydrolysis which is then followed by fermentation. A separate section is devoted in the report to the derivation of biodiesel from Rice.

As mentioned earlier the most recent initiatives in biofuel introduction has come from the Japanese market the report explains in detail the developments in this field in Japan from all quarters as the policy making , governmentís initiatives , ongoing R&D as well the current biofuel products in Japan. Some rapid strides made by China are also explained in detail in this report. On a more global scenario biofuel facilities in India, China, and Europe are explained in the report.

The report in a unique manner also critically examines the fallout of biofuels on the rising prices of food stocks as rice, etc which has a very deep impact in South East Asian countries where the governments have to make crucial decisions to balance between food security or energy security.

The report summarizes analyzing biofuels from rice by presenting two case studies on the subject as well as a capsular run down on the major industry contributors in the world. Aruvian''s R''searchís report on Analyzing Biofuels from Rice is a comprehensive digest on biofuels and endeavors to deliver a better understanding on this yet to be fully tapped energy reserve which was always available to mankind for their energy needs. Now, more than ever before is the stress on mankind to find sustainable futures in the huge machinery of nature which works in the smallest genome of rice in paddy fields to the biggest nuclear reactors in the world and thereby ensure that we as a code of lifeís DNA on earth continue as a species.

Table of Contents:

Executive Summary

Section 1: Understanding Biofuels

A. What are Biofuels?
A.1 History of Biofuels
A.2 Major Biofuels
A.3 Uses of Biofuels
A.4 What are Direct Biofuels?
A.5 Looking at Biobutanol
A.6 Looking at Ethanol & Biodiesel
A.6.1 Ethanol
A.6.2 Biodiesel
A.7 Pros & Cons of Biofuels
A.8 Future of Biofuels

B. Economics of Biofuels
B.1 Feedstock Costs
B.2 Processing Costs
B.3 Cost of Sales & Use
B.4 Overall Cost
B.5 Retail Cost & Tax Incentives

C. Impact of Biofuels
C.1 Policy Impact on Biofuels
C.1 Environmental & Economic Impact of Biofuels
C.1 Impact on Engines
C.1 Impact on Rural Development

D. Metamorphosis of the Energy Industry & Biofuels

Section 2: Rice Bran Oil as Biofuel

A. Understanding Rice Bran Oil

B. Understanding Rice Straw
B.1 Overview
B.2 Quality of Rice Straw
B.3 Technologies Involved
B.3.1 Thermal Combustion
B.3.2 Carbonization
B.3.3 Pyrolysis
B.3.4 Gasification
B.3.5 Biomethanation
B.3.6 Hydrolysis Followed by Fermentation
B.3.7 Conclusion
B.4 Summing Up

C. Deriving Biodiesel from Rice

D. Existing Facilities
D.1 Looking at Developments in India
D.2 Looking at Developments in China
D.3 Looking at Developments in Europe

E. Analyzing Biofuel from Rice in Japan
E.1 Japanís Biofuels Policy
E.2 Government Incentives
E.3 Japanís Biodiesel Policy
E.4 Looking at the Biofuel Market in Japan
E.5 Japanís Use of Agricultural Feedstocks in Biofuel Production
E.6 Ongoing R&D
E.7 Japan Produces Rice-based Biofuel

F. Analyzing Biofuel from Rice in China
F.1 Chinaís Biofuels Policy
E.2 Government Incentives
E.3 Looking at the Biofuel Market in China
E.4 Ongoing R&D
E.5 Biofuel Industry in China & Chinaís National Energy Policy
E.6 Effect of Chinaís Biofuel Industry on the Environment
E.7 China Produces Rice-based Biofuel

G. Biofuels Increasing Food Prices
G.1 Overview
G.2 High Food Price Triggers
G.3 Role of Biofuels in Food Price Increases
G.4 Rice Prices Go Up
G.5 Summing Up

H. Case Studies
H.1 Rice Hull/Straw Processing Facility in Arkansas
H.2 Biofuel Research Plant in California

I. Leading Industry Contributors
I.1 West Biofuels LLC
I.2 Pan Gen Global
I.3 National Federation of Agricultural Cooperative Associations Zennoh (Japan)
I.4 Colusa Biomass Energy Corporation
I.5 Iogen
I.6 Broin Companies
I.7 Abengoa
I.8 Shell
I.9 BlueFire Ethanol

J. Appendix

K. Glossary of Terms

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