Global news agency International News Services Ltd – in association with world-leading business publisher Aroq Ltd - has released a major new e-book compiling global textile regulation news and analysis since 2001. This comprehensive 187 page report offers clothing and textile companies, consultants and lobbyists a survey of the sector’s rapid evolution to a free, global market in the last 10 years. The report is a detailed backgrounder of the last decade’s textile policy, collected and arranged in a concise document with monthly summaries to direct and help select topics and an essential background brief for marketers seeking to break into new markets, or lobbyists wanting to understand the rationale behind trade regulations they want changed.
The document, available on Aroq Ltd’s prestigious industry news service just-style.com is a must-have for business, policy makers and stakeholders in the textile industry, according to Keith Nuthall, editor of International News Services. “No where else will you find such a comprehensive regulatory history compiled into one document,” he said. “Our expert and experienced contributor journalists from around the world have done a terrific job this decade in explaining the transformation of the clothing and textile sector. We are delighted to see their work compiled and edited in such a good looking e-book.”
The current decade has been a tumultuous one for the clothing and textile industry, a sector spanning the entire globe and touching millions of workers, from small-scale cotton farmers to the world’s top fashion designers. Starting from 2001, there was the beginning of a slow march towards liberalised global markets, led by the World Trade Organisation’s (WTO) plan to abolish market quotas by January 2005.
This transformation of what has traditionally been a well-controlled market to something close to a global free-for-all has not been peaceful, however: angry disputes have broiled between exporters and importers, each of which have had growing concerns a liberalised market may backfire; competing nations have quarrelled for years over protectionist tariffs and unfair import rules; failing textile companies have been illegally – and sometimes legally – bailed out by concerned governments; and several countries including China joined the WTO, with all the improved market access rights and commitments that follow.
“When planning for the future, it is always important to know the reasons behind a current government policy or law and the experiences its imposition provoked,” explained Nuthall. “When lobbing for regulatory change, it’s best to be on top of your brief – and this e-book, produced in conjunction with just-style.com, gives textile and clothing companies worldwide a cogent tool to aid success.”
Table of Contents:
Chapter 1: 2001
Perhaps the biggest news in 2001 was China's admission as a member of the World Trade Organisation, which opened countless trade avenues but caused significant anxiety for China's competitors. Meanwhile, governments prepared for the slow abolition of textile quotas with the phase-out of the Agreement on Textiles and Clothing. In March, for instance, the European Union (EU) removed its textile quotas for Sri Lanka, Bosnia and the Ukraine, widening the import market for those producers in exchange for lower tariffs on EU exports. In July, the European Commission issued a warning to the European textile industry to change its structure to remain competitive in light of the ATC (agreement on textiles and clothing) phase-out.
9,500 words and 50 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2001 include:
EU LOSES INDIAN BED LINEN APPEAL AT WTO
OLAF REPORTS GERMAN-MALAYSIAN SCAM
US HOUSE DOUBLES DUTY FREE AFRICAN QUOTAS
SAFETY FOUND WANTING IN 20 AFRICAN FACTORIES
Chapter 2: 2002
Significant issues in 2002 included the beginning of India and US's multi-year battle over rules of origin legislation, and frustrating diplomatic wrangles over the WTO's ATC phase-out. Grumbling exporters and defendant importers could not agree to a final deadline for an official report on the issue, leaving unresolved issues and frustrated stakeholders. The WTO, perhaps in response to the vicious battle between India and the US, launched an investigation into creating a set of global rules of origin regulations, a debate which would also rage on for years.
15,000 words and 101 articles of varying lengths.
Other articles in 2002 include:
BLACK MARKET CLOTHES HURT INDONESIA TEXTILE TRADE
EU MINISTERS APPROVE BED LINEN ANTI-DUMPING DUTIES FOR INDIA
SHORT CHAIN PARAFFIN BANNED IN LEATHER PRODUCTION
EU EXTENDS VAT REDUCTIONS OPTION FOR TEXTILE SERVICES
Chapter 3: 2003
Chapter 3 follows the textile industry as it crept closer to quota abolition and a liberalised market. The European Union (EU) announced sweeping reforms to its textile trade regulations, and at the WTO the ongoing Indian-EU anti-dumping dispute ruled for India in an appeal, overturning yet another 'final' decision. This battle would flip-flop several more times before finally being resolved for good. Meanwhile, cotton became a hot issue in August, as subsidy reforms got under way at the EU and WTO to much global debate.
4,800 words and 80 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2003 include:
US SIGNS UNPRECEDENTED TEXTILE DEAL WITH VIETNAM
INDIA LOSES RULES OF ORIGINS DISPUTE WITH US
HFCF EMISSIONS REPORT CALLS FOR FLUORINATED GAS BAN
MALAYSIA TEXTILE SECTOR COULD DISAPPEAR, NATION FEARS
Chapter 4: 2004
Among the biggest headlines was the US-Australian free trade agreement for the textile industry, which received mixed reviews from affected parties. As the ATC quota deadline approached, major textile countries also began to consider their options; a report in the EU predicted economic pain for the European textile industry, vulnerable to demand and high costs. Chinese production was predicted to soar to new heights under the ATC agreement, staking market shares from other nations, building a textile expire. In response, the EU vowed to monitor China for a year after quota abolition, reinstating quotas if necessary.
11,000 words and 74 articles of varying lengths.
Other articles in 2004 include:
EU EXPANDS IMPORT QUOTAS IN PREP FOR NEW MEMBERS
NETHERLANDS TO CONTINUE WITH SPECIAL VAT PROCEDURES
ATC REPORT SUPPORTS PREFERENTIAL TARIFFS FOR LOSING MARKET
US AND PAKISTAN NEGOTIATING MAJOR TRADE TREATY
Chapter 5: 2005
As the global textile industry abolished quotas for good, reporters documented how the ATC phase-out agreement had changed the global textile sector. Almost immediately, short-term job losses were predicted in sectors like the leather industry, and China's clothing market share began to grow remarkably fast, sparking restrictions and temporary quotas in the EU. The EU's REACH chemical control programme was approved, creating debate and controversy for the dye sector especially.
7,200 words and over 50 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2005 include:
EU-CHINA CUSTOMS DEAL TO FIGHT COUNTERFEIT CLOTHING
DYE INDUSTRY SUPPLIED SADDAM KICKBACKS IN IRAQ
EU TO IMPOSE ANTI-DUMPING DUTIES ON CHINESE/SAUDI POLYESTER
AFRICAN COTTON PRODUCERS WIN SUBSIDIES FIGHT IN HONG KONG
Chapter 6: 2006
Chapter 6 follows the textile industry through its ongoing trade and policy changes, and its second year of market liberalisation. At the WTO, Doha development round negotiators worked on liberalising the international dye sector, while the EU continued to review and revise its cotton subsidies plan under increased pressure from West Africa and other producer countries. China and South Africa, meanwhile, worked throughout the year to resolve an ugly spat over textile quotas, with China coming out victorious.
10,500 words and almost 50 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2006 include:
AZO DYE CONTAMINATION IN PRODUCTS DESPITE BAN
BIN LADEN TRADEMARK CASE LAUNCHED AT THE ECJ
GLOBAL DEAL GIVES FREE MARKET ACCESS TO POOR COTTON PRODUCERS
VIETNAM MEMBERSHIP OF WTO WILL CREATE TEXTILE TRADE
Chapter 7: 2007
In January, Vietnam was formally welcomed into the WTO, giving another major textile and clothing producer access to world markets. The EU expanded its trade deal with Belarus despite its ongoing human rights abuses, and the EU also desperately tried to make last-minute trade deals with China before the end of the last WTO-authorised trade controls in January 2008.
5,200 words and over 20 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2007 include:
EUROPEAN STANDARD ON CLOTHING SIZES TO CHANGE BRITISH SIZING CUSTOMS
EUROPEAN COMMISSION PREDICTS LEATHER COMMERCE GAINS FROM ASIA TRADE DEALS
INDIAN TEXTILE INDUSTRY STRUGGLES TO SURVIVE RUPEE HIKE WITH LABOUR LIBERALISATION PLANS
EU PLANS TO MATCH DYE PACKAGING WITH UN STANDARDS
Chapter 8: 2008
The EU compiled a host of textile naming regulations and laws into one EU-wide regulation, and the WTO predicted lower leather duties across the globe as it neared the end of its development round in Doha. By the end of the year, the EU was sparking controversy as it reviewed its anti-dumping duties imposed on China and Vietnam leather products, extending the duties for a year while the investigation continued.
2,500 words, including 10 extended articles
Other articles in 2008 include:
DISCORD AMONGST MEMBER STATES STYMIES ANTIDUMPING REFORMS
POLAND FACES COURT ACTION OVER LOW CHILDREN'S CLOTHES VAT RATES
EU FASHION INDUSTRY TO BENEFIT FROM ONCOMING EU-BOSNIA TRADE DEAL
EUROPEAN COMMISSION PLANS TO INCREASE RAW MATERIALS SECURITY - INCLUDING LEATHER
Chapter 9: 2009
This follows textile and clothing international law and regulatory developments to the end of June. The EU banned seal product imports, which sparked a Canadian complaint at the WTO and created debate across the globe. Earlier in the year, the European Commission proposed doubling the life span of production-linked cotton subsidies, extending global deals until 2018. In the US, new president Barack Obama struggled to uphold his protectionist ideals while negotiating lower trade barriers for textiles at the WTO.
6,000 words and over 20 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2009 include:
EUROPEAN COMMISSION CALLS FOR MANUFACTURER IDENTIFIERS ON ALL CLOTHING LABELS
HEALTH CONCERNS RAISED ABOUT CARBON NANOTUBES AND SILVER NANOPARTICLES
EUROPEAN COMMISSION WANT CURBS ON USE OF RFID TAGS
SOUTH KOREAN FIBRE PRODUCER WINS FOUR-YEAR LEGAL BATTLE TO CUT DUMPING DUTIES
Chapter 10: 2010
Although the EU faced delays in its biocides environmental health review, it forged ahead on other environmental initiatives such as restrictions on polluting dyes, pushing ahead with chemical registration through its REACH programme, approved more comprehensible textile labelling reforms, and defined nanotechnology health regulations. The EU's Globalisation Adjustment Fund benefitted Spain. And international knitwear producers gained legal ammunition against counterfeiters through the new multilateral Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA). The OECD claimed its shared safety test data had saved the sector millions of dollars.
12,797 words, and over 20 articles of varying lengths
Other articles in 2010 include:
BRUSSELS PLAN TO HELP LITHUANIAN TEXTILE AND CLOTHING WORKERS
OECD-APPROVED CHEMICAL SAFETY TESTS FACING RECOGNITION IN INDIA AND BRAZIL
UNIDO LAUNCHES NEW GLOBAL BIOTECHNOLOGY NETWORK
IFC HELPS MAKE BANGLADESH TEXTILE INDUSTRY CLEANER AND GREENER
ECJ REJECTS CALVIN KLEIN TRADEMARK LEGAL BID
REACH RELEASES WEBLINK FOR CHECKING REGISTRATIONS
FINAL TEXT OF ANTI-COUNTERFEITING TREATY RELEASED
'MADE IN' LABELLING LEGISLATION DIVIDES MEMBER STATES