China's Nuclear Power Industry

 Published On: Mar, 2011 |    No of Pages: 200 |  Published By: Energy Business Reports | Format: PDF
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With its rapidly increasing economy, population and power demands, China is aggressively developing nuclear power to meet its future needs.

China is on a nuclear power growth spree, with plans to build three times as many nuclear power plants in the coming decade as the rest of the world combined. This report analyzes the growth of China’s nuclear energy industry. It analyzes the history of China’s nuclear industry, explores the uranium fuel industry in China.

China’s nuclear power industry - with 11 reactors operating and construction starting on as many as an additional 10 each year - is not known to have had a serious accident in 15
years of large-scale electricity production.

The United States produces the most nuclear energy, with nuclear power providing 19% of the electricity it consumes, while France produces the highest percentage of its
electrical energy from nuclear reactors. In the European Union as a whole, nuclear energy provides 30% of the electricity. Nuclear energy policy differs between European Union countries, and some, such as Austria, Estonia, and Ireland, have no active nuclear power stations. In comparison, France has a large number of these plants, with 16 multi-unit stations in current use.

Table of Contents :

Executive Summary 5

Introduction to Nuclear Power 6
History 6
Fission Reactor 9
Developing Technologies 39
Parts of a Nuclear Power Plant 58
Dealing with Radioactive Waste 76

Industry Overview 80
Market for Uranium 80
Dealing with Nuclear Fuel Costs 81
Costing Patterns 81
Trends in the Industry 83
Economic Trends 84
Analysis of Nuclear Hedging 87
Cost Competitive of Nuclear Power 87
Cost Efficiency Issues 90
Nuclear Power and the Deregulated Electricity Market 93
Impact of Electricity Deregulation on Nuclear Power Plants 94
Outlook for Nuclear Power 97

Issues Facing Nuclear Power 99
Air Pollution 99
Water Pollution 101
Health Impacts 101
Cost Issues 103
Safety Issues 104
Nuclear Proliferation 110
Others 112
The Price-Anderson Act 113
Resolution of the Nation’s Spent Nuclear Fuel Issues 114
Education and Training of a New Generation of Engineers, Scientists, and
Technicians 115
Public Acceptance and Understanding 117
Non-Proliferation Implications of New Nuclear Generation 117

Overview of China’s Nuclear Industry 122
Market Overview 122
Major Developments 122
Uranium Fuel Cycle 128
Regulations Impacting the Industry 128
Non-Proliferation 131
Research & Development 138

Nuclear Power Plants in China (Existing & Proposed) 141
Dafan Nuclear Power Plant 141
Daya Bay Nuclear Power Plant 141
Fuqing Nuclear Power Plant 143
Haiyang Nuclear Power Plant 143
Hongyanhe Nuclear Power Plant 143
Jingyu Nuclear Power Plant 144
Ling Ao Nuclear Power Plant 145
Ningde Nuclear Power Plant 145
Pengze Nuclear Power Plant 145
Qinshan Nuclear Power Plant 146
Sanmen Nuclear Power Plant 146
Shidaowan HTR-PM Nuclear Power Plant 147
Taishan Nuclear Power Plant 148
Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant 149
Tianwan Phases II & III Nuclear Power Plant 149
Yangjiang Nuclear Power Plant 150
Yianjiashan/Wanan Nuclear Power Plant 150

Analysis of China’s Uranium Fuel Cycle 151
Overview 151
Uranium Mining 151
Fuel Production 154
Enrichment of Uranium 156
Fuel Reprocessing 158
Managing of Nuclear Waste 158

Major Players in the Industry 160
Areva DongFang 160
China Atomic Energy Authority 160
China Baotau Nuclear Fuel 160
China Guangdong Nuclear Power Group 160
China Huaneng Group 162
China Jianzhong Nuclear Fuel 162
China National Nuclear Corporation 162
China North Nuclear Fuel 162
China Nuclear Energy Association 163
China Nuclear Energy Industry Corporation 164
China Uranium Development 164
Chinergy 164
Chinese Nuclear Society 164
Huadian International Power Corporation Ltd 164
Huaneng International Power Development Corporation 164
National Nuclear Safety Administration 166
Nuclear Power Institute of China 166
Shandong Nuclear Power Equipment Manufacturing 166
Shenzhen Shandong Nuclear Power Construction 167
Sinosteel 168
State Nuclear Power Technology Corporation 168

Future of the Industry 169

Appendix 171
Nuclear Trade and Industry Organizations 171
Regulators and Regulations for the Nuclear Industry 175
Nuclear Research Centers 179

Glossary 188

List of Figures & Tables


Figure 1: Pressurized Water Reactor 10
Figure 2: Pressurized Water Reactor Vessel 15
Figure 3: Boiling Water Reactor 22
Figure 4: Advanced Liquid Metal Reactor 26
Figure 5: Process depicting Nuclear Fuel Cycle 59
Figure 6: A Control Rod Assembly 65
Figure 7: A Steel Pressure Vessel 67
Figure 8: Sources of Nuclear Waste 77
Figure 9: U3O8 Spot Market Price 82
Figure 10: Procedure of Application and Issuing of Licenses 132

Tables :

Table 1: Operating Uranium Mines 151

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