Coal Washeries in India: A $5 billion Opportunity

 Published On: Sep, 2010 |  Published By: Infraline
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Coal constitutes nearly half of commercial primary energy demand and one third of total energy requirements of India. According to planning commission, the demand for coal is projected at 758 Million Tonnes (MT) in 2012. The demand supply gap is estimated at 51.10Million Tonnes Per Annum (MTPA) for the year 2011-12 despite of the continual increment in production of coal with a CAGR of 7%. On the other hand, the coal produced in India is of inferior quality with less calorific value and high ash content.

In India, coking coal preparation has long been in operation but recently the trend has been shifted to beneficiation of non coking coal due to huge demand from power sector for environmental and efficiency concerns. Also, the long distance transportation of coal via land routes offers an ideal opportunity for coal washing in India. It not only helps preserve the environment but also offer substantial benefits to Indian economy.

The quality of Run of Mine (ROM) coal from Indian mines is continuously decreasing due to the geographical pattern of coal seams in coal bed. The quality deteriorates as excavation process goes deep inside the mine. This very nature of coal quality from coal seams demand coal washing, providing bullish market opportunity for national and international players to enter the lucrative washery segment of Indian coal sector.

CIL has been operating coking as well as non coking coal washeries for a long period of time but due to man power constraints and operational cost, it has decided to outsource coal washery operation to private players.CIL has earmarked a whopping Rs 5000 crores for coal washery development in 4 years of time with a targeted capacity of 250MTPA.Thus, it has planned for international competitive bidding to develop 22 number of coal washeries in different parts of India. 66 players have evinced their interest to develop coal washeries for the first phase of CIL’s bidding.

This report canvases the prospects of coal washery in India and investment opportunities around the sector. It critically analyses existing and upcoming coal washeries in India, briefs about the existing players’ profile. The report comprehensively covers the economic aspects of coal washeries, challenges and risks associated with it, financing of coal washeries and steps involved for setting up of a coal washery. It also focuses on existing as well as emerging technology in coal washing segment. The technology providers as well as the equipment manufacturers and associated industries will be getting a major boost due to this renewed interest in this segment of coal sector.

Table of Contents:

1. Introduction

2. Indian Coal Industry
a. Demand Supply Scenario
b. Future Outlook

3. Coal Beneficiation in India
    Benefits and Concerns
    Current Scenario
    Demand for Washed Coals
    Demand Outlook

4. Technology Options
    Indigenous Vs Imported

5. Economics of Coal Washing
    Washed Vs. Non-Washed Coal
    Imported Vs. Washed Coal
    Impact on user industries

6. Policies and Guidelines on coal washery in India
    Central level
    State Level
    Missing links in policies
    Restraints and Drivers

7. Setting Coal Washery in India
    Process & Logistics required
    Key Influencers
    Business Risks

8. Managing Challenges & Business Risks

9. Financing of Coal Washery Project

10. Opportunity and Business Case for Stakeholders
      Financing agencies
      Equipment Manufacturers
      EPC Contractors
     Promoters / Investors

11. Entry Strategy for Private Players
      JV with CIL
      JV with user industries
      Independent Operation

12. Business Models and Best Practices
      Case-Study Aryan Coal Beneficiation Pvt Limited

13. Conclusion

Existing coal washing capacity in India Coking Coal Non Coking Coal
Details of Existing coal washeries in India CIL and its subsidiaries Central Players State Players Private Players
Details of Upcoming coal washeries in India
Availability of coal ( grade wise) in different regions in India
Requirement of washed coal ( industry wise)

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