Unnatural Amino Acids

 Published On: Jan, 2016 |    No of Pages: 1280 |  Published By: RI Technologies | Format: PDF
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This report gives a market insight into the different types of Unnatural Amino Acids (฿-Amino Acids, ฿-Amino Acid Derivatives, Cyclic Amino Acids & Derivatives, D-Amino Acids, D-Amino Acid Derivatives, DL-Amino Acids, DL-Amino Acid Derivatives, L-Amino Acid Derivatives and Other ) and their application areas such as R&D, Pharmaceutical, Food & Feed, Agrochemicals and Other applications. Business profiles of 58 major companies are discussed in the report. The report serves as a guide to global Unnatural Amino Acids industry covering more than 500 companies that are engaged in Unnatural Amino Acids R&D, synthesis, discovery, testing and supply of derivatives, products and services. Compilation of Worldwide Patents and Research related to Unnatural Amino Acids market size is also provided. Information related to industrial activity, corporate developments, research trends, product releases, product developments, partnerships, collaborations, and mergers and acquisitions is also covered in the report.

Modern drug discovery research is increasingly experimenting with unnatural amino acids, the non-proteinogenic amino acids, either natural or chemically synthesized. Their unlimited structural diversity and versatile applications are being used as chiral building blocks and molecular scaffolds in building combinatorial libraries. These molecules are powerful ingredients in therapeutic peptidomimetics and are used as molecular probes which can assimilate the biological systems better. They show improved in vivo stability, better potency, oral absorption, tissue distribution, and better and selective responses. Unnatural amino acids are increasingly being used to alter the peptides tertiary structure. Drug candidates with side chain modifications meet and match their biological targets. The pharmaceutical industry accounts for almost 80% of chiral market revenues. Despite the fact that chiral drugs have been in use much before the arrival of modern medicine, it is only now that chiral drugs in the pharmaceutical industry has gained so much attention. This is largely due to the understanding that enantiomers often show different bioactivity and metabolic fates. In addition there is also a commercial reason where pharmaceutical companies have the chance to extend patent coverage after expiry of patents on racemic drugs. This can take place through the development of the chiral switch enantiomers with suitable bioactivity. Unnatural Amino Acids market is a rapidly growing market in the intermediates sector. Majority of the products utilizing these compounds are pharmaceutical intermediates (฿ - Lactam Antibiotics). Asia - Pacific region is acquiring lead position in global pharmaceuticals market with the balance gradually shifting from the US and Europe to Asia - Pacific. In principle, an unnatural amino acid can be produced by procedures such as replacement of hydrogen by fluorine in a ring structure, or phenyl by another resonant ring system, or one kind of heterocyclic ring by another one, or a remnant from the framework of an amino acid by another remnant of one that is analogous in shape and size. Practically all the advantageous amino acid analogues have earlier existed as close structural isomers of amino acids that occur naturally. So far, no efficient analogs of proline, glutamic acid, aspartic acid, alanine, threonine, cysteine, serine or glycine have been accounted for. Probably, the biological sites that are involved in these amino acids are governed by particular size and shape of molecule when compared to amino acids of larger size. Some of the alterations that are performed for the production of anti - metabolites from the larger sized amino acids are not tenable with smaller sized amino acids. This is because the resultant compounds lack appreciable stability as in the case of fluoroglycine or substitution of sulfur for - CH2 within the molecular framework of glutamic acid or threonine. In this regard, the non - existence of proline analog is intriguing, though the occurrence of azetidine - 2 - carboxylic acid is worth mentioning. Most of the amino acid analogues could be conceived as anti - tumor, antiviral or antimicrobial. The amino acid analogues are regularly subjected to screening to find the possibility of anti metabolite activity to counteract bacteria. These experiments are all documented in detail and are useful for those who want to study the effect of analogues on proliferating bacteria. Unnatural Amino Acids market is a rapidly growing market in the intermediates sector. Majority of the products utilizing these compounds are pharmaceutical intermediates (฿ - Lactam Antibiotics).
1. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY
1.1 Scope of the Study
1.2 Research Methodology
1.3 Units and Currency

2. REPORT SYNOPSIS
2.1 Unnatural Amino Acids – An Introduction
Amino Acids
Types of Amino Acids
Essential Amino Acids
Non-Essential Amino Acids
Proteinogenic Amino Acids
Unnatural Amino acids
Non-Proteinogenic Amino Acids
Non-Standard Amino Acids
Synthetic Unnatural Amino Acids
2.2 Segmentation of Unnatural Amino Acids
Exhibit 1.Segmentation of Unnatural Amino Acids Market by Type and Application
Unnatural Amino Acids - Definitions, Important Facts & Figures
β-Amino Acids & Derivatives
β-Amino acids
β-Alanine
β-methylphenylalanine
β-Amino Alcohols
Cyclic Amino Acids & Derivatives
Cyclic β-Amino Acids
Cyclic Unnatural α-Amino Acids
D-Cycloserine
D-Amino Acids & Derivatives
D-Cysteine
D-Serine
D-Proline
D-Valine
D-Alanine
D-Phenylalanine
D-Citrulline /D-Citrulene
D-Tryptophan
D-Lysine
D-Leucine
D-Histidine
D-Glutamic Acid
D-Methionine
D-Aspartic Acid
D-Tyrosine
D-Arginine
D-Threonine
D-Phenylglycine
D-p-hydroxy phenylglycine
D-2-Chlorophenylglycine
D-Penicillamine
DL-Amino Acids & Derivatives
DL-Alanine
DL-Methionine
DL-Phenylalanine
L-Amino Acid Derivatives
L-Homophenylalanine
L-Dopa
Other
Gamma-Amino Butyric Acid (GABA)
Gamma-Amino-Beta-Hydroxybutyric Acid (GABOB)
Synthetic α-Amino Acids
L-Thyroxine
FDA Guidelines
Boc-Protected Amino Acids
Fmoc-Protected Amino Acids
Synthetic Biology – An Overview
Unnatural Amino Acids and Biochemistry
Unnatural Amino Acids and Chirality
Unnatural Amino Acids – The Future of the Pharmaceutical Industry
2.3 Global Market Analysis (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 2.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Historic Value Market (2005-2014) in US$ Million
Exhibit 3.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) in US$ Million
Exhibit 4.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Historic Volume Market (2005-2013) in Million Metric Tons
Exhibit 5.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Volume Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) in Million Metric Tons
Exhibit 6.List of Global Major Unnatural Amino Acids Companies

3. MARKET DYNAMICS
3.1 Unnatural Amino Acids – A Market Overview
Anti-Infectives – Antiviral and Antibacterial Drugs
Cephalosporins Market
Regulatory Guidelines for Drugs
Sweeteners
Agrochemicals
3.2 Global Unnatural Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 7.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 8.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 9.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
3.3 North American Unnatural Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 10.Unnatural Amino Acids – North American Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 11.Unnatural Amino Acids – North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 12.Unnatural Amino Acids – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.3 (I) United States Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.3 (II) Canadian Unnatural Amino Acids Market
Competitor Overview
3.4 European Unnatural Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 13.Unnatural Amino Acids – European Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 14.Unnatural Amino Acids – European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 15.Unnatural Amino Acids - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.4 (I) United Kingdom Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.4 (II) German Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.4 (III) Swiss Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.4 (IV) Italian Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.4 (V) Dutch Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.4 (VI) Russian Unnatural Amino Acids Market
Competitor Overview
3.5 Asia-Pacific Unnatural Amino Acids Market
Exhibit 16.Unnatural Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 17.Unnatural Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 18.Unnatural Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.5 (I) Chinese Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.5 (II) Japanese Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.5 (III) Indian Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.5 (IV) South Korean Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.5 (VI) Australian Unnatural Amino Acids Market
Competitor Overview
Exhibit 19.List of Unnatural Amino Acids and their Import Prices to India
Exhibit 20.List of Unnatural Amino Acid and their Local Prices
3.6 Rest of World Unnatural Amino Acids Market
Exhibit 21.Unnatural Amino Acids - Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005-2014) for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 22.Unnatural Amino Acids - Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 23.Unnatural Amino Acids - Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.6 (I) Brazilian Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.6 (II) South African Unnatural Amino Acids Market
3.6 (III) Israeli Unnatural Amino Acids Market
Competitor Overview
3.7 Unnatural Amino Acids – Global Market Analysis by Type
Exhibit 24.Unnatural Amino Acids – Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Type for D-Amino Acid Derivatives, L-Amino Acid Derivatives, Cyclic Amino Acid & Derivatives, β-Amino Acid Derivatives, D-Amino Acids, β-Amino Acids, DL-Amino Acids, DL-Amino Acid Derivatives and Other in US$ Million
Exhibit 25.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Type for D-Amino Acid Derivatives, L-Amino Acid Derivatives, Cyclic Amino Acid & Derivatives, β-Amino Acid Derivatives, D-Amino Acids, β-Amino Acids, DL-Amino Acids, DL-Amino Acid Derivatives and Other in US$ Million
Exhibit 26.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Type for D-Amino Acid Derivatives, L-Amino Acid Derivatives, Cyclic Amino Acid & Derivatives, β-Amino Acid Derivatives, D-Amino Acids, β-Amino Acids, DL-Amino Acids, DL-Amino Acid Derivatives and Other
3.7.1 D-Amino Acid Derivatives
3.7.1.1 Global D-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 27.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 28.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 29.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
D-Amino Acids and Derivatives
Exhibit 30.D-Amino Acids and Derivatives - Global Production– Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in Metric Tons
D-Phenylglycine and p-hydroxy-D-phenylglycine
Exhibit 31.D-Phenylglycine and p-hydroxy-D-phenylglycine - Global Production – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in Metric Tons
p-hydroxy-D-phenylglycine
Exhibit 32.p-hydroxy-D-phenylglycine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-phenylglycine
Exhibit 33.D-phenylglycine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-2-Chlorophenylglycine
Exhibit 34.D-2-Chlorophenylglycine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Penicillamine
Exhibit 35.D-Penicillamine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-2-Naphthylalanine
Exhibit 36.D-2-Naphthylalanine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
3.7.1.2 North American D-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 37.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - North American Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 38.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 39.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.7.1.3 European D-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 40.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - European Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 41.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 42.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.7.1.4 Asia-Pacific D-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 43.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 44.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 45.D-Amino Acid Derivatives - Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.7.1.5 Rest of World D-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 46.D-Amino Acid Derivatives – Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 47.D-Amino Acid Derivatives – Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 48.D-Amino Acid Derivatives – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.7.2 L-Amino Acid Derivatives
3.7.2.1 Global L-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 49.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 50.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 51.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
L-DOPA
Exhibit 52.L-Dopa - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Billion
L-p-hydroxy-phenylglycine
Exhibit 53.L-p-hydroxy-phenylglycine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
L-Homophenylalanine
Exhibit 54.L-Homophenylalanine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
L-homoalanine
Exhibit 55.L-homoalanine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
Acetyl-L-Carnitine
Exhibit 56.Acetyl-L-Carnitine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
3.7.2.2 North American L-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 57.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - North American Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 58.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 59.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.7.2.3 European L-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 60.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - European Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 61.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 62.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.7.2.4 Asia-Pacific L-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 63.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 64.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 65.L-Amino Acid Derivatives - Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.7.2.5 Rest of World L-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 66.L-Amino Acid Derivatives – Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 67.L-Amino Acid Derivatives – Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 68.L-Amino Acid Derivatives – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.7.3 Cyclic Amino Acids
3.7.3.1 Global Cyclic Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 69.Cyclic Amino Acids - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 70.Cyclic Amino Acids - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 71.Cyclic Amino Acids - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
D-CycloSerine
Exhibit 72.D-Cycloserine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
3.7.3.2 North American Cyclic Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 73.Cyclic Amino Acids – North American Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 74.Cyclic Amino Acids – North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 75.Cyclic Amino Acids – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.7.3.3 European Cyclic Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 76.Cyclic Amino Acids – European Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 77.Cyclic Amino Acids – European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 78.Cyclic Amino Acids - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.7.3.4 Asia-Pacific Cyclic Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 79.Cyclic Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 80.Cyclic Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 81.Cyclic Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.7.3.5 Rest of World Cyclic Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 82.Cyclic Amino Acids - Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 83.Cyclic Amino Acids - Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 84.Cyclic Amino Acids – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.7.4 β-Amino Acid Derivatives
3.7.4.1 Global β-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 85.β-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 86.β-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 87.β-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
β-Amino Alcohols
Exhibit 88.β-Amino Alcohols - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
Exhibit 89.List of Global β-Amino Acids Derivatives Companies
3.7.4.2 North American β-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 90.β-Amino Acid Derivatives – North American Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 91.β-Amino Acid Derivatives – North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 92.β-Amino Acid Derivatives – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.7.4.3 European β-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 93.β-Amino Acid Derivatives β-Amino Acid Derivatives – European Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 94.β-Amino Acid Derivatives – European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 95.β-Amino Acid Derivatives - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.7.4.4 Asia-Pacific β-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 96.β-Amino Acid Derivatives – Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 97.β-Amino Acid Derivatives – Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 98.β-Amino Acid Derivatives – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.7.4.5 Rest of World β-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 99.β-Amino Acid Derivatives - Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 100.β -Amino Acid Derivatives - Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 101.β-Amino Acid Derivatives – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.7.5 D-Amino Acids
3.7.5.1 Global D-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 102.D-Amino Acids - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 103.D-Amino Acids - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 104.D-Amino Acids - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
D-Alanine
Exhibit 105.D-Alanine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Arginine
Exhibit 106.D-Arginine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Aspartic Acid
Exhibit 107.D-Aspartic Acid - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Cysteine
Exhibit 108.D-Cysteine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Leucine
Exhibit 109.D-Leucine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Lysine
Exhibit 110.D-Lysine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Phenylalanine
Exhibit 111.D-Phenylalanine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Serine
Exhibit 112.D-Serine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Threonine
Exhibit 113.D-Threonine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Tryptophan
Exhibit 114.D-Tryptophan - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Tyrosine
Exhibit 115.D-Tyrosine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Valine
Exhibit 116.D-Valine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Glutamic Acid
Exhibit 117.D-Glutamic Acid - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Proline
Exhibit 118.D-Proline - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
D-Histidine
Exhibit 119.D-Histidine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
3.7.5.2 North American D-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 120.D-Amino Acids – North American Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 121.D-Amino Acids – North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 122.D-Amino Acids – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.7.5.3European D-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 123.D-Amino Acids D-Amino Acids – European Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 124.D-Amino Acids – European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 125.D-Amino Acids - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.7.5.4 Asia-Pacific D-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 126.D-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 127.D-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 128.D-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.7.5.5 Rest of World D-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 129.D-Amino Acids - Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 130.D-Amino Acids - Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 131.D-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.7.6 β-Amino Acids
3.7.6.1 Global β-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 132.β-Amino Acids - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 133.β-Amino Acids - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 134.β-Amino Acids - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
β-Alanine
Exhibit 135.β-Alanine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
3.7.6.2 North American β-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 136.β-Amino Acids – North American Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 137.β-Amino Acids – North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 138.β-Amino Acids – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.7.6.3 European β-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 139.β-Amino Acids– European Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 140.β-Amino Acids – European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 141.β-Amino Acids - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.7.6.4 Asia-Pacific β-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 142.β-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 143.β-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 144.β-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.7.6.5 Rest of World β-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 145.β-Amino Acids - Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 146.β-Amino Acids - Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 147.β-Amino Acids - Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
3.7.7 DL-Amino Acids
3.7.7.1 Global DL-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 148.DL-Amino Acids - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 149.DL-Amino Acids - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 150.DL-Amino Acids - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
DL-Methionine
Exhibit 151.DL-Methionine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
DL-Alanine
Exhibit 152.DL-Alanine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
DL-Phenylalanine
Exhibit 153.DL-Phenylalanine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
3.7.7.2 North American DL-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 154.DL-Amino Acids – North American Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 155.DL-Amino Acids – North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 156.DL-Amino Acids – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.7.7.3 European DL-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 157.DL-Amino Acids DL-Amino Acids – European Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 158.DL-Amino Acids – European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 159.DL-Amino Acids - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.7.7.4 Asia-Pacific DL-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 160.DL-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 161.DL-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 162.DL-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.7.7.5 Rest of World DL-Amino Acids Market Analysis
Exhibit 163.DL-Amino Acids - Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 164.DL-Amino Acids - Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 165.DL-Amino Acids - Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.7.8 DL-Amino Acid Derivatives
3.7.8.1 Global DL-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 166.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 167.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 168.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
3.7.8.2 North American DL-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 169.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives – North American Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 170.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives – North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 171.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.7.8.3 European DL-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 172.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives DL-Amino Acid Derivatives – European Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 173.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives – European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 174.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.7.8.4 Asia-Pacific DL-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 175.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives – Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 176.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives – Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 177.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.7.8.5 Rest of World DL-Amino Acid Derivatives Market Analysis
Exhibit 178.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives - Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 179.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives - Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 180.DL-Amino Acid Derivatives - Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.7.9 Other Unnatural Amino Acids
3.7.9.1 Global Market for Other Unnatural Amino Acids
Exhibit 181.Other Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 182.Other Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 183.Other Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
GABA (Gamma Amino Butyric Acid)
Exhibit 184.GABA - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
L-Thyroxine
Exhibit 185.L-Thyroxine - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Million
3.7.9.2 North American Market for Other Unnatural Amino Acids
Exhibit 186.Other Unnatural Amino Acids – North American Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 187.Other Unnatural Amino Acids – North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 188.Other Unnatural Amino Acids – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.7.9.3 European Market for Other Unnatural Amino Acids
Exhibit 189.Other Unnatural Amino Acids Other Unnatural Amino Acids – European Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 190.Other Unnatural Amino Acids – European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 191.Other Unnatural Amino Acids - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
Asia-Pacific Market for Other Unnatural Amino Acids
Exhibit 192.Other Unnatural Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 193.Other Unnatural Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 194.Other Unnatural Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
Rest of World Market for Other Unnatural Amino Acids
Exhibit 195.Other Unnatural Amino Acids - Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005-2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 196.Other Unnatural Amino Acids - Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
Exhibit 197.Other Unnatural Amino Acids - Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
3.8 Analysis by Application
Exhibit 198.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Application for R&D, Pharmaceuticals, Food & Feed, Agrochemicals and Other in US$ Million
Exhibit 199.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Application for R&D, Pharmaceuticals, Food & Feed, Agrochemicals and Other in US$ Million
Exhibit 200.Unnatural Amino Acids - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by R&D, Pharmaceuticals, Food & Feed, Agrochemicals and Other
3.8.1 Research & Development
3.8.1.1 Global Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development
Exhibit 201.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 202.Unnatural Amino Acids Research & Development - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 203.Unnatural Amino Acids Research & Development - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
3.8.1.2 North American Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development
Exhibit 204.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development - North American Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 205.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development - North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 206.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development - North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.8.1.3 European Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development
Exhibit 207.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development - European Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 208.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development - European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 209.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.8.1.4 Asia-Pacific Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development
Exhibit 210.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development - Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 211.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development - Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 212.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development - Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.8.1.5 Rest of World Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development
Exhibit 213.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development – Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 214.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 215.Unnatural Amino Acids in Research & Development – Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
3.8.2 Pharmaceuticals
3.8.2.1 Global Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals
Exhibit 216.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 217.Unnatural Amino Acids Pharmaceuticals - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 218.Unnatural Amino Acids Pharmaceuticals - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
Pharmaceutical Applications
Exhibit 219.List of Various Unnatural Amino Acids and Application Areas
Exhibit 220.Unnatural Amino Acids by Disease Treatment - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) for Neurological Disorders, Cardiovascular, Diabetes, Arthritis,  Cancer and Other in US$ Million
Exhibit 221.Cephalosporin - Global Value Market Estimations (2013 & 2014) in US$ Million
Pharmaceutical Intermediates Market Driven by Drug Development and Consolidations
Regulatory Approval Processes - Driving Down Pharmaceutical Intermediates Market
Technology Trends – More towards Biotechnology
Peptides - Future of Pharmaceutical Industry
Peptide Drugs
Exhibit 222.Peptide Drugs – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) in US$ Billion
Exhibit 223.Peptide Drugs – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) for Cancer, Diabetes, Neurological Disorders, Cardiovascular, Pain/Inflammation, Arthritis and Other in US$ Billion
Exhibit 224.Peptide Drugs – Global Value Market - Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) for the United States, Germany, United Kingdom, Japan, China, and Rest of World in US$ Billion
Exhibit 225.Peptide Drugs Cost Breakdown – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010-2022) for R&D Costs (Discovery, Preclinical, Clinical), Commercialization Cost, and Other (Registrations, etc.) in US$ Billion
Exhibit 226.List of Antibacterial Peptides and the D-amino Acids they Contain
Peptide Drugs
Peptide Drugs – The Challenges
Peptide Therapeutic Market - Overview
Peptide Synthesis
Exhibit 227.Peptide Synthesis – Global Value Market - Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Technology Improvements
Synthetic Therapeutic Peptides
Limitations to the Use of Peptides as Drug Candidates
Process involved in the Fmoc solid-phase peptide synthesis
Process involved in the t -Boc solid-phase peptide synthesis
Various Testing Methods of Peptides
(1) Mass Spectrometry (MS):
(2) Amino Acid Analysis (AAA):
(3) Protein Sequence Analysis (PSA):
Detailed Method
Sample Preparation Process
3.8.2.2 North American Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals
Exhibit 228.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals - North American Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 229.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals - North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 230.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals - North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
8.2.3 European Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals
Exhibit 231.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals - European Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 232.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals - European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 233.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.8.2.4 Asia-Pacific Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals
Exhibit 234.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals - Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 235.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals - Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 236.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals - Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.8.2.5 Rest of World Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals
Exhibit 237.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals – Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 238.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals – Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 239.Unnatural Amino Acids in Pharmaceuticals – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.8.3 Food & Feed
Sweetener Production Stopped Due to High Costs
3.8.3.1 Global Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed
Exhibit 240.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 241.Unnatural Amino Acids Food & Feed - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 242.Unnatural Amino Acids Food & Feed - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
3.8.3.2 North American Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed
Exhibit 243.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed - North American Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 244.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed - North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 245.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed - North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.8.3.3 European Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed
Exhibit 246.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed - European Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 247.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed - European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 248.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.8.3.4 Asia-Pacific Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed
Exhibit 249.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed - Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 250.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed - Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 251.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed - Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.8.3.5 Rest of World Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed
Exhibit 252.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed – Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 253.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed – Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 254.Unnatural Amino Acids in Food & Feed – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.8.4 Agrochemicals
Tau-Fluvalinate
Arsenal Herbicide
Fenamidone – Fungicide
3.8.4.1 Global Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals
Exhibit 255.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 256.Unnatural Amino Acids Agrochemicals - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 257.Unnatural Amino Acids Agrochemicals - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
3.8.4.2 North American Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals
Exhibit 258.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals - North American Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 259.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals - North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 260.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals - North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.8.4.3 European Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals
Exhibit 261.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals - European Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 262.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals - European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 263.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.8.4.4 Asia-Pacific Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals
Exhibit 264.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals - Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 265.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals - Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 266.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals - Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.8.4.5 Rest of World Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals
Exhibit 267.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals – Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 268.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals – Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) in by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries US$ Million
Exhibit 269.Unnatural Amino Acids in Agrochemicals – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) in by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries
3.8.5 Other Applications
3.8.5.1 Global Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications
Exhibit 270.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications - Global Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 271.Unnatural Amino Acids Other Applications - Global Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World in US$ Million
Exhibit 272.Unnatural Amino Acids Other Applications - Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
3.8.5.2 North American Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications
Exhibit 273.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications - North American Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 274.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications - North American Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 275.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications - North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada
3.8.5.3 European Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications
Exhibit 276.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications - European Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 277.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications - European Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million
Exhibit 278.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications - European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherland, Russia and Rest of Europe
3.8.5.4 Asia-Pacific Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications
Exhibit 279.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications - Asia-Pacific Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 280.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications - Asia-Pacific Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific in US$ Million
Exhibit 281.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications - Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for China, Japan, India, South Korea, Australia and Rest of Asia-Pacific
3.8.5.5 Rest of World Market for Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications
Exhibit 282.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications – Rest of World Historic Value Market (2005 - 2014) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 283.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 284.Unnatural Amino Acids in Other Applications – Rest of World Value Market - Current and Forecast (2015 - 2022) by Country for Brazil, South Africa, Israel and Other Countries in US$ Million
3.9 Unnatural Amino Acids - Outlook
Market Prospects for Peptide Drugs
Hurdles that may be Experienced in Marketing Novel Peptides
Challenges
Unmet Needs

4. COMPETITOR DYNAMICS
4.1 Unnatural Amino Acids – Major Competitor Profiles
AbbVie, Inc. (USA)
ACS Dobfar SpA (Italy)
ฦterna Zentaris, Inc. (Canada)
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. (Japan)
Amatek Chemical Co., Ltd. (Hong Kong)
AminoLogics Co. Ltd. (South Korea)
AnaSpec, Inc. (USA)
Aspen Pharmacare Holdings Ltd. (South Africa)
AstraZeneca plc (UK)
Bajaj Healthcare Ltd. (India)
BASF SE (Germany)
Bayer CropScience AG (Germany)
Biological E Ltd. (India)
Biovet SA (Spain)
Central Life Sciences (USA)
Corden Pharma International GmbH (Germany)
CSPC Pharmaceutical Group Limited (Hong Kong)
C-TRI Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
Divis Laboratories Ltd. (India)
Donboo Amino Acid Co., Ltd. (China)
DSM Sinochem Pharmaceuticals (Singapore)
EMD Millipore (USA)
EMD Serono, Inc. (USA)
Enzo Life Sciences, Inc. (USA)
Evonik Industries AG (Germany)
GlaxoSmithKline plc (UK)
Hanmi Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (South Korea)
Harbin Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd. (China)
Hovid Berhad (Malaysia)
IRIS Biotech GmbH (Germany)
Kyowa Hakko Bio Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Lek d.d. (Slovenia)
Lunan Pharmaceutical Group Corporation (China)
Lupin Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (USA)
Mimotopes Pty. Ltd. (Australia)
MP Biomedicals, LLC (USA)
Nagase & Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Norbrook Laboratories Ltd. (UK)
Novartis AG (Switzerland)
Orchid Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (India)
Pfizer, Inc. (USA)
PolyPeptide Group (The) (Denmark)
Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd. (India)
Sandoz International GmbH (Germany)
Sanofi SA (France)
Sekisui Medical Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Shanghai Hanhong Chemical Co., Ltd. (China)
Shanghai HC Biotech Co., Ltd. (China)
Shanghai PanQi Biochem Tech Co., Ltd. (China)
Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC (USA)
Tocris Bioscience (USA)
Topsun International Group Co., Ltd. (China)
Unibiochem Co., Ltd. (China)
United Laboratories International Holdings Limited (The) (Hong Kong)
Venus Remedies Ltd. (India)
WR Grace (USA)
Xeno Pharmaceuticals Phils, Inc. (Philippines)
Zhangjiagang Huachang Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (China)
4.2 Major Activities in Unnatural Amino Acids Market
Yungjin Pharmaceuticals Cooperative Limited Expands Business in China
Venus Remedies Limited to Venture Italy
Ceftobiprole, the Antibiotic of Basilea, Granted Regulatory Approval for Pneumonia in Europe
Cephalosporin Oral Solid Certified With EU-GMP
DSM Sinochem Pharmaceuticals Launches Puriclorฎ (cefaclor), the Latest Member of its Unique Enzymat
Abbott Diversifies Research-Based Pharmaceuticals Business
Pernix Therapeutics Acquires Somaxon Pharmaceuticals
BPI Introduces New and Advanced Pre-Workout PUMP-HD™
Orchid Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals to withdraw from its Chinese Joint Venture
Actavis Completely Acquired by Watson
Pfizer Completes Sale of Nutrition Business to Nestl้
Sagent Pharmaceuticals Launches Nafcillin for Injection, USP
Ajinomoto Co. Enters into a JV with Genexine Co. Ltd., for Production and Marketing of Serum Free Medium for Biopharmaceuticals
Actavis - Watson New Name for Global Operations
More….

5. PRODUCT TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH
5.1 Amino Acids
Amino Acids – Building Blocks of Proteins
Essential Amino Acids
Non-essential amino acids
Chiral Amino Acids
For example
Isomerism
Diabetes- Phenomenon of Chiral Mutagenesis of Insulin
Significance of Unnatural Amino Acids as Chiral Raw Materials
Deracemization of Amino Acids
Ingenza’s Chemoenzymatic Deracemization Technology
Deracemization of DL-2-aminobutyric acid using Pd/C and DAAO
Fabrication of Multipurpose Catalysts
Unnatural Amino Acids – Few Facts
Unnatural Amino Acids – Historic Overview
Unnatural Amino Acids - A Historical Chronological Overview
Occurrence of Unnatural Amino Acids in Nature
More about Unnatural Amino Acids
Unnatural Amino Acids as Metabolic Intermediates
Protection of Unnatural Amino Acids
t-Boc Protecting Group
Fmoc Protecting Group
Z- Protecting Group
Kinetic Resolution of Racemic Unnatural Amino Acids
Production of Unnatural Amino Acids
Synthesis of Unnatural Amino Acids
Synthesis of D-Amino Acids
Synthesis of ฿-Amino Acids
Synthesis of Substituted Amino Acids
Synthesis of Unnatural α-Amino Acids
Synthesis of Non-proteinogenic L-Amino Acids
Synthesis of Novel Unnatural Amino Acids
Synthesis of Bioactive Peptides Containing Unnatural Amino Acids
In vivo Peptide Synthesis
In vitro Peptide Synthesis
Super yeasts
Insect cells
PTM [Post Translational Modification]
Peptide Hormones
Bradykinin
Heptapeptide Oxytocin Analogues
Cetrorelix – a Gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist
Octreotide
Peptide Research
Exhibit 285.List of Peptide Types
Naturally found β-Amino Acids
β-Alanine
β-Peptides
Antibiotics
D Amino Acids
Applications of D-Amino Acids
Exhibit 286.Antibacterial Peptides & Respective D-Amino Acids Present
Exhibit 287.D-Amino Acids and Their Respective Source
D-Phenylalanine
Methods of Preparation of DPA
D-Lysine
D-Valine
Tau-Fluvalinate
D-Alanine
DL-Amino Acids
DL- Alanine
DL Phenylalanine (DLPA)
L-Amino Acid Derivatives
L-p-hydroxy-phenylglycine
L-Homophenylalanine
GABA – Gamma Amino Butyric acid
5.2 Unnatural Amino Acids – Applications
Exhibit 288.Various Unnatural Amino Acids and Its Application
β-Lactam Antibiotics
Synthesis of β-lactams
Mode of Action of Antibiotics
Bacterial Resistance
Types of β-lactam Antibiotics
Penicillins
Production of Penicillin
Penicillin Binding Proteins
Development of Penicillin Derivatives
Types of Penicillins
Narrow-Spectrum- Beta-lactamase Sensitive
Penicillinase-Resistant Penicillins
β-Lactamase-Resistant Penicillins
Moderate-Spectrum
Amoxicillin
Ampicillin
Broad-Spectrum
Extended-Spectrum
Cephalosporins
First Generation Cephalosporins - List
Second Generation Cephalosporins
Second Generation - Moderate Spectrum with anti-Haemophilus Activity
Third Generation Cephalosporins
Fourth Generation Cephalosporins
Fifth Generation Cephalosporins
Carbapenems
Applications
Types
Functionality
Indications
Applications
Monobactams
Aztreonam
Functionality
Indications
Peptide Antibiotics
Polypeptide Antibiotics and Application in the Treatment of Infections
Gramicidin
Gramicidin-S (Gramicidin Soviet)
Bacitracin
Actinomycin D
Prohibition of Actinomycin Formation by D-Valine
Enramycin
Cycloserine
Mode of Action
Uses and Side-Effects Apart from Antibiotic Properties
Polymyxin B
Functions of Polymyxin B
Desmopressin Acetate
Chemical Properties
Dosage Formulation
Clinical Pharmacology
Human Pharmacokinetics
Indications
Unnatural Amino Acids – For Disease Treatment
Arthritis
Parkinson’s Disease
Cancer
Diabetes Mellitus
Cardiovascular Diseases
Other Disorders
Acyline and Its Potential as a Contraceptive Medicine
CDRCP and Clinical Investigations
Diabetes Insipidus
Acromegaly
Unnatural Amino Acids – Pharmacological Properties
Exhibit 289.Unnatural Amino Acids and Their Respective Pharmacological/ Biological Activity
Exhibit 290.Therapeutic Products Containing Unnatural Amino Acids
Exhibit 291.List of Unnatural Amino Acids Present in Antibiotics
Pharmaceutical Intermediates
Unnatural Amino Acids Applications by Disease
Neurological Disorders
Cardiovascular Diseases
Arthritis
Diabetes
Cancer
Other
Pharmaceutical/Cosmetic Compositions Comprising Lysine-D-Proline-Valine Tripeptide
Therapeutic Formulations
Exhibit 292.List of Drugs Containing Amino Acids
Production of Novel Drugs
Unnatural Amino Acids as Building Blocks of New Peptidomimetics
Unnatural Amino Acids in Anti-infective Drugs
Anti-viral Drugs
Antibiotics [Antibacterial Drugs]
Artificial Sweeteners
Alitame
Exhibit 293.Alitame - Global Value Market - Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million
Flavor Enhancers
D-Glutamate
DL-Alanine
Veterinary Feed
Nutritional Requirements for Swine
Three Most Crucial Amino Acids for Proper Nutrition of Pigs
Nutritional Requirements for Silkworms
DL-Methionine- Pet Food
Agrochemicals
Insecticides
Fluvalinate
Arsenal Herbicide
Imazapyr
The Way Plants Get Destroyed by Arsenal
Fenamidone
Plant Biomarkers
Biosensors
Deodorants
5.3 Unnatural Amino Acids – Research Briefs
Unnatural Amino Acids now Easier to Prepare
Continuous Stimulation of Spinal Cord Pauses Symptoms of Parkinson’s Like Disease
Mirror Molecules
Proline Derivatives and AVP
Function of D Arginine against Glucocorticoids Neurotoxic Effects in the Hippocampus
Determination of NMDA and its Analogs by using Enantioselective two Dimensional High Performance Liquid Chromatography
Phenylalanine Derivatives and Prodrug
Dual Nano-Electrospray for Fast Reactions of Many Biomolecules
New Method based on Chemo- and Enantio-Selective Properties of Amino Acids by Capillary Electrophoresis with in-capillary Derivatization Developed
A Research on meso-Diaminopimelate Dehydrogenase from Symbiobacterium thermophilum : Over Expression, Characterization and Capability to Synthesis D Amino Acids
More……

6. CORPORATE DIRECTORY

7. PATENTS

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