Polylactic Acid

 Published On: Oct, 2015 |    No of Pages: 300 |  Published By: RI Technologies | Format: PDF
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This study gives an insight into global Polylactic Acid (PLA) value and volume markets. The report also provides an overview of the global biodegradable polymers and lactic acid. Market analytics by Form, by Application is also provided in this niche report. The market is divided by Form into Films & Sheets, Coating, Fibers and Other; by Application into Food, Textile, Medical and Other. The global PLA market is further divided by Food Industry (Food Packaging, Kithchenware and Other), Textile Industry (Apparel, Bedding/Upholstery), Medical Industry (Surgical Dressing, Orthopedic Biomaterials, Stents, Organ Tissue Engineerings, and Other) and Other (Vehicle Parts and Automotive/Aerospace, Electrical Appliance Components/ Electronic Goods, Packaging (Other than Food) and Other). Historic, current and future markets, both in value (US$) and Volume (Metric Tons) for the analysis period 2010 - 2022; are also illustrated by geographic regions encompassing the North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW).

Lactic acid is the key agent used for developing Poly Lactic Acid (PLA), the biodegradable polymer. The remarkable feature of PLA is that it is biodegradable and undergoes further decomposition. Its degradation does not need enzymes and the hydrolysis is dependent upon temperature, the ratio of isomers contained, and the size of the article made from PLA. Biodegradation is a perfect solution to eradicate the growing levels of plastic waste periodically. PLA is a prospective replacement for conventional petroleum based plastics as corn, a renewable resource, is the leading source to synthesize PLA. PLA is derived from corn, maize, Potato, wheat, Sugar cane and Sugar beet which are renewable resources. The main source of polyester is corn starch in the United States and in the rest part of the world sugar cane is used. Polylactic Acid is extensively produced commercially in Japan and United States. Growth in polylactic acid (PLA) bioplastics market is driving demand for lactic acid in industrial applications. Demand for PLA is also expected to increase significantly due to enhanced production capacities thereby improving availability and cutting the price of resin. PLA demand in the United States is expected to increase for industrial applications such as fibers, containers and packaging while Western Europe is expected to significantly boost its PLA demand for packaging applications. High prices have restricted consumption of PLA in China. PLA prices, are however, expected to decrease in the next couple of years due to improvements in fermentation techniques and economies of scale.
1. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY
1.1 Scope of the Study
1.2 Research Methodology
1.3 Units and Currency

2. REPORT SYNOPSIS
2.1 Introduction
Biodegradable Polymers
Classes of Polymers
Biodegradability in Hetero Atom Containing Polymers
Applications of Biopolymers
Properties of Biopolymers
2.2 Classification of Biopolymers based on their Synthesis
Exhibit 1.A Brief Classification of Biodegradable Polymers
Bioplastics
Uses of Bioplastics
Polylactic Acid (PLA) – A Next Generation Bioplastic
Lactic Acid
2.3 Segmentation of Global Polylactic Acid Market
Exhibit 2.Segmentation of Global Polylactic Acid Market by Application and by Form
2.4 Polylactic Acid - Global Market Analysis (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 3.Polylactic Acid - Global Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons
Exhibit 4.Polylactic Acid - Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million
Exhibit 5.List of Major Global Polylactic Acid Companies

3. MARKET DYNAMICS
3.1 Global Polylactic Acid Market – An Overview
Current Status
Bioplastics
Polylactic Acid
Environmental Concerns
1. Biodegradability
2. Regulations
ASTM D6400 (United States)
EN 13432 (Europe)
EN 14995 (Europe)
JBPA Certification (Japan)
3. Manufacturing/ Processing Technologies
NatureWorks LLC (US) – Uses different processing technologies for different applications
Futerro (Belgium) - Two Step Process, that requires no solvents
Zhejiang Hisun Biomaterials Co. Ltd. (China) – Optimization of injection molding process
Teijin Ltd. (Japan) - Heat Resistant Polylactic Fiber
4. Emerging Applications – Environment
3.2 Global Polylactic Acid Market Analysis (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 6.Polylactic Acid – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
Exhibit 7.Polylactic Acid - Global Value Market Shares by Region (2012, 2018 & 2022) for, Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
Exhibit 8.Polylactic Acid - Global Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
Exhibit 9.Polylactic Acid - Global Volume Market Shares by Region (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World
3.3 North American Polylactic Acid Market Analysis (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 10.Polylactic Acid –North American Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 11.Polylactic Acid –North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 12.Polylactic Acid –North American Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons
3.3 (I) US Polylactic Acid Market
3.3 (II) Canadian Polylactic Acid Market
Competitor Overview
3.4 European Polylactic Acid Market Analysis (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 13.Polylactic Acid –European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Germany, UK, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Russia and Rest of Europe (RoE)
Exhibit 14.Polylactic Acid – European Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Germany, UK, Netherlands, Belgium, France, Russia and Rest of Europe (RoE)
Exhibit 15.Polylactic Acid – European Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons
3.4 (I) German Polylactic Acid Market
3.4 (II) UK Polylactic Acid Market
3.4 (III) Dutch Polylactic Acid Market
3.4 (IV) Belgian Polylactic Acid Market
3.4 (V) French Polylactic Acid Market
3.4 (VI) Russian Polylactic Acid Market
Competitor Overview
3.5 Asia-Pacific Polylactic Acid Market Analysis (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 16.Polylactic Acid – Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for China, South Korea, Australia, India, Japan and Rest of Asia-Pacific
Exhibit 17.Polylactic Acid – Asia – Pacific Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for China, South Korea, Australia, India, Japan and Rest of Asia-Pacific
Exhibit 18.Polylactic Acid – Asia-Pacific Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons
3.5 (I) Chinese Polylactic Acid Market
3.5 (II) South Korean Polylactic Acid Market
3.5 (III) Australian Polylactic Acid Market
3.5 (IV) Indian Polylactic Acid Market
3.5 (V) Japanese Polylactic Acid Market
Competitor Overview
3.6 Rest of World Polylactic Acid Market Analysis (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 19.Polylactic Acid – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for Israel, South Africa, Brazil and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 20.Polylactic Acid – Rest of World Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022)for Israel, South Africa, Brazil and Other Countries in US$ Million
Exhibit 21.Polylactic Acid – Rest of World Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022)in Metric Tons
3.6 (I) Israeli Polylactic Acid Market
3.6 (II) South African Polylactic Acid Market
3.6 (III) Brazilian Polylactic Acid Market
Competitor Overview
3.7 Analysis by Application
3.7.1 Global Market Analysis (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 22.Polylactic Acid by Application –Global Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons for Food (Packaging), Textile, Medical and Other
Exhibit 23.Polylactic Acid by Application - Global Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Food (Packaging), Textile, Medical and Other
Exhibit 24.Polylactic Acid by Application – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Food (Packaging), Textile, Medical & Other
Exhibit 25.Polylactic Acid by Application - Global Market Shares by Application (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Food (Packaging), Textile, Medical and Other
3.7.1 Food
3.7.1.1 Global Market for Polylactic Acid in Food Applications (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 26.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications- Global Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 27.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications - Global Volume Market Shares by Region (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 28.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications- Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 29.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications – Global Value Market Shares by Region (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
3.7.1.2 North American Market for Polylactic Acid in Food Applications (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 30.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications –North American Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 31.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications –North American Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in Metric Tons
3.7.1.3 European Market for Polylactic Acid in Food Applications (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 32.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications – European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Germany, UK Netherlands, Belgium, France, Russia and Rest of Europe (RoE)
Exhibit 33.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications – European Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Germany, UK Netherlands, Belgium, France, Russia and Rest of Europe (RoE)
Exhibit 34.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications- European Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million
3.7.1.4 Asia-Pacific Polylactic Acid in Food Applications
Exhibit 35.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications- Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for China, South-Korea, Australia, India, Japan and Rest of Asia-Pacific (RoAP)
Exhibit 36.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for China, South-Korea, Australia, India, Japan and Rest of Asia-Pacific (RoAP)
Exhibit 37.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications- Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million
3.7.1.5 Rest of World Market for Polylactic Acid in Food Applications (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 38.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications – Rest of World Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for Israel, South Africa, Brazil and Other Countries in Metric Tons
Exhibit 39.Polylactic Acid in Food Applications – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for Israel, South Africa, Brazil and Other Countries in US$ Million
3.7.2 Textiles
3.7.2.1 Global Market for Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 40.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications- Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 41.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications – Global Value Market Shares by Region (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 42.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications- Global Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 43.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications - Global Volume Market Shares by Region (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
3.7.2.2 North American Market for Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications
Exhibit 44.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications –North American Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 45.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications –North American Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in Metric Tons
3.7.2.3 European Market for Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications
Exhibit 46.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications- European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Germany, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Russia and Rest of Europe (RoE)
Exhibit 47.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications – European Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Germany, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Russia and Rest of Europe (RoE)
Exhibit 48.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications- European Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons
3.7.2.4 Asia-Pacific Market for Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications
Exhibit 49.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications - Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for China, South-Korea, Australia, India, Japan and Rest of Asia-Pacific (RoAP)
Exhibit 50.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for
China, South-Korea, Australia, India, Japan and Rest of Asia-Pacific (RoAP)
Exhibit 51.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications- Asia-Pacific Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons
3.7.2.5 Rest of World Market for Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications
Exhibit 52.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications – Rest of World Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for Israel, South African, Brazil and Other Countries in Metric Tons
Exhibit 53.Polylactic Acid in Textile Applications – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million
3.7.3 Medical
3.7.3.1 Global Market for Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications
Exhibit 54.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications- Global Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 55.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications - Global Volume Market Shares by Region (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 56.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications- Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 57.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications – Global Value Market Shares by Region (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
3.7.3.2 North American Market for Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications
Exhibit 58.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications –North American Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in US$ Million
Exhibit 59.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications –North American Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for United States and Canada in in Metric Tons
3.7.3.3 European Market for Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications
Exhibit 60.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications - European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Germany, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Russia and Rest of Europe (RoE)
Exhibit 61.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications – European Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Germany, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Russia and Rest of Europe (RoE)
Exhibit 62.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications- European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million
3.7.3.4 Asia-Pacific Market for Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications
Exhibit 63.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications - Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for China, South-Korea, Australia, India, Japan and Rest of Asia-Pacific (RoAP)
Exhibit 64.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for China, South-Korea, Australia, India, Japan and Rest of Asia-Pacific (RoAP)
Exhibit 65.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications- Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million
3.7.3.5 Rest of World Market for Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications
Exhibit 66.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications – Rest of World Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for Israel, South African, Brazil and Other Countries in Metric Tons
Exhibit 67.Polylactic Acid in Medical Applications – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for Israel, South African, Brazil and Other Countries in US$ Million
3.7.4 Other Applications
3.7.4.1 Global Market for Polylactic Acid in Other Applications
Exhibit 68.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications- Global Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in Metric Tons for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 69.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications - Global Volume Market Shares by Region (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 70.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications- Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) inUS$ Million for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
Exhibit 71.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications – Global Value Market Shares by Region (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Europe, North America, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of World (RoW)
3.7.4.2 North American Market for Polylactic Acid in Other Applications
Exhibit 72.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications –North American Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for United States in US$ Million
Exhibit 73.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications –North American Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for United States in Metric Tons
3.7.4.3 European Market for Polylactic Acid in Other Applications
Exhibit 74.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications - European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Germany, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Russia and Rest of Europe (RoE)
Exhibit 75.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications – European Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Germany, United Kingdom, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Russia and Rest of Europe (RoE)
Exhibit 76.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications- European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million
3.7.4.4 Asia-Pacific Market for Polylactic Acid in Other Applications
Exhibit 77.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications - Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for China, South-Korea, Australia, India, Japan and Rest of Asia-Pacific (RoAP)
Exhibit 78.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares by Country (2012, 2018 & 2022) for China, South-Korea, Australia, India, Japan and Rest of Asia-Pacific (RoAP)
Exhibit 79.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications- Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million
3.7.4.5 Rest of World Market for Polylactic Acid in Other Applications
Exhibit 80.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications – Rest of World Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for Israel, South Africa, Brazil and Other Countries in Metric Tons
Exhibit 81.Polylactic Acid in Other Applications – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Country for Israel, South Africa, Brazil and Other Countries in US$ Million
3.8 Analysis by Form
3.8.1 Global Market Analysis (Value and Volume)
Exhibit 82.Polylactic Acid by Form Type- Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million for Films & Sheets, Coating, Fibers and Other
Exhibit 83.Polylactic Acid by Form Type – Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Films & Sheets, Coating, Fibers and Other
Exhibit 84.Polylactic Acid by Form Type- Global Volume Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) for Films & Sheets, Coating, Fibers and Other in Metric Tons
Exhibit 85.Polylactic Acid by Form Type - Global Volume Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) for Films & Sheets, Coating, Fibers and Other
3.9 Polylactic Acid – Market Outlook

4. COMPETITOR DYNAMICS
4.1 Major Global Companies in Polylactic Acid Market
BASF SE (Germany)
Corbion (The Netherlands)
Dow Chemical Co. (The) (USA)
Futerro (Belgium)
NatureWorks LLC (USA)
Plastic Suppliers, Inc. (USA)
Sulzer Chemtech AG (Switzerland)
Teijin Ltd.
Uhde Inventa-Fischer GmbH (Germany)
Wei Mon Industry Co., Ltd. (Taiwan)
More….
4.2 Major Activities in Polylactic Acid Market
NatureWorks Appoints U.S. Pacific Nonwovens as Exclusive Agent for Ingeo™ spun-melt in the Asia Pacific Region
First PLA Recycling Company Established
BioCor Enters Post Consumer PLA Scrap Business
NatureWorks to Offer Lactide Intermediate
Single-step Polylactic Acid Manufacturing Procedure developed to produce Polymers
Advanced High Heat Injection Molding for Ingeo™ Bioresin of NatureWorks
MasterCard Compatible IC Credit Card Utilizing Plastic Derived from Bio-based Polymer Developed Jointly by Dai Nippon, Mitsubishi and Sony
Raydiance Improves Bio-absorbable Materials processing
Teijin Terminates Joint-Venture Contract and Returns 50% Ownership of NatureWorks to Cargill
NatureWorks Announces Commercial Availability of Ingeo™ Meltblown Nonwovens
Avantium and NatureWorks in Development Collaboration for Bio-based Polymers
Unitika develops Equally Tough Biomass Plastic as ABS
Cargill Launches Green Plastic in Brazil
More…

5. PRODUCT/ TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH
5.1 Introduction
Polymers
Processing of Polymers
Processing Aids
Classic Examples of Processing Aids
Acrylic Processing Aids (APA) and its Characteristics
Applications of APA
Applications of Polymer Processing Aids (PPA)
Fluorinated Polymer Processing Additives and its Multipurpose Application
Hyper branched Processing aids (HBPA) to cater for enhanced Characteristics
Reactive Functionalized polymer Processing aids for enhancement of breaking Energy
Use of Conventional Oils for Sustainable and Safe Processing aids
Soaps and its Applications
Silicones and their Application
Mineral Fillers Characteristics
Organic Nanoparticles to Vary Rheology of reactions of Thermoplastics
Processing aids and their Benefits
Biodegradable Polymers and their Classification
5.2 Bioplastics
Various Kinds of Bioplastic
Starch based Bioplastic
Polylactic acid (PLA) based Plastics
Plastic that is cellulosed based
Cellulosic
Aliphatic Polyketones
Other Aliphatic Polyesters
Poly-3-Hydroxybutyrate (PHB)
Polyamide 11 (PA 11)
Bio-Derived Polyethylene
Genetically Modified Bioplastic
Bioplastics vis-ŕ-vis Conventional Plastics
Characteristic and inventive Methods Towards natural waste-Based Plastics
From-Waste-Towards-Bioplastics
The microbial pathways toward PHA, PHB and PLA
Genetic engineering: Bioplastics Developing in Plant Factories
Chemical Pathways
Agricultural By-Products Such as Poultry Feathers, Egg Protein, Milk, Cheese Protein, Animal and Plant Lipids
Biodegradable Resin from Potato Processing Industry
Bioplastic Based on Powdered Feather Meal
Liquid Wood Arboform
Composites of Old Paper & Feathers for Reinforcement
Animal Waste Proteins from Blood Meal and Feathers
Green foam produced from shrubby willow growing on low value land
Polylimonene oxide extracted from orange juice
Conclusion
PET Vs PLA
5.3 Polylactic Acid: An Overview
Polylactic acid or Polylactide (PLA) and its properties with reference to bio plastic
Properties
Chemical and physical properties
History of Lactic acid production
Bacterial Lactic Acid Fermentation
Lactic Acid
Introduction
Traditional methods of producing Lactic acid
Manufacturing Process
Raw Materials for Biotechnological Production Process of Lactic Acid
Refined Materials
Cheaper Raw Materials
Starchy Materials
Cellulosic Materials
Agricultural Waste
Industrial Remains
Molasses
Rice bran and Wheat bran and Other Nutrients
Lactic acid Production
The Production and Description of Polylactic acid
Corn
Introduction
The US-Major Corn Producer
Leading Corn Processors
Processing Techniques
Key Products Derived
Corn Starch
Corn Oil
Corn Starch
Corn Sweeteners
Ethanol
Polylactic Acid – Raw Materials
Bio-products
Poly (lactic acid)
Polylactic Acid Polymer Resin – Introduction
Lactic acid – Production
Lactic acid- Polycondensation Process
Ring- Open Polymerization
Polymerization of Lactide
Biodegradation
Aerobic Degradation by Composition
Aerobic Degradation or Bio-Mechanization by Land Filling
Biodegradable Polymers
Compostable Polymers
Ecotoxicity
Non- Biodegradable (or Recalcitrant) Residues
PLA Degradation
PLA Biodegrades in a slow Manner till it gets subjected to Industrial Composting
Plastics that can be composed
Biodegradability and Computability
Degradation of Conventional Polymers
Introduction
Limitations of Degradation
Bio-Degradability, an Expensive Solution
Bio-degradability Techniques
Photo degradation
Hydrolysis
Water solubility Technique of biodegradation
Polyvinyl alcohol (PVAL)
Thermo-oxidation process for Oxydo-degradation
Combined Methods
Ready-to-use PLA grades
Injection Molding
Extrusion
Thermoforming
Polymers
Polymer‘s generated naturally using chemical treatments and their application
Films
Glass transition Studies in PLA thin film
Conclusion
Summary of the Functions
PLA Textile – Introduction
PLA Textile - Manufacturing process
PLA Textile properties
Specific properties
Thermal properties
Tensile properties
Natural Textile and their composition
Absorption of Moisture
PLA Textile – Limitations
PLA Textile – Prospects
Various Renewable Additives, Polymers and Their Applications
Introduction and Overview
Chemical treatments employed
Additives derived from renewable resources
Specialty Additives in Package Plastics
Advances in Specialty additives
Fragrant as additives
Slip & Antilock Additives
Nanocomposite Technology for additives
Nanoclay
Silver coated nanoparticles
Polylactic Acid as an Adhesive
Food Packaging
Biodegradable Polylactic Acid (PLA) Polymer with Nisin for use in Antimicrobial Food Packaging
Kitchenware
Compostable Cutlery
Clear Corn based PLA Cold Beverage cups
Corn Based PLA Ecotainer Hot Beverage Cups
Corn based PLA Coated Ecotainer Food Container
Clear corn Based PLA Takeout containers
Clear corn based PLA Portion Cups
Positive Approach by Manufacturers towards Development on Eco-friendly Cutlery
Textile
PLA Textile - Features and Applications
Biodegradability
Sustainability
Price
Durability
Hydrophilicity
Dyeability
Flexibility
Flammability
Melt Temperature Adaptability
Degradation Resistance
Other Properties
Medical
PLA – Stents
Biopolymers in Orthopedics
Poly-L-Lactic Acid (PLLA)
Poly (lactic acid) based nanocomposites—a novel way of drug-releasing
The Use of Ploy-L-Lactic Acid as Facial Filler
HIV Facial Lipoatrophy
Long-Lasting Effects of Polylactic Acid for Facial Lipoatrophy in HIV Patients
Contents of Sculptra™
Clinical Records
Expenditure
Options
Tissue engineering
Polylactic acid fiber-reinforced polycaprolactone scaffolds for bone tissue engineering
Polylactic acid-phosphate glass composite foams as scaffolds for tissue engineering
PLA – Surgical Sutures
PLA Gloves
Other
Prospective PLA Applications
Bioflex
Biofront
Ecovio
Ecobras
Starch/PCL polycaprolactone
Special additives for in-house compounding
Melt strength enhancers
Stabilizers
Impact modifiers, tougheners
Plasticizers
Colorants, Matte finish
Nucleating agent, clarifiers
Antiblock, Slip, and Release Aids
Antifog additives
Antistatic agent
Barrier Property enhancement techniques
Composites
Advantages and Disadvantages of Corn-based Plastic PLA
Greenhouse Gas Emissions are decreased with the use of PLA
In Spite of a lot of issues, PLA still has Many Advantages
PLA Cannot be combined with Other Plastics during Recycling
A Number of PLA Makes Use of Genetically Modified Corn
Green-Minded Users Could Favor Other Options to Plastics
5.4 Polylactic Acid - Research Briefs

6. CORPORATE DIRECTORY

7. PATENTS

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