D-Amino Acids

 Published On: Oct, 2015 |    No of Pages: 350 |  Published By: RI Technologies | Format: PDF
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This report gives a market insight into the different applications of D-Amino Acids such as Pharmaceutical Intermediates, Industrial Applications, Immuno Diagnostics, Therapeutic Formulations and in Other Applications (R&D, Biosensors, Plant Biomarkers and Biocatalysts). The study includes estimates and projections for the global D-Amino Acids applications market. The market covered for Pharmaceutical Intermediates, Industrial Applications, Immunodiagnostics, and Therapeutic Formulations pertains only to D-Amino Acid applications. Projections and estimates are also illustrated by geographic regions encompassing the North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World.

D-amino acids are used both as food additives, insecticides and in the pharmaceutical industry. With the exception of glycine all amino acids contain chiral carbon atom next to the carboxyl group of molecules. The presence of chiral carbon atom in amino acid permits the stereoisomerism process. Several naturally occurring vigorous molecules like the amino acids in the proteins also contain chiral atoms; while the sugars are of D type many amino acids exhibit L chirality. The natural proteins that are made of L amino acids are called as left-handed proteins, and those that are made of D amino acids are called right-handed proteins. D-amino acids are not detected in the natural proteins and these amino acids do not participate in the metabolic activities of eukaryotic organisms. D-amino acids can be detected in the peptide antibiotics or within the cell walls of the bacteria. D-glutamic acid and D-alanine are some of the D-amino acids that can be found in the cell walls of some bacteria. D-amino acids can be found in several peptides produced by animal cells. Opiate and antimicrobial peptides are synthesized from amphibian skin, neuro peptides can be sighted to be synthesized from both snail ganglia and spiders venom. The cDNA cloning has revealed that in the locations where D-amino acid is found, a common codon matching the L-amino acid can also be found. These revelations suggest the formation of D-deposits from the L-amino acids due to a post translational effect. D-Amino Acids market is a rapidly growing market in the intermediates sector. Majority of the products utilizing D-Amino Acids are pharmaceutical intermediates (฿-Lactam Antibiotics). Asia-Pacific region is acquiring lead position in global pharmaceuticals market with the balance gradually shifting from the US and Europe to Asia-Pacific. With high growths in China, India and Singapore, the region is becoming the largest global pharmaceuticals market.
1. SCOPE AND METHODOLOGY
1.1 Scope of the Study
1.2 Research Methodology
1.3 Units and Currency

2. REPORT SYNOPSIS
2.1 Introduction
Amino Acid
2.2 Amino Acids – Market Analysis
Exhibit 1.Amino Acids – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Billion (Graphical Representation Included)
D-Amino Acid
D-Amino Acids- Timeline
2.3 Segmentation of D-Amino Acids
Exhibit 2.Segmentation of Global D-Amino Acids Market by Application (Pharmaceutical Intermediates, Industrial Applications, Immuno Diagnostics, Therapeutic Formulations & Others)
Applications
Non Natural D-Amino Acids as Building Blocks of New Peptidomimetics
Definition
D-Amino Acids Market
Pharmaceutical Intermediates
Industrial Applications
D-Amino Acids in Deodorants
D-Amino Acids in Nutritional Requirement of Veterinary Feed
Insecticide
Artificial Sweetener
Antibiotic Testing in Milk
Immuno Diagnostics Kits
Therapeutic Formulations
Other Applications of D-Amino Acids
R&D
Biosensors
Plant Biomarkers
Biocatalyst - D-Amino Acids Oxidase
2.4 Global Market Analysis
Exhibit 3.D-Amino Acids – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 4.List of Major Global D-Amino Acids Companies

3. MARKET DYNAMICS
3.1 Market Overview
3.2 Market Trends
Pharmaceutical Intermediates Market Driven by Drug Development and Consolidations
Regulatory Approval Processes - Driving Down Pharmaceutical Intermediates Market
Technology Trends - More Towards Biotechnology
Dispelling the Myths--Biocatalysis in Industrial Synthesis
The Global Recession Effect
3.3 Global D-Amino Acids Market
Exhibit 5.D-Amino Acids – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 6.D-Amino Acids – Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) (Graphical Representation Included)
3.4 North American D-Amino Acids Market
Exhibit 7.D-Amino Acids – North American Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 8.D-Amino Acids – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada (Graphical Representation Included)
3.4 (I) United States D-Amino Acids Market
3.4 (II) Canadian D-Amino Acids Market
Competitor Overview
3.5 European D-Amino Acids Market
Exhibit 9.D-Amino Acids – European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 10.D-Amino Acids – European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe (Graphical Representation Included)
3.5 (I) United Kingdom D-Amino Acids Market
3.5 (II) German D-Amino Acids Market
3.5 (III) Swiss D-Amino Acids Market
3.5 (IV) Spanish D-Amino Acids Market
3.5 (V) Russian D-Amino Acids Market
Competitor Overview
3.6 Asia-Pacific D-Amino Acids Market
Exhibit 11.D-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacificin US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 12.D-Amino Acids – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacific(Graphical Representation Included)
3.6 (I) Chinese D-Amino Acids Market
3.6 (II) Indian D-Amino Acids Market
3.6 (III) Japanese D-Amino Acids Market
3.6 (IV) Australian D-Amino Acids Market
3.6 (V) South Korean D-Amino Acids Market
Competitor Overview
3.7 Rest of World D-Amino Acids Market
Exhibit 13.D-Amino Acids – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 14.D-Amino Acids – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries(Graphical Representation Included)
3.7 (I) South African D-Amino Acids Market
3.7 (II) Philippines D-Amino Acids Market
3.7 (III) Israeli D-Amino Acids Market
3.7 (IV) Brazilian D-Amino Acids Market
Competitor Overview
3.8 Analysis by Application
Exhibit 15.D-Amino Acids – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Application for Pharmaceutical Intermediates, Industrial Applications, Immuno Diagnostics, Therapeutic Formulations and Other in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 16.D-Amino Acids – Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Application for Pharmaceutical Intermediates, Industrial Applications, Immuno Diagnostics, Therapeutic Formulations and Other (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.1Pharmaceutical Intermediates
3.8.1.1Global Market for D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates
Exhibit 17.D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 18.D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates – Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.1.2 North American Market for D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates
Exhibit 19.D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates – North AmericanValue Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 20.D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.1.3 European Market for D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates
Exhibit 21.D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates – European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 22.D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates – European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.1.4 Asia-Pacific Market for D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates
Exhibit 23.D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates – Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacificin US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 24.D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacific(Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.1.5 Rest of World Market for D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates
Exhibit 25.D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countriesin US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 26.D-Amino Acids as Pharmaceutical Intermediates – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries(Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.2 Industrial Applications
3.8.2.1 Global Market for D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications
Exhibit 27.D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW)in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 28.D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications – Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.2.2 North American Market for D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications
Exhibit 29.D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications – North AmericanValue Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 30.D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.2.3 European Market for D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications
Exhibit 31.D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications – European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 32.D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications – European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.2.4 Asia-Pacific Market for D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications
Exhibit 33.D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications – Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacificin US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 34.D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacific(Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.2.5 Rest of World Market for D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications
Exhibit 35.D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 36.D-Amino Acids in Industrial Applications – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries(Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.3 Immuno Diagnostics
3.8.3.1 Global Market for D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics
Exhibit 37.D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 38.D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics – Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.3.2 North American Market for D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics
Exhibit 39.D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics – North AmericanValue Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 40.D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.3.3 European Market for D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics
Exhibit 41.D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics – European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 42.D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics – European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.3.4 Asia-Pacific Market for D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics
Exhibit 43.D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics – Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacificin US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 44.D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacific(Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.3.5 Rest of World Market for D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics
Exhibit 45.D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 46.D-Amino Acids in Immuno Diagnostics – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries(Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.4 Therapeutic Formulations
3.8.4.1 Global Market for D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations
Exhibit 47.D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 48.D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations – Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.4.2 North American Market for D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations
Exhibit 49.D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations – North AmericanValue Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 50.D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.4.3 European Market for D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations
Exhibit 51.D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations – European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 52.D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations – European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.4.4 Asia-Pacific Market for D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations
Exhibit 53.D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations – Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacificin US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 54.D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacific(Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.4.5 Rest of World Market for D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations
Exhibit 55.D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 56.D-Amino Acids in Therapeutic Formulations – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries(Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.5 Other Applications
3.8.5.1 Global Market for D-Amino Acids in Other Applications
Exhibit 57.D-Amino Acids in Other Applications – Global Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 58.D-Amino Acids in Other Applications – Global Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Rest of World (RoW) (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.5.2 North American Market for D-Amino Acids in Other Applications
Exhibit 59.D-Amino Acids in Other Applications – North AmericanValue Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 60.D-Amino Acids in Other Applications – North American Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United States and Canada (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.5.3 European Market for D-Amino Acids in Other Applications
Exhibit 61.D-Amino Acids in Other Applications – European Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 62.D-Amino Acids in Other Applications – European Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, Russia and Rest of Europe (Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.5.4 Asia-Pacific Market for D-Amino Acids in Other Applications
Exhibit 63.D-Amino Acids in Other Applications – Asia-Pacific Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacificin US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 64.D-Amino Acids in Other Applications – Asia-Pacific Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for China, India, Japan, Australia, South Korea and Rest of Asia-Pacific(Graphical Representation Included)
3.8.5.5 Rest of World Market for D-Amino Acids in Other Applications
Exhibit 65.D-Amino Acids in Other Applications – Rest of World Value Market – Historic, Current, and Forecast (2010 - 2022) by Geographic Region South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries in US$ Million (Graphical Representation Included)
Exhibit 66.D-Amino Acids in Other Applications – Rest of World Value Market Shares (2012, 2018 & 2022) by Geographic Region for South Africa, Philippines, Israel, Brazil and Other Countries(Graphical Representation Included)
3.9 D-Amino Acids – Market Outlook

4. COMPETITOR DYNAMICS
4.1 Company Profiles - Major Players in D-Amino Acids Market
Adcock Ingram Limited (South Africa)
ฦterna Zentaris, Inc. (Canada)
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. (Japan)
Akorn, Inc. (USA)
Alcon, Inc. (Switzerland)
Arun & Co. (India)
Aspen Pharmacare Holdings Ltd. (South Africa).
AstraZeneca plc (UK)
Bajaj Healthcare Ltd. (India)
Biological E Ltd. (India)
Biovet SA (Spain)
More…………….
4.2 Major Activities in D-Amino Acids Market
Positive Results for Chelsea’s Phase II Clinical Trial of Droxidopa in Fibromyalgia
FDA Approves Hospira’s Generic Version of Antibiotic Merrem
Arbuckle’s Planet Rice Record Swelling Sales
The US Patent and Trademark Office Issues Notice of Allowance for MultiStatฎ Group of Compounds of Quick-Med Technologies
Orchid Acquires Karalex Pharma, LLC
Low-cost Drug to Save Thousands of Accident Victims
GE Healthcare Announces Prostate Imaging Agent Phase 1 Study Results
Ethical Naturals Develops AlphaWave™, a GRAS Approved L-Theanine
More…
Exhibit 67.Product/Price Listing from Novus Biologicals, Inc. (USA)
Exhibit 68.Product/Price Listing from ScienceLab.com, Inc. (USA)
Exhibit 69.Product/Price Listing from Calzyme, Inc. (USA)

5. PRODUCT/TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH
5.1 Amino Acids
Importance of Amino Acids
D-Amino Acids
Location and Types
Enzymatic Catalysis of D-Amino Acid
Chiral Gas Chromatography
List of D-Amino Acids
Applications of D-Amino Acids
Amino Acids in Nutritional Requirements for Swine
D-Lysine
D-Methionine
D-Methionine-Pyruvate Transaminase
D-Tryptophan
Amino Acids in Nutritional Requirements for Silkworms
DL-Methionine- Pet Food
Antibiotic Test Kits
Penzymฎ kit
SNAP MRL Beta-Lactam Test Kit
SNAP MRL Beta-Lactam Test Kit
CHARM II Kit - โ-lactams
Screening Plus kit
Charm ROSAยฎ MRL-3 Test
Exhibit 70.Numbers and Proportions of Consumer - and Market-Level Samples
Testing Positive for Beta Lactam Antibiotics
Sugar Substitutes
Artificial Sweeteners
Alitame
D-Amino Acids in Deodorants
D Amino Acids in Synthesized Insecticides for Agricultural Farms
Fluvalinate
Flavor Enhancers
D-Glutamate
DL-Alanine
D-Amino Acids Application Areas
Pharmaceutical Intermediates
D–Valine
D-Valine and Concomitant D-Amino Acids Prohibit Formation of the Enzyme and Actinomycin
D-Aspartic Acid
N-Methyl-D-Aspartic Acid
D-Aspartic Acid _-Hydroxamate in the Therapy of Viral Infections and Tumors
D-Glutamic
D-Arginine
D-Methionine
Glycine.
Glycine as a D-Amino Acids Surrogate in the K+-Selectivity Filter
D-Proline Reductase
Pharmaceutical/Cosmetic Compositions Comprising Lysine-D-Proline-Valine Tripeptide
D-Amino Acids Oxidase and its Properties
D-Amino Acids Oxidase Reaction
Pharmaceutical Intermediates
โ-Lactam Antibiotics
Mode of Action of Antibiotics
Bacterial Resistance
Methicillin
Dicloxacillin
Flucloxacillin
Temocillin
Amoxicillin
Ampicillin
Azlocillin
Carbenicillin
Ticarcillin
Applications
Mezlocillin
Piperacillin
Cephalosporins
First Generation
Second Generation - Moderate spectrum with anti-Haemophilus activity
Third Generation- Broad Spectrum
Fourth Generation
Fifth Generation
Industrial Applications
Implementation of D-Amino Acids
D-Tryptophan
D-2-Alkyl Tryptophan Agents
Amino Alcohols
List of Amino Alcohols
Types and Applications
Amino Alcohol Derivatives and their Applications
As Chemical Intermediates
As Emulsifier
As Coating Substance
Inhibit Corrosion
Catalyst
Biochemical Application
Derivatives of Chiral Amino Alcohols
Carbodiimide
Mechanism of Formation of Amide
Dicyclohexylcarbodiimide
DIC (N,N'-diisopropylcarbodiimide)
Piperacillin
Cephalosporin
Ephedrine
Pseudoephedrine
Fabrication of Multipurpose Catalyst
D-Amino Acids Products
Production of Penicillin
Penicillin Amidase – Biochemical Reactions for Sustaining Life
Biotechnology and Semi-synthetic Antibiotics
Fed-Batch Culture Technique
Directed-Evolution Techniques
The Method of Preparing D-Amino Acids -N-(S)-ม-Alkylbenzylamide
Method of Preparing D-Amino Acids Using D-Amino Acids Dehydrogenase
Manufactured Free Glutamic Acid
Microbial Transformations: Generating D-Amino Acids
HPLC Analysis
Exhibit 71.HPLC Analysis of Unprocessed Market Milk Samples (+ve in Screened Test) for Antibiotics in Hyderabad, Pakistan
D-Amino Acids Dehydrogenase and the Process of Making D-Amino Acids
Importance
Products
Production of D-Amino Acids Using Composite Immobilized Enzyme Preparations
Synthesis of D-Amino Acids Oxidase Apoprotein
D-Amino Acids Dehydrogenase Synthesis
Stereo Selective D-Amino Acids Dehydrogenase for the One-Step Synthesis of D-Amino Acids
Synthesis and Characterizations of D-Amino Acid-Based Oligopeptides
D-Amino Acids and Xenobiotics
Immuno Diagnostics
Enzyme Variants Having One or More D-Amino Acids Substitutions
Role of D-Amino Acids in Immunoassays
Ideal Fa-Sp-C Conjugates for Peptides
Therapeutic Formulations
Non-Natural D-Amino Acids as Building Blocks of New Peptidomimetics
Polypeptide Antibiotics and its Application in the Treatment of Infections
Gramicidin
Gramicidin-S
Bacitracin
Actinomycin D
Enramycin
Cycloserine
Celestin - Forms and Functions in Treatment of Disorders
Polymyxin B
Functions of Polymyxin B
Desmopressin Acetate
Chemical Properties
Dosage Formulation
Clinical Pharmacology
Human Pharmacokinetics
Indications
Hemophilia A
Von Willebrand’s Disease (Type I)
Diabetes Insipidus
D-Phenylalanine
Methods of Preparation of DPA
Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Benzylhydantoins
Biological Synthesis of DPA from Phenylpyruvic Acid
Preparation of DPA by Asymmetric Transformation
Therapeutic Values of DPA
Pain
Depression
Stress
ADD and ADHD
Memory and Learning Behaviors
Parkinson’s Diseas
Multiple Sclerosis
Type II Diabetes
Therapeutic Products Containing D-Amino Acids
Exhibit 72.Antibacterial Peptides & Respective D-Amino Acids Present
DL Phelylalanine (DLPA)
Dermorphin
Anti-Diabetic Effects of D-Amino Acids
D-Amino Acids & Escherichia Coli
D-Amino Acids Oxidase and D-Aspartate Oxidase Antagonists - CNS Disorder Treatment
Enantiomeric Propanolamines - Selective N-Methyl-D-Aspartate 2 B Receptor Antagonists
Peptide Hormones
Bradykinin
Angiotensin
Oxytocin
Heptapeptide Oxytocin Analogues
Cetrorelix – a Gonadotropin releasing hormone antagonist
Octreotide
Pharmaceutical Effects
Uses
Other Applications
Utility of D-Amino Acids
D-Amino Acids Technology
Transgenic Plants with Environment Oriented Markers
Selection Markers
Herbicide Resistance
Transgenic Containment
D-Amino Acids in Biotechnology
Biosensor
A Fiber Optic Biosensor Based on Enzymes for Determination of D-Amino Acids in Serum
D-Proline Dehydrogenase
Poly-D-Lysine
Poly-D-Lysine Coated Plate
Biocatalysts
D-Amino Acids Oxidase as a Biocatalyst
D-Lysine
Water-Soluble Lysine Salts
Preparation of D-Lysine
Ligand-Exchange with Zinc (Ii)-L-Lysine Complex
5.2 D-Amino Acids – Research Briefs

6. CORPORATE DIRECTORY

7. PATENTS’ INFORMATION

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