Graphene, 2D Materials and Carbon Nanotubes: Markets, Technologies and Opportunities 2017-2027

 Published On: Apr, 2017 |    No of Pages: 270 |  Published By: IDTechEx | Format: PDF
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This report provides the most comprehensive and authoritative view of the topic, giving detailed ten-year market forecasts segmented by application and material type. The market forecasts are given in tonnage and value at the material level. Furthermore, this report includes comprehensive interview-based profiles of all the key players the industry, providing intelligence on the investment levels, expected future revenues, and the production capacity across the industry and by supplier. In addition, this report critically reviews all existing and emerging production process.  
This report also gives detailed, fact-based and insightful analysis of all the existing and emerging target applications. For target applications, the report provides an assessment and/or forecast of the addressable markets, key trends and challenges, latest results and prototype/product launches, and the IDTechEx insight on the market potential. 
Unrivalled business intelligence and market insight
This report is based upon years of research and close engagement with the community of graphene and CNT producers, investors and users. In the past five years, we have interviewed and profiled almost all the graphene and carbon nanotube suppliers globally (>40), advised many investors and chemical companies on their graphene (and CNT) strategy, and guided many end-users.
In parallel to this, IDTechEx Research has itself organised seven international tradeshows and conferences on Graphene and 2D Materials. These commercial conferences have become the forum in which the latest innovations are announced and the latest products are launched. More importantly, they have become the premier international venue in which suppliers and users directly connect. This has given us an unrivalled access to all the players across the graphene/CNT community. 
IDTechEx analysts also travel the world extensively to attend and lecture at all the conferences and tradeshows relevant to graphene and CNTs, giving us further opportunity to get to know the industry well, and hear and interpret the latest developments. We are confident that our knowledge and insight into the technologies, markets and applications of graphene and 2D materials is without parallel the world over.
The graphene market to reach over 3,800 tonnes per year in 2027
IDTechEx Research projects that the graphene market will grow to over $300m in 2027. This forecast is at the material level and does not count the value of graphene-enabled products. In many instances graphene is only an additive with low wt% values.  
A continual decline in average sales prices will accompany the revenue growth, meaning that volume sales will reach over 3.8 k tpa (tonnes per annum) in 2027.  Despite this, IDTechEx forecasts suggest that the industry will remain in a state of over-capacity until 2021 beyond which time new capacity will need to be installed. Furthermore, IDTechEx Research forecasts that some 90% of the market value will go to graphene platelets (vs. sheets) in 2027. 
The market will be segmented across many applications, reflecting the diverse properties of graphene. In general, we expect functional inks and coatings to reach the market earlier. This is a trend that we forecasted several years ago and is now observed in prototypes and small-volume applications. Indeed, IDTechEx Research projects that the market for functional inks and coatings will make up 21% of the market by 2018. Ultimately however, energy storage and composites will grow to be the largest sectors, controlling 25% and 40% of the market in 2027, respectively. 
What this report provides
1. Ten-year market forecasts for graphene and CNTs segmented by material type and application (by volume and value).
2. Investment, capacity and revenue by company.
3. Interview-based company profiles of 50 graphene and CNT companies.
4. Benchmarking of suppliers on the basis of technology readiness and medium-term commercial opportunity.
5. Market trends and dynamics including:
a. Go-to-market strategy
b. Prices and pricing strategy
c. Product qualities and morphologies
d. Consistency and quality issues
e. Intermediary challenges
f. Current and expected product launches
g. Application timeline
6. Overview of the multi-walled carbon nanotube industry including:
a. Production capacity by supplier
b. Current applications and forecast application pipeline
c. Segmented ten-year market projections
d. Benchmarking and mapping key players
7. Detailed overview of production methods including:
a. Oxidisation-reduction
b. Direct liquid phase exfoliation
c. Electrochemical exfoliation
d. Plasma exfoliation
e. Substrate-less plasma or CVD growth
f. CVD growth of graphene sheets
g. Epitaxial
8. Detailed application assessment often including IDTechEx insight and assessment, state-of-the-art and commercial progress, analysis of competing technologies, pricing trends, addressable market size, and ten-year market projections for:
a. Transparent conducting films
b. Functional inks and pairs
c. RFID antennas
d. Anti-corrosion coatings
e. Supercapacitors
f. Silicon anode
g. Li sulphur
h. Li-ion and other battery technologies
i. Conductive, thermal, permeation or mechanically-enhanced composites
j. Graphene and 2D materials for transistors
k. Tires
l. Sensors
m. Anti-corrosion
n. Water filtration
1.1. There are many graphene types
1.2. Trade-offs involved between different production processes
1.3. Explaining the main graphene manufacturing routes
1.4. Quantitative mapping of graphene morphologies on the market
1.5. Market conditions, trends and outlook
1.6. General observations on the market situation
1.7. The hype curve of the graphene industry
1.8. Supplier numbers on the rise
1.9. Media attention and patent publications on the rise
1.10. Large scale investment in graphene research
1.11. Investment in new graphene companies split by specific companies
1.12. Revenue of graphene companies split by 40 specific companies
1.13. Profit and loss of graphene companies 2013 to 2016
1.14. Value creation for graphene companies
1.15. Tabulated information on supplier morphology, investment & revenue
1.16. The rise of China
1.17. Patent trends
1.18. Graphite mines see opportunity in graphene
1.19. Production capacity (tap) of graphene suppliers globally
1.20. The importance of intermediaries
1.21. Graphene Prices and Pricing Strategy
1.22. Quality and consistency issue
1.23. Graphene-enabled sports equipment
1.24. Graphene enabled lithium ion batteries
1.25. Graphene-enabled supercapacitors
1.26. Graphene-enabled lead acid battery
1.27. Graphene-enhanced conductive 3D printing filaments
1.28. Graphene-enabled bike tires
1.29. Graphene-enabled RFIDs and flexible interconnects
1.30. Graphene-enabled anti-corrosion applications
1.31. ESD films
1.32. Graphene-enabled stretch sensor applications
1.33. Graphene-enabled textile applications
1.34. Graphene-enabled vehicle tire
1.35. Graphene-enabled conductive adhesives and inks
1.36. Graphene-enabled guitar strings and lubricants
1.37. Graphene-enabled transparent conducting film applications
1.38. Graphene-enabled stretch sensor applications
1.39. Graphene vs. Carbon nanotubes
1.40. Production capacity (tpa) of CNT suppliers globally
2.1. Granular ten year graphene market forecast segmented by 21 application areas
2.2. Ten-year application-segmented graphene market forecast
2.3. Raw data for application-segmented ten-year market forecasts
2.4. Ten-year forecast for graphene platelet vs sheets
2.5. Granular snapshot of the graphene market in 2019
2.6. Granular snapshot of the graphene market in 2027
2.7. Ten-year forecast for volume (MT) demand for graphene platelets
2.8. Carbon nanotubes making a quiet comeback
2.9. Strong pipeline of applications
2.10. MWCNT: Evolution of global and company-specific production capacity from 2006 onwards
2.11. Ten-year market forecast for MWCNTs segmented by 16 application in value
2.12. Ten-year market forecast for MWCNTs segmented by 16 application in tonnes
3.1. Expanded graphite
3.2. Reduced graphene oxide
3.3. Oxidising graphite
3.4. Reducing graphene oxide
3.5. Direct liquid phase exfoliation
3.6. Direct liquid phase exfoliation under shear force
3.7. Electrochemical exfoliation
3.8. Properties of electrochemical exfoliated graphene
3.9. Plasma exfoliation
3.10. Substrate-less CVD
3.11. Substrate-less CVD (plasma)
3.12. Chemical vapour deposition (CVD)
3.13. Chemical vapour deposition
3.14. Transfer process for chemical vapour deposition
3.15. Roll-to-roll transfer of CVD graphene
3.16. Novel methods for transferring CVD graphene
3.17. Sony's approach to transfer of CVD process
3.18. Sony's CVD graphene approach
3.19. Sony's CVD graphene approach
3.20. Wuxi Graphene Film Co's CVD graphene progress
3.21. Wuxi Graphene Film Co's CVD graphene progress
3.22. Direct growth of CVD on SiOx?
3.23. Production cost of CVD graphene
3.24. Epitaxial
3.25. Largest single-crystalline graphene reported ever
4.1. Pictures of graphene materials
6.1. Transparent conductive films
6.2. Indium Tin Oxide
6.3. Ten-year segmented forecasts for transparent conducting films
6.4. Quantitative mapping of the performance of commercial ITO films on the market
6.5. Production cost and flexibility of ITO films
6.6. Supply and demand for ITO films and indium
6.7. Changing TCF market dynamics and needs
6.8. Assessment of ITO alternatives
6.9. Graphene performance as TCF
6.10. SWOT analysis on graphene TCFs
6.11. Experimental results on performance of silver nanowire TCFs
6.12. Experimental results on flexibility of silver nanowire TCFs
6.13. Silver nanowire TCF cost structure
6.14. Silver nanowire products on the market
6.15. Results on metal mesh TCF performance
6.16. Results on flexibility of metal mesh TCFs
6.17. Results on performance of carbon nanotube TCFs
6.18. Useful information on carbon nanotube TCFs
6.19. Benchmarking TCF technologies
6.20. Make or break year for ITO alternatives?
6.21. Consolidation period for the ITO alternative market
6.22. ITO alternative ten-year market forecast
7.1. Performance of graphene conductive inks
7.2. Applications of conductive graphene inks
7.3. Results of resistive heating using graphene inks
7.4. Results of de-frosting using graphene inks
7.5. Results of de-icing using graphene heaters
7.6. Transparent EMI shielding
7.7. ESD films printed using graphene
7.8. Graphene UV shielding coatings
7.9. Graphene inks can be highly opaque
7.10. RFID types and characteristics
7.11. UV resistant tile paints
7.12. RFID antenna market figures
7.13. RFID antennas
7.14. Cost breakdown of RFID tags
7.15. Methods of producing RFID antennas
8.1. Ten-year market forecast for supercapacitors by application
8.2. Application pipeline for supercapacitors
8.3. Cost structure of a supercapacitor
8.4. Cost breakdown of supercapacitors
8.5. Supercapacitor electrode mass in transport applications
8.6. Addressable market forecast for supercapacitor electrodes
8.7. Supercapacitor performance using nanocarbons
8.8. Performance of existing commercial supercapacitors
8.9. Challenges with graphene
8.10. Graphene surface area is far from the ideal case
8.11. Promising results on graphene supercapacitors
8.12. Performance of carbon nanotube supercapacitors
8.13. Skeleton Technologies' graphene supercapacitors
8.14. Potential benefits of carbon nanotubes
8.15. Challenges with the use of carbon nanotubes
8.16. Electrode chemistries of supercapacitor suppliers
9.1. Historical progress in Li ion batteries
9.2. Quantitative benchmarking of Li and post-Li ion batteries
9.3. EV numbers used in this projections
9.4. Electrode mass by battery type
9.5. Cost breakdown of Li ion batteries
9.6. Why nanocarbons in Li batteries
9.7. Graphene and graphene/CNT anodes in Li batteries
9.8. Why graphene and carbon black are used together
9.9. LFP cathode improvement (PPG Industry)
9.10. Results showing graphene improves LFP batteries (Graphene Batteries)
9.11. Results showing graphene improves NCM batteries (Cabot Corp)
9.12. Results showing graphene improves LiTiOx batteries
9.13. Results showing CNT improves the performance of commercial Li ion batteries (Showa Denko)
9.14. Why graphene helps in Si anode batteries (California Lithium Battery)
9.15. Results showing SWCNT improving in LFO batteries (Ocsial)
9.16. Binder-free Li anodes with vertically grown MWCNTs
9.17. MWCNTs are superior to SWCNT in energy storage?
9.18. Why Silicon anode batteries?
9.19. Overview of Si anode battery technology
9.20. Challenges in silicon anodes
9.21. Graphene's role in silicon anodes
9.22. State of the art results in silicon-graphene anode batteries
9.23. Silicon anodes manufacturing CVD - CalBatt
9.24. State of the art in silicon-graphene anode batteries (PPG Industries)
9.25. Results in silicon-graphene anode batteries (XG Sciences)
9.26. Samsung's result on Si-graphene batteries
9.27. State of the art in silicon-graphene anode batteries
9.28. Motivation - Why Lithium Sulphur batteries?
9.29. The Lithium sulphur battery chemistry
9.30. Why graphene helps in Li sulphur batteries
9.31. State of the art in use of graphene in Li Sulphur batteries
9.32. State of the art in use of graphene in Li Sulphur batteries (Oxis Energy/Perpetuus Advanced Materials)
9.33. State of the art in use of graphene in Li Sulphur batteries (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)
9.34. Graphene battery announcement (Grabat)
9.35. Yuhuang's graphene-enabled battery
9.36. Rise in the number of publications on nanocarbons in batteries
10.1. General observation on using graphene additives in composites
10.2. Commercial results on graphene conductive composites
10.3. Experimental results on graphene conductive composites
10.4. EMI Shielding
10.5. How do CNTs do in conductive composites
10.6. CNT success in conductive composites
10.7. Examples of products that use CNTs in conductive plastics
10.8. Results showing Young's Modulus enhancement using graphene
10.9. Commercial results on permeation graphene improvement
10.10. Permeation Improvement using graphene
10.11. Thermal conductivity improvement using graphene, SWCNT and graphite as a function of wt% and vol%
10.12. Commercial results on thermal conductivity improvement using graphene
10.13. Thermal conductivity improvement using graphene
11.1. Performance of graphene transistors
11.2. Graphene transistor based on work function modulation
11.3. Results showing other 2D materials are better at creating transistor functions
11.4. Mobility of 2D materials as a function of bandgap
11.5. Suitability of 2D materials for large-area flexible devices
11.6. Effect of growth method on mobility
12.1. Graphene as additive in tires
12.2. Progress on graphene-enabled bicycle tires
12.3. Carbon black in tires
12.4. Black carbon in car tires
12.5. Mapping of different carbon black types on the market
12.6. CNT and graphene are the least ready emerging tech for tire improvement
12.7. Results on use of graphene in silica loaded tires
12.8. Comments on CNT and graphene in tires
12.9. Total addressable market for graphene in tires
13.1. Graphene GFET sensors
13.2. Fast graphene photosensor
13.3. Graphene humidity sensor
13.4. Optical brain sensors using graphene
13.5. Graphene skin electrodes
13.6. Wearable stretch sensor using graphene
14.1. Anti-corrosion coating
14.2. Imagine Intelligent Textiles geotextile graphene
14.3. Water filtration
14.4. Lockheed Martin's water filtration
14.5. Graphene-enhanced condoms?
14.6. Future applications
15.1. Carbon nanotubes- the big picture
15.2. Carbon nanotubes are more mature than graphene
15.3. Carbon nanotubes prices are falling
15.4. Already commercial applications of CNTs
15.5. Application Timeline
15.6. Production capacity of carbon nanotubes
15.7. Loss of differentiation in CNTs
15.8. Differentiating between CNTs and graphene
15.9. Will the CNT industry consolidate?
15.10. Player dynamics in the CNT business
15.11. Ten-year market forecast for MWCNTs segmented by 16 application in value
15.12. Ten-year market forecast for MWCNTs segmented by 16 application in tonnes
15.13. Nantero/Fujitsu CNT memory
16.1. Abalonyx AS
16.2. Advanced Graphene Products
16.3. Anderlab Technologies Pvt. Ltd.
16.4. Angstron Materials
16.5. Applied Graphene Materials
16.6. Arkema
16.7. Bayer MaterialScience AG (now left the business)
16.8. Bluestone Global Tech (now left the business)
16.9. C3Nano
16.10. Cabot Corporation
16.11. Cambridge Nanosystems
16.12. Canatu
16.13. Charmtron Inc
16.14. CNano Technology
16.15. CrayoNano
16.16. Directa Plus
16.17. g2o
16.18. Gnanomat
16.19. Grafen Chemical Industries
16.20. Grafentek
16.21. Grafoid
16.22. Graphenano
16.23. Graphene 3D Lab
16.24. Graphene Frontiers
16.25. Graphene Laboratories, Inc
16.26. Graphene Square
16.27. Graphene Technologies
16.28. Graphenea
16.29. Group NanoXplore Inc.
16.30. Grupo Antolin Ingenieria
16.31. Incubation Alliance
16.32. Jinan Moxi New Material Technology
16.33. Nanjing JCNANO Technology
16.34. Nanocyl
16.35. NanoInnova
16.36. NanoIntegris
16.37. Nantero
16.38. OCSiAl
16.39. OneD Material LLC
16.40. Perpetuus Graphene
16.41. Poly-Ink
16.42. Pyrograf Products
16.43. Raymor Industries, Inc.
16.44. Showa Denko K.K
16.45. SiNode Systems
16.46. Skeleton Technologies
16.47. SouthWest NanoTechnologies, Inc.
16.48. The Sixth Element
16.49. Thomas Swan
16.50. Timesnano
16.51. Unidym Inc
16.52. Vorbeck Materials
16.53. Wuxi Graphene Film
16.54. XFNANO
16.55. XG Sciences, Inc.
16.56. Xiamen Knano
16.57. XinNano Materials Inc
16.58. Xolve, Inc
16.59. Zyvex
17.1. 2D Carbon Graphene Material Co., Ltd
17.2. Airbus, France
17.3. Aixtron, Germany
17.4. AMO GmbH, Germany
17.5. Asbury Carbon, USA
17.6. AZ Electronics, Luxembourg
17.7. BASF, Germany
17.8. Cambridge Graphene Centre, UK
17.9. Cambridge Graphene Platform, UK
17.10. Carben Semicon Ltd, Russia
17.11. Carbon Solutions Inc., USA
17.12. Catalyx Nanotech Inc. (CNI), USA
17.13. CRANN, Ireland
17.14. Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI), USA
17.15. Grafoid, Canada
17.16. Graphene Devices, USA
17.17. Graphene NanoChem, UK
17.18. Graphensic AB, Sweden
17.19. HDPlas, USA
17.20. Head, Austria
17.21. HRL Laboratories, USA
17.22. IBM, USA
17.23. iTrix, Japan
17.24. JiangSu GeRui Graphene Venture Capital Co., Ltd.
17.25. Lockheed Martin, USA
17.26. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), USA
17.27. Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research, Germany
17.28. Momentive, USA
17.29. Nanjing JCNANO Tech Co., LTD
17.30. Nanjing XFNANO Materials Tech Co.,Ltd
17.31. Nanostructured & Amorphous Materials Inc., USA
17.32. Nokia, Finland
17.33. Pennsylvania State University, USA
17.34. Power Booster, China
17.35. Quantum Materials Corp, India
17.36. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (RPI), USA
17.37. Rice University, USA
17.38. Rutgers - The State University of New Jersey, USA
17.39. Samsung Electronics, Korea
17.40. Samsung Techwin, Korea
17.41. SolanPV, USA
17.42. Spirit Aerosystems, USA
17.43. Sungkyunkwan University Advanced Institute of Nano Technology (SAINT), Korea
17.44. Texas Instruments, USA
17.45. Thales, France
17.46. University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), USA
17.47. University of Manchester, UK
17.48. University of Princeton, USA
17.49. University of Southern California (USC), USA
17.50. University of Texas at Austin, USA
17.51. University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA
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