Pet Preform Manufacturing (All Types)

 Published On: Aug, 2015 |  Published By: EIRI Project Consultants | Format: PDF
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PET (also named PETE) is a kind of polyester material for fibres, injection molded parts, as well as blow-molded bottles and jars. Special grades are offered with the required properties for the different applications.

PET is linear thermoplastic (long-chain molecule consists of repeating units shown as figure right), white but bluish resin made from terephthalic acid and ethylene glycol through poly-condensation. PET is supplied by the resin manufacturers in the form of small pellets, each about 0.05 grams. PET came into prominence in the 1950s as a textile material. Its strength, temperature tolerance and wear-resistance made it an ideal replacement for, or addition to natural fibres such as silk, cotton and wool.

Bottle Grade PET

Nowadays PET is still widely used for these purposes, but when, in the 1970s a marketing need was identified for larger light-weight, unbreakable bottles to contain carbonated drinks, PET fit the bill perfectly. Unlike simple polymers such
as polyethylene, PET is not made by a single stage process, but by the reaction between two chemicals, purified terephthalic acid (PTA) and ethylene glycol (EG). The availability of the first of these has dictated the supply of PET resin in the past, but new capacity coming on stream this year will ensure more than adequate supplies to meet the growing uses of PET over the coming years. Related polyesters are polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) used mainly for engineering applications, and polyethylene naphthalate (PEN). The latter offers significant performance improvements over PET, particularly in terms of barrier properties and heat tolerance. Since PEN can be blended with PET a range of new 'alloys' is becoming available for special packaging applications.

COST ESTIMATION

Plant Capacity 12000.00 PREFORM/day
Land & Building (600 Sq.Mtr) Rs. 74.00 Lacs
Plant & Machinery Rs 51.00 Lacs
W.C. for 3 Months Rs. 48.07 Lacs
Total Capital Investment Rs 1.76 Cr
Rate of Return 24%
Break Even Point 59%
INTRODUCTION
USES AND APPLICATION
PET AS PACKAGING MATERIALS
PROPERTIES
PET RESIN
ADVANTAGE OF PET
MARKET SURVEY
PET IN FOOD PACKAGING STATUS & PROSPECTS FOR INDIA
PRESENT MANUFACTURERS/SUPPLIERS/EXPORTERS OF PET PREFORMS
DETAILS OF PET PREFORM
MARUFACTURING PROCESES OF PET PREFORM
PROCESS IN DETAILS
PET PREFRMS MOLDING PROCESS
PROCESS FLOW SHEET
PET PREFORM AND BOTTLE BLOWING
PLANT LAYOUT
COMPLETE PLANT AND MACHINERY SUPPLIERS (IMPORTED)
SUPPLIERS OF PLANT & MACHINERIES
RAW MATERIAL SUPPLIERS
PRINCIPLES OF PLANT LAYOUT
PLANT LOCATION FACTORS
EXPLANATION OF TERMS USED IN THE PROJECT REPORT

APPENDIX – A :

1.COST OF PLANT ECONOMICS
2.LAND & BUILDING
3.PLANT AND MACHINERY
4.FIXED CAPITAL INVESTMENT
5.RAW MATERIAL
6.SALARY AND WAGES
7.UTILITIES AND OVERHEADS
8.TOTAL WORKING CAPITAL
9.COST OF PRODUCTION
10.PROFITABILITY ANALYSIS
11.BREAK EVEN POINT
12.RESOURCES OF FINANCE
13.INTEREST CHART
14.DEPRECIATION CHART
15.CASH FLOW STATEMENT
16.PROJECTED BALANCE SHEET

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