The 2G, 3G, 4G & 5G Wireless Network Infrastructure Market: 2016 - 2030 - with an Evaluation of Wi-Fi and WiMAX

 Published On: Apr, 2016 |    No of Pages: 1233 |  Published By: Signals and Systems Telecom | Format: PDF
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The wireless network infrastructure market is currently in a phase of transition as mobile operators seek to address increasing mobile traffic demands amidst global economic uncertainties. This paradigm shift is bringing new challenges and opportunities to infrastructure vendors.

In 2015, global 2G, 3G and 4G wireless infrastructure revenues stood at nearly $65 Billion. SNS Research estimates that these revenues will remain flat in 2016, largely due to declining macrocell RAN and mobile core investments. Over the next four years, the market is expected to decline at a CAGR of 1%, eventually shrinking to $61 Billion by the end of 2020.

Despite the ongoing decline in the wider market, mobile operators are expected to significantly increase their spending in the evolving HetNet (Heterogeneous Network) submarket, which encompasses small cells, carrier Wi-Fi, DAS (Distributed Antenna Systems) and C-RAN (Centralized RAN) infrastructure. Small cell and carrier Wi-Fi equipment alone will represent a market worth $3 Billion in 2016. Supplemented further by DAS and C-RAN investments, the HetNet sector is attracting considerable attention from both established vendors as well as startups that solely focus on this submarket.

Spanning over 1,000 pages, ""The 2G, 3G, 4G & 5G Wireless Network Infrastructure Market: 2016 – 2030 – with an Evaluation of Wi-Fi and WiMAX"" report package encompasses two comprehensive reports covering both the conventional 2G, 3G, 4G & 5G wireless network infrastructure market as well as the emerging HetNet submarket:

- The Wireless Network Infrastructure Ecosystem: 2016 – 2030 – Macrocell RAN, Small Cells, C-RAN, RRH, DAS, Carrier Wi-Fi, Mobile Core, Backhaul & Fronthaul
- The HetNet Ecosystem (Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS): 2016 – 2030 – Opportunities, Challenges, Strategies & Forecasts

This report package provides an in-depth assessment of the 2G, 3G, 4G & 5G wireless network infrastructure market and also explores the HetNet submarket. Besides analyzing the key market drivers, challenges, regional CapEx commitments and vendor strategies, the report package also presents revenue and unit shipment forecasts for the wireless network infrastructure, macrocell, mobile core, small cell, Wi-Fi offload, DAS, C-RAN and the mobile transport submarkets from 2016 to 2030 at a regional as well as a global scale.

The report package comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report package.

Topics Covered:
The report covers the following topics:
- 2G (GSM and CDMA) technology and market trends
- 3G (W-CDMA/HSPA, TD-SCDMA and CDMA-2000) technology and market trends
- 4G (LTE, LTE-Advanced and WiMAX) technology and market trends
- 5G (IMT-2020) technology and market trends
- Mobile core technology and market trends
- Mobile transport (backhaul and fronthaul) technology and market trends
- HetNet (Wi-Fi offloading, small cell, C-RAN and DAS) technology and market trends
- Analysis of key trends such as enterprise RAN, TD-LTE, VoLTE virtualization, unlicensed small cells and SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service)
- Market drivers for wireless network infrastructure investments
- Challenges and barriers to the ecosystem
- Profiles and strategies of over 350 wireless network infrastructure vendors
- Global and regional market analysis and forecasts
- SWOT analysis of the wireless network infrastructure market

Key Questions Answered:
The report provides answers to the following key questions:
- How is the 2G, 3G, 4G & 5G wireless network infrastructure market evolving by segment and region?
- What will the market size be in 2016 and at what rate will it grow?
- What trends, challenges and barriers are influencing its growth?
- How will the market shape for HetNet infrastructure such as small cells, C-RAN and DAS?
- How big is the opportunity for enterprise RAN deployments?
- How will Wi-Fi fit into future network architectures for access and offload?
- Who are the key vendors in the market, what is their market share and what are their strategies?
- What strategies should be adopted by mobile operators and vendors to remain a dominant market force?
- Which 2G, 3G, 4G & 5G technology constitutes the highest amount of spending and how will this evolve overtime?
- How will LTE deployments proceed, and how long will 2G/3G technologies coexist with LTE?
- When will WiMAX infrastructure spending diminish?
- What is the global and regional outlook for RAN and mobile core submarkets?
- What is the opportunity for mobile transport networking gear, and what new backhaul/fronthaul solutions are evolving?

Chapter 1.1: Introduction 34
Executive Summary 34
Topics Covered 36
Forecast Segmentation 37
Key Questions Answered 41
Key Findings 42
Methodology 43
Target Audience 44
Companies & Organizations Mentioned 45

Chapter 1.2: An Overview of Wireless Network Infrastructure 50
What is Wireless Network Infrastructure? 50
2G: GSM & CDMA 51
2G Trends & Developments 51
2G Market Summary 52
3G: W-CDMA, TD-SCDMA & CDMA2000 52
3G Trends & Developments 53
3G Market Summary 54
4G: LTE, LTE-Advanced & WiMAX 55
4G Trends & Developments 55
4G Market Summary 55
5G: IMT-2020 Technologies 57
5G Trends & Developments 57
5G Market Summary 58
Macrocell RAN 60
Macrocell RAN Trends & Developments 61
HetNet RAN 62
HetNet RAN Trends & Developments 63
Small Cells 63
C-RAN 63
DAS 64
Carrier Wi-Fi 64
Mobile Core 65
Mobile Core Trends & Developments 65
Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul 67
Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Trends & Developments 68

Chapter 1.3: Market Drivers, Barriers & Risks 69
Market Drivers 69
Mobile Subscriptions Growth 69
Smartphone & Tablet Proliferation 70
Growing Penetration of Mobile Broadband 70
Mobile Data Traffic Growth 71
Interest from Vertical Markets 72
Reducing the TCO (Total Cost of Ownership) 73
Replacement of Legacy Infrastructure: Continued Growth in Transport Networking 74
Advances in Spectrum Flexibility & Carrier Aggregation: Driving HetNet Deployments 75
Strategic Choice for CDMA & WiMAX Operators: Join Mainstream Ecosystem 75
Addressing Legacy Network Congestion 75
Bringing Broadband to the Masses 76
Trend Summary: Which Segments of the Wireless Infrastructure Market Will Witness Growth? 76
Barriers & Risks 76
CapEx Commitments 76
Spectrum Scarcity 77
RAN Sharing: A Concept Embraced by Mobile Operators 77
Operators Are Finding Innovative Ways to Address Capacity Issues 77
Social, Political, Economic and Environmental Threats 78
Country Specific Risks 78
Key Strategic Options for Mobile Operators 79
Business Case for Investments in New and Existing Technologies 79
Gain Operational Efficiencies Through Strategic Investments 79
Invest in Capacity for Increased Revenue Opportunities 80
Deliver Best User Experience 80
Reduce Competitive Threats 80
Reserve Network Capacity the M2M Opportunities 81
Increase Customer Satisfaction 81
Capitalize on Differentiation Strategies 81
Evolve Towards the Next Generation 82

Chapter 1.4: Mobile Network CapEx Review 83
Global Mobile Network CapEx 83
Regional Split 84
Key Operator Commitments 85
China Mobile 86
China Unicom 86
AT&T Mobility 87
Vodafone Group 87
Verizon Wireless 88
China Telecom 88
NTT DoCoMo 89
Sprint Corporation 89
SoftBank Corporation 90
T-Mobile USA 90
KDDI 91
DT (Deutsche Telekom) 91
MTS (Mobile TeleSystems) 92
Orange 92
Telenor Group 93
SK Telecom 93
Vivo 94
TIM Brazil 94
LG Uplus 95
Telkomsel 95
Megafon 96
Bharti Airtel 96
Movistar Venezuela 97
TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile) 97
Vimpelcom 98
Asia Pacific Mobile Network CapEx 98
Eastern Europe Mobile Network CapEx 99
Latin & Central America Mobile Network CapEx 100
Middle East & Africa Mobile Network CapEx 101
North America Mobile Network CapEx 102
Western Europe Mobile Network CapEx 103

Chapter 1.5: Mobile Network Subscriptions & Service Revenue Review 104
Global Mobile Network Subscriptions 104
Global Mobile Network Service Revenue 105
Segmentation by Technology 106
2G & 3G 107
FDD LTE 108
TD-LTE 109
WiMAX 110
5G 111
Regional Split 112
Asia Pacific 113
Eastern Europe 114
Latin & Central America 115
Middle East & Africa 116
North America 117
Western Europe 118

Chapter 1.6: Wireless Network Deployment Strategies 119
Antenna & RAN Strategies 119
Single RAN vs. Overlay Deployment 119
Adopting an RRH and FTTA Design 120
Migrating Towards C-RAN Architecture 121
Optimal Antenna Selection 122
Interference Limitation Strategies 122
Managing Co-Existence with Legacy 2G/3G RF Sites 122
Mobile Core Strategies 123
Integration of Functions & Virtualization 123
Deployment Architecture Choices 123
Supporting Legacy Networks 124
Integration with IMS 124
Embedding DPI for Policy Enforcement & Network Optimization 124
Backhaul & Fronthaul Strategies 125
Architectural Impact of X2 Interface 125
LTE-Advanced Requirements 125
Growing Backhaul Capacity & Latency Requirements 126
IPsec 126
Technology Options: Fiber, Microwave & Millimeter Wave 127
Developing a HetNet Backhaul Strategy 127
Synchronization and Timing 127
Transport Network Sharing 128
Fronthaul Options: Alternatives to Dedicated Fiber 128

Chapter 1.7: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain 129
Industry Roadmap 129
2016 - 2020: Large Scale LTE & HetNet Infrastructure Rollouts 129
2020 - 2025: The Cloud RAN Era - Moving Towards C-RAN and Virtualization 130
2025 - 2030: Continued Investments with 5G Network Rollouts 131
Value Chain 132
Embedded Technology Ecosystem 132
Chipset Developers 132
Embedded Component/Software Providers 132
RAN Ecosystem 134
Macrocell RAN OEMs 134
Pure-Play Small Cell OEMs 134
Wi-Fi Access Point OEMs 134
DAS & Repeater Solution Providers 135
C-RAN Solution Providers 135
Other Technology Providers 135
Transport Networking Ecosystem 135
Backhaul & Fronthaul Solution Providers 135
Mobile Core Ecosystem 136
Mobile Core Solution Providers 136
Connectivity Ecosystem 136
Mobile Operators 136
Wi-Fi Connectivity Providers 136
SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service) Providers 137
SON Ecosystem 137
SON Solution Providers 137
SDN & NFV Ecosystem 137
SDN & NFV Providers 137

Chapter 1.8: Vendor Landscape 138
Vendor Outlook 138
Pricing & Growth Sustainability 138
Portfolio Diversification 138
Vendor Ranking 139
Macrocell RAN 139
Mobile Core 140
Small Cells 140
Carrier Wi-Fi 141
C-RAN 141
DAS 142
Backhaul & Fronthaul 142

Chapter 1.9: Wireless Network Infrastructure Incumbents 143
Cisco Systems 143
Ericsson 144
Fujitsu 146
Hitachi 147
Huawei 148
NEC Corporation 149
Nokia Networks & Alcatel-Lucent 150
Samsung Electronics 153
ZTE 155

Chapter 1.10: Macrocell RAN, Small Cell, C-RAN & Mobile Core Specialists 157
Accelleran 157
Adax 158
ADB 159
Affirmed Networks 160
Airspan Networks 161
Alpha Networks 162
Altiostar Networks 163
Arcadyan Technology Corporation 164
Argela 165
ARItel 166
Artemis Networks 167
Askey Computer Corporation 168
ASOCS 169
Athonet 170
Athena Wireless Communications (Google) 171
Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Moseley Associates) 172
Brocade Communications Systems 173
Casa Systems 174
CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.) 175
Contela 176
CS Corporation 177
Datang Mobile 178
Dongwon T&I 179
Femtel (Suzhou Femtel Communications) 180
Gemtek Technology Company 181
GENBAND 182
GWT (Global Wireless Technologies) 183
HP (Hewlett-Packard) 184
ip.access 185
Juni Global 186
Juniper Networks 187
Lemko 188
LGS Innovations 189
Mitel Networks Corporation 190
New Postcom Equipment Company 191
NewNet Communication Technologies 192
Nutaq 193
Oceus Networks 194
Panda Electronics (Nanjing Panda Electronics Company) 195
Parallel Wireless 196
Polaris Networks 197
Potevio (China Potevio Company) 198
Quanta Computer 199
Qucell 200
Quortus 201
Redline Communications 202
Sagemcom 203
Samji Electronics Company 204
SerComm Corporation 205
SK Telesys 206
SpiderCloud Wireless 207
Star Solutions 209
Sunnada (Fujian Sunnada Communication Company) 210
Taqua 211
Tecom 212
TEKTELIC Communications 213
Telum 214
Telrad Networks 215
WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation) 216
Z-Com (ZDC Wireless) 217

Chapter 1.11: Antenna, DAS & Repeater Solution Specialists 218
AceAxis 218
ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies) 218
Affarii Technologies 219
American Tower Corporation 219
Arqiva 220
Axis Teknologies 220
Black Box Corporation 221
BTI Wireless 222
CCI (Communication Components Inc.) 223
CCI (Crown Castle International) 224
CCI Systems 225
Cobham Wireless 226
Comba Telecom Systems Holdings 227
CommScope 228
Corning 229
Dali Wireless 230
DeltaNode (Bird Technologies) 231
Ethertronics 232
ExteNet Systems 233
Foxcom 234
Galtronics 234
Goodman Networks 235
GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation) 236
JRC (Japan Radio Company) 237
JMA Wireless 238
Kisan Telecom 239
KMW 239
Kathrein-Werke KG 240
MER-CellO Wireless Solutions 241
Microlab (Wireless Telecom Group) 242
MTI Mobile 243
Nexius 244
Nextivity 245
RF Window 246
RFS (Radio Frequency Systems) 247
Rosenberger 248
SOLiD (SOLiD Technologies) 249
Sumitomo Electric Industries 250
Sunwave Communications 251
TESSCO Technologies 252
Westell Technologies 253
Zinwave 254

Chapter 1.12: Carrier Wi-Fi Specialists 255
4ipnet 255
ABB 256
Accuris Networks 257
Aerohive Networks 258
Alvarion Technologies 259
Aptilo Networks 260
Aruba Networks 261
Autelan 262
BandwidthX 263
Birdstep Technology 264
Browan Communications 265
BSG Wireless 266
D-Link Corporation 267
Edgewater Wireless Systems 268
EION Wireless 269
Firetide 270
Fortinet 271
Front Porch 272
GoNet Systems 273
Handlink Technologies 274
Meru Networks 275
Netgem 276
NETGEAR 277
Nomadix 278
Panasonic Corporation 279
Ro-Timak Technology 280
Ruckus Wireless 281
Senao Networks 282
Smith Micro Software 283
SpectrumMax 284
Syniverse Technologies 285
TP-LINK Technologies 286
Tranzeo Wireless Technologies 287
Ubiquiti Networks 288
WeFi 289
Zebra Technologies Corporation 290
ZyXEL 291

Chapter 1.13: Enabling Technology Providers 292
6WIND 292
Ablaze Wireless 293
Absolute Analysis 294
Accelink Technologies 295
ADLINK Technology 296
ADI (Analog Devices Inc.) 297
Advantech 298
AirHop Communications 299
AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices) 300
Allot Communications 300
Amarisoft 301
Amdocs 302
Anritsu Corporation 304
Aricent 304
ARM Holdings 305
Astellia 306
ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute) 307
Artesyn Embedded Technologies 308
Artiza Networks 309
Avago Technologies 310
Azcom Technology 311
Benetel 312
Blu Wireless Technology 313
Broadcom Corporation 314
Cadence Design Systems 315
Cavium 316
CeedTec 317
Cellwize 318
Celtro 319
Coherent Logix 320
Comcores ApS 321
CommAgility 322
D2 Technologies 323
Dell 324
Direct Beam 325
eASIC Corporation 326
EDX Wireless 327
Eoptolink Technology 328
ERCOM 329
EXFO 330
Federated Wireless 331
Faraday Technology Corporation 332
Finisar Corporation 333
GigaLight (Shenzhen Gigalight Technology Company) 334
GlobalFoundaries 335
Hisense (Hisense Broadband Multimedia Technology) 336
HG Genuine 337
IDT (Integrated Device Technology) 338
IMEC International 339
InfoVista 340
InnoLight Technology Corporation 341
Intel Corporation 342
InterDigital 343
iPosi 344
Ixia 345
Keysight Technologies 346
Kumu Networks 347
Lattice Semiconductor 348
Lime Microsystems 349
Lumentum 350
Macom (M/A-COM Technology Solutions) 351
Maxim Integrated 352
Mellanox Technologies 353
Microsemi Corporation 353
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation 354
Mobiveil 355
Molex 356
Nash Technologies 357
NetScout Systems 358
Node-H 359
Nomor Research 360
NXP Semiconductors 361
OE Solutions 362
Octasic 363
Optulink 364
P.I. Works 365
Pletronics 366
PMC-Sierra 367
Procera Networks 368
Public Wireless 369
Qualcomm 370
Qulsar 371
QEOS 372
Qwilt 373
RADCOM 374
Radisys Corporation 375
Rakon 376
Red Hat 377
Reverb Networks 378
RF DSP 379
Saguna Networks 380
SAI Technology 381
Sarokal Test Systems 382
Silicon Labs 383
Sistelbanda 384
Source Photonics 385
Tata Elxsi 386
TEOCO Corporation 387
TI (Texas Instruments) 388
Tulinx 389
U-blox 390
Vectron International 391
Viavi Solutions 392
VPIsystems 393
WiPro 394
XCellAir 395
Xelic 396
Xilinx 397

Chapter 1.14: Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Vendors 398
3Roam 398
4RF 398
Accedian Networks 399
Actelis Networks 400
Actiontec 400
Actus Networks 400
ADTRAN 401
ADVA Optical Networking 402
Advantech Wireless 402
ALAXALA Networks 403
Albis Technologies 403
ALCOMA 403
Allied Data Technologies 404
Allied Telesis 404
Aquantia 404
Arris 405
Avanti Communications 405
Aviat Networks 406
AVM 407
BLiNQ Networks 407
BluWan 408
BridgeWave Communications 409
BTI Systems 410
CableFree Solutions 410
Calix 411
Cambium Networks 411
Canoga Perkins 412
Carlson Wireless Technologies 412
CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.) 413
CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems) 414
Ceragon 414
Cielo Networks 415
Ciena Corporation 415
Comtrend 416
Corecess 417
Coriant 417
DASAN Networks 418
DragonWave 419
E-Band Communications (Moseley Associates) 420
EBlink 421
ECI Telecom 422
Elva-1 422
Exalt Communications 423
Extreme Networks 424
FastBack Networks 425
Fiberhome Technologies 426
FibroLan 426
Genmix Technology 427
Gilat Satellite Networks 427
HFR 428
Huahuan 428
Hughes Network Systems 429
HXI 429
iDirect 430
Infinera 431
Intracom Telecom 432
IPITEK 433
Iskratel 433
KEYMILE 433
LightPointe Communications 434
Loea Corporation 435
MAX4G 435
Microwave Networks 436
MIMOtech 437
MRV Communications 438
Nexcomm Systems 438
NexxComm Wireless 438
Omnitron Systems 439
OneAccess Networks 439
Polewall 439
Positron 440
Proxim Wireless Corporation 440
RACOM 441
RAD Data Communications 441
RADWIN 442
SAF Tehnika 443
SIAE Microelectronics (SIAE Microelectronica) 443
Siklu 444
SkyFiber 445
SMC Networks 445
Solectek 445
Star Microwave 446
Tarana Wireless 446
Telco Systems 447
Tellion 448
Tellumat 448
Telsey 448
Tilgin 448
Trango Systems 449
Ubiquoss 449
UTStarcom 449
Vubiq Networks 450
Wave1 450
Wavesight 451
Xavi Technologies 451
Yamaha Corporation 451
Zhone Technologies 452

Chapter 1.15: Global Market Analysis & Forecasts 453
Market Definition 453
Decomposing the Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 453
Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core 456
Macrocells 457
Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 458
2G & 3G 459
FDD LTE 461
TD-LTE 462
WiMAX 463
5G 464
Mobile Core 465
Segmentation by Technology 465
3G Packet Core 466
HLR 466
MSS 467
LTE EPC 467
WiMAX 468
5G 468
Mobile Backhaul 469
Segmentation by Technology 469
Ethernet 470
Microwave & Millimeter Wave 470
Satellite 471
WDM 471
PON 472
Others 472
Small Cells 473
Segmentation by Use Case 474
Residential 475
Enterprise 476
Urban 477
Rural & Suburban 478
Segmentation by Form Factor 479
Femtocells 480
Picocells 481
Microcells 482
Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 483
2G & 3G 484
LTE 485
5G 486
Segmentation by Deployment Model 487
Indoor 488
Outdoor 489
Small Cell Backhaul 490
Segmentation by Technology 490
DSL 491
Ethernet 491
Microwave 492
Millimeter Wave 492
Satellite 493
Fiber & Others 493
Carrier Wi-Fi 494
Segmentation by Submarket 494
Access Points 495
Access Point Controllers 496
Segmentation by Integration Approach 497
Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots 498
Managed Wi-Fi Offload 499
C-RAN 500
Segmentation by Submarket 500
RRHs (Remote Radio Heads) 501
BBUs (Baseband Units) 502
Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 503
3G & LTE 503
5G 504
Segmentation by Deployment Model 505
Indoor 506
Outdoor 507
C-RAN Fronthaul 508
Segmentation by Technology 508
Dedicated Fiber 509
WDM 509
OTN & PON 510
Ethernet 510
Microwave 511
Millimeter Wave 511
DAS 512
Segmentation by Deployment Model 513
Indoor 514
Outdoor 515

Chapter 1.16: Regional Market Analysis & Forecasts 516
Segmentation by Region 516
Macrocells 517
Mobile Core 518
Macrocell Backhaul 519
Small Cells 519
Small Cell Backhaul 520
Carrier Wi-Fi 521
C-RAN 523
C-RAN Fronthaul 525
DAS 525
Asia Pacific 527
Macrocells 527
Mobile Core 529
Macrocell Backhaul 529
Small Cells 530
Small Cell Backhaul 531
Carrier Wi-Fi 531
C-RAN 533
C-RAN Fronthaul 535
DAS 536
Eastern Europe 537
Macrocells 537
Mobile Core 539
Macrocell Backhaul 539
Small Cells 540
Small Cell Backhaul 541
Carrier Wi-Fi 541
C-RAN 543
C-RAN Fronthaul 545
DAS 546
Latin & Central America 547
Macrocells 547
Mobile Core 549
Macrocell Backhaul 549
Small Cells 550
Small Cell Backhaul 551
Carrier Wi-Fi 551
C-RAN 553
C-RAN Fronthaul 555
DAS 556
Middle East & Africa 557
Macrocells 557
Mobile Core 559
Macrocell Backhaul 559
Small Cells 560
Small Cell Backhaul 561
Carrier Wi-Fi 561
C-RAN 563
C-RAN Fronthaul 565
DAS 566
North America 567
Macrocells 567
Mobile Core 569
Macrocell Backhaul 569
Small Cells 570
Small Cell Backhaul 571
Carrier Wi-Fi 571
C-RAN 573
C-RAN Fronthaul 575
DAS 576
Western Europe 577
Macrocells 577
Mobile Core 579
Macrocell Backhaul 579
Small Cells 580
Small Cell Backhaul 581
Carrier Wi-Fi 581
C-RAN 583
C-RAN Fronthaul 585
DAS 586

Chapter 1.17: Conclusion & Strategic Recommendations 587
Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation 587
Is Virtualization a Threat to the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market? 588
Growing Focus on Enterprise RAN Deployments 589
Vendor Specific HetNet Offerings: Disrupting Traditional Network Architectures 590
Moving Towards C-RAN Architecture 590
Global Deployment Prospects 590
From Centralized to Cloud RAN: Virtualizing the RAN 591
Convergence of C-RAN and Small Cells: Distributing Baseband Intelligence 592
Interface Options: Is Ethernet a Feasible Solution? 593
Fronthaul Transport: Are Cheaper Options Emerging? 594
Standardization Driving RAN & Wi-Fi Integration 594
Outlook for LTE-Advanced 596
Upgrades for Capacity & Coverage Boosts 596
Moving Beyond Carrier Aggregation 596
Service Revenue Prospects 597
Status of TD-LTE Investments 597
China Mobile: Starting an Era of Large-Scale TD-LTE Deployments 597
Data Offloading Opportunities with TD-LTE Small Cells 597
Capitalizing on Tight Interworking Between TDD and FDD 598
Outlook for VoLTE & RCS 598
Bringing LTE-Broadcast & eMBMS into Focus 599
Outlook for Unlicensed LTE Small Cells 600
5G Development Efforts 601
Global Deployment Plans 601
R&D Focus Areas 602
5G Demonstrations & Performance Assessment 602
Smart Cities: Wireless Network Infrastructure Vendors to Lead the Way 603
Wireless Incumbents Could Face Cloud Rivals: Thanks to SDN & NFV 604
Spectrum: Driving Continued Acquisitions by Incumbent Mobile Operators 605
Mobile Operators Will Strive for Agility 605
Vertical Market Opportunities 605
SWOT Analysis 606
Strategic Recommendations 607
Recommendations for Mobile Operators 607
Recommendations for Wireless Network Infrastructure Vendors 608


Chapter 2.1: Introduction 36
Executive Summary 36
Topics Covered 38
Forecast Segmentation 39
Key Questions Answered 42
Key Findings 43
Methodology 44
Target Audience 45
Companies & Organizations Mentioned 46

Chapter 2.2: An Overview of Small Cells, Carrier Wi-Fi, C-RAN & DAS 51
An Evolving Heterogeneous Networking Ecosystem 51
The Growing Demand for Mobile Broadband 51
Is LTE the Answer to all Capacity Problems? 51
HetNets: An Evolution of Network Topology 53
Small Cells 54
What Are Small Cells? 54
Why Deploy Small Cells? 54
Small Cell Categories 56
Femtocells 56
Picocells 57
Microcells 57
Carrier Wi-Fi 58
Carrier Wi-Fi Integration Approaches 59
Standalone Hotspots 59
Managed Offload 59
SIM-based Wi-Fi Offload 59
RAN Integrated Wi-Fi Access 59
C-RAN (Centralized RAN) 60
What is C-RAN? 60
Architectural Benefits and Challenges 60
Key Architectural Components 61
RRHs (Remote Radio Heads) 61
BBUs (Baseband Units) 61
Fronthaul 62
Cloud RAN: Virtualizing C-RAN 63
Leveraging Commodity Technologies 64
Moving RAN to the Cloud 64
DAS (Distributed Antenna Systems) 65
What is DAS? 65
Passive DAS 65
Active DAS 66
Hybrid DAS 66
Alternative Options for Offloading Mobile Network Coverage and Capacity 67
Macrocell Network and Spectrum Expansion 67
Caching & Mobile CDN (Content Delivery Networks) 67
The Business Case: Key Market Drivers 68
Capacity & Coverage Improvement: Addressing the Mobile Data Traffic Tsunami 68
Endorsement from the Mobile Operator Community 69
In-Building & Enterprise Coverage Requirements 70
Capacity Offload in Congested Urban Environments 70
Cost-Effective Rural Coverage 71
CapEx Savings 71
Non-Expandability of Macrocell Networks 71
Challenges & Inhibitors to the HetNet Ecosystem 72
Interference with Macrocell Infrastructure & Spectrum Constraints 72
Conflicting HetNet Offerings 72
Fronthaul & Backhaul Investments 72
Migration from Legacy Architectures 73
Economic Constraints & Deployment Challenges 73
Security Concerns 74

Chapter 2.3: Integration & Offloading Technology 75
Integrating Small Cells into the Mobile Network 75
Integration into 3G Networks 75
Iuh based Integration: Residential & Enterprise Femtocells 75
Iub: Microcells, Picocells and Femtocells 77
S1: Integration into LTE Networks 78
eNB Small Cell Architecture 78
HeNB Small Cell Architecture 79
Integrating C-RAN into the Mobile Network 79
CPRI (Common Public Radio Interface) 79
OBSAI (Open Base Station Architecture Initiative) 80
ORI (Open Radio Interface) 80
Ethernet 80
Wi-Fi: The Evolution from an Ethernet Extension to Mobile RAN Integration 82
Enabling Technologies for Wi-Fi and Cellular RAN Interoperability 82
ANDSF (Access Network Discovery and Selection Function) 82
Enabling Seamless Mobility 83
Commercial Availability of ANDSF Solutions 83
Hotspot 2.0 83
Discovery - 802.11u 83
Encryption - 802.11i (WPA2) 84
Authentication – 802.1x (EAP) 84
OMA (Open Mobile Alliance) DM (Device Management) 84
Passpoint Wi-Fi Certification 85
NGH (Next Generation Hotspot) 85
Working alongside Hotspot 2.0 86
Enabling Seamless Mobile Network Connectivity 86
I-WLAN (Interworking Wireless LAN) 86
WISPr (Wireless Internet Service Provider Roaming) 86
MSAP (Mobility Services Advertisement Protocol) 87
Wi-Fi Direct 87
Small Cell and Mobile Core Offloading Technologies 88
LIPA (Local IP Access) 88
Is LIPA Specifically for Small Cells? 88
Use Case Example: Local Network Multimedia Access 88
SIPTO (Selected IP Traffic Offload) 89
Use Case Example: Core Network Offload 89
The Downside: Is SIPTO Suitable for All Traffic Profiles? 89
IFOM (IP Flow Mobility and Seamless Offload) 90
Enabling Seamless Integration between Wi-Fi and 3GPP RANs 90
Wi-Fi and Cellular RAN Integration: Commercial Implementations to Address the HetNet Challenge 91
Wi-Fi Integration into Macrocell and Small Cell Base Stations 91
Policy Driven Control 91
Enabling Wi-Fi Calling: Dynamic Switching between Wi-Fi and LTE 91
Integration of SON (Self-Organizing Network) Capabilities 92
Enabling Plug-and-play Functionality 92
Enhancing HetNet Performance 93

Chapter 2.4: Industry Roadmap and Value Chain 94
HetNet Industry Roadmap: 2016 – 2030 94
2016 – 2020: Large Scale Small Cell, Carrier Wi-Fi & DAS Rollouts 94
2020 – 2025: The Cloud RAN Era - Moving Towards C-RAN and Virtualization 95
2025 – 2030: Continued Investments with 5G Network Rollouts 95
HetNet Value Chain 96
Embedded Technology Ecosystem 96
Chipset Developers 96
Embedded Component/Software Providers 96
RAN Ecosystem 98
Macrocell RAN OEMs 98
Pure-Play Small Cell OEMs 98
Wi-Fi Access Point OEMs 98
DAS & Repeater Solution Providers 99
C-RAN Solution Providers 99
Other Technology Providers 99
Transport Networking Ecosystem 99
Backhaul & Fronthaul Solution Providers 99
Mobile Core Ecosystem 100
Mobile Core Solution Providers 100
Connectivity Ecosystem 100
Mobile Operators 100
Wi-Fi Connectivity Providers 100
SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service) Providers 101
SON Ecosystem 101
SON Solution Providers 101
SDN & NFV Ecosystem 101
SDN & NFV Providers 101

Chapter 2.5: HetNet Deployment Models, Use Cases & Vertical Markets 102
Deployment Models 102
Indoor 102
Outdoor 103
Use Cases 104
Residential 104
Enterprise 104
Urban 105
Rural & Suburban 105
Case Study: Small Cells in Emerging Rural Markets 106
EE & Vodafone: Rural Small Cell Rollouts in the UK 106
How are Vendors Addressing the Market? 107
How Big is the Opportunity? 107
Wi-Fi Service Models 108
Mobile Offload 108
Wholesale 108
Other Approaches 108
SCaaS (Small Cells as a Service) 109
Addressing the Logistical Challenges of Small Cell Rollouts 109
Cost & Structural Efficiencies 109
How Big is the Opportunity for SCaaS Providers? 110
Major SCaaS Commitments 111
BT Group 111
Cellcom 112
ClearSky Technologies 112
Cloudberry Mobile 112
Colt Technology Services 113
Towerstream 113
Virgin Media 113
Zayo Group 114
Offerings from the Vendor Community 114
Key Vertical Markets 115
Agriculture 115
Construction 115
Education 116
Energy & Utilities 116
Enterprises 117
Healthcare 117
Military 118
Public Safety & Emergency Services 118
Public Venues 118
Residential 119
Retail & Hospitality 119

Chapter 2.6: HetNet Backhaul & Fronthaul 120
Small Cell Backhaul Technology 120
DSL 120
Ethernet 120
Microwave 121
Millimeter Wave 122
Satellite 122
Fiber & Others 122
C-RAN Fronthaul Technology 123
Dedicated Fiber (Dark Fiber) 123
WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing) 123
PON (Passive Optical Network) 124
OTN (Optical Transport Network) 124
Ethernet 124
Microwave 124
Millimeter Wave 124
Requirements for HetNet Backhaul & Fronthaul 125
Form Factor & Environmental Hardening 125
Power Supply & Consumption 125
Installation & Provisioning 125
Integration of OAM and SON Capabilities 126
Deployment & Maintenance Cost 126
Key Issues 126
Backhaul Sharing: Can Small Cells and Macrocells Share Resources? 126
Coverage Challenges 127
Capacity/Peak Throughput Challenges 127
Will Millimeter Wave be the Preferred Outdoor Small Cell Backhaul Solution? 127
Is Fronthaul the Bottleneck to C-RAN Rollouts? 128
Is Ethernet a Feasible Solution for C-RAN Fronthaul? 128
Is there a Market for Satellite based HetNet Transport? 129
Assessing the Impact of the SCaaS Ecosystem 129

Chapter 2.7: Standardization & Regulatory Initiatives 130
3GPP (3rd Generation Partnership Project) 130
Overview 130
HetNet Standardization Activities 130
3GPP2 (3rd Generation Partnership Project 2) 131
Overview 131
HetNet Standardization Activities 132
Broadband Forum 132
Overview 132
Key HetNet Initiatives 133
ETSI (European Telecommunications Standards Institute) 133
Overview 133
Small Cell Testing 134
ORI for Fronthaul 134
NFV (Network Functions Virtualization) for Small Cells & Cloud RAN 134
MEC (Mobile Edge Computing) 134
GSMA 135
Overview 135
Enabling Carrier Wi-Fi Roaming 135
HetNet Forum 136
Overview 136
Key Programs 136
IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) 137
Overview 137
IEEE 802.11 WLAN Standard 137
Other Standards 137
ITU (International Telecommunications Union) 139
Overview 139
Focus Group on IMT-2020 139
MEF (Metro Ethernet Forum) 140
Overview 140
Ethernet Transport for Small Cells & C-RAN 140
NGMN (Next Generation Mobile Networks) Alliance 141
Overview 141
P-CRAN (Project Centralized RAN) 141
Small Cell Project 141
RAN Evolution Project 142
Other Engagements 142
Small Cell Forum 143
Overview 143
Working Groups 143
Release Program 145
WBA (Wireless Broadband Alliance) 145
Overview 145
Next Generation Wi-Fi Program for Mobile Operators 145
Other Programs 146
Wi-Fi Alliance 146
Overview 146
Hotspot 2.0 & Passpoint Certification Program 147
Other Programs 147
WiMAX Forum 148
Overview 148
WiMAX Small Cells 148

Chapter 2.8: Mobile Operator Case Studies 149
América Móvil Group 149
Overview 149
Key Vendors 149
HetNet Deployment Summary 149
AT&T Mobility 150
Overview 150
Key Vendors 150
HetNet Deployment Summary 150
Bharti Airtel 151
Overview 151
Key Vendors 151
HetNet Deployment Summary 151
BT Group 152
Overview 152
Key Vendors 152
HetNet Deployment Summary 152
China Mobile 153
Overview 153
Key Vendors 153
HetNet Deployment Summary 153
China Telecom 155
Overview 155
Key Vendors 155
HetNet Deployment Summary 155
China Unicom 156
Overview 156
Key Vendors 156
HetNet Deployment Summary 156
Chunghwa Telecom 157
Overview 157
Key Vendors 157
HetNet Deployment Summary 157
KT Corporation 158
Overview 158
Key Vendors 158
HetNet Deployment Summary 158
VimpelCom 159
Overview 159
Key Vendors 159
HetNet Deployment Summary 159
LG Uplus 160
Overview 160
Key Vendors 160
HetNet Deployment Summary 160
NTT DoCoMo 161
Overview 161
Key Vendors 161
HetNet Deployment Summary 161
Orange 163
Overview 163
Key Vendors 163
HetNet Deployment Summary 163
SK Telecom 164
Overview 164
Key Vendors 164
HetNet Deployment Summary 164
SoftBank Mobile 166
Overview 166
Key Vendors 166
HetNet Deployment Summary 166
Sprint 167
Overview 167
Key Vendors 167
HetNet Deployment Summary 167
Telecom Italia 168
Overview 168
Key Vendors 168
HetNet Deployment Summary 168
Telefónica 169
Overview 169
Key Vendors 169
HetNet Deployment Summary 169
Verizon Wireless 170
Overview 170
Key Vendors 170
HetNet Deployment Summary 170
Vodafone Group 172
Overview 172
Key Vendors 172
HetNet Deployment Summary 172
SingTel 173
Overview 173
Key Vendors 173
HetNet Deployment Summary 173
SFR 174
Overview 174
Key Vendors 174
HetNet Deployment Summary 174
Telenor Group 175
Overview 175
Key Vendors 175
HetNet Deployment Summary 175
Telstra 176
Overview 176
Key Vendors 176
HetNet Deployment Summary 176
Telus Mobility 177
Overview 177
Key Vendors 177
HetNet Deployment Summary 177
DT (Deutsche Telekom) 178
Overview 178
Key Vendors 178
HetNet Deployment Summary 178
MTS (Mobile TeleSystems) 179
Overview 179
Key Vendors 179
HetNet Deployment Summary 179
KDDI 180
Overview 180
Key Vendors 180
HetNet Deployment Summary 180
MegaFon 181
Overview 181
Key Vendors 181
HetNet Deployment Summary 181
KPN 182
Overview 182
Key Vendors 182
HetNet Deployment Summary 182
TeliaSonera 183
Overview 183
Key Vendors 183
HetNet Deployment Summary 183

Chapter 2.9: Wireless Network Infrastructure Incumbents 184
Cisco Systems 184
Ericsson 185
Fujitsu 188
Hitachi 189
Huawei 190
NEC Corporation 191
Nokia Networks & Alcatel-Lucent 192
Samsung Electronics 195
ZTE 197

Chapter 2.10: Macrocell RAN, Small Cell, C-RAN & Mobile Core Specialists 198
Accelleran 198
Adax 199
ADB 200
Affirmed Networks 201
Airspan Networks 202
Alpha Networks 203
Altiostar Networks 204
Arcadyan Technology Corporation 205
Argela 206
ARItel 207
Artemis Networks 208
Askey Computer Corporation 209
ASOCS 210
Athonet 211
Athena Wireless Communications (Google) 212
Axxcelera Broadband Wireless (Moseley Associates) 213
Brocade Communications Systems 214
Casa Systems 215
CCI (Competitive Companies, Inc.) 216
Contela 217
CS Corporation 218
Datang Mobile 219
Dongwon T&I 220
Femtel (Suzhou Femtel Communications) 221
Gemtek Technology Company 222
GENBAND 223
GWT (Global Wireless Technologies) 224
HP (Hewlett-Packard) 225
ip.access 226
Juni Global 227
Juniper Networks 228
Lemko 229
LGS Innovations 230
Mitel Networks Corporation 231
New Postcom Equipment Company 232
NewNet Communication Technologies 233
Nutaq 234
Oceus Networks 235
Panda Electronics (Nanjing Panda Electronics Company) 236
Parallel Wireless 237
Polaris Networks 238
Potevio (China Potevio Company) 239
Quanta Computer 240
Qucell 241
Quortus 242
Redline Communications 243
Sagemcom 244
Samji Electronics Company 245
SerComm Corporation 246
SK Telesys 247
SpiderCloud Wireless 248
Star Solutions 250
Sunnada (Fujian Sunnada Communication Company) 251
Taqua 252
Tecom 253
TEKTELIC Communications 254
Telum 255
Telrad Networks 256
WNC (Wistron NeWeb Corporation) 257
Z-Com (ZDC Wireless) 258

Chapter 2.11: Antenna, DAS & Repeater Solution Specialists 259
AceAxis 259
ADRF (Advanced RF Technologies) 259
Affarii Technologies 260
American Tower Corporation 260
Arqiva 261
Axis Teknologies 261
Black Box Corporation 262
BTI Wireless 263
CCI (Communication Components Inc.) 264
CCI (Crown Castle International) 265
CCI Systems 266
Cobham Wireless 267
Comba Telecom Systems Holdings 268
CommScope 269
Corning 270
Dali Wireless 271
DeltaNode (Bird Technologies) 272
Ethertronics 273
ExteNet Systems 274
Foxcom 275
Galtronics 275
Goodman Networks 276
GrenTech (China GrenTech Corporation) 277
JRC (Japan Radio Company) 278
JMA Wireless 279
Kisan Telecom 280
KMW 280
Kathrein-Werke KG 281
MER-CellO Wireless Solutions 282
Microlab (Wireless Telecom Group) 283
MTI Mobile 284
Nexius 285
Nextivity 286
RF Window 287
RFS (Radio Frequency Systems) 288
Rosenberger 289
SOLiD (SOLiD Technologies) 290
Sumitomo Electric Industries 291
Sunwave Communications 292
TESSCO Technologies 293
Westell Technologies 294
Zinwave 295

Chapter 2.12: Carrier Wi-Fi Specialists 296
4ipnet 296
ABB 297
Accuris Networks 298
Aerohive Networks 299
Alvarion Technologies 300
Aptilo Networks 301
Aruba Networks 302
Autelan 303
BandwidthX 304
Birdstep Technology 305
Browan Communications 306
BSG Wireless 307
D-Link Corporation 308
Edgewater Wireless Systems 309
EION Wireless 310
Firetide 311
Fortinet 312
Front Porch 313
GoNet Systems 314
Handlink Technologies 315
Meru Networks 316
Netgem 317
NETGEAR 318
Nomadix 319
Panasonic Corporation 320
Ro-Timak Technology 321
Ruckus Wireless 322
Senao Networks 323
Smith Micro Software 324
SpectrumMax 325
Syniverse Technologies 326
TP-LINK Technologies 327
Tranzeo Wireless Technologies 328
Ubiquiti Networks 329
WeFi 330
Zebra Technologies Corporation 331
ZyXEL 332

Chapter 2.13: Enabling Technology Providers 333
6WIND 333
Ablaze Wireless 334
Absolute Analysis 335
Accelink Technologies 336
ADLINK Technology 337
ADI (Analog Devices Inc.) 338
Advantech 339
AirHop Communications 340
AKM (Asahi Kasei Microdevices) 341
Allot Communications 342
Amarisoft 343
Amdocs 344
Anritsu Corporation 345
Aricent 346
ARM Holdings 347
Astellia 348
ASTRI (Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute) 349
Artesyn Embedded Technologies 350
Artiza Networks 351
Avago Technologies 352
Azcom Technology 353
Benetel 354
Blu Wireless Technology 355
Broadcom Corporation 356
Cadence Design Systems 357
Cavium 358
CeedTec 359
Cellwize 360
Celtro 361
Coherent Logix 362
Comcores ApS 363
CommAgility 364
D2 Technologies 365
Dell 366
Direct Beam 367
eASIC Corporation 368
EDX Wireless 369
Eoptolink Technology 370
ERCOM 371
EXFO 372
Federated Wireless 373
Faraday Technology Corporation 374
Finisar Corporation 375
GigaLight (Shenzhen Gigalight Technology Company) 376
GlobalFoundaries 377
Hisense (Hisense Broadband Multimedia Technology) 378
HG Genuine 379
IDT (Integrated Device Technology) 380
IMEC International 381
InfoVista 382
InnoLight Technology Corporation 383
Intel Corporation 384
InterDigital 385
iPosi 386
Ixia 387
Keysight Technologies 388
Kumu Networks 389
Lattice Semiconductor 390
Lime Microsystems 391
Lumentum 392
Macom (M/A-COM Technology Solutions) 393
Maxim Integrated 394
Mellanox Technologies 395
Microsemi Corporation 396
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation 397
Mobiveil 398
Molex 399
Nash Technologies 400
NetScout Systems 401
Node-H 402
Nomor Research 403
NXP Semiconductors 404
OE Solutions 405
Octasic 406
Optulink 407
P.I. Works 408
Pletronics 409
PMC-Sierra 410
Procera Networks 411
Public Wireless 412
Qualcomm 413
Qulsar 414
QEOS 415
Qwilt 416
RADCOM 417
Radisys Corporation 418
Rakon 419
Red Hat 420
Reverb Networks 421
RF DSP 422
Saguna Networks 423
SAI Technology 424
Sarokal Test Systems 425
Silicon Labs 426
Sistelbanda 427
Source Photonics 428
Tata Elxsi 429
TEOCO Corporation 430
TI (Texas Instruments) 431
Tulinx 432
U-blox 433
Vectron International 434
Viavi Solutions 435
VPIsystems 436
WiPro 437
XCellAir 438
Xelic 439
Xilinx 440

Chapter 2.14: Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Vendors 441
3Roam 441
4RF 441
Accedian Networks 442
Actelis Networks 443
Actiontec 443
Actus Networks 443
ADTRAN 444
ADVA Optical Networking 445
Advantech Wireless 445
ALAXALA Networks 446
Albis Technologies 446
ALCOMA 446
Allied Data Technologies 447
Allied Telesis 447
Aquantia 447
Arris 448
Avanti Communications 448
Aviat Networks 449
AVM 450
BLiNQ Networks 450
BluWan 451
BridgeWave Communications 452
BTI Systems 453
CableFree Solutions 453
Calix 454
Cambium Networks 454
Canoga Perkins 455
Carlson Wireless Technologies 455
CBNL (Cambridge Broadband Networks Ltd.) 456
CCS (Cambridge Communication Systems) 457
Ceragon 457
Cielo Networks 458
Ciena Corporation 458
Comtrend 459
Corecess 460
Coriant 460
DASAN Networks 461
DragonWave 462
E-Band Communications (Moseley Associates) 463
EBlink 464
ECI Telecom 465
Elva-1 465
Exalt Communications 466
Extreme Networks 467
FastBack Networks 468
Fiberhome Technologies 469
FibroLan 469
Genmix Technology 470
Gilat Satellite Networks 470
HFR 471
Huahuan 471
Hughes Network Systems 472
HXI 472
iDirect 473
Infinera 474
Intracom Telecom 475
IPITEK 476
Iskratel 476
KEYMILE 476
LightPointe Communications 477
Loea Corporation 478
MAX4G 478
Microwave Networks 479
MIMOtech 480
MRV Communications 481
Nexcomm Systems 481
NexxComm Wireless 481
Omnitron Systems 482
OneAccess Networks 482
Polewall 482
Positron 483
Proxim Wireless Corporation 483
RACOM 484
RAD Data Communications 484
RADWIN 485
SAF Tehnika 486
SIAE Microelectronics (SIAE Microelectronica) 486
Siklu 487
SkyFiber 488
SMC Networks 488
Solectek 488
Star Microwave 489
Tarana Wireless 489
Telco Systems 490
Tellion 491
Tellumat 491
Telsey 491
Tilgin 491
Trango Systems 492
Ubiquoss 492
UTStarcom 492
Vubiq Networks 493
Wave1 493
Wavesight 494
Xavi Technologies 494
Yamaha Corporation 494
Zhone Technologies 495

Chapter 2.15: Market Analysis and Forecasts 496
Global Outlook of HetNet Infrastructure Investments 496
Small Cells 498
Segmentation by Use Case 499
Residential 500
Enterprise 501
Urban 502
Rural & Suburban 503
Segmentation by Form Factor 504
Femtocells 505
Picocells 506
Microcells 507
Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 508
2G & 3G 509
LTE 510
5G 511
Segmentation by Deployment Model 512
Indoor 513
Outdoor 514
Small Cell Backhaul 515
Segmentation by Technology 516
DSL 517
Ethernet 517
Microwave 518
Millimeter Wave 518
Satellite 519
Fiber & Others 519
Carrier Wi-Fi 520
Segmentation by Submarket 520
Access Points 521
Access Point Controllers 522
Segmentation by Integration Approach 523
Standalone Wi-Fi Hotspots 524
Managed Wi-Fi Offload 525
C-RAN 526
Segmentation by Submarket 526
RRHs (Remote Radio Heads) 527
BBUs (Baseband Units) 528
Segmentation by Air Interface Technology 529
3G & LTE 529
5G 530
Segmentation by Deployment Model 531
Indoor 532
Outdoor 533
C-RAN Fronthaul 534
Segmentation by Technology 534
Dedicated Fiber 535
WDM 535
OTN & PON 536
Ethernet 536
Microwave 537
Millimeter Wave 537
DAS 538
Segmentation by Deployment Model 539
Indoor 540
Outdoor 541
Segmentation by Region 542
Small Cells 543
Small Cell Backhaul 544
Carrier Wi-Fi 544
C-RAN 546
C-RAN Fronthaul 548
DAS 549
Asia Pacific 550
Small Cells 551
Small Cell Backhaul 552
Carrier Wi-Fi 552
C-RAN 554
C-RAN Fronthaul 556
DAS 557
Eastern Europe 558
Small Cells 559
Small Cell Backhaul 560
Carrier Wi-Fi 560
C-RAN 562
C-RAN Fronthaul 564
DAS 565
Latin & Central America 566
Small Cells 567
Small Cell Backhaul 568
Carrier Wi-Fi 568
C-RAN 570
C-RAN Fronthaul 572
DAS 573
Middle East & Africa 574
Small Cells 575
Small Cell Backhaul 576
Carrier Wi-Fi 576
C-RAN 578
C-RAN Fronthaul 580
DAS 581
North America 582
Small Cells 583
Small Cell Backhaul 584
Carrier Wi-Fi 584
C-RAN 586
C-RAN Fronthaul 588
DAS 589
Western Europe 590
Small Cells 591
Small Cell Backhaul 592
Carrier Wi-Fi 592
C-RAN 594
C-RAN Fronthaul 596
DAS 597

Chapter 2.16: Conclusion and Strategic Recommendations 598
Why is the Market Poised to Grow? 598
Competitive Industry Landscape: Acquisitions, Alliances & Consolidation 598
What is the TCO Impact of HetNet Deployments? 600
The Formula for Success: Selecting the Right Combination of HetNet Technologies 600
Offloading with TD-LTE Small Cells 601
The Emergence of Unlicensed LTE Small Cells 601
LTE-U vs. LAA 602
Commercial Prospects: How Big is the Opportunity? 603
Mobile Operator Commitments 604
Wi-Fi Community Concerns 605
What are the Prospects of Cloud RAN? 606
Convergence of C-RAN and Small Cells: Distributing Baseband Intelligence 607
Accelerating the Transition to Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Networks 609
Standardization Driving RAN & Carrier Wi-Fi Integration 611
Prospects of Enterprise RAN Deployments 613
Network Visibility & OAM 614
Addressing Network Security: IPsec 614
Vendor Share Analysis 615
Small Cells 615
Carrier Wi-Fi 616
C-RAN 617
DAS 618
Strategic Recommendations 619
HetNet Infrastructure Vendors 619
Mobile Operators 620

List of Figures
Figure 1.1: Subsegments of the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 54
Figure 1.2: IMT-2020 Development Roadmap 62
Figure 1.3: Macrocell RAN Component Segmentation by Technology 64
Figure 1.4: HetNet RAN Component Segmentation by Technology 66
Figure 1.5: Global VoLTE Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 70
Figure 1.6: Mobile Backhaul & Fronthaul Segmentation by Technology 71
Figure 1.7: Annual Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Exabytes) 75
Figure 1.8: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Access Network Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Exabytes) 76
Figure 1.9: Global Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Spending: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 77
Figure 1.10: TCO Comparison for 2G, 3G, LTE and HetNet Deployments ($ per GB) 78
Figure 1.11: Strategic Options for Mobile Operators 83
Figure 1.12: Global Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 87
Figure 1.13: Mobile Network CapEx by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 88
Figure 1.14: CapEx Commitments for Top 25 Mobile Operators: 2015 ($ Million) 89
Figure 1.15: China Mobile CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 90
Figure 1.16: China Unicom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 90
Figure 1.17: AT&T Mobility CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 91
Figure 1.18: Vodafone CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 91
Figure 1.19: Verizon Wireless CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 92
Figure 1.20: China Telecom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 92
Figure 1.21: NTT DoCoMo CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 93
Figure 1.22: Sprint CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 93
Figure 1.23: SoftBank CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 94
Figure 1.24: T-Mobile US CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 94
Figure 1.25: KDDI CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 95
Figure 1.26: DT (Deutsche Telekom) CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 95
Figure 1.27: MTS (Mobile TeleSystems) CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 96
Figure 1.28: Orange CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 96
Figure 1.29: Telenor Group CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 97
Figure 1.30: SK Telecom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 97
Figure 1.31: Vivo CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 98
Figure 1.32: TIM Brazil CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 98
Figure 1.33: LG Uplus CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 99
Figure 1.34: Telkomsel CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 99
Figure 1.35: Megafon CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 100
Figure 1.36: Bharti Airtel CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 100
Figure 1.37: Movistar Venezuela CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 101
Figure 1.38: TIM (Telecom Italia Mobile) CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 101
Figure 1.39: Vimpelcom CapEx Commitments ($ Million) 102
Figure 1.40: Asia Pacific Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 102
Figure 1.41: Eastern Europe Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 103
Figure 1.42: Latin & Central America Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 104
Figure 1.43: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 105
Figure 1.44: North America Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 106
Figure 1.45: Western Europe Mobile Network CapEx: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 107
Figure 1.46: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 108
Figure 1.47: Global Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 109
Figure 1.48: Global Mobile Network Subscriptions by Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 110
Figure 1.49: Global Mobile Network Service Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 110
Figure 1.50: Global 2G & 3G Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 111
Figure 1.51: Global 2G & 3G Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 111
Figure 1.52: Global FDD LTE Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 112
Figure 1.53: Global FDD LTE Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 112
Figure 1.54: Global TD-LTE Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 113
Figure 1.55: Global TD-LTE Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 113
Figure 1.56: Global WiMAX Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 114
Figure 1.57: Global WiMAX Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 114
Figure 1.58: Global 5G Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 115
Figure 1.59: Global 5G Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 115
Figure 1.60: Mobile Network Subscriptions by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 116
Figure 1.61: Mobile Network Service Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 116
Figure 1.62: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 117
Figure 1.63: Asia Pacific Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 117
Figure 1.64: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 118
Figure 1.65: Eastern Europe Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 118
Figure 1.66: Latin & Central America Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 119
Figure 1.67: Latin & Central America Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 119
Figure 1.68: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 120
Figure 1.69: Middle East & Africa Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 120
Figure 1.70: North America Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 121
Figure 1.71: North America Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 121
Figure 1.72: Western Europe Mobile Network Subscriptions: 2016 - 2030 (Millions) 122
Figure 1.73: Western Europe Mobile Network Service Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Billion) 122
Figure 1.74: RRH & FTTA Design 124
Figure 1.75: Legacy RAN to C-RAN Architectural Migration 125
Figure 1.76: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Industry Roadmap: 2016 - 2030 133
Figure 1.77: Wireless Network Infrastructure Value Chain 137
Figure 1.78: Macrocell RAN Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 143
Figure 1.79: Mobile Core Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 144
Figure 1.80: Small Cell Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 144
Figure 1.81: Carrier Wi-Fi Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 145
Figure 1.82: C-RAN Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 145
Figure 1.83: DAS Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 146
Figure 1.84: Backhaul & Fronthaul Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 146
Figure 1.85: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 458
Figure 1.86: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market Share by Submarket: 2016 (%) 459
Figure 1.87: Global Wireless Network Infrastructure Market Share by Submarket: 2020 (%) 459
Figure 1.88: Global Macrocell RAN & Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 460
Figure 1.89: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 461
Figure 1.90: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 461
Figure 1.91: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 462
Figure 1.92: Global Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 462
Figure 1.93: Global 2G & 3G Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 463
Figure 1.94: Global 2G & 3G Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 463
Figure 1.95: Global 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 464
Figure 1.96: Global LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 465
Figure 1.97: Global LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 465
Figure 1.98: Global TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 466
Figure 1.99: Global TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 466
Figure 1.100: Global WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 467
Figure 1.101: Global WiMAX Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 467
Figure 1.102: Global 5G Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 468
Figure 1.103: Global 5G Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 468
Figure 1.104: Global Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 469
Figure 1.105: Global Mobile Core Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 469
Figure 1.106: Global 3G Packet Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 470
Figure 1.107: Global HLR Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 470
Figure 1.108: Global MSS Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 471
Figure 1.109: Global LTE EPC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 471
Figure 1.110: Global WIMAX Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 472
Figure 1.111: Global 5G Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 472
Figure 1.112: Global Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 473
Figure 1.113: Global Macrocell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 473
Figure 1.114: Global Ethernet Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 474
Figure 1.115: Global Microwave & Millimeter Wave Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 474
Figure 1.116: Global Satellite Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 475
Figure 1.117: Global WDM Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 475
Figure 1.118: Global PON Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 476
Figure 1.119: Global Other Technologies Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 476
Figure 1.120: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 477
Figure 1.121: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 477
Figure 1.122: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Use Case: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 478
Figure 1.123: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Use Case: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 478
Figure 1.124: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 479
Figure 1.125: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 479
Figure 1.126: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 480
Figure 1.127: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 480
Figure 1.128: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 481
Figure 1.129: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 481
Figure 1.130: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 482
Figure 1.131: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 482
Figure 1.132: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 483
Figure 1.133: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 483
Figure 1.134: Global Femtocell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 484
Figure 1.135: Global Femtocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 484
Figure 1.136: Global Picocell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 485
Figure 1.137: Global Picocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 485
Figure 1.138: Global Microcell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 486
Figure 1.139: Global Microcell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 486
Figure 1.140: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 487
Figure 1.141: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 487
Figure 1.142: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 488
Figure 1.143: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 488
Figure 1.144: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 489
Figure 1.145: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 489
Figure 1.146: Global 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 490
Figure 1.147: Global 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 490
Figure 1.148: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 491
Figure 1.149: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 491
Figure 1.150: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 492
Figure 1.151: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 492
Figure 1.152: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 493
Figure 1.153: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 493
Figure 1.154: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 494
Figure 1.155: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 494
Figure 1.156: Global DSL Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 495
Figure 1.157: Global Ethernet Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 495
Figure 1.158: Global Microwave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 496
Figure 1.159: Global Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 496
Figure 1.160: Global Satellite Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 497
Figure 1.161: Global Fiber & Other Technologies Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 497
Figure 1.162: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 498
Figure 1.163: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 498
Figure 1.164: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 499
Figure 1.165: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 499
Figure 1.166: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 500
Figure 1.167: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 500
Figure 1.168: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Integration Approach: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 501
Figure 1.169: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Integration Approach: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 501
Figure 1.170: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 502
Figure 1.171: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 502
Figure 1.172: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 503
Figure 1.173: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 503
Figure 1.174: Global C-RAN Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 504
Figure 1.175: Global C-RAN Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 504
Figure 1.176: Global RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 505
Figure 1.177: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 505
Figure 1.178: Global C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 506
Figure 1.179: Global C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 506
Figure 1.180: Global C-RAN Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 507
Figure 1.181: Global C-RAN Revenue in 3G & LTE Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 507
Figure 1.182: Global C-RAN Revenue in 5G Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 508
Figure 1.183: Global RRH Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 509
Figure 1.184: Global RRH Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 509
Figure 1.185: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 510
Figure 1.186: Global Indoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 510
Figure 1.187: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 511
Figure 1.188: Global Outdoor RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 511
Figure 1.189: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 512
Figure 1.190: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 512
Figure 1.191: Global Dedicated Fiber Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 513
Figure 1.192: Global WDM Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 513
Figure 1.193: Global OTN & PON Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 514
Figure 1.194: Global Ethernet Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 514
Figure 1.195: Global Microwave Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 515
Figure 1.196: Global Millimeter Wave Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 515
Figure 1.197: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 516
Figure 1.198: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 516
Figure 1.199: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 517
Figure 1.200: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 517
Figure 1.201: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 518
Figure 1.202: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 518
Figure 1.203: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 519
Figure 1.204: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 519
Figure 1.205: Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 520
Figure 1.206: Macrocell Base Station Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 521
Figure 1.207: Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 521
Figure 1.208: 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 522
Figure 1.209: Mobile Core Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 522
Figure 1.210: Macrocell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 523
Figure 1.211: Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 523
Figure 1.212: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 524
Figure 1.213: Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 524
Figure 1.214: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 525
Figure 1.215: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 525
Figure 1.216: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 526
Figure 1.217: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 526
Figure 1.218: RRH Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 527
Figure 1.219: RRH Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 527
Figure 1.220: C-RAN BBU Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 528
Figure 1.221: C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 528
Figure 1.222: C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 529
Figure 1.223: DAS Node Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 529
Figure 1.224: DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 530
Figure 1.225: Asia Pacific Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 531
Figure 1.226: Asia Pacific Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 531
Figure 1.227: Asia Pacific Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 532
Figure 1.228: Asia Pacific 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 532
Figure 1.229: Asia Pacific Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 533
Figure 1.230: Asia Pacific Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 533
Figure 1.231: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 534
Figure 1.232: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 534
Figure 1.233: Asia Pacific Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 535
Figure 1.234: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 535
Figure 1.235: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 536
Figure 1.236: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 536
Figure 1.237: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 537
Figure 1.238: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 537
Figure 1.239: Asia Pacific RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 538
Figure 1.240: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 538
Figure 1.241: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 539
Figure 1.242: Asia Pacific C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 539
Figure 1.243: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 540
Figure 1.244: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 540
Figure 1.245: Eastern Europe Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 541
Figure 1.246: Eastern Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 541
Figure 1.247: Eastern Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 542
Figure 1.248: Eastern Europe 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 542
Figure 1.249: Eastern Europe Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 543
Figure 1.250: Eastern Europe Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 543
Figure 1.251: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 544
Figure 1.252: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 544
Figure 1.253: Eastern Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 545
Figure 1.254: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 545
Figure 1.255: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 546
Figure 1.256: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 546
Figure 1.257: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 547
Figure 1.258: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 547
Figure 1.259: Eastern Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 548
Figure 1.260: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 548
Figure 1.261: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 549
Figure 1.262: Eastern Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 549
Figure 1.263: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 550
Figure 1.264: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 550
Figure 1.265: Latin & Central America Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 551
Figure 1.266: Latin & Central America Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 551
Figure 1.267: Latin & Central America Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 552
Figure 1.268: Latin & Central America 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 552
Figure 1.269: Latin & Central America Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 553
Figure 1.270: Latin & Central America Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 553
Figure 1.271: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 554
Figure 1.272: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 554
Figure 1.273: Latin & Central America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 555
Figure 1.274: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 555
Figure 1.275: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 556
Figure 1.276: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 556
Figure 1.277: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 557
Figure 1.278: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 557
Figure 1.279: Latin & Central America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 558
Figure 1.280: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 558
Figure 1.281: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 559
Figure 1.282: Latin & Central America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 559
Figure 1.283: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 560
Figure 1.284: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 560
Figure 1.285: Middle East & Africa Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 561
Figure 1.286: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 561
Figure 1.287: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 562
Figure 1.288: Middle East & Africa 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 562
Figure 1.289: Middle East & Africa Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 563
Figure 1.290: Middle East & Africa Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 563
Figure 1.291: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 564
Figure 1.292: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 564
Figure 1.293: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 565
Figure 1.294: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 565
Figure 1.295: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 566
Figure 1.296: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 566
Figure 1.297: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 567
Figure 1.298: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 567
Figure 1.299: Middle East & Africa RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 568
Figure 1.300: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 568
Figure 1.301: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 569
Figure 1.302: Middle East & Africa C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 569
Figure 1.303: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 570
Figure 1.304: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 570
Figure 1.305: North America Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 571
Figure 1.306: North America Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 571
Figure 1.307: North America Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 572
Figure 1.308: North America 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 572
Figure 1.309: North America Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 573
Figure 1.310: North America Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 573
Figure 1.311: North America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 574
Figure 1.312: North America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 574
Figure 1.313: North America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 575
Figure 1.314: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 575
Figure 1.315: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 576
Figure 1.316: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 576
Figure 1.317: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 577
Figure 1.318: North America RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 577
Figure 1.319: North America RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 578
Figure 1.320: North America C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 578
Figure 1.321: North America C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 579
Figure 1.322: North America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 579
Figure 1.323: North America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 580
Figure 1.324: North America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 580
Figure 1.325: Western Europe Wireless Network Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 581
Figure 1.326: Western Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 581
Figure 1.327: Western Europe Macrocell Base Station Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 582
Figure 1.328: Western Europe 2G & 3G Macrocell BSC Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 582
Figure 1.329: Western Europe Mobile Core Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 583
Figure 1.330: Western Europe Macrocell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 583
Figure 1.331: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 584
Figure 1.332: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 584
Figure 1.333: Western Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 585
Figure 1.334: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 585
Figure 1.335: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 586
Figure 1.336: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 586
Figure 1.337: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 587
Figure 1.338: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 587
Figure 1.339: Western Europe RRH Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 588
Figure 1.340: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 588
Figure 1.341: Western Europe C-RAN BBU Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 589
Figure 1.342: Western Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 589
Figure 1.343: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 590
Figure 1.344: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 590
Figure 1.345: Global Enterprise RAN Investments: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 593
Figure 1.346: Baseband Processing Distribution Options for C-RAN 596
Figure 1.347: Global Dual-Mode Cellular/Wi-Fi Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 599
Figure 1.348: SWOT Analysis of the Wireless Network Infrastructure Market 610
Figure 2.1: HetNet Architecture 57
Figure 2.2: Small Cell Coverage Range Comparison 59
Figure 2.3: Key Characteristics of Small Cells 60
Figure 2.4: Mobile Network Data Offloading via Wi-Fi 62
Figure 2.5: C-RAN Architecture 64
Figure 2.6: Key RRH & BBU Functions 66
Figure 2.7: Cloud RAN Concept 67
Figure 2.8: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Region: 2016 – 2030 (Exabytes) 72
Figure 2.9: Annual Global Throughput of Mobile Network Data Traffic by Access Network Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Exabytes) 73
Figure 2.10: Iuh based Small Cell Integration in a 3G Mobile Network 80
Figure 2.11: Iub based Small Cell Integration in a 3G Mobile Network 81
Figure 2.12: S1 Interface based Small Cell Integration in an LTE Network 82
Figure 2.13: CPRI Protocol Layers 83
Figure 2.14: Global SON Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 97
Figure 2.15: HetNet Industry Roadmap: 2016 - 2030 98
Figure 2.16: HetNet Value Chain 101
Figure 2.17: SCaaS Provider and Mobile Operator Responsibilities 114
Figure 2.18: Global SCaaS Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 115
Figure 2.19: Small Cell Forum Working Groups 147
Figure 2.20: China Mobile’s Cloud RAN Vision 158
Figure 2.21: NTT DoCoMo’s Advanced C-RAN Architecture 166
Figure 2.22: Global HetNet Infrastructure Revenue by Access Network Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 500
Figure 2.23: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 502
Figure 2.24: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 502
Figure 2.25: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Use Case: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 503
Figure 2.26: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Use Case: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 503
Figure 2.27: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 504
Figure 2.28: Global Residential Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 504
Figure 2.29: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 505
Figure 2.30: Global Enterprise Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 505
Figure 2.31: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 506
Figure 2.32: Global Urban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 506
Figure 2.33: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 507
Figure 2.34: Global Rural & Suburban Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 507
Figure 2.35: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 508
Figure 2.36: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 508
Figure 2.37: Global Femtocell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 509
Figure 2.38: Global Femtocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 509
Figure 2.39: Global Picocell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 510
Figure 2.40: Global Picocell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 510
Figure 2.41: Global Microcell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 511
Figure 2.42: Global Microcell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 511
Figure 2.43: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 512
Figure 2.44: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 512
Figure 2.45: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 513
Figure 2.46: Global 2G & 3G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 513
Figure 2.47: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 514
Figure 2.48: Global LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 514
Figure 2.49: Global 5G Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 515
Figure 2.50: Global 5G Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 515
Figure 2.51: Global Small Cell Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 516
Figure 2.52: Global Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 516
Figure 2.53: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 517
Figure 2.54: Global Indoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 517
Figure 2.55: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 518
Figure 2.56: Global Outdoor Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 518
Figure 2.57: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 520
Figure 2.58: Global Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 520
Figure 2.59: Global DSL Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 521
Figure 2.60: Global Ethernet Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 521
Figure 2.61: Global Microwave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 522
Figure 2.62: Global Millimeter Wave Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 522
Figure 2.63: Global Satellite Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 523
Figure 2.64: Global Fiber & Other Technologies Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 523
Figure 2.65: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 524
Figure 2.66: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 524
Figure 2.67: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 525
Figure 2.68: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 525
Figure 2.69: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 526
Figure 2.70: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 526
Figure 2.71: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Integration Approach: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 527
Figure 2.72: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Integration Approach: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 527
Figure 2.73: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 528
Figure 2.74: Global Standalone Carrier Wi-Fi Hotspot Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 528
Figure 2.75: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Hotspot Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 529
Figure 2.76: Global Managed Carrier Wi-Fi Offload Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 529
Figure 2.77: Global C-RAN Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 530
Figure 2.78: Global C-RAN Revenue by Submarket: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 530
Figure 2.79: Global RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 531
Figure 2.80: Global RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 531
Figure 2.81: Global C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 532
Figure 2.82: Global C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 532
Figure 2.83: Global C-RAN Revenue by Air Interface Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 533
Figure 2.84: Global C-RAN Revenue in 3G & LTE Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 533
Figure 2.85: Global C-RAN Revenue in 5G Networks: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 534
Figure 2.86: Global RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 535
Figure 2.87: Global RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 535
Figure 2.88: Global Indoor RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 536
Figure 2.89: Global Indoor RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 536
Figure 2.90: Global Outdoor RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 537
Figure 2.91: Global Outdoor RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 537
Figure 2.92: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 538
Figure 2.93: Global C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Technology: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 538
Figure 2.94: Global Dedicated Fiber Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 539
Figure 2.95: Global WDM Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 539
Figure 2.96: Global OTN & PON Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 540
Figure 2.97: Global Ethernet Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 540
Figure 2.98: Global Microwave Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 541
Figure 2.99: Global Millimeter Wave Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 541
Figure 2.100: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 542
Figure 2.101: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 542
Figure 2.102: Global DAS Node Unit Shipments by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 543
Figure 2.103: Global DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Deployment Model: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 543
Figure 2.104: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 544
Figure 2.105: Global Indoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 544
Figure 2.106: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 545
Figure 2.107: Global Outdoor DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 545
Figure 2.108: HetNet Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 546
Figure 2.109: Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 547
Figure 2.110: Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 547
Figure 2.111: Small Cell Backhaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 548
Figure 2.112: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 548
Figure 2.113: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 549
Figure 2.114: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 549
Figure 2.115: Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 550
Figure 2.116: RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 550
Figure 2.117: RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 551
Figure 2.118: C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 551
Figure 2.119: C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 552
Figure 2.120: C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 552
Figure 2.121: DAS Node Unit Shipments by Region: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 553
Figure 2.122: DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 553
Figure 2.123: Asia Pacific HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 554
Figure 2.124: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 555
Figure 2.125: Asia Pacific Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 555
Figure 2.126: Asia Pacific Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 556
Figure 2.127: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 556
Figure 2.128: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 557
Figure 2.129: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 557
Figure 2.130: Asia Pacific Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 558
Figure 2.131: Asia Pacific RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 558
Figure 2.132: Asia Pacific RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 559
Figure 2.133: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 559
Figure 2.134: Asia Pacific C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 560
Figure 2.135: Asia Pacific C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 560
Figure 2.136: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 561
Figure 2.137: Asia Pacific DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 561
Figure 2.138: Eastern Europe HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 562
Figure 2.139: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 563
Figure 2.140: Eastern Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 563
Figure 2.141: Eastern Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 564
Figure 2.142: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 564
Figure 2.143: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 565
Figure 2.144: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 565
Figure 2.145: Eastern Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 566
Figure 2.146: Eastern Europe RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 566
Figure 2.147: Eastern Europe RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 567
Figure 2.148: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 567
Figure 2.149: Eastern Europe C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 568
Figure 2.150: Eastern Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 568
Figure 2.151: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 569
Figure 2.152: Eastern Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 569
Figure 2.153: Latin & Central America HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 570
Figure 2.154: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 571
Figure 2.155: Latin & Central America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 571
Figure 2.156: Latin & Central America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 572
Figure 2.157: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 572
Figure 2.158: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 573
Figure 2.159: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 573
Figure 2.160: Latin & Central America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 574
Figure 2.161: Latin & Central America RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 574
Figure 2.162: Latin & Central America RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 575
Figure 2.163: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 575
Figure 2.164: Latin & Central America C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 576
Figure 2.165: Latin & Central America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 576
Figure 2.166: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 577
Figure 2.167: Latin & Central America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 577
Figure 2.168: Middle East & Africa HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 578
Figure 2.169: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 579
Figure 2.170: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 579
Figure 2.171: Middle East & Africa Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 580
Figure 2.172: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 580
Figure 2.173: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 581
Figure 2.174: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 581
Figure 2.175: Middle East & Africa Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 582
Figure 2.176: Middle East & Africa RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 582
Figure 2.177: Middle East & Africa RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 583
Figure 2.178: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 583
Figure 2.179: Middle East & Africa C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 584
Figure 2.180: Middle East & Africa C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 584
Figure 2.181: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 585
Figure 2.182: Middle East & Africa DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 585
Figure 2.183: North America HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 586
Figure 2.184: North America Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 587
Figure 2.185: North America Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 587
Figure 2.186: North America Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 588
Figure 2.187: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 588
Figure 2.188: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 589
Figure 2.189: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 589
Figure 2.190: North America Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 590
Figure 2.191: North America RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 590
Figure 2.192: North America RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 591
Figure 2.193: North America C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 591
Figure 2.194: North America C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 592
Figure 2.195: North America C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 592
Figure 2.196: North America DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 593
Figure 2.197: North America DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 593
Figure 2.198: Western Europe HetNet Infrastructure Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 594
Figure 2.199: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 595
Figure 2.200: Western Europe Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 595
Figure 2.201: Western Europe Small Cell Backhaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 596
Figure 2.202: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 596
Figure 2.203: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 597
Figure 2.204: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 597
Figure 2.205: Western Europe Carrier Wi-Fi Access Point Controller Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 598
Figure 2.206: Western Europe RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 598
Figure 2.207: Western Europe RRH (Remote Radio Head) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 599
Figure 2.208: Western Europe C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 599
Figure 2.209: Western Europe C-RAN BBU (Baseband Unit) Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 600
Figure 2.210: Western Europe C-RAN Fronthaul Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 600
Figure 2.211: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 601
Figure 2.212: Western Europe DAS Node Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2020 ($ Million) 601
Figure 2.213: Unlicensed LTE Small Cell Concept 606
Figure 2.214: Global Unlicensed LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 607
Figure 2.215: Global Unlicensed LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 608
Figure 2.216: Global Virtualized RAN Investments: 2016 – 2030 ($ Million) 610
Figure 2.217: Baseband Processing Distribution Options for C-RAN 611
Figure 2.218: TCO Comparison between LTE and LMR Technologies 613
Figure 2.219: Global Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 614
Figure 2.220: Global Military, Tactical & Public Safety LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 615
Figure 2.221: Global Dual-Mode Cellular/Wi-Fi Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2016 - 2030 (Thousands of Units) 616
Figure 2.222: Global Enterprise RAN Investments: 2016 - 2030 ($ Million) 617
Figure 2.223: Global Small Cell Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 619
Figure 2.224: Global Carrier Wi-Fi Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 620
Figure 2.225: Global C-RAN Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 621
Figure 2.226: Global DAS Market Share by Vendor: 2015 (%) 622


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