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Well Stimulation Materials to 2016

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Published by Freedonia Group,Inc :
Well Stimulation Materials to 2016
Published Date: Mar, 2012
Format: PDF
No of Pages: 329
 
 
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  • Abstract
  • Table of Contents

Shale development and oil prices to drive US demand
US demand for oil and gas well stimulation materials is projected to approach $12 billion in 2016. Proppants and the materials used to assure their delivery into formation fractures have been indispensable to the rebound of US natural gas and oil production. The use of hydraulic fracturing techniques, including multistage fracturing, along with the development of horizontal drilling techniques allowing for wells thousands of feet long, has enabled producers to increase output in conventional settings and has made the development of shale formations and other unconventional resources economically feasible.

Despite low natural gas prices, shale gas drilling has provided much of the recent impetus for increased use of hydraulic fracturing. While activity has cooled temporarily in some shale gas producing areas, natural gas prices are expected to increase over the long term. In the meantime, many exploration and production (E&P) companies have shifted their focus to liquids-rich shale formations such as the Eagle Ford Shale in Texas and the Bakken Shale in North Dakota. In the longer term, it is anticipated that shale gas activity will again become more uniformly robust, boosting demand for well stimulation materials in the Marcellus Shale in the Eastern US, and reigniting demand for these products in the Haynesville Shale area in Texas and Louisiana.

Governmental actions expected to influence market
Although hydraulic fracturing and other stimulation techniques have been utilized in oil and gas producing regions for decades, usage of these approaches has become far more commonplace in the last 15 years or so. While these techniques have unquestionably contributed to the efficiency and productivity of US oilfields, they have also generated considerable amounts of controversy and concern. As a result, regulatory agencies at the state and federal levels have tried to assure that the utilization of hydraulic fracturing and the products consumed in the process are safe for the environment and for workers and residents of areas where these operations are taking place. Among such actions is the proposed Fracturing Responsibility and Awareness of Chemicals (FRAC) Act, which would repeal the US industry’s exemption from the terms of the Safe Drinking Water Act and require oil and gas operators to disclose the ingredients of fracturing fluids.

The industry has tried to address some of the concerns about hydraulic fracturing, taking such steps as agreeing to disclose information about the chemicals and other materials used in hydraulic fracturing operations, and accentuating the immediate (direct and indirect employment and economic stimulus) and longterm (reducing import dependence) benefits of domestic energy production.

Proppants to lead growth
Proppants are expected to remain the largest product category, with all types projected to register strong growth. Resin-coated sand proppants are finding increased use in shale gas formations, particularly for flowback control. Ceramic proppants are being utilized to meet the strength requirements for deeper wells with greater pressure levels. Raw frac sand will continue to dominate the market in volume terms based on its low cost and its domination of the shale gas segment. New lighter weight proppants will find increased use, but will remain a comparatively small share of the market.

Study coverage
Details on these and other findings are contained in Well Stimulation Materials, an upcoming Freedonia industry study priced at $5100. It presents historical US demand data (2001, 2006, 2011) plus forecasts (2016, 2021) by product and US region. The study also considers market environment factors, examines oilfield technologies, evaluates company market share and profiles industry competitors.

INTRODUCTION xii

I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1

II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT 4
General 4
Macroeconomic Environment 6
Petroleum & Natural Gas Overview 9
Petroleum Outlook 13
Production 16
Drilling 21
Pricing 23
Natural Gas Outlook 25
Production 28
Drilling 33
Pricing 34
Well Stimulation Services Outlook 37
Historical Market Trends 40
Pricing & Product Mix 44
Environmental & Regulatory Considerations 46
Federal 47
State & Local 50
Foreign Trade 52
World Outlook 52
World Petroleum & Natural Gas Reserves 53
World Petroleum Reserves 53
World Natural Gas Reserves 55
World Petroleum & Natural Gas Production 58
World Petroleum Production 58
World Natural Gas Production 60
World Well Stimulation Materials Outlook 63

III. TECHNOLOGY 66
General 66
Well Drilling & Completion 68
Horizontal Drilling 68
Multilateral Drilling 71
Coiled Tubing Drilling 72
Underbalanced Drilling 73
Well Completion 73
Well Stimulation Technologies 75
Hydraulic Fracturing 76
Acidizing 79
Types 80
Uses 80
Retardation of Acid Reactions 82
Fracture Acidizing 84
Other Well Stimulation Technologies 84
Well Stimulation Fluids 86
Fracturing Fluids 87
Foamed Fracturing Fluids 90
Acidizing Fluids 91
Foamed Acidizing Fluids 91
Seismology 92

IV. PRODUCTS 93
General 93
Proppants 97
Sand Proppants 101
Coated Sand Proppants 104
Raw Frac Sand Proppants 106
Ceramic Proppants 108
Clay-Based Ceramic Proppants 111
Coated Ceramic Proppants 113
Sintered Bauxite Ceramic Proppants 115
Other Proppants 116
Fluid Additives 118
Breakers 121
Acid Breakers 124
Oxidative Breakers 125
Enzyme Breakers 127
Friction Reducers 129
Nonemulsifiers 131
Fluid Loss Control Agents 133
Biocides 134
Corrosion Inhibitors 136
Other 138
Base Fluid Materials 141
Gelling Agents 143
Guar Gum Gelling Agents 145
Surfactant Gelling Agents 147
Other Gelling Agents 149
Foaming Agents 150
Crosslinking Agents 152
Acids 155
Inorganic Acids 156
Organic Acids 158
Other 160
Industrial Gases 161
Nitrogen 163
Carbon Dioxide 166
Other Well Stimulation Materials 168

V. REGIONS 171
General 171
Producing Wells 175
Regional Drilling 178
Regional Rig Counts 180
Well Stimulation Material Regional Overview 182
Southern Region 185
Oil & Gas Well Overview 185
Well Stimulation Material Demand 187
Arkansas 189
Federal/Gulf of Mexico 190
Louisiana 191
New Mexico 192
Texas 193
Other 195
Midwestern Region 195
Oil & Gas Well Overview 196
Well Stimulation Material Demand 198
Kansas 200
Kentucky 201
North Dakota 202
Ohio 203
Oklahoma 203
Other 205
Eastern Region 206
Oil & Gas Well Overview 206
Well Stimulation Material Demand 208
Pennsylvania 211
West Virginia 212
Other 213
Western Region 214
Oil & Gas Well Overview 214
Well Stimulation Material Demand 217
California 219
Colorado 220
Montana 221
Utah 221
Wyoming 222
Other 223

VI. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 225
General 225
Market Share 229
Proppant Market Share 233
Other Market Share 235
Industry Composition & Restructuring 236
Marketing & Distribution 239
Research & Development 241
Competitive Strategies 243
Company Profiles 245
Air Products and Chemicals Incorporated 246
Akzo Nobel NV 248
Albemarle Corporation 249
Ashland Incorporated 251
Atlas Resin Proppants, see Badger Mining
Badger Mining Corporation 253
Baker Hughes Incorporated 255
BASF SE 258
Berkshire Hathaway Incorporated 260
Canfrac Sands Limited 261
CARBO Ceramics Incorporated 262
Carmeuse Group SA 265
Celanese Corporation 266
Champion Technologies Incorporated 267
Chemtura Corporation 268
Chevron Phillips Chemical Company LLC 269
Dow Chemical Company 271
DuPont (EI) de Nemours 275
Enerchem International Incorporated 277
Exxon Mobil Corporation 278
Fairmount Minerals Limited 280
FMC Corporation 283
FTS International LLC 284
Gibson Energy ULC 287
Halliburton Company 288
Huber (JM) Corporation 291
Imerys SA 292
Kinder Morgan Energy Partners LP 294
Lubrizol, see Berkshire Hathaway
M-I SWACO, see Schlumberger
Mineração Curimbaba Limitada 296
Momentive Performance Materials Holdings LLC 298
Moose Jaw Refinery, see Gibson Energy
Nexeo Solutions LLC 300
Olin Corporation 301
Plastics Engineering Company 302
Praxair Incorporated 303
Preferred Sands LLC 304
Rhodia Novecare, see Solvay
Rio Tinto Group 305
Saint-Gobain 307
Santrol, see Fairmount Minerals
Schlumberger Limited 309
SCR-Sibelco NV 312
Solvay SA 314
Unimin, see SCR-Sibelco
US Borax, see Rio Tinto Group
US Silica Company 316
Other Companies Mentioned in Study 318

LIST OF TABLES

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Summary Table 3

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 Macroeconomic Indicators 9
2 US Energy Production & Consumption by Type 12
3 US Petroleum Supply & Demand 15
4 Petroleum Drilling Indicators 23
5 US Natural Gas Supply & Demand 28
6 Natural Gas Drilling Indicators 34
7 Well Stimulation Services Outlook 40
8 Well Stimulation Material Market, 2001-2011 43
9 Prices for Selected Well Stimulation Materials 46
10 World Petroleum Reserves by Country, 2011 55
11 World Natural Gas Reserves by Country, 2011 57
12 World Petroleum Production by Country, 2011 59
13 World Natural Gas Production by Country, 2011 62

SECTION III -- TECHNOLOGY

SECTION IV -- PRODUCTS
1 Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type 96
2 Proppant Demand by Type 100
3 Sand Proppant Demand by Type 103
4 Coated Sand Proppant Demand 105
5 Raw Frac Sand Proppant Demand 108
6 Ceramic Proppant Demand by Type 110
7 Clay-Based Ceramic Proppant Demand 113
8 Coated Ceramic Proppant Demand 114
9 Sintered Bauxite Proppant Demand 116
10 Other Proppant Demand 118
11 Fluid Additive Demand by Type 120
12 Breaker Demand in Well Stimulation by Type 123
13 Acid Breaker Demand in Well Stimulation 125
14 Oxidative Breaker Demand in Well Stimulation 126
15 Enzyme Breaker Demand in Well Stimulation 129
16 Friction Reducer Demand in Well Stimulation 131
17 Nonemulsifier Demand in Well Stimulation 133
18 Fluid Loss Control Agent Demand in Well Stimulation 134
19 Biocide Demand in Well Stimulation 136
20 Corrosion Inhibitor Demand in Well Stimulation 138
21 Other Well Stimulation Fluid Additive Demand 141
22 Base Fluid Material Demand by Type 142
23 Gelling Agent Demand in Well Stimulation by Type 145
24 Guar Gum Gelling Agent Demand in Well Stimulation 147
25 Surfactant Gelling Agent Demand in Well Stimulation 148
26 Other Gelling Agent Demand in Well Stimulation 150
27 Foaming Agent Demand in Well Stimulation 152
28 Crosslinking Agent Demand in Well Stimulation 154
29 Acid Demand in Well Stimulation by Type 156
30 Inorganic Acid Demand in Well Stimulation by Type 158
31 Organic Acid Demand in Well Stimulation by Type 159
32 Other Base Fluid Material Demand by Type 161
33 Industrial Gases Demand in Well Stimulation 163
34 Nitrogen Demand in Well Stimulation 165
35 Carbon Dioxide Demand in Well Stimulation 168
36 Other Well Stimulation Material Demand 170

SECTION V -- REGIONS
1 Oil & Gas Producing States by Region 175
2 Producing Oil & Gas Wells by Region 177
3 Wells Drilled by Region 179
4 Active Rotary Rigs by Region 181
5 Well Stimulation Material Demand by Region 184
6 Southern Region: Oil & Gas Well Overview 186
7 Southern Region: Well Stimulation Material Demand by State 188
8 Midwestern Region: Oil & Gas Well Overview 197
9 Midwestern Region: Well Stimulation Material Demand by State 199
10 Eastern Region: Oil & Gas Well Overview 208
11 Eastern Region: Well Stimulation Material Demand by State 210
12 Western Region: Oil & Gas Well Overview 216
13 Western Region: Well Stimulation Material Demand by State 218

SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 US Well Stimulation Material Sales by Company, 2011 227
2 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 238

LIST OF CHARTS

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 US Crude Oil Imports by Source, 2011 16
2 US Petroleum Production, 2001-2011 18
3 Crude Oil Production by State, 2011 19
4 Crude Oil Producing States, 2011 20
5 Crude Oil Prices, 2001-2011 25
6 US Natural Gas Production, 2011 31
7 Natural Gas Production by State, 2011 31
8 Natural Gas Producing States, 2011 32
9 US Natural Gas Prices, 2001-2011 35
10 Crude Oil & Natural Gas Prices, 2001-2011 37
11 Well Stimulation Material Market, 2001-2011 44

SECTION III -- TECHNOLOGY
1 Drilling Rigs by Type, 2001-2011 70

SECTION IV -- PRODUCTS
1 Well Stimulation Material Demand by Type, 2011 97
2 Proppant Demand by Type, 2011 101
3 Ceramic Proppant Demand by Type, 2011 111
4 Fluid Additive Demand by Type, 2011 121
5 Base Fluid Material Demand by Type, 2011 143

SECTION V -- REGIONS
1 Producing Oil & Gas Wells by Region, 2011 177
2 Wells Drilled by Region, 2011 180
3 Active Rotary Rigs by Region, 2011 182
4 Well Stimulation Material Demand by Region, 2011 184
5 Southern Region: Well Stimulation Material Demand by State, 2011 189
6 Midwestern Region: Well Stimulation Material Demand by State, 2011 200
7 Eastern Region: Well Stimulation Material Demand by State, 2011 211
8 Western Region: Well Stimulation Material Demandby State, 2011 219

SECTION VI -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 US Well Stimulation Material Market Share, 2011 230
2 Proppant Market Share, 2011 234
3 Other Well Stimulation Material Market Share, 2011 236

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