World Onshore Pipelines Market Forecast 2013-2017

 Published On: Feb, 2013 |  Published By: DWL
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Growing Onshore Pipeline Construction Demand 2013-2017

Now in its 4th edition, The World Onshore Pipelines Market Forecast 2013-2017 from Douglas-Westwood, considers the prospects for the onshore pipelines construction business and values the future markets through to 2017 by key component, region, pipeline type and diameter.

Over the past decade, continual increase in energy demand coupled with strong development in the production of unconventionals and LNG has set solid grounds for growth in the onshore pipeline sector. The next five years will see the realisation of a considerable number of ambitious inter-regional projects.

Global expenditure is expected to reach $216 billion over the next five years, increasing by 12% compared to the previous five year period with over 270 thousand kilometres of pipelines expected to be installed. Major investment will be in pipe construction services (47%) and line pipe (27%).

Key trends

Increasing gasification is shaping the long term demand profile for pipes. With an anticipated 35% increase in global energy demand over the next twenty years, the role of natural gas is expected to account for 26% of total energy consumption by 2030. This growing demand is also driving an increase in larger diameter pipelines.

Investment in new infrastructure to support LNG and unconventional gas developments will be a major factor shaping future demand for pipelines. Outside the major oil province of the Middle East, gas-related lines accounted for 67% of km installed over the past five years with this figure expected to increase over the 2013-2017 period.

Increased investment in shale gas and oil will drive additional requirements for midstream line pipes in the US and surging Asian energy demand is changing traditional supply flows. Asia will overtake North America as the largest market for onshore pipelines as the region looks to increase imports of oil and gas from neighbouring regions. Rapid demand growth in Asia is also providing new markets for Russian oil & gas and with traditional importers in the west expected to curb their energy demand, major new interregional projects may be realised during the forecast period, such as the pipeline planned to connect Russia to South Korea.

The Douglas-Westwood Approach

Industry consultation – discussions with a wide range of companies including: operators, EPC contractors, equipment manufacturers, engineering consultancies and private equity firms.
Unique and proprietary data – detailed by project in our in-house databases. Updated year-round from published sources and insight gained from industry consultation.
Methodology – our forecast is drawn from our in-house databases, which enables the forecasts to be established on a project-by-project basis; taking into account factors such as progress to date, project size, location and any other complications.
Market forecasts – by region, product (gas & liquid), diameter and key components (line pipe, right-of-way, fittings, pumping & compression stations and construction).

Key Themes

The Report covers all key commercial themes relevant to players across the value chain in the onshore pipeline sector:

Regional forecasts – Capex within each region, including examples of notable projects and operators within the region and countries with most activity.
Key drivers – discussion of factors encouraging onshore pipeline market growth including the energy needed for industrialisation in emerging economies, increase in population and GDP per capita, the surge in transportation demand and the move towards gas for power generation.
Supply chain – detailing key contractors regionally within FEED; line pipe; flow assurance, fittings & components; welding, operations & maintenance.
Key projects – for each region, detailing the developers, countries involved, product, length, diameter and capacity.
Cost breakdowns – individual market forecast for line pipe, right-of-way, fittings, pumping & compression stations and construction.
Technical review – of the project process from pre-FEED, FEED through to engineering, procurement & construction (EPC) and operations & maintenance.

Why purchase the World Onshore Pipeline Market Forecast?

The World Onshore Pipeline Market Forecast 2013-2017 is essential for equipment manufacturers, onshore construction companies, steel mills, pipeline operators, oilfield service companies, government agencies, financial institutions and oil & gas companies who need quality, up-to-date information and commercial insight to assist with their strategy in the pipeline sector.

Our forecasts of activity in the onshore pipelines sector over the period 2013-2017 are driven by thorough scrutiny of identified fields/prospects within the Douglas-Westwood oil and gas database.

Consistent with Douglas-Westwood’s commitment to delivering value for our clients, all our market publications have a concise layout comprising industry background and supporting materials, condensed to enable quick review with ‘speed-read’ summaries of key points throughout.

Table of Contents

1 Conclusions and Market Summary 7
Market Summary 8
Conclusions 9

2 Macro Drivers 10
Global Energy Demand & Supply 11
Regional Production – Consumption Balances 12
Challenges 13

3 Technical Review 14
Project Process 15
FEED: Overview 16
FEED: Route Selection 17
Limitations and Alternative Transport Methods 38

4 Market Outlook 39
Methodology & Limitations 40
Global Market: Outlook & Key Trends 41
Africa: Outlook & Key Trends 42
Africa: Key Pipelines 43
Asia: Outlook & Key Trends 44
Asia: Key Pipelines 45
Australasia: Outlook & Key Trends 47
Australasia: Key Pipelines  48
Eastern Europe & FSU: Outlook & Key Trends 49
Eastern Europe & FSU: Key Pipelines 50
Latin America: Outlook & Key Trends 52
Latin America: Key Pipelines  53
Middle East: Outlook & Key Trends 55
Middle East: Key Pipelines  56
North America: Outlook & Key Trends 57
North America: Key Pipelines 58
North America: Key Pipelines 59
Western Europe: Outlook & Key Trends 60
Western Europe: Key Pipelines 61

5 Supply Chain 62
Supply Chain Map 63
Key Contractors: FEED 64
Key Contractors: Line Pipe 65
Key Contractors: Flow Assurance, Fittings and Components 66
Key Contractors: Welding, Operations & Maintenance 67

6 Appendix 68
Data and Text Conventions 69

List of Figures

Figure 1: Global Expenditure 2008-2017 8
Figure 2: Global Kms Installed by Diameter Range Index 8
Figure 3: Global Energy Consumption by Region (BP & World Bank) 11
Figure 4: Global Consumption by Energy Sources (BP) 11
Figure 5: Regional Balance in oil & gas by Region in 2010 and 2030 (mtoe) 12
Figure 6: US Steel Price, June 2000 – June 2012 13
Figure 7: FEED Components 16
Figure 8: GIS Data Sample 17
Figure 9: GE PipeView Exchange Platform 18
Figure 10: Main Components of Pipeline Project Facilitation Tool 18
Figure 11: United States Interstate Natural Gas System Mainline Compressor Stations 20
Figure 12: Safe Operating Temperatures of 13 Chromium Stainless Steel (function of Sodium Chloride content and partial pressure of CO2) 23
Figure 13: Limits for 13 Chromium in Sour Service Environment 23
Figure 14: External Corrosion Direct Assessment Flowchart (Part 1) 27
Figure 15: External Corrosion Direct Assessment Flowchart (Part 2) 28
Figure 16: Pipeline Components 31
Figure 17: Construction Process 34
Figure 18: GEOPIG 37
Figure 19: Onstream Combination Inspection Tool 37
Figure 20: Global pipeline length installed annually 40
Figure 21: Global Market Outlook by Capex and Length 41
Figure 22: Annual Installed Length by Product 41
Figure 23: Market Outlook by Capex and Length in Africa 42
Figure 24: Annual Installed Length by Product in Africa 42
Figure 25: Market Outlook by Capex and Length in Asia 44
Figure 26: Annual Installed Length by Product in Asia 44
Figure 27: Market Outlook by Capex and Length in Australasia 47
Figure 28: Annual Installed Length by Product in Australasia 47
Figure 29: Market Outlook by Capex and Length in Eastern Europe & FSU 49
Figure 30: Annual Installed Length by Product in Eastern Europe & FSU 49
Figure 31: Market Outlook by Capex and Length in Latin America 52
Figure 32: Annual Installed Length by Product in Latin America 52
Figure 33: Market Outlook by Capex and Length in Middle East 55
Figure 34: Annual Installed Length by Product in Middle East 55
Figure 35: Market Outlook by Capex and Length in North America 57
Figure 36: Annual Installed Length by Product in North America 57
Figure 37: Market Outlook by Capex and Length in Asia 60
Figure 38: Annual Installed Length by Product in Western Europe 60

List of Tables

Table 1: Geographic Information Systems Software Packages 17
Table 2: General Material Selection for Pipelines in oil & gas Industry 22
Table 3: Pipeline Materials and their Typical Limitations 24
Table 4: Materials for Process and Utility Use 24
Table 5: Guidelines for H2S Limits for Generic CRA Classes 25
Table 6: Organisations governing Pipeline Materials and the Relevant Codes and Standards 29
Table 7: Structural Material Selection 30
Table 8: Common ASTM Steel Pipe Specifications 30
Table 9: Pipeline Control Systems 35
Table 10: DW Product Classification 40

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