Plastics for Barrier Packaging

 Published On: Jan, 2015 |    No of Pages: 322 |  Published By: BCC Research-JT Gabrielsen Consulting LLC Research | Format: PDF
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The U.S. packaging barrier resin market reached 8.8 billion pounds in 2014. This market is expected to grow to about 9.8 billion pounds in 2019, with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2%.

This report provides:
-An overview of the global markets for plastics used in barrier packaging
-Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2019.
-Information on barrier polymers and their applications, their technology, competing barrier materials, and future trends
-Analysis of the market's drivers and opportunities
-In depth analysis of the market's restrictions, specificially including susceptibility to contamination or degradation, disposability and recyclability issues, challenges compared to competing materials, and cost
-Comprehensive profiles of major players in the industry.

INTRODUCTION
This report is an update of a BCC Research report on this subject by the same author, published in Jan. 2012. In this new update, we have reevaluated the entire subject and introduced any new barrier packaging concepts and products that we found in the intervening period. We have updated and extended our market analyses, estimates and forecasts for five additional years into the future, from base year 2014 to 2019.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
Packaging and plastics used in packaging are seen virtually everywhere in modern developed society. Most of the goods that the public buys in developed societies are packaged, as are an increasing number in developing countries as well (one side effect from all this packaging has been a constant barrage of complaints from activists that products are “overpackaged” and this excess packaging contributes to our big waste load). Many companies have reacted and continue to react to these complaints by reducing or changing their packaging to make the final package less complex and/or using less packaging material.

Packaging has been around for centuries and probably was developed for a number of reasons. These include preservation and stability of products over time and the protection of products from damage, dirt, moisture, etc. Early packaging was quite crude; for example, the casks and cases of salted meat carried on old sailing ships, which often went to sea for extended lengths of time.

All packaging provides some sort of barrier; this is a primary reason for packaging products in the first place. Packaging protects products from infiltration (or, in some cases, exfiltration, the latter the passing of a material or materials out of the container) of contaminants, of flavor, color, odor, etc., as well as preserving the contents. Glass and metal containers have been used for packaging goods for many years and certainly qualify as barrier packages. As we discuss later, thick glass and metal qualify as “functional” barriers that stop just about everything from passing through them.

Plastics, that is, polymers usually made from chemical and petrochemical raw materials, are everywhere around us, in a multitude of goods ranging from small children’s toys to automobile bodies and house siding. Packaging examples are also legion, most visible in food and beverage products but also well known for consumer items such as the ubiquitous “clamshell” clear rigid thermoformed packaging for hardware and “jewel box” cassette cases (as well as the CDs and DVDs that are inside). Packaging is the single largest end use of plastic resins in the United States. For many years, packaging has consumed more than one-quarter of all the resins used in any year in the United States.

In this study, we look at a very important segment of the packaging industry, that of plastic barrier packaging and the plastic resins that supply these barriers. That is, polymers that are used in packaging to provide a barrier to some unwanted intrusion in or out of the package. Barrier resins block the passage of several important substances, including oxygen, moisture, odors, flavors, light and others.

Different experts and observers use different terms to describe the use and function of plastics in barrier packaging, and most of these terms are somewhat arbitrary. They also can be confusing. First and foremost, this study is devoted entirely to synthetic barrier plastics; that is, those primarily derived from petrochemical feedstocks.

At the time of our last update in 2011, the last sentence in the last paragraph pretty well described the origin of virtually all the plastics used in packaging; that is, from petrochemical feedstocks. In the last few years, a lot of new research and development is ongoing to find new plastic feedstocks that do not come from crude oil or natural gas. This is the bioplastics phenomenon, where both new and old companies are looking for ways to make common plastics from renewable biological sources, primarily from vegetation of some kind, be it corn, castor beans, switchgrass or several other sources. The bioplastics business and technology is not within the scope of this study since we focus on the produced plastics and their uses in producing barrier packaging. We will note in appropriate places later in the report examples of biological sources for plastic resins.

Despite the interest and potential of biological sources for plastic resins, the resins that we focus on are themselves still synthetic, produced by chemical processes; the only difference may be in the origin of the feedstock or feedstocks. In the bioplastics arena, we do briefly describe cellophane, the one natural barrier film still in some use, but do not include it in our market estimates and forecasts since it is not synthetic and for years it has been considered an obsolete product with a declining market.

Among synthetic resins, many analysts attempt to differentiate between barrier resins and structural resins used in packaging. By defining some limits of gas permeability that constitute barrier properties, resins are placed in one or the other category. BCC Research does not rigidly classify barrier packaging resins in this way, for not only is “barrier” an arbitrary term, but different resins can perform both barrier and structural functions in some plastic packaging structures. All resins discussed and analyzed in this report are considered to be barrier resins, even if their use may predominantly be structural in many or most of their packaging structures.

Thus, we do consider polyolefins (polyethylenes and polypropylene), polystyrene and other such strong support resins to primarily be structural; we call them secondary barrier resins. This is to differentiate them from the primary barrier resins such as ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer (EVOH) and polyvinylidene chloride (PVdC). The latter are included in barrier structures strictly for their gas barrier properties.

A good example of combination structure and barrier is the common polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottle used for years to package carbonated soft drinks (CSDs), water and other beverages. In this application, the primary structural resin, PET, has sufficient barrier against the primary pass-through material (e.g., the exfiltration of carbon dioxide “fizz” from the contained soda) to be a used in a simple monolayer plastic structure for many CSDs. However, it is really a relatively poor barrier resin and all CSDs lose “fizz” over time, with this degradation accelerated by exposure to heat; most of us have experienced opening a rather old plastic soda bottle and finding the contents flat. Many major soft drink bottlers now often put “use by” dates, or other means of identifying the package’s age, on CSD bottles.

To package a more demanding product such as beer, which can rapidly degrade from oxygen infiltration, a better barrier structure is needed and the plastic packaging industry has been working for several years on this challenge; this was one of the most interesting developments around the turn of the century, discussed in our previous updates and still of interest. Plastic, primarily PET-based, beer bottles have been a desired product for years, but at this time the “ideal” plastic beer bottle that can truly preserve beer for the desired period of time is not yet a widespread commercial reality, especially in the U.S.

In many other cases, a multilayer structure (MLS), either laminated or coextruded, is needed to provide both strength and barrier. Some of these multilayer (ML) structures, even for seemingly simple products like snack foods, are wonders to behold and now often have seven or more different plastic layers, each layer providing a different structural, barrier or adhesive function.

The growth of plastic barrier packaging, in the sophisticated sense used in this report, has been significant since the discovery and development of the first synthetic specialty barrier resin, polyvinylidene chloride (PVdC, Dow Chemical’s old Saran brand) in the 1950s and 1960s (Dow sold the household Saran Wrap to S.C. Johnson but retains the trademark in the U.S. for its basic PVdC resin products). The commercialization of EVOH came a bit later, in the 1970s. As we said, these two resins are the backbone of high-barrier plastic packaging.

It was the development of coextrusion technology that enabled the efficient manufacture of ML plastic structures in a wide range of thicknesses, in a single pass through one machine. Coextrusion is just that, a process that extrudes more than one type of resin simultaneously through an extrusion die to form a MLS with discreet and independent layers bonded to each other. The development of coextrusion really caused barrier packaging growth to take off in the late 1970s and early 1980s. Before then, ML structures were made by laminating two plastic layers together with heat or adhesives, a slower and intrinsically less efficient process. Lamination still is an important MLS method, especially for resin combinations that are difficult to coextrude.

Adding to the interest in this subject, the barrier packaging industry changes constantly. An ideal polymeric barrier does not exist, and probably never will, since each application has different requirements. In some cases, for example, in the packaging of meat, polyethylenes (PEs) and polyvinyl chloride (PVC), both films that are not good oxygen barriers, have been commonly used to package beef in supermarket meat displays for years, since they keep beef color red and inviting for the short time it is on display.

However, for long-term transport or storage of meat, a good oxygen barrier is needed to prevent spoilage. Newer packaging was required for “boxed beef,” packages of commercial beef cuts (sirloins, round steak, etc.) that since 1967 have been produced at the processing plant and then shipped in refrigerated boxes for direct sale at the supermarket. A common system in use today uses two film layers, a good barrier for shipment that is removed at the supermarket to expose a PE or PVC film that allows oxygen to infiltrate and keep the beef red.

Current barrier packaging plastics are good, but problems remain that restrict their use or hinder their growth in many applications. These include:

High cost, almost always higher than the cost of a simple monolayer plastic package of, for example, polyethylene or polypropylene.

Susceptibility to contamination or degradation, especially by moisture: EVOH is the best example of this problem, since its hydroxyl groups give it good barrier qualities but also make it susceptible to hydrolysis. As a result, EVOH only can be used as an inner layer in a MLS since its barrier properties degrade to virtual worthlessness when EVOH is subjected to high humidity.

Disposal or recycling problems: Most MLS, since they contain more than one type of plastic, cannot easily be commingled and recycled with, for example, straight high-density polyethylene (HDPE) or PET. Many ML containers must be classified and labeled with the Society of the Plastics Industry (SPI) recycling number “7” for “other.”

Challenges from competing materials and processes, both old and proven materials like glass and metallization, and newer ones such as silicon and other oxide coatings that can provide a superior barrier.

Our goal is to describe the most common and popular barrier polymers and their applications, their technology, competing barrier materials and future trends. We estimate and forecast markets for barrier polymers of several kinds and in several different important markets such as food and healthcare packaging. The polymers and applications that we cover are described and briefly discussed below in the “Scope” section.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
As noted above, packaging constitutes the single largest end use of plastics in the United States. And more and more packaging is barrier packaging, which is taking on increased importance each year as both producers and customers seek longer shelf life and better product integrity, flavor, potency, etc.

BCC Research has maintained and updated this study to provide a comprehensive reference for those interested and/or involved in these products and who want an up-to-date review of the field and estimated markets. This cohort of people and organizations includes a wide and varied group of chemical and other companies that make and use barrier polymers, process technology and equipment designers and marketers, politicians of all stripes and the general public. We have collected, condensed and analyzed information from a large amount of literature and other reference materials to compile this report.

Many developments over the past generation or so in barrier packaging were done to develop even more sophisticated multilayer barrier packaging structures, needed to solve the most difficult barrier packaging problems economically. These developments are a primary and continuing focus of this study. As this technology was developed, four basic barrier materials were found and used widely: PVdC, nylon, EVOH and metallized films. Consumer demand for foods with longer shelf life, high-quality and excellent flavor and freshness retention has led to even more sophisticated MLS that often are thinner than their less-efficient predecessors, but also usually more sophisticated and complicated, usually with more (but usually thinner) layers. This has occurred because of the better choice of barriers and structural layers in the ML structure. It often results in a thinner coextruded or molded film or rigid structure with more layers that can do a better job than a simpler and thicker one.

INTENDED AUDIENCE
This report is intended to inform and assist those involved in several different U.S. industrial and commercial business sectors, primarily individuals with a primary interest in packaging. These organizations and people include those involved in development, formulation, manufacture, sale and use of barrier polymer and polymer processes; also those in ancillary businesses such as processing equipment as well as additives and other support chemicals and equipment. These include process and product development experts, process and product designers, purchasing agents, construction and operating personnel, marketing staff and top management. BCC Research believes that this report will be of great value to technical and business personnel in the following areas, among others:
-Marketing and management personnel in companies that produce, market and sell barrier polymers.
-Companies involved in the design and construction of process plants that manufacture barrier polymers and those who service these plants.
-Financial institutions that supply money for such facilities, including banks, merchant bankers, venture capitalists and others.
-Personnel in end-user packaging companies and industries, such as food, healthcare and consumer and household products.
-Personnel in government at many levels, primarily federal, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), but also state and local health, environmental and other regulators who must implement and enforce laws covering public health and safety, food quality, etc

SCOPE AND FORMAT
This BCC Research study provides in-depth coverage of many of the most important technological, economic, political and environmental considerations in the U.S. barrier packaging polymer industry. It primarily is a study of U.S. markets. But because of the increasingly global nature of polymer and packaging chemistry it touches on some noteworthy international activities, primarily those having an impact on the U.S. market, such as imports/exports and foreign firms operating in this country.

We analyze and forecast market estimates for barrier packaging plastic resins in volume in pounds. Our base market estimate year is 2014, and we forecast market growth for a five-year period to 2019. All market figures are rounded to the nearest million pounds and all growth rates are compounded (signified as compound annual growth rates or CAGRs). Because of this rounding, some growth rates may not agree exactly with figures in the market tables; this is especially so with small volumes and their differences. All market volumes are at the manufacturer or producer level.

This report in segmented into nine chapters and an appendix, of which this Introduction is the first.

The summary, Chapter Two, encapsulates our findings and conclusions, and includes a summary table, which summarizes the major barrier packaging resins. It is the place where busy executives can find key elements of the study in summary format.

An overview follows in Chapter Three, starting with an introduction to the petrochemical industry, the source of all these barrier packaging polymers. Then we discuss the plastic resin industries and focus on barrier packaging. We conclude with a discussion of barrier packaging materials and structures, with emphasis on plastic barrier resins. Our intent is to introduce readers to the field of polymers, barrier packaging and barrier packaging resins.

Next is Chapter Four, the first of two devoted to market analysis. Here, we discuss, estimate and forecast markets for barrier packaging plastics by major resin type or class. This discussion includes some major commodity resins, such as polyolefins, that find use as structural packaging resins; however, since these are not primarily barrier resins (and thus outside our scope) we do not attempt to estimate their wide and diffuse markets. We start this chapter with an overall market estimate and forecast for the major types of barrier packaging resins, for base year 2014 and forecast year 2019. Then, in each subsection, we describe individual barrier resin types in more detail, discuss their important applications in barrier packaging, and estimate and forecast their markets in more detail. The types of barrier resins that we cover and forecast include EVOH, polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE) fluoropolymer, nitrile (AN-MA) copolymers, polyamides (nylons), thermoplastic polyesters, (primarily PET) PVdC, other newer and smaller volume barrier resins like cyclic olefin copolymers (COCs) and liquid crystal polymers (LCPs), tie-layer resins and vapor-permeable films.

Our discussion and market analysis of vapor-permeable barrier resins and systems is included as an interesting sidelight to barrier resin chemistry, since the very term “vapor-permeable barrier” sounds like an oxymoron. These structures are designed for selective permeation, meaning the some gases should pass through the structure but others should not. These markets are growing and very fluid and are more difficult to estimate, but are included for interest.

Chapter Five is next, which discusses and forecasts markets by barrier resin applications. We have placed applications into three specific major groups: food (by far the largest segment), chemical and industrial products, and healthcare products packaging.

The next chapter, Chapter Six, is devoted to technology, starting with some basic plastic resin chemistry, manufacture and properties of plastics used in barrier packaging. Next, we go to polymerization technology. We then cover other important aspects of polymer technology, including fabrication of rigid and flexible structures, polymer orientation, barrier technology, some competing barrier materials, food processing and packaging, and additional new developments in barrier packaging. One of the most important more recent developments has been work on ways to increase the barrier properties of PET, primarily the attempt to develop a really good PET-based barrier plastic beer bottle.

Chapter Seven covers the barrier packaging resin industry structure, with emphasis on major domestic producers and suppliers, horizontal and vertical integration, market and product entry and differentiation factors, and other topics. Compounders, converters and molders are important links in the plastics production chain. We briefly discuss and analyze some international aspects of the barrier resin business, including its global nature, major foreign-owned supplier companies, which operate in the United States, and imports and exports.

Next is Chapter Eight, devoted to some environmental, regulatory and public policy issues that affect barrier plastic packaging. These include waste disposal and recycling, federal laws and regulations, and the all-important public perceptions of plastics and plastic packaging.

Our last narrative chapter, Chapter Nine, consists of profiles of many supplier companies that BCC Research considers to be among the most important and/or best representatives of this business.

We end with an appendix, a glossary of some important terms, abbreviations, acronyms, etc. used in the chemical, polymer and packaging industries.

We note again that some topics and materials covered in the text of this report are not included in our market estimates and forecast tables. We include these topics and materials for completeness. However, they either are really outside the market scope of this study (such as natural film, cellophane and some oxygen scavengers), too new to have yet developed a measurable commercial market (such as some nonpolymeric barrier coatings and films), or whose markets are too large and diffuse to forecast the barrier segment with any certainty (such as the use of polyolefins in barrier packaging as structural and secondary barriers). We include these materials and concepts to give the reader as complete coverage as possible, not only of new developments in barrier packaging plastics, but also other materials than can extend shelf life and/or otherwise affect markets for barrier resins.

For consistency in style and format, registered trade names are usually indicated by capitalizing the initial letter of the name; generic names are lowercase. Because many chemical names are long and complicated, we often use abbreviations, acronyms or chemical formulae. Many of these, such as HDPE, PVC, PVdC, PCTFE, etc. represent common polymers.

All chemical elements and compounds can be designated by chemical symbols and formulae. After introducing the element or compound, we often use symbols such as HCl for hydrochloric acid or hydrogen chloride. Our glossary in the Appendix at the end of this report contains definitions and explanations of many of the most important abbreviations and acronyms.

OXYGEN AND WATER VAPOR BARRIER RESINS
Our scope is restricted to those synthetic barrier resins that are used to prevent infiltration or exfiltration of gases. These primarily are oxygen and water vapor (moisture) barriers, but also in some applications are carbon dioxide (CO2) barriers, as in carbonated beverage packaging. Some in the trade consider oxygen permeability to be the only really important barrier parameter. This is based on the importance of an oxygen barrier to retard food spoilage. However, BCC Research also considers water vapor transmission to be another important barrier parameter. This is because of its importance in some critical applications such as packaged pharmaceuticals and dry food products. For example, bread-type products must be protected from moisture, lest they turn moldy. And, as noted, a CO2 barrier is important for preserving carbonation in bottled beverages.

Other barriers are noted and discussed in several places, such as barriers to other gases, including hydrocarbon vapors (because of the increasing importance of barrier in automotive gasoline tanks to cut down on hydrocarbon vapor exfiltration); and to light, odor, flavor, etc. However, because these latter applications are so spotty and difficult to quantify (and also because these effects often are masked by, or included, in other barrier effects), we do not attempt to separately quantify their markets. The only exception is barrier gasoline tanks. Plastic packaging barrier structures examined and discussed include both rigid and flexible, monolayer and multilayer.

We also include and estimate markets for two types of so-called vapor-permeable or selective barrier films that allow relatively high transfer of gases through them. These are so-called “breathable” films such as PVC for meat packaging and DuPont’s Tyvek brand of spun-bonded polyolefin and controlled or modified-atmosphere packaging (CAP/MAP) permeable films for food packaging.

Since the scope of this study is determined by our definition of what constitutes a barrier resin, we define some terms here in the introduction. Based on its oxygen or moisture permeability or gas transmission rate, BCC Research considers a barrier resin to be one that has the following permeability characteristics:

Oxygen: A resin with permeability to oxygen (measured as oxygen transmission rate or OTR) of less than 2 grams or ml/mil thickness/100 sq. in. in a 24-hour day at 1 atmosphere pressure; this is often shown as gm or ml/mil/100 sq. in./day. Most OTRs are measured at 73ºF and relative humidity (RH) specified for the particular conditions. Many older resins can achieve an OTR of 5.0, but most modern barrier resins have values of 1.0 or lower. For example, standard metallized PET films have an OTR of about 0.3 or lower. We consider any material with an OTR below 0.1 to be a high-barrier material; these include PVdC and EVOH. Others are called moderate barriers.

Water (moisture) vapor: A resin with a water vapor transmission rate (WVTR) lower than 0.10. We define and classify moisture barrier polymer structures as do experts in the pharmaceutical blister packaging industry. That is, very low barrier films have a WVTR greater than 0.10, low-barrier WVTRs are 0.06 to 0.1, intermediate barrier 0.03 to 0.06 and high-barrier films have WVTR values of 0.03 or lower. WVTRs of 1.0 have been available for years with many resin films. The best and current moisture-barrier film, PCTFE, has WVTR values lower than 0.03 for most structures and it is the only true high-moisture-barrier film resin. WVTR is usually determined under conditions of 100ºF and 90% RH (quite stringent conditions but not all that unusual in many parts of the U.S., including many bathrooms where medicines are often kept).

One major caveat should be stated here. Gas permeability and other barrier properties can shift as a result of a number of variables. These include ambient conditions (particularly temperature and humidity), exact grade of barrier plastic, particular packaging structure (including other materials, tie layers, adhesives, etc.), processing conditions and operations performed by the processor or end user such as retort or hot-fill packaging. Thus, gas permeability figures really are a range of values that can vary by an order of magnitude or more for the same resin. The reader should keep these variations in mind when studying tables of gas permeabilities later in this report.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
Extensive searches were made of the literature and the Internet, including many of the leading trade publications as well as technical compendia and government publications. Much product and market information was obtained whenever possible from principals involved in the industry. Information for our corporate profiles was obtained primarily from the companies, especially larger, publicly owned firms. Other sources included directories, articles and Internet sites.

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary 10 $0
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE AND FORMAT
OXYGEN AND WATER VAPOR BARRIER RESINS
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER

Chapter- 2: SUMMARY 3 $250
Table Summary : U.S. PACKAGING BARRIER RESIN MARKET VOLUME ESTIMATE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019
Figure Summary : U.S. PACKAGING BARRIER RESIN MARKET VOLUME ESTIMATE BY TYPE, 2014 AND 2019

Chapter- 3: OVERVIEW 34 $1053
U.S. CHEMICAL AND PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRIES
U.S. PLASTIC RESIN INDUSTRY
BARRIER PACKAGING
MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES

Chapter- 4: PACKAGING MARKETS BY BARRIER RESIN TYPES 67 $2076
OVERALL MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST
REGENERATED CELLULOSE (CELLOPHANE)
ETHYLENE-VINYL ALCOHOL COPOLYMERS
FLUOROPOLYMERS-PCTFE
NITRILE POLYMERS (POLYACRYLONITRILE AND COPOLYMERS)
POLYAMIDE (NYLON) RESINS
POLYOLEFINS
THERMOPLASTIC POLYESTERS
POLYVINYLIDENE CHLORIDE AND COPOLYMERS
OTHER BARRIER MATERIALS AND SYSTEMS
STRUCTURAL RESINS
VAPOR PERMEABLE RESINS

Chapter- 5: PACKAGING MARKETS BY BARRIER RESIN APPLICATIONS 8 $248
OVERALL MARKET ESTIMATE AND FORECAST
FOOD PACKAGING
CHEMICAL/INDUSTRIAL PRODUCT PACKAGING
HEALTHCARE PACKAGING

Chapter- 6: TECHNOLOGY 79 $2447
PLASTIC RESIN CHEMISTRY, MANUFACTURE AND PROPERTIES
NEWER POLYMERIZATION TECHNOLOGIES
POLYMER FABRICATION TECHNOLOGY
POLYMER AND FILM ORIENTATION
BARRIER TECHNOLOGY
NONPOLYMERIC BARRIER SURFACE FILMS AND COATINGS
MULTILAYER LAMINATION AND COEXTRUSION
FOOD PROCESSING METHODS
FOOD PACKAGING
NEW DEVELOPMENTS IN BARRIER PACKAGING

Chapter- 7: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVE ANALYSIS 14 $434
TRENDS IN THE U.S. BARRIER PLASTIC RESINS INDUSTRY
BARRIER PLASTIC RESIN AND PACKAGING SUPPLIERS
PRODUCT DIFFERENTIATION AND SUBSTITUTION
MARKET ENTRY FACTORS
COMPOUNDERS/CONVERTERS/MOLDERS AND DISTRIBUTORS
MARKETING
INTERNATIONAL ASPECTS

Chapter- 8: ENVIRONMENTAL, REGULATORY AND PUBLIC POLICY ISSUES 32 $991
ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
FEDERAL LAWS AND REGULATORY PROCESSES
PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS

Chapter- 9: COMPANY PROFILES 59 $1828
INTRODUCTION
SUPPLIER COMPANIES

Chapter- 10: APPENDIX: GLOSSARY OF IMPORTANT TERMS, ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS 16 $496

List of Tables
Summary Table : U.S. PACKAGING BARRIER RESIN MARKET VOLUME ESTIMATE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019
Table 1 : VALUE OF U.S. CHEMICAL INDUSTRY SHIPMENTS, THROUGH 2012
Table 2 : NORTH AMERICAN PRODUCTION OF MAJOR THERMOPLASTIC RESINS: 2006-2013
Table 3 : PRICES OF BULK COMMODITY THERMOPLASTIC RESINS, 1992-2014
Table 4 : VAPOR PERMEABILITIES OF PACKAGING RESINS
Table 5 : U.S. PACKAGING BARRIER RESIN MARKET VOLUME ESTIMATE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019
Table 6 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF REGENERATED CELLULOSE (CELLOPHANE)
Table 7 : U.S. PACKAGING VOLUME ESTIMATE FOR EVOH BARRIER RESINS, THROUGH 2019
Table 8 : TYPICAL EVOH PROPERTIES
Table 9 : PROCESSES, ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF EVOH
Table 10 : U.S. PACKAGING VOLUME ESTIMATE FOR PCTFE BARRIER RESINS, THROUGH 2019
Table 11 : TYPICAL PCTFE PROPERTIES
Table 12 : PCTFE ADVANTAGES
Table 13 : U.S. PACKAGING VOLUME ESTIMATE FOR NITRILE (AN-MA) BARRIER RESINS, THROUGH 2019
Table 14 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF NITRILE (AN-MA) COPOLYMERS
Table 15 : U.S. PACKAGING VOLUME ESTIMATE FOR POLYAMIDE (NYLON) BARRIER RESINS, THROUGH 2019
Table 16 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF UNORIENTED NYLONS
Table 17 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF ORIENTED NYLON 6
Table 18 : PROCESSING, ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF AMORPHOUS NYLONS
Table 19 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF SELAR PA AMORPHOUS NYLONS
Table 20 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYETHYLENE FILMS
Table 21 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYPROPYLENE FILMS
Table 22 : U.S. PACKAGING VOLUME ESTIMATE FOR THERMOPLASTIC POLYESTER BARRIER RESINS, THROUGH 2019
Table 23 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYESTER (PET) RESIN
Table 24 : SOME ADVANTAGES OF PET BARRIER RESINS
Table 25 : U.S. PACKAGING VOLUME ESTIMATE FOR PVDC BARRIER RESINS, THROUGH 2019
Table 26 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYVINYLIDENE CHLORIDE
Table 27 : PVDC PROCESSES, AND ADVANTAGES AND LIMITATIONS OF PVCDC BARRIER RESINS
Table 28 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF ETHYLENE-VINYL ACETATE COPOLYMER AND IONOMER FILM RESINS
Table 29 : U.S. PACKAGING VOLUME ESTIMATE FOR BARRIER TIE LAYER RESINS, THROUGH 2019
Table 30 : U.S. PACKAGING VOLUME ESTIMATE FOR VAPOR PERMEABLE RESINS, THROUGH 2019
Table 31 : TYPICAL PROPERTIES OF POLYVINYL CHLORIDE FILMS
Table 32 : OPTIMUM HEADSPACE PACKAGING ATMOSPHERES FOR PRODUCE
Table 33 : `OVERALL U.S. MARKET ESTIMATE FOR PACKAGING BARRIER RESIN VOLUMES BY APPLICATIONS, THROUGH 2019
Table 34 : U.S. BARRIER PLASTIC FOOD PACKAGING MARKET VOLUME ESTIMATE, THROUGH 2019
Table 35 : U.S. BARRIER PLASTIC CHEMICAL AND INDUSTRIAL PACKAGING MARKET VOLUME ESTIMATE, THROUGH 2019
Table 36 : U.S. BARRIER PLASTIC HEALTHCARE PACKAGING MARKET VOLUME ESTIMATE, THROUGH 2019
Table 37 : INTERNATIONAL MAJOR BARRIER RESIN MARKETS, 2014

List of Figures
Summary Figure : U.S. PACKAGING BARRIER RESIN MARKET VOLUME ESTIMATE BY TYPE, 2014 AND 2019 


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