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Thermoelectric Modules Market by Model (Single Stage, Multi Stage), Type (Bulk, Micro, Thin Film), Functionality (General Purpose, Deep Cooling), End-Use Application (Consumer Electronics, Automotive), Offering and Region - Global Forecast to 2027

Thermoelectric Modules Market by Model (Single Stage, Multi Stage), Type (Bulk, Micro, Thin Film), Functionality (General Purpose, Deep Cooling), End-Use Application (Consumer Electronics, Automotive), Offering and Region - Global Forecast to 2027

The thermoelectric modules market is expected to grow from USD 693 million in 2022 and is projected to reach USD 1,054 million by 2027; it is expected to grow at a CAGR of 8.8% during the forecast period. Advantages such as compact design of TEMs compared to vapor-compression cooling systems, drives the adoption of TEMs across several end-use application. Additionally, ability of TEMs to produce hot and cold water for different functions adds to its rising adoption in different applications. Furthermore, the rapidly growing market for electric and luxury vehicles is also expected to drive thermoelectric modules market. TEMs are used in electric vehicles to stabilize the temperature of a car’s battery-operated system.

“Market for multistage thermoelectric modules to grow at higher CAGR during forecast period”

Multistage thermoelectric modules are also known as cascade thermoelectric modules. They work on high-temperature differentials between the hot and cold sides of the module. These modules are designed to achieve significantly higher temperature differentials of around 130°C. Hence, cascaded modules are stacked on top of one another whereby the cold side of one module becomes the hot side of another module mounted above. Multistage thermoelectric modules are suitable for applications in which a low-to-medium cooling capacity is required.

“Market for micro thermoelectric modules to grow at highest CAGR during forecast period”

Micro thermoelectric modules are devices that have semiconductor elements with dimensions of less than 1.0 mm square. They can easily convert heat into electricity, starting from a zero-temperature difference. Further, these modules help in decreasing the energy consumption of electric devices, such as wearables and wireless sensors. Technological advancements have resulted in product miniaturization; as a result, the number of microdevices, such as microprocessors, microsensors, microcontrollers, and micro-instruments, has increased. Therefore, the demand for micro thermoelectric modules is likely to grow in the coming years.

“Market for automotive application to grow at highest CAGR during forecast period”

Thermoelectric modules are prominently used in the automotive application for automotive seat cooling/heating, cup holders, glove boxes, automotive night vision, and waste heat recovery. For automotive seats, thermoelectric modules are used as they can switch easily between heating and cooling functions. Autonomous systems provide numerous benefits in modern vehicles. High-temperature thermoelectric coolers provide the thermal management solution needed to operate each system within an acceptable temperature range and optimize its performance. The growth in the production of light vehicles is expected to increase the demand for thermoelectric modules in the automotive application. With the fast growth of electric cars, thermoelectric modules are expected to be used to a greater degree to maintain the optimal temperature of battery packs.

“APAC to create highest growth opportunities for thermoelectric modules market among other region during the forecast period”

APAC is the largest consumer electronics market in terms of manufacturing and consumption of consumer electronics products. In China, the demand for consumer electronic products is increasing in the country due to its large population. The industrial application is the second-largest segment in the thermoelectric modules market in China, followed by the automotive segment. The Japanese government has taken initiatives to bring a robotic revolution in the country to increase the use of intelligent machines in the manufacturing and healthcare sectors, which would drive the thermoelectric modules market in Japan in the industrial sector. South Korea, one of the leading manufacturers of electric and hybrid vehicles, is expected to create high growth opportunities for thermoelectric modules market with growing electric vehicles market.

In the process of determining and verifying the market size for several segments and subsegments gathered through secondary research, extensive primary interviews have been conducted with key industry experts in the thermoelectric modules market space.

The break-up of primary participants for the report has been shown below:
•By Company Type: Tier 1 – 40%, Tier 2 – 30%, and Tier 3 – 30%
•By Designation: C-level Executives – 40%, Directors – 40%, and Others – 20%
•By Region: North America –40%, APAC– 30%, Europe – 20%, and RoW – 10%

The report profiles key players in the thermoelectric modules market with their respective market ranking analysis. Prominent players profiled in this report are Ferrotec (Japan), Laird Thermal Systems (US), II-VI Incorporated (US), Kelk (Japan), Guangdong Fuxin Technology (China), TE Technology (US), TEC Microsystems (Germany), Crystal (Russia), Kryotherm (Russia), and Phononic (US).

Research Coverage:
This research report categorizes the thermoelectric modules market on the basis of model, type, functionality, end-use application, offering, and geography. The report describes the major drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities pertaining to the thermoelectric modules market and forecasts the same till 2027. Apart from these, the report also consists of leadership mapping and analysis of all the companies included in the thermoelectric modules ecosystem.

Key Benefits of Buying the Report
The report will help market leaders/new entrants in this market with information on the closest approximations of the revenue numbers for the overall thermoelectric modules market and the subsegments. This report will help stakeholders understand the competitive landscape and gain more insights to better position their businesses and plan suitable go-to-market strategies. The report also helps stakeholders understand the pulse of the market and provides them with information on key market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities.
Table of Contents

1INTRODUCTION30
1.1STUDY OBJECTIVES30
1.2MARKET DEFINITION AND SCOPE30
1.2.1INCLUSIONS AND EXCLUSIONS31
1.3STUDY SCOPE31
FIGURE 1SEGMENTATION OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET31
1.3.1YEARS CONSIDERED32
1.4CURRENCY & PRICING32
1.5STAKEHOLDERS32
1.6SUMMARY OF CHANGES33
2RESEARCH METHODOLOGY34
2.1RESEARCH DATA34
FIGURE 2THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN34
2.1.1SECONDARY AND PRIMARY RESEARCH36
2.1.1.1Key industry insights37
2.1.2SECONDARY DATA37
2.1.2.1List of key secondary sources37
2.1.2.2Key data from secondary sources38
2.1.3PRIMARY DATA38
2.1.3.1Breakdown of primaries38
2.1.3.2Key data from primary sources39
2.2MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION39
2.2.1BOTTOM-UP APPROACH40
2.2.1.1Approach to arrive at market size using bottom-up analysis
(demand side)40
FIGURE 3MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH40
2.2.2TOP-DOWN APPROACH41
2.2.2.1Approach for estimating market size using top-down analysis
(supply side)41
FIGURE 4MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY: TOP-DOWN APPROACH41
FIGURE 5MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION METHODOLOGY: APPROACH 1 (SUPPLY SIDE) — REVENUE GENERATED BY COMPANIES IN THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET42
2.3MARKET BREAKDOWN AND DATA TRIANGULATION43
FIGURE 6DATA TRIANGULATION43
2.4RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS44
2.5RISK ASSESSMENT44
TABLE 1LIMITATIONS AND ASSOCIATED RISKS44
3EXECUTIVE SUMMARY45
FIGURE 7THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET: 2018–2027 (USD MILLION)45
FIGURE 8MULTI-STAGE THERMOELECTRIC MODULES SEGMENT EXPECTED TO EXPERIENCE FASTER GROWTH DURING FORECAST PERIOD46
FIGURE 9MICRO THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET TO WITNESS HIGHEST
CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD46
FIGURE 10THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATION
TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD47
FIGURE 11APAC ACCOUNTS FOR LARGEST SHARE OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN 202248
4PREMIUM INSIGHTS49
4.1ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES IN THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET49
FIGURE 12DEVELOPING ECONOMIES OFFER MAJOR GROWTH PROSPECTS
IN THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET49
4.2BULK THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION49
FIGURE 13APAC TO WITNESS HIGHEST CAGR IN BULK THERMOELECTRIC MODULES SEGMENT DURING FORECAST PERIOD49
4.3THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY FUNCTIONALITY50
FIGURE 14GENERAL-PURPOSE THERMOELECTRIC MODULES TO LEAD MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD50
4.4THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN APAC, BY END-USE APPLICATION VS.
BY COUNTRY50
FIGURE 15CONSUMER ELECTRONICS IS LARGEST APPLICATION OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES IN APAC50
4.5THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY COUNTRY51
FIGURE 16US ACCOUNTS FOR LARGEST SHARE OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN 202251
5MARKET OVERVIEW52
5.1INTRODUCTION52
5.2MARKET DYNAMICS52
FIGURE 17IMPACT OF DRIVERS AND OPPORTUNITIES ON THERMOELECTRIC
MODULES MARKET52
FIGURE 18IMPACT OF RESTRAINTS AND CHALLENGES ON THERMOELECTRIC
MODULES MARKET53
5.2.1DRIVERS53
5.2.1.1Benefits of TEMs over conventional systems53
5.2.1.2Simultaneous heating and cooling properties of TEMs driving demand in several applications53
5.2.1.3Growth of electric and luxury vehicles increasing demand for TEMs54
5.2.2RESTRAINTS54
5.2.2.1Inherent disadvantages and design complexities54
5.2.2.2High costs compared with traditional heating/cooling systems54

5.2.3OPPORTUNITIES55
5.2.3.1Development of TEMs for new application areas55
5.2.3.2Thermoelectric coolers for storage and transport of
COVID-19 vaccines55
5.2.4CHALLENGES56
5.2.4.1Reliability and strength of TEMs56
5.3VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS56
FIGURE 19VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET: R&D AND MANUFACTURING PHASES CONTRIBUTE MAXIMUM VALUE56
5.4ECOSYSTEM/MARKET MAP58
FIGURE 20THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET ECOSYSTEM58
5.4.1THERMOELECTRIC MODULE OEMS58
5.4.2SUPPLIERS59
5.4.3DISTRIBUTORS59
TABLE 2THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET: ECOSYSTEM59
5.5PRICING ANALYSIS60
FIGURE 21AVERAGE SELLING PRICE FORECAST OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES (2020–2027)60
TABLE 3AVERAGE SELLING PRICE OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES,
2020–2027 (USD)60
5.6TRENDS/DISRUPTIONS IMPACTING CUSTOMERS’ BUSINESS61
FIGURE 22REVENUE SHIFT FOR THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET61
5.7TECHNOLOGY ANALYSIS62
5.7.1KEY TECHNOLOGIES62
5.7.1.1Thermoelectric generators62
5.7.1.2Thermoelectric heat pumps62
5.7.2ADJACENT TECHNOLOGY62
5.7.2.1Traditional heat pumps62
5.8TECHNOLOGY TRENDS63
5.8.1NEW MATERIALS USED FOR MANUFACTURING THERMOELECTRIC MODULES63
5.8.2MINIATURIZATION OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES63
5.9PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS63
TABLE 4THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET: PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS63
5.9.1DEGREE OF COMPETITION64
5.9.2BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS64
5.9.3BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS64
5.9.4THREAT FROM SUBSTITUTES64
5.9.5THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS64
5.10CASE STUDIES65
5.10.1LAIRD THERMAL SYSTEMS USED THERMOELECTRIC MODULES FOR COOLING OPTICAL SENSORS65
5.10.2LAIRD THERMAL SYSTEMS USED THERMOELECTRIC MODULES FOR VISION SYSTEMS65
5.10.3LAIRD THERMAL SYSTEMS USED THERMOELECTRIC MODULES FOR PRESERVING MEDICAL REAGENTS65
5.10.4II-VI MARLOW SHOWCASED THERMOELECTRIC COOLER FOR THERMAL CYCLING65
5.10.5II-VI MARLOW SHOWCASED THERMOELECTRIC MODULES FOR ENERGY HARVESTING65
5.10.6CRYSTAL DEVELOPED PROTOTYPE FOR LABORATORY RESEARCH EQUIPMENT65
5.10.7MAHLE TESTING THERMOELECTRIC TECHNOLOGY IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS66
5.10.8PHONONIC LEVERAGED THERMOELECTRIC TECHNOLOGY TO DEVELOP CPU COOLER66
5.10.9PHONONIC PROVIDED SOLID-STATE REFRIGERATION SOLUTIONS USING THERMOELECTRIC TECHNOLOGY66
5.10.10PHONONIC OFFERED THERMOELECTRIC FREEZERS TO CONVENIENCE STORES66
5.11TRADE ANALYSIS66
5.11.1TRADE DATA66
FIGURE 23IMPORT DATA FOR HS CODE 8418, BY COUNTRY, 2017–202167
FIGURE 24EXPORT DATA FOR HS CODE 8418, BY COUNTRY, 2017–202167
5.12PATENT ANALYSIS68
FIGURE 25NUMBER OF PATENTS GRANTED PER YEAR, 2012–202168
FIGURE 26TOP 10 COMPANIES WITH HIGHEST NUMBER OF PATENT APPLICATIONS IN LAST 10 YEARS68
TABLE 5TOP 20 PATENT OWNERS IN LAST 10 YEARS69
TABLE 6LIST OF A FEW PATENTS IN THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET,
2018–202169
5.13TARIFFS AND REGULATIONS74
5.13.1TARIFFS RELATED TO THERMOELECTRIC MODULES74
5.13.2REGULATIONS74
5.13.2.1Europe74
5.13.2.1.1RoHS74
5.13.2.2US74
5.13.2.2.1Telcordia GR-46874
5.13.2.2.2ITAR75
5.13.3GLOBAL75
5.13.3.1Space qualifications75
6THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY MODEL76
6.1INTRODUCTION77
FIGURE 27MULTI-STAGE THERMOELECTRIC MODULES TO REGISTER HIGHER
CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD77
TABLE 7THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY MODEL,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)77
TABLE 8THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY MODEL,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)77

6.2SINGLE-STAGE78
6.2.1SINGLE-STAGE THERMOELECTRIC MODULES HAVE ONLY ONE STAGE
OR LAYER TO ACHIEVE STANDARD TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCES78
6.3MULTI-STAGE78
6.3.1MULTI-STAGE THERMOELECTRIC MODULES HAVE HIGH-TEMPERATURE DIFFERENTIALS BETWEEN HOT AND COLD SIDES OF MODULES78
7THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY TYPE79
7.1INTRODUCTION80
FIGURE 28MICRO THERMOELECTRIC MODULES TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD80
TABLE 9THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)80
TABLE 10THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY TYPE, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)80
TABLE 11THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY TYPE,
2021–2027 (MILLION UNITS)81
7.2BULK THERMOELECTRIC MODULES81
7.2.1BULK THERMOELECTRIC MODULES HAVE HIGHER POWER OUTPUT AND VOLTAGE COMPARED TO OTHER MODULES81
TABLE 12BULK THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)82
TABLE 13BULK THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)82
7.3MICRO THERMOELECTRIC MODULES82
7.3.1MICRO THERMOELECTRIC MODULES HELP IN REDUCING ENERGY CONSUMPTION OF ELECTRIC DEVICES82
TABLE 14MICRO THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)83
TABLE 15MICRO THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)83
7.4THIN-FILM THERMOELECTRIC MODULES83
7.4.1THESE MODULES PRODUCE MAXIMUM HEAT FLUX83
TABLE 16THIN-FILM THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)84
TABLE 17THIN-FILM THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)84
8THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY FUNCTIONALITY85
8.1INTRODUCTION86
FIGURE 29GENERAL-PURPOSE THERMOELECTRIC MODULES TO LEAD MARKET DURING FORECAST PERIOD86
TABLE 18THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY FUNCTIONALITY,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)86
TABLE 19THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY FUNCTIONALITY,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)86

8.2GENERAL-PURPOSE87
8.2.1TELECOMMUNICATIONS TO REMAIN LARGEST APPLICATION OF GENERAL-PURPOSE THERMOELECTRIC MODULES87
TABLE 20GENERAL-PURPOSE THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)87
TABLE 21GENERAL-PURPOSE THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)88
8.3DEEP COOLING88
8.3.1CONSUMER ELECTRONICS TO REMAIN LARGEST END USER OF DEEP COOLING THERMOELECTRIC MODULES88
TABLE 22DEEP COOLING THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)88
TABLE 23DEEP COOLING THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)89
9THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY OFFERING90
9.1INTRODUCTION91
FIGURE 30HARDWARE COMPONENT TO HOLD LARGER SHARE OF MARKET THROUGHOUT FORECAST PERIOD91
TABLE 24THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY OFFERING,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)91
TABLE 25THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY OFFERING,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)91
9.2HARDWARE92
9.2.1HARDWARE OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES INCLUDES VARIOUS ELEMENTS AND COMPONENTS THAT WORK AS A UNIT92
9.3SERVICES92
9.3.1SERVICES INCLUDE PROTOTYPING, DESIGNING, ENGINEERING, TESTING, AND COMPLIANCE92
10THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION93
10.1INTRODUCTION94
FIGURE 31THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET TO REGISTER HIGHEST CAGR
IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATION DURING FORECAST PERIOD94
TABLE 26THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)94
TABLE 27THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)95
10.2CONSUMER ELECTRONICS96
10.2.1CONSUMER ELECTRONICS HELD LARGEST SHARE OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET96
TABLE 28THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS,
BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)97
TABLE 29THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS,
BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)97
TABLE 30THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS,
BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)97
TABLE 31THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS,
BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)98
TABLE 32NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS , BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)98
TABLE 33NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)98
TABLE 34EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)99
TABLE 35EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)99
TABLE 36APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)99
TABLE 37APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)100
TABLE 38ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)100
TABLE 39ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN CONSUMER ELECTRONICS, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)100
10.3INDUSTRIAL101
10.3.1USE OF THERMOELECTRIC MODULES IN FOOD & BEVERAGES INDUSTRY DRIVING OVERALL MARKET101
TABLE 40THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL, BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)101
TABLE 41THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL, BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)101
TABLE 42THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)102
TABLE 43THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)102
TABLE 44NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL,
BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)102
TABLE 45NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL,
BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)103
TABLE 46EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL,
BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)103
TABLE 47EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL,
BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)103
TABLE 48APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)104
TABLE 49APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)104
TABLE 50ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)104
TABLE 51ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN INDUSTRIAL, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)105

10.4TELECOMMUNICATIONS105
10.4.1APAC TO ACCOUNT FOR LARGEST MARKET SHARE IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS APPLICATION DURING FORECAST PERIOD105
TABLE 52THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS,
BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)105
TABLE 53THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS,
BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)106
TABLE 54THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS,
BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)106
TABLE 55THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS,
BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)106
TABLE 56NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)107
TABLE 57NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)107
TABLE 58EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)107
TABLE 59EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)108
TABLE 60APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS,
BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)108
TABLE 61APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS,
BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)108
TABLE 62ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS,
BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)109
TABLE 63ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN TELECOMMUNICATIONS,
BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)109
10.5AUTOMOTIVE109
10.5.1MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATION TO WITNESS HIGHEST CAGR DURING FORECAST PERIOD109
TABLE 64THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE, BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)110
TABLE 65THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE, BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)110
TABLE 66THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)110
TABLE 67THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)111
TABLE 68NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE,
BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)111
TABLE 69NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE,
BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)111
TABLE 70EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE,
BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)112
TABLE 71EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE,
BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)112
TABLE 72APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)112
TABLE 73APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)113
TABLE 74ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)113
TABLE 75ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AUTOMOTIVE, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)113
10.6MEDICAL & LABORATORIES114
10.6.1NEED FOR TEMPERATURE STABILIZATION BOOSTING DEMAND FOR THERMOELECTRIC MODULES IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES114
TABLE 76THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES,
BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)114
TABLE 77THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES,
BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)114
TABLE 78THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES,
BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)115
TABLE 79THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES,
BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)115
TABLE 80NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL
& LABORATORIES, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)115
TABLE 81NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL
& LABORATORIES, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)116
TABLE 82EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)116
TABLE 83EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)116
TABLE 84APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)117
TABLE 85APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)117
TABLE 86ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)117
TABLE 87ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN MEDICAL & LABORATORIES, BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)118
10.7AEROSPACE & DEFENSE118
10.7.1MARLOW AND RMT ARE AMONG KEY COMPANIES CATERING TO DEMAND IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE APPLICATION118
TABLE 88THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE,
BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)118
TABLE 89THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE,
BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)119
TABLE 90THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE,
BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)119
TABLE 91THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE,
BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)119
TABLE 92NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE
& DEFENSE, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)120
TABLE 93NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE
& DEFENSE, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)120
TABLE 94EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)120
TABLE 95EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)121
TABLE 96APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE,
BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)121
TABLE 97APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE,
BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)121
TABLE 98ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE,
BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)122
TABLE 99ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN AEROSPACE & DEFENSE,
BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)122
10.8OIL & GAS AND MINING122
10.8.1THERMOELECTRIC MODULES USED IN GAS ANALYZERS, METERING EQUIPMENT, AND REMOTE TELEMETRY UNITS122
TABLE 100THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING,
BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)122
TABLE 101THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING,
BY FUNCTIONALITY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)123
TABLE 102THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING,
BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)123
TABLE 103THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING,
BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)123
TABLE 104NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)124
TABLE 105NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)124
TABLE 106EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)124
TABLE 107EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)125
TABLE 108APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING,
BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)125
TABLE 109APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING,
BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)125
TABLE 110ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING,
BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)126
TABLE 111ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN OIL & GAS AND MINING,
BY REGION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)126
11GEOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS127
11.1INTRODUCTION128
FIGURE 32THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET IN APAC TO GROW AT HIGHEST RATE DURING FORECAST PERIOD128
TABLE 112THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)128

TABLE 113THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)129
TABLE 114THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2021–2027 (MILLION UNITS)129
11.2NORTH AMERICA130
FIGURE 33NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET SNAPSHOT130
TABLE 115NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)131
TABLE 116NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)131
TABLE 117NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)131
TABLE 118NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)132
TABLE 119NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)132
TABLE 120NORTH AMERICA: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)132
11.2.1US133
11.2.1.1Industrial clusters using thermoelectric modules to improve efficiency and provide clean energy133
11.2.2CANADA133
11.2.2.1Industrial and automotive applications driving growth of thermoelectric modules market in Canada133
11.2.3MEXICO133
11.2.3.1Growing automotive and industrial applications driving thermoelectric modules133
11.3EUROPE134
FIGURE 34EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET SNAPSHOT134
TABLE 121EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)135
TABLE 122EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)135
TABLE 123EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)135
TABLE 124EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)136
TABLE 125EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)136
TABLE 126EUROPE: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)136
11.3.1GERMANY137
11.3.1.1Germany estimated to hold largest share of thermoelectric modules market in Europe137
11.3.2UK137
11.3.2.1Growing industrial and automotive sectors to drive market in UK137

11.3.3FRANCE137
11.3.3.1Government incentives to reduce emissions to boost market growth in France137
11.3.4ITALY137
11.3.4.1Presence of luxury and high-performance automotive manufacturers to drive market in Italy137
11.3.5REST OF EUROPE138
11.4ASIA PACIFIC138
FIGURE 35APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET SNAPSHOT138
TABLE 127APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)139
TABLE 128APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)139
TABLE 129APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET , BY TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)139
TABLE 130APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET , BY TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)140
TABLE 131APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)140
TABLE 132APAC: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY COUNTRY,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)140
11.4.1CHINA141
11.4.1.1China to hold largest share of thermoelectric modules market in APAC during forecast period141
11.4.2JAPAN141
11.4.2.1Consumer electronics market driving growth of thermoelectric modules in Japan141
11.4.3SOUTH KOREA141
11.4.3.1Thermoelectric modules market in South Korea dominated by telecommunications and automotive applications141
11.4.4REST OF APAC141
11.5ROW142
TABLE 133ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)142
TABLE 134ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY END-USE APPLICATION, 2022–2027 (USD MILLION)142
TABLE 135ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY TYPE,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)143
TABLE 136ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY TYPE,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)143
TABLE 137ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2018–2021 (USD MILLION)143
TABLE 138ROW: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, BY REGION,
2022–2027 (USD MILLION)143
11.5.1SOUTH AMERICA144
11.5.1.1South America to hold larger share of thermoelectric modules
market in RoW144
11.5.2MIDDLE EAST & AFRICA144
11.5.2.1Oil & gas industry to drive adoption of thermoelectric modules in Middle East144
12COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE145
12.1OVERVIEW145
12.2KEY PLAYER STRATEGIES/RIGHT TO WIN145
TABLE 139OVERVIEW OF STRATEGIES ADOPTED BY KEY THERMOELECTRIC MODULE MANUFACTURERS145
12.3REVENUE ANALYSIS OF TOP COMPANIES146
FIGURE 36REVENUE ANALYSIS OF TOP FIVE PLAYERS IN THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET146
12.4MARKET SHARE ANALYSIS: THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, 2021146
TABLE 140THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET: DEGREE OF COMPETITION, 2021146
12.5COMPANY EVALUATION QUADRANT147
12.5.1STARS147
12.5.2EMERGING LEADERS147
12.5.3PERVASIVE COMPANIES147
12.5.4PARTICIPANTS148
FIGURE 37THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET: COMPANY EVALUATION
QUADRANT, 2021148
12.6START-UPS/SMALL- AND MEDIUM-SIZED ENTERPRISES (SMES) EVALUATION QUADRANT, 2021149
TABLE 141LIST OF START-UPS IN THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET149
12.6.1PROGRESSIVE COMPANIES150
12.6.2RESPONSIVE COMPANIES150
12.6.3DYNAMIC COMPANIES150
12.6.4STARTING BLOCKS150
FIGURE 38THERMOELECTRIC MODULES MARKET, START-UPS/SMES EVALUATION QUADRANT, 2021151
12.7COMPANY FOOTPRINT152
TABLE 142OVERALL COMPANY FOOTPRINT152
TABLE 143COMPANY PRODUCT TYPE FOOTPRINT153
TABLE 144COMPANY END-USE APPLICATION FOOTPRINT154
TABLE 145COMPANY REGION FOOTPRINT155
12.8COMPETITIVE SCENARIO156
12.8.1PRODUCT LAUNCHES156
TABLE 146PRODUCT LAUNCHES, 2019–2022156
12.8.2DEALS156
TABLE 147DEALS, 2019–2022156

13COMPANY PROFILES158
13.1KEY PLAYERS158
(Business overview, Products offered, Recent Developments, MNM view)*
13.1.1FERROTEC158
TABLE 148FERROTEC: BUSINESS OVERVIEW158
FIGURE 39FERROTEC: COMPANY SNAPSHOT159
13.1.2LAIRD THERMAL SYSTEMS161
TABLE 149LAIRD THERMAL SYSTEMS: BUSINESS OVERVIEW161
13.1.3II-VI INCORPORATED164
TABLE 150II-VI INCORPORATED: BUSINESS OVERVIEW164
FIGURE 40II-VI INCORPORATED: COMPANY SNAPSHOT165
13.1.4KELK167
TABLE 151KELK: BUSINESS OVERVIEW167
13.1.5GUANGDONG FUXIN TECHNOLOGY169
TABLE 152GUANGDONG FUXIN TECHNOLOGY: BUSINESS OVERVIEW169
13.1.6TE TECHNOLOGY171
TABLE 153TE TECHNOLOGY: BUSINESS OVERVIEW171
13.1.7TEC MICROSYSTEMS172
TABLE 154TEC MICROSYSTEMS: BUSINESS OVERVIEW172
13.1.8CRYSTAL174
TABLE 155CRYSTAL: BUSINESS OVERVIEW174
13.1.9KRYOTHERM176
TABLE 156KRYOTHERM: BUSINESS OVERVIEW176
13.1.10THERMION COMPANY177
TABLE 157THERMION COMPANY: BUSINESS OVERVIEW177
13.1.11Z-MAX178
TABLE 158Z-MAX: BUSINESS OVERVIEW178
13.1.12PHONONIC179
TABLE 159PHONONIC: BUSINESS OVERVIEW179
*Details on Business overview, Products offered, Recent Developments, MNM view might not be captured in case of unlisted companies.
13.2OTHER KEY PLAYERS182
13.2.1ALIGN SOURCING182
13.2.2EVERREDTRONICS183
13.2.3HITECH TECHNOLOGIES184
13.2.4HI-Z TECHNOLOGY184
13.2.5HUI MAO185
13.2.6INHECO INDUSTRIAL HEATING & COOLING185
13.2.7KJLP (SHENZHEN) ELECTRONICS186
13.2.8KYOCERA CORPORATION187
13.2.9MERIT TECHNOLOGY GROUP188
13.2.10P&N TECHNOLOGY189
13.2.11THERMONAMIC ELECTRONICS190
13.2.12WELLEN TECHNOLOGY191
13.2.13XIAMEN HICOOL ELECTRONICS192
14ADJACENT & RELATED MARKETS193
14.1INTRODUCTION193
14.2LIMITATIONS193
14.3ENERGY HARVESTING MARKET, BY COMPONENT193
TABLE 160ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET, BY COMPONENT,
2018–2020 (USD MILLION)193
TABLE 161ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET, BY COMPONENT,
2021–2026 (USD MILLION)194
14.4TRANSDUCERS194
14.4.1PHOTOVOLTAICS194
14.4.1.1Photovoltaic transducers market driven by building automation, consumer electronics, and transportation applications194
14.4.2ELECTRODYNAMIC, PIEZOELECTRIC, AND ELECTROMAGNETIC195
14.4.2.1Electrodynamics195
14.4.2.1.1Electrodynamic systems used in harsh conditions, such as centrifugal acceleration, high axial and radial static displacement, and tilting movement195
14.4.2.2Piezoelectric195
14.4.2.2.1Piezoelectric energy harvesters used in switches, boots, and other small equipment that provide pressure and strain195
14.4.2.3Electromagnetic196
14.4.2.3.1Electromagnetic transducers can be installed in rail tracks, bridges, helicopter dampers, and car suspensions196
14.4.3THERMOELECTRIC196
14.4.3.1Thermoelectric transducers are mainly used for energy harvesting in industries and automobiles196
14.4.4RADIOFREQUENCY (RF) TRANSDUCERS197
14.4.4.1RF transducers predominantly used in switches, fitness trackers, smartwatches, wireless charging headphones, smart cards,
and RFID tags197
TABLE 162ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET FOR TRANSDUCERS, BY TYPE, 2018–2020 (USD MILLION)197
TABLE 163ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET FOR TRANSDUCERS, BY TYPE, 2021–2026 (USD MILLION)198
TABLE 164ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET FOR TRANSDUCERS,
BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2020 (USD MILLION)198
TABLE 165ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET FOR TRANSDUCERS,
BY TECHNOLOGY, 2021–2026 (USD MILLION)199

14.5POWER MANAGEMENT INTEGRATED CIRCUITS199
14.5.1PMIC PLAYS CRUCIAL ROLE IN MANAGEMENT OF POWER GENERATED THROUGH ENERGY-HARVESTING DEVICES199
TABLE 166ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET FOR PMICS, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2020 (USD THOUSAND)199
TABLE 167ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET FOR PMICS, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2021–2026 (USD THOUSAND)200
14.6SECONDARY BATTERIES200
14.6.1LITHIUM-ION BATTERIES MAINLY USED AS SECONDARY BATTERIES IN ENERGY-HARVESTING SYSTEMS200
TABLE 168ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES,
BY TYPE, 2018–2020 (USD MILLION)200
TABLE 169ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES,
BY TYPE, 2021–2026 (USD MILLION)201
TABLE 170ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES,
BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2020 (USD MILLION)201
TABLE 171ENERGY HARVESTING SYSTEM MARKET FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES,
BY TECHNOLOGY, 2021–2026 (USD MILLION)201
15APPENDIX203
15.1DISCUSSION GUIDE203
15.2KNOWLEDGE STORE: MARKETSANDMARKETS’ SUBSCRIPTION PORTAL207
15.3AVAILABLE CUSTOMIZATIONS209
15.4RELATED REPORTS209
15.5AUTHOR DETAILS210

Report Title: Thermoelectric Modules Market by Model (Single Stage, Multi Stage), Type (Bulk, Micro, Thin Film), Functionality (General Purpose, Deep Cooling), End-Use Application (Consumer Electronics, Automotive), Offering and Region - Global Forecast to 2027


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