Major Reverse Osmosis System Components for Water Treatment: The Global Market

 Published On: Nov, 2014 |    No of Pages: 197 |  Published By: BCC Research-JT Gabrielsen Consulting LLC Research | Format: PDF
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The 2014 market for reverse osmosis (RO) membranes and system components is expected to reach nearly $5.4 billion by year end, and is predicted to rise at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 10.5% to reach $8.8 billion by 2019.

This report provides:
-An overview of the global markets for reverse osmosis (RO) system components, which include pretreatment cartridges, pumps, -pressure vessels/housings, RO membrane modules, and ancillary elements such as skids, valves, and gauges.
-Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2012 and 2013, estimates for 2014, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2019.
-Identification of existing and potential markets for RO on the global stage.
-Discussion of important technological trends, such as improved low-pressure membranes, large-diameter membranes, and non-fouling membranes.
-Coverage of the RO market centered on purified water produced for municipal, industrial, military, and agriculture/environmental markets.
-Patent analysis.
-Comprehensive company profiles of major players.

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
This comprehensive business opportunity report evaluates the global markets for reverse osmosis (RO) system components. These components include pretreatment cartridges, pumps, pressure vessels/housings, RO membrane modules, and ancillary elements such as skids, valves, and gauges. Existing and potential markets for RO system components on the global stage are identified. The goals are to provide meaningful information, unbiased analysis and an assessment of the roles that RO systems can play now and in the future in water treatment technology. Water needs and the role of RO in meeting these requirements are evaluated for four global regions.

The heart of an RO system is the membrane module. Although many different polymer types of semipermeable membrane are possible, the commercial market consists primarily of thin-film composite polyamide formed into a spiral wound configuration. Improved low-pressure membranes, large-diameter membranes, and non-fouling membranes have been important technology trends in the past several years. Currently a number of new materials types are being commercialized.

Pressure vessels/housings are critical to the successful operation of RO and nanofiltration (NF), or membrane softening, systems. Fiberglass-reinforced plastic and stainless steel pressure vessels are the predominant types associated with industrial and municipal RO systems. RO operation tends to fall into three distinct operating pressure ranges: low-pressure, 40 psi to 65 psi; mid-range operating pressure for brackish water and wastewater, 150 psi to 250 psi; and high-pressure RO for seawater desalination, 800 psi to 1,200 psi. Pressure vessels are designed to last for the lifetime of the system, or about three to four changes of membranes.

Using membrane or depth filter cartridges prior to RO maximizes pure water production and minimizes the costs associated with chemical additives. Cartridges used for RO pretreatment can be depth filters, dead-end membrane microfilters or microfiltration (MF) membranes operated in crossflow. With proper pretreatment, the RO system can meet design specifications, resulting in optimum performance and the lowest overall expenditure.

Although pumps used in RO systems represent a relatively small percentage of total system cost, they must be selected carefully to avoid inefficient operation, downtime, or reduced productivity and return on investment. The choice of a proper pump is especially important in seawater desalination applications because of the corrosive atmosphere and highly demanding process conditions. Positive displacement plunger pumps or centrifugal pumps are most commonly used in RO applications. Booster pumps, which constitute a much smaller market, can be used in situations where normal system pressure is low, but needs to be increased.

Numerous ancillary and miscellaneous components are needed to complete the construction of a large, complex RO system. Depending on system size and application, these may include valves, gauges, computer controls, hoses, piping, plugs, racks, skids, holding tanks, manifolds, control panels, conductivity meters, float switches, metering equipment, and tanks for chemicals. What type and how many of these components are used in a particular plant depend on the site and size of the RO system. For RO consumables, membranes and filters, new as well as replacement sales are considered in this report. As far as possible, adjustments and normalizations for currency valuations have been made.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
The need for pure water is a problem of global proportions. With each passing year, the quality of the planet’s water measurably deteriorates, presenting challenges for the major users: municipal, industrial, military, and agriculture/environmental sectors. Water treatment has become an area of global concern as individuals, communities, industries, nations, and their national institutions strive for ways to keep this essential resource available and suitable for use. Over the past 40 years RO systems have emerged as an effective solution to transform saline, brackish and contaminated water into a useable and/or potable product. The RO technology sector still has areas of promising activity and a market for replacement and upgraded equipment.

INTENDED AUDIENCE
This report is designed to be as comprehensive as possible. It is created to be usable by a broad audience of business, technical, and regulatory practitioners on a global scale. This document is an information source on the industry, a reference manual on an advanced technology and its system components, and a resource that provides information to decision-makers who need to stay abreast of state-of-the-art RO systems.

This report presents analysis and forward-thinking knowledge that will be of advantage to manufacturers and suppliers, and to local, state, and federal governments, as well as to foreign governments. Engineers, utilities, and corporate planners will benefit from understanding the global component market and demand drivers for RO systems.

SCOPE OF REPORT
This report is divided into specific system component chapters dealing with the RO membranes, pressure vessels/housings, cartridge filters/prefilters, pumps, and other ancillary components, such as valves, gauges, skids, racks, piping, manifolds, computer controls, and piping needed to complete a functional system. Quantitative evaluations are given for the major market segments, historically and for a five-year horizon. The global scope of the RO market is identified within four major geographical regions with information on economic trends and water needs.

Costs of consulting, engineering, and real estate are excluded from system costs. NF is considered as a membrane “softening” process or a divalent or trivalent ion-removal technique that is a subset of RO.

The RO market in this study is centered on purified water produced for municipal, industrial, military, and agriculture/environmental markets. It does not address wastewater issues, with the exception of wastewater as an integral part of a reuse and recycle system.

METHODOLOGY
Both primary and secondary research methodologies were used in the preparation of this study. Research for this report began with a re-analysis of the available technical and business literature, as well as an evaluation of the personal records of the water treatment industry available to the author. Conversations with industry experts and company representatives and a review of their published works provide the framework for an evaluation of the RO equipment water treatment industry. Other sources of information include product literature from RO equipment suppliers, patent information, and annual reports.

Growth rates of RO system components are not the same for all world regions and are not increasing from the same base. Common to all regions, however, is that sales of RO technology are growing faster than the gross domestic products (GDPs) of countries installing the systems and more rapidly than the industries that use them. Forecasts in this report are based on announced projects and anticipated capacity additions over the next five years.

Sales dollars are as received by membrane manufacturers and converted to U.S. dollars. Equipment costs such as pumps, motors, pressure vessels, and pretreatment are evaluated separately. Post-treatment, civil works, real estate, engineering costs, computer automation, and installation are not included. Costs are adjusted to reflect U.S. dollars. Currency conversions are normalized as much as possible. Much of the historic information is from BCC Research data.

INFORMATION SOURCES
The information sources for this study include online research, patent literature, technical journals, and interviews with principals in the industry. In evaluating the global market for water treatment using RO, information was obtained from the U.S. Department of Commerce; U.S. Department of State; Aquastat, the United Nation’s global water information system; and publications from the International Desalination Association, European Desalination Association, and the Middle East Desalination Research Center. Projections for each market are made in terms of constant dollars. Historical values are for the year given.

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary 4 $0
STUDY GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE OF REPORT
METHODOLOGY
INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER

Chapter- 2: SUMMARY 4 $250
Table Summary : GLOBAL VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR WATER TREATMENT, THROUGH 2019
Figure Summary : GLOBAL VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR WATER TREATMENT, 1990-2019

Chapter- 3: OVERVIEW OF THE WATER TREATMENT INDUSTRY 34 $1722
IMPORTANCE OF CLEAN WATER
INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
WHAT IS RO?
COSTS
COMPETITIVE PROCESSES
TRENDS AND TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENTS
RESEARCH NEEDS
GLOBAL CONSIDERATIONS AND RO MARKET STATUS

Chapter- 4: RO MEMBRANE MODULES 23 $1165
MEMBRANE CHEMISTRY
TRENDS AND TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENTS
SECTOR STRUCTURE
COMPANY PROFILES
VALUE MEMBRANE MODULES IN RO SYSTEMS

Chapter- 5: PRESSURE VESSELS/HOUSINGS 8 $405
OVERVIEW
ASME SPECIFICATIONS
FRP AND STAINLESS STEEL
PRICE
SECTOR STRUCTURE
COMPANY PROFILES
VALUE PRESSURE VESSELS/HOUSINGS

Chapter- 6: CARTRIDGE PREFILTERS FOR RO SYSTEMS 13 $658
OVERVIEW
UF AND MF AS RO PRETREATMENT
THE IMPORTANCE OF PROPER PRETREATMENT
TRENDS AND TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENTS
SALES OF MEDIA AND MEMBRANE PREFILTER CARTRIDGES BY TYPE
SECTOR STRUCTURE
COMPANY PROFILES
VALUE PREFILTER CARTRIDGES FOR RO

Chapter- 7: PUMPS FOR RO WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS 17 $861
OVERVIEW
TRENDS AND TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENTS
PRICE
SECTOR STRUCTURE
COMPANY PROFILES
VALUE OF PUMPS FOR RO

Chapter- 8: ANCILLARY COMPONENTS 7 $354
VALVES, GAUGES, COMPUTER CONTROLS, PIPING, RACKS, SWITCHES, SKIDS, HOSES AND MANIFOLDS
TRENDS AND DEVELOPMENTS
GLOBAL DESIGNERS AND BUILDERS OF RO SYSTEMS
SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR ANCILLARY COMPONENTS FOR RO SYSTEMS

Chapter- 9: MAJOR MARKETS FOR RO WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS IN THE U.S. AND CANADA 34 $1722
ECONOMIC TRENDS
WATER NEEDS
MUNICIPAL WATER SUPPLIES
PROPOSED PROJECTS
HOUSEHOLD/RECREATIONAL APPLICATIONS
BOTTLED WATER
INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
MILITARY APPLICATIONS
AGRICULTURAL/ENVIRONMENTAL
OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL
VALUE OF MAJOR RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE U.S.
Table 20 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE U.S. AND CANADA BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019
Figure 11 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE U.S. AND CANADA BY TYPE, 1990-2019
Table 21 : U.S. WATER WITHDRAWALS BY SECTOR
Figure 12 : U.S. WATER WITHDRAWALS BY SECTOR

Chapter- 10: PATENT SURVEY 4 $203
BY COMPANY
BY APPLICATION

Chapter- 11: INTERNATIONAL REVERSE OSMOSIS MARKET OUTLOOK 39 $1975
OVERVIEW
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT IN WATER PROGRAMS
ROLE OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN WATER MANAGEMENT
MARKET VALUE RO SYSTEMS BY GLOBAL REGION

Chapter- 12: APPENDIX 10 $506
Table 43 : PATENT SURVEY

List of Tables
Summary Table : GLOBAL VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR WATER TREATMENT, THROUGH 2019
Table 1 : WORLD WATER WITHDRAWALS BY SECTOR, 2013
Table 2 : WATER MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY NEEDS
Table 3 : TYPICAL RO PERFORMANCE IN REMOVING CONTAMINANTS
Table 4 : SEAWATER DESALINATION, PLANT SIZE AND COST, 1991-2014
Table 5 : WIND-POWERED DESALINATION PLANTS BY LOCATION, 1998-2014
Table 6 : DESALINATION AND WATER PURIFICATION ROADMAP: NATIONAL NEEDS AND RECOMMENDED R&D
Table 7 : ESTIMATED GLOBAL RO DESALINATION CAPACITY BY REGION, 2014
Table 8 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEMS IN THE U.S. BY MARKET SECTOR, THROUGH 2019
Table 9 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEMS IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY MARKET SECTOR, THROUGH 2019
Table 10 : RO MEMBRANE MODULE SECTOR STRUCTURE, 2014
Table 11 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR RO MEMBRANE MODULES, BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
Table 12 : RO PRESSURE VESSELS SECTOR STRUCTURE, 2014
Table 13 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR PRESSURE VESSELS/HOUSINGS BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
Table 14 : RO PREFILTER SECTOR STRUCTURE, 2014
Table 15 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR CARTRIDGE PREFILTERS FOR RO SYSTEMS BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
Table 16 : RO PUMP SECTOR STRUCTURE, 2014
Table 17 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR RO PUMPS BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
Table 18 : GLOBAL SUPPLIERS OF RO SYSTEMS EPC
Table 19 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR ANCILLARY COMPONENTS OF RO SYSTEMS BY REGION, THROUGH 2018
Table 20 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE U.S. AND CANADA BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019
Table 21 : U.S. WATER WITHDRAWALS BY SECTOR
Table 22 : U.S. STATES WITH THE LARGEST INSTALLED DESALINATION CAPACITY, 2008
Table 23 : COMPARISONS OF INTERNATIONAL DRINKING WATER AND BOTTLED WATER GUIDELINES
Table 24 : REQUIREMENTS FOR WATER AT THE POINT OF DISTRIBUTION IN THE ELECTRONICS AND SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRIES
Table 25 : VALUE OF MAJOR RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE U.S. AND CANADA BY MARKET SECTOR, THROUGH 2019
Table 26 : U.S. PATENT SURVEY BY COMPANY, JUNE 2009–JULY 2014
Table 27 : U.S. PATENT SURVEY BY APPLICATION, JUNE 2009-JULY 2014
Table 28 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
Table 29 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS IN EUROPE BY MARKET SECTOR, 2014
Table 30 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN EUROPE BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019
Table 31 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN EUROPE BY MARKET SECTOR, THROUGH 2019
Table 32 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS IN THE MIDDLE EAST BY SECTOR, 2014
Table 33 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS IN AFRICA BY SECTOR, 2014
Table 34 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019
Table 35 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA BY MARKET SECTOR, THROUGH 2019
Table 36 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS IN AUSTRALIA BY SECTOR, 2014
Table 37 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS IN ASIA BY SECTOR, 2014
Table 38 : VALUE OF RO COMPONENTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019
Table 39 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY MARKET SECTOR, THROUGH 2019
Table 40 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS FOR THE CARIBBEAN/LATIN AMERICA BY SECTOR, 2014
Table 41 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN CARIBBEAN/LATIN AMERICA BY TYPE, THROUGH 2019
Table 42 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN CARIBBEAN/LATIN AMERICA BY MARKET SECTOR, THROUGH 2019
Table 43 : PATENT SURVEY

List of Figures
Summary Figure : GLOBAL VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR WATER TREATMENT, 1990-2019
Figure 1 : WORLD WATER WITHDRAWALS BY SECTOR, 2013
Figure 2 : SEAWATER DESALINATION, PLANT SIZE AND COST, 1991-2014
Figure 3 : ESTIMATED GLOBAL RO DESALINATION CAPACITY BY REGION, 2014
Figure 4 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEMS IN THE U.S. BY MARKET SECTOR, 1990-2019
Figure 5 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEMS IN THE REST OF THE WORLD BY MARKET SECTOR, 1990-2019
Figure 6 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR RO MEMBRANE MODULES BY REGION, 1990-2019
Figure 7 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR PRESSURE VESSELS/HOUSINGS BY REGION, 1990-2019
Figure 8 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR CARTRIDGES/PREFILTERS FOR RO SYSTEMS BY REGION, 1990-2019
Figure 9 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR RO PUMPS BY REGION, 1990-2019
Figure 10 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR ANCILLARY COMPONENTS OF RO SYSTEMS BY REGION, 1990-2019
Figure 11 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE U.S. AND CANADA BY TYPE, 1990-2019
Figure 12 : U.S. WATER WITHDRAWALS BY SECTOR
Figure 13 : POTENTIALLY USABLE WATER FROM U.S. SALINE AQUIFERS
Figure 14 : U.S. STATES WITH THE LARGEST INSTALLED DESALINATION CAPACITY,
Figure 15 : VALUE OF MAJOR RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE U.S. AND CANADA BY MARKET SECTOR, 1990-2019
Figure 16 : U.S. PATENT SURVEY BY COMPANY, JUNE 2009-JULY 2014
Figure 17 : U.S. PATENT SURVEY BY APPLICATION, JUNE 2009-JULY 2014
Figure 18 : GLOBAL SALES AND PROJECTIONS FOR RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS BY REGION, 1990-2019
Figure 19 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS IN EUROPE BY MARKET SECTOR, 2014
Figure 20 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN EUROPE BY TYPE, 1990-2019
Figure 21 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN EUROPE BY MARKET SECTOR, 1990-2019
Figure 22 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS IN THE MIDDLE EAST BY SECTOR, 2014
Figure 23 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS IN AFRICA BY SECTOR, 2014
Figure 24 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA BY TYPE, 1990-2019
Figure 25 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST/AFRICA BY MARKET SECTOR, 1990-2019
Figure 26 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS IN AUSTRALIA BY SECTOR, 2014
Figure 27 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS IN ASIA BY SECTOR, 2014
Figure 28 : VALUE OF RO COMPONENTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY TYPE, 1990-2019
Figure 29 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN THE ASIA-PACIFIC REGION BY MARKET SECTOR, 1990-2019
Figure 30 : ESTIMATED WATER WITHDRAWALS FOR THE CARIBBEAN/LATIN AMERICA BY SECTOR, 2014
Figure 31 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN CARIBBEAN/LATIN AMERICA BY TYPE, 1990-2019
Figure 32 : VALUE OF RO SYSTEM COMPONENTS IN CARIBBEAN/LATIN AMERICA BY MARKET SECTOR, 1990-2019


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