United Kingdom Water Report

 Published On: Dec, 2013 |    No of Pages: 56 |  Published By: BMI Water | Format: PDF
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There a number of key differences between the water sectors of the nations within the UK.
Those of Scotland and Northern Ireland are managed by one company, owned by their government. This is
beneficial for the customers as tariffs are kept low, especially in Northern Ireland where water usage is
completely subsidised by the government and therefore free. In terms of investment however, these
nationalised sectors offer few opportunities. The privatised sectors of England and Wales are run by a
number of different private companies, each responsible for one particular region. This has resulted in a
fantastic infrastructure, nationwide water network and high quality water. All this adds up to high potential
for investment and profit. There is, however, still work to be done and upgrades and developments are
continuous. The sector is also facing mounting pressure from the government and OFWAT to decrease
tariffs and ease the pressure on consumers.
In England and Wales the private water companies that control the water sector are regulated by the Water
Regulatory Authority (OFWAT), a non-governmental body that aims to make water affordable to
customers while still providing a profit for the providers. There are currently 16 regional water companies
throughout the two countries, responsible for water provision as well as wastewater treatment. This set up is
in contrast to that in Scotland where one, government run company is responsible for the water sector,
potentially meaning better tariffs for customers but allowing no room for competition from private
companies who may have the resources for more efficient management. In Northern Ireland the situation is
slightly different again with one government led company having a monopoly on the sector, but receiving
complete subsidy from the government resulting in no charges on water for the customers.

Industry View 7
Political 11
Economic 13
Business Environment 14
Industry Forecast 15
Water Extraction 16
Table: Water Extraction, 2011-2017 17
Water Consumption 18
Table: Water Consumption, 2011-2017 19
Treatment and Sanitation 20
Scottish Water Sector 20
Table: Scottish Water Statistics, 2007-2010 21
Industry Risk Reward Ratings 22
Table: Table: Europe Water Risk and Reward Ratings 22
Rewards 22
Risks 23
Market Overview 24
Water supply and consumption 25
Table: Agricultural Water Consumption, 2011 25
Table: Water Consumption by Sector, 2005-2011 26
Distribution 26
Table: Selection of UK Water Companies Ownership, 2012 26
Treatment and sanitation 28
Regulations and Tariffs 29
Industry Trends And Developments 32
Table: UK Water Infrastructure, 2011-2013 33
Table: UK Water Projects 35
Competitive Landscape 37
Scottish Water 37
Northern Ireland Water 37
Private Water Companies in England and Wales 38
Thames Water 38
Global Industry Overview 40
Table: Hotel Water Consumption by Region (litres per guest per night) 43
Demographic Forecast 47
Table: The United Kingdom's Population By Age Group, 1990-2020 ('000) 48
Table: The United Kingdom's Population By Age Group, 1990-2020 (% of total) 49
Table: The United Kingdom's Key Population Ratios, 1990-2020 50
Table: The United Kingdom's Rural And Urban Population, 1990-2020 50
Methodology 51
Industry Forecast Methodology 51
Sources 53
Risk/Reward Rating Methodology 53
Table: Water Risk Reward Rating Indicators 54
Table: Weighting of Indicators (%) 55

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