World Batteries

 Published On: Jul, 2015 |    No of Pages: 515 |  Published By: Freedonia | Format: PDF
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Global demand to rise 7.7% annually through 2019
Global demand for primary and secondary batteries is forecast to rise 7.7 percent per year to $120 billion in 2019. Rapidly expanding production of hybrid and electric vehicles (H/EVs), particularly in Western Europe and the US, will fuel purchases of high-cost batteries used to power such vehicles. In developing regions, improving levels of disposable income and consumer spending will support sales of high-drain electronics (e.g., cell phones, personal computers), boosting demand for both primary and secondary replacement batteries. A shift to better performing primary batteries (including alkaline and lithium types) as incomes rise is also expected to drive market advances in the developing world. In the industrial battery market, expanding investment in energy storage systems to provide backup power and/or frequency regulation will spur sales.

China, India to post strongest performance
China will remain the largest national market for batteries through 2019. Rising output from the country’s massive manufacturing sector -- particularly in the motor vehicle and electrical and electronic product industries -- will support double-digit yearly advances in the local battery market. Investments to expand electrical generation capacity will bolster demand for batteries used in energy storage applications. India is also forecast to post double-digit annual gains in battery sales through 2019, driven by rising personal incomes that will increase the affordability of battery-consuming products such as consumer electronics and automobiles. North America and Western Europe are projected to see strong increases in battery demand through 2019, driven largely by expansion in their automotive markets as production and sales of H/EVs soar (partly a consequence of falling lithium-ion battery prices and increased affordability of H/EVs). Countries in these regions will also see growing demand for battery-based systems that store energy and regulate power frequencies, particularly as these regions increasingly integrate wind and solar facilities with national electrical grids. In the US especially, suppliers of advanced industrial batteries are benefiting from increased installation of microgrids and off-grid renewable energy systems.

Secondary batteries to outpace primary types
The market for secondary batteries is expected to rise at a faster rate than sales of primary batteries. The popularity of portable electronics has grown rapidly, expanding the share of the market held by secondary battery suppliers. Rising output of H/EVs, as well as growing numbers of motor vehicles in use in developing countries, will also benefit suppliers, boosting demand for both OEM and aftermarket batteries. Lithiumion secondary batteries are forecast to register the strongest annual gains through 2019, boosted by their expanding use in electronics and H/EVs. World demand for primary batteries is expected to rise at a more moderate pace. Growth will be limited by the ongoing adoption of secondary batteries in electronics applications, where these products are increasingly preferred, especially as recharge times drop. However, increased penetration of higher priced alkaline and lithium primary batteries will prevent slower advances, as these products continue to take share from lower cost zinc-carbon types.

Study coverage
This Freedonia industry study, World Batteries, presents historical demand data (2004, 2009 and 2014) plus forecasts (2019 and 2024) by product and market for six world regions and 34 countries. The study also considers market environment factors, forecasts fuel cell demand, details company market share and profiles global industry players.

INTRODUCTION xiii

I. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1

II. MARKET ENVIRONMENT 4
General 4
World Economic Overview 5
Recent Historical Trends 7
World Economic Outlook 8
World Personal Consumption Expenditures 11
World Demographic Outlook 15
World Manufacturing Outlook 18
World Motor Vehicle Outlook 21
Motor Vehicles In Use 22
Motor Vehicle Production Trends 24
Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Outlook 27
Hybrid Vehicles 29
Electric Vehicles 31
World Electrical & Electronics Sector Outlook 31
Pricing Patterns 34
Environmental & Regulatory Considerations 37

III. TECHNOLOGY 41
General 41
Battery Construction & Operation 43
Conventional Battery Chemistries 45
Alkaline 45
Zinc-Carbon 46
Lead-Acid 47
Nickel-Cadmium 49
Other 49
Advanced Battery Chemistries 50
Lithium 51
Nickel-Metal Hydride 53
Zinc-Air 54
Sodium-Metal Halide 55
Other 55
Microgrids & Renewable Energy Storage 56
Fuel Cells & Other Alternative Power Sources 58
Fuel Cells 58
Other Alternative Power Sources 60

IV. WORLD SUPPLY & DEMAND 63
General 63
Regional Overview 64
Demand by Region 65
Per Capita Battery Demand & GDP Relationship 68
Production by Region 71
International Trade 74
Primary Batteries 76
Secondary Batteries 77
Demand by Product 78
Primary 80
Alkaline 82
Zinc-Carbon 84
Lithium 86
Other 88
Secondary 91
Lead-Acid 93
Lithium-Ion 95
Nickel-Based 99
Other 102
Demand by Market 105
Consumer 107
Automotive 109
Industrial & Other 113

V. NORTH AMERICA 116
Economic Overview 116
Battery Supply & Demand 117
Primary Battery Outlook 120
Secondary Battery Outlook 121
United States 123
Canada 134
Mexico 141

VI. WESTERN EUROPE 150
Economic Overview 150
Battery Supply & Demand 151
Primary Battery Outlook 155
Secondary Battery Outlook 156
Germany 158
France 167
United Kingdom 174
Italy 182
Spain 191
Other Western Europe 198
Netherlands 208
Belgium 209
Sweden 210
Switzerland 210
Austria 211
All Other Western Europe 211

VII. ASIA/PACIFIC 213
Economic Overview 213
Battery Supply & Demand 214
Primary Battery Outlook 218
Secondary Battery Outlook 219
China 221
Japan 229
South Korea 238
India 244
Indonesia 253
Taiwan 260
Other Asia/Pacific 267
Australia 276
Thailand 277
Malaysia 278
Hong Kong 278
Singapore 279
All Other Asia/Pacific 279

VIII. OTHER REGIONS 281
Central & South America 281
Economic Overview 281
Battery Supply & Demand 282
Brazil 287
Other Central & South America 294
Argentina 303
Colombia 303
All Other Central & South America 304
Eastern Europe 304
Economic Overview 304
Battery Supply & Demand 306
Russia 311
Other Eastern Europe 318
Poland 327
Czech Republic 327
Ukraine 328
All Other Eastern Europe 328
Africa/Mideast 329
Economic Overview 329
Battery Supply & Demand 330
Supply & Demand by Country 336
Turkey 337
Iran 338
South Africa 339
All Other Africa/Mideast 339

IX. INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 341
General 341
Industry Composition 342
Market Share 345
Primary Batteries 346
Lead-Acid Secondary Batteries 347
Non-Lead-Acid Secondary Batteries 348
Research & Product Development 349
Manufacturing 352
Marketing & Distribution 353
Cooperative Agreements 355
Product Development & Manufacturing 355
Supply, Distribution, & Licensing 362
Financial Requirements 367
Acquisitions & Divestitures 368
Company Profiles 371
Aérospatiale Batteries, see Saft Groupe
AMCO-Saft India, see Saft Groupe
A123 Systems, see Wanxiang Group
ASB Group, see Saft Groupe
Atlas Battery, see GS Yuasa
Automotive Energy Supply, see NEC
Banner GmbH 372
BASF SE 374
Blue Energy, see GS Yuasa
BYD Company Limited 376
C&D Technologies Incorporated 378
Century Yuasa Batteries Proprietary, see GS Yuasa
China Shoto, see Shoto Group
Coslight Technology International Group Limited 380
CSB Battery, see Hitachi
Duracell, see Procter & Gamble
EaglePicher Technologies, see OM Group
East Penn Manufacturing Company Incorporated 384
Ecoult, see East Penn Manufacturing
Electrochem Solutions, see Greatbatch
Energizer Holdings Incorporated 388
EnerSys 391
Ener-Tek International, see OM Group
Eveready Industries India Limited 397
Exide Industries Limited 399
Exide Technologies 402
Fengfan Company Limited 408
FIAMM SpA 409
Global Battery, see GS Yuasa
GP Batteries International Limited 411
Greatbatch Incorporated 415
Grupo Cegasa 418
GS Yuasa Corporation 420
Guangzhou Tiger Head Battery Group Company Limited 428
Henan Huanyu Group Company Limited 429
Hitachi Limited 431
HL Greenpower, see LG Chem
Huanyu New Energy Technology, see Henan Huanyu
Group
Johnson Controls Incorporated 436
KCM Marketing, see East Penn Manufacturing
Lexel Battery Shenzhen, see Coslight Technology
International Group
LG Chem Limited 442
Lithium Energy and Power, see GS Yuasa
Lithium Energy Japan, see GS Yuasa
MK Battery, see East Penn Manufacturing
Mutlu Akü ve Malzemeleri Sanayii AS 446
NEC Corporation 447
OM Group Incorporated 450
Panasonic Corporation 453
Philippine Batteries Incorporated 459
Procter & Gamble Company 461
Quallion, see EnerSys
Saft Groupe SA 464
Samsung SDI Company Limited 469
SB LiMotive, see Samsung SDI
Shenzhen BAK Battery Company Limited 473
Shoto Group Company Limited 474
Siam GS Battery, see GS Yuasa
Simplo Technology Company Limited 476
SK Innovation Company Limited 477
Smart Storage Proprietary, see East Penn Manufacturing
Sony Corporation 479
Spectrum Brands Holdings Incorporated 482
Tata AutoComp GY Batteries, see GS Yuasa
TCL Corporation 485
Toshiba Corporation 486
Uniross, see Eveready Industries India
VARTA Consumer Batteries, see Spectrum Brands
Holdings
Wanxiang Group Corporation 489
Yardney Technical Products, see OM Group
Other Companies Mentioned in the Study 493

LIST OF TABLES

SECTION I -- EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Summary Table 3

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 World Gross Domestic Product by Region 11
2 World Personal Consumption Expenditures by Region 15
3 World Population by Region 18
4 World Manufacturing Value Added by Region 21
5 World Motor Vehicles in Use by Type & Region 24
6 World Motor Vehicle Production by Type & Region 27
7 World Hybrid & Electric Vehicle Production by Type & Region 29
8 World Electrical & Electronic Product Manufacturing Value Added by Region 33
9 World Battery Pricing 36

SECTION III -- TECHNOLOGY
1 World Commercial Fuel Cell Demand 60

SECTION IV -- WORLD SUPPLY & DEMAND
1 World Battery Demand by Region 67
2 World Battery Shipments by Region 73
3 World Battery Net Exports by Region 76
4 World Primary Battery Net Exports by Region 77
5 World Secondary Battery Net Exports by Region 78
6 World Battery Demand by Product 79
7 World Primary Battery Demand by Chemistry 81
8 World Primary Alkaline Battery Demand by Region 83
9 World Primary Zinc-Carbon Battery Demand by Region 85
10 World Primary Lithium Battery Demand by Region 88
11 World Other Primary Battery Demand by Region 91
12 World Secondary Battery Demand by Chemistry 92
13 World Lead-Acid Secondary Battery Demand by Region 95
14 World Lithium-Ion Secondary Battery Demand by Region 99
15 World Nickel-Based Secondary Battery Demand by Region 102
16 Other Secondary Battery Demand by Region 104
17 World Battery Demand by Market 106
18 World Consumer Battery Demand by Product & Region 109
19 World Automotive Battery Demand By Market, Vehicle Type, & Region 112
20 World Industrial & Other Battery Demand by Product & Region 115

SECTION V -- NORTH AMERICA
1 North America: Battery Supply & Demand 119
2 North America: Primary Battery Demand 121
3 North America: Secondary Battery Demand 123
4 United States: Battery Supply & Demand 128
5 United States: Primary Battery Demand 130
6 United States: Secondary Battery Demand 133
7 Canada: Battery Supply & Demand 137
8 Canada: Primary Battery Demand 138
9 Canada: Secondary Battery Demand 141
10 Mexico: Battery Supply & Demand 145
11 Mexico: Primary Battery Demand 147
12 Mexico: Secondary Battery Demand 149

SECTION VI -- WESTERN EUROPE
1 Western Europe: Battery Supply & Demand 154
2 Western Europe: Primary Battery Demand 156
3 Western Europe: Secondary Battery Demand 158
4 Germany: Battery Supply & Demand 162
5 Germany: Primary Battery Demand 164
6 Germany: Secondary Battery Demand 166
7 France: Battery Supply & Demand 171
8 France: Primary Battery Demand 172
9 France: Secondary Battery Demand 174
10 United Kingdom: Battery Supply & Demand 178
11 United Kingdom: Primary Battery Demand 180
12 United Kingdom: Secondary Battery Demand 182
13 Italy: Battery Supply & Demand 187
14 Italy: Primary Battery Demand 188
15 Italy: Secondary Battery Demand 190
16 Spain: Battery Supply & Demand 194
17 Spain: Primary Battery Demand 196
18 Spain: Secondary Battery Demand 198
19 Other Western Europe: Battery Supply & Demand 202
20 Other Western Europe: Primary Battery Demand 204
21 Other Western Europe: Secondary Battery Demand 206
22 Other Western Europe: Battery Supply & Demand by Country 208

SECTION VII -- ASIA/PACIFIC
1 Asia/Pacific: Battery Supply & Demand 217
2 Asia/Pacific: Primary Battery Demand 219
3 Asia/Pacific: Secondary Battery Demand 220
4 China: Battery Supply & Demand 225
5 China: Primary Battery Demand 227
6 China: Secondary Battery Demand 229
7 Japan: Battery Supply & Demand 233
8 Japan: Primary Battery Demand 235
9 Japan: Secondary Battery Demand 237
10 South Korea: Battery Supply & Demand 241
11 South Korea: Primary Battery Demand 242
12 South Korea: Secondary Battery Demand 244
13 India: Battery Supply & Demand 248
14 India: Primary Battery Demand 250
15 India: Secondary Battery Demand 252
16 Indonesia: Battery Supply & Demand 256
17 Indonesia: Primary Battery Demand 258
18 Indonesia: Secondary Battery Demand 260
19 Taiwan: Battery Supply & Demand 264
20 Taiwan: Primary Battery Demand 265
21 Taiwan: Secondary Battery Demand 267
22 Other Asia/Pacific: Battery Supply & Demand 271
23 Other Asia/Pacific: Primary Battery Demand 272
24 Other Asia/Pacific: Secondary Battery Demand 274
25 Other Asia/Pacific: Battery Supply & Demand by Country 276

SECTION VIII -- OTHER REGIONS
1 Central & South America: Battery Supply & Demand 284
2 Central & South America: Primary Battery Demand 285
3 Central & South America: Secondary Battery Demand 287
4 Brazil: Battery Supply & Demand 291
5 Brazil: Primary Battery Demand 292
6 Brazil: Secondary Battery Demand 294
7 Other Central & South America: Battery Supply & Demand 297
8 Other Central & South America: Primary Battery Demand 299
9 Other Central & South America: Secondary Battery Demand 301
10 Other Central & South America: Battery Supply & Demand by Country 302
11 Eastern Europe: Battery Supply & Demand 308
12 Eastern Europe: Primary Battery Demand 309
13 Eastern Europe: Secondary Battery Demand 311
14 Russia: Battery Supply & Demand 315
15 Russia: Primary Battery Demand 316
16 Russia: Secondary Battery Demand 318
17 Other Eastern Europe: Battery Supply & Demand 321
18 Other Eastern Europe: Primary Battery Demand 323
19 Other Eastern Europe: Secondary Battery Demand 325
20 Other Eastern Europe: Battery Supply & Demand by Country 326
21 Africa/Mideast: Battery Supply & Demand 332
22 Africa/Mideast: Primary Battery Demand 334
23 Africa/Mideast: Secondary Battery Demand 335
24 Africa/Mideast: Battery Supply & Demand by Country 337

SECTION IX -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 World Battery Sales by Company, 2014 344
2 Selected Cooperative Agreements for Product Development & Manufacturing 357
3 Selected Cooperative Agreements for Supply, Distribution, & Licensing 363
4 Selected Acquisitions & Divestitures 369

LIST OF CHARTS

SECTION II -- MARKET ENVIRONMENT
1 World Battery Deflators, 2004-2024 37

SECTION III -- TECHNOLOGY
1 Basic Battery Construction 44

SECTION IV -- WORLD SUPPLY & DEMAND
1 World Battery Demand by Region, 2014 68
2 Per Capita Battery Demand/Per Capita GDP Relationship, 2014 70
3 World Battery Shipments by Region, 2014 74
4 World Primary Battery Demand by Chemistry, 2014 81
5 World Secondary Battery Demand by Chemistry, 2014 93
6 World Battery Demand by Market, 2014 106

SECTION V -- NORTH AMERICA
1 North America: Battery Demand by Country, 2014 120

SECTION VI -- WESTERN EUROPE
1 Western Europe: Battery Demand by Country, 2014 155

SECTION VII -- ASIA/PACIFIC
1 Asia/Pacific: Battery Demand by Country, 2014 218

SECTION IX -- INDUSTRY STRUCTURE
1 World Battery Market Share, 2014 346
2 World Primary Battery Market Share, 2014 347
3 World Lead-Acid Secondary Battery Market Share, 2014 348
4 World Non-Lead-Acid Secondary Battery Market Share, 2014 349


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