Starting the process of Investment of money is the first cornerstone to wealth creation especially when we know that India is on a fast track growth. In the pre-independence era (before 1947) India was mainly characterized by people who saves and saves-heavily. It was the country of savers.
But post-independence the growth has picked its pace and also is the rate of inflation. Prices of essential commodities like food, housing, gas, electricity, education etc has been increasing at a dramatic pace of more than 9%. This is one of the biggest disadvantages of a growing economy, inflation rate seems to fly like a limitless bull. Investment is required to fight inflation and in addition make your money grow.
Nowadays, bank rates have fallen down and are generally below the inflation rate. Therefore, keeping large amounts of money in bank is not a wise option, as in real terms the value of money decreases over a period of time. One of the options is to invest the money in stock market. But a common investor is not informed and competent enough to understand the intricacies of stock market. This is where mutual funds come to the rescue.
The mutual fund industry is a lot like the film star of the finance business. Though it is perhaps the smallest segment of the industry, it is also the most glamorous – in that it is a young industry where there are changes in the rules of the game every day, and there are constant shifts and upheavals.
Investment in mutual funds in India means pooling money in bonds, short-term money market, financial institutions, stocks and securities and dishing out returns as dividends. In India, Fund Managers manage the mutual funds. They are also referred to as portfolio managers. The mutual funds in India are regulated by the Securities Exchange Board of India.
The mutual fund is structured around a fairly simple concept, the mitigation of risk through the spreading of investments across multiple entities, which is achieved by the pooling of a number of small investments into a large bucket. Yet it has been the subject of perhaps the most elaborate and prolonged regulatory effort in the history of the country.
The Indian mutual funds industry is witnessing a rapid growth as a result of infrastructural development, increase in personal financial assets, and rise in foreign participation. With the growing risk appetite, rising income, and increasing awareness, mutual funds in India are becoming a preferred investment option compared to other investment vehicles like Fixed Deposits (FDs) and postal savings that are considered safe but give comparatively low returns.
Table of Contents:
Overview of Indian Mutual Fund Industry
History of Indian Mutual Fund Industry
Making Mutual Funds better
Association of Mutual Funds in India
Broad Guidelines issued for a Mutual Fund
Organization of a Mutual Fund
Benefits of Mutual Funds
Advantages of Mutual Funds
Disadvantages of Mutual Funds
Broad Mutual Funds Types
General Types of Mutual Funds in India
Mutual Fund Companies in India
Risk Involved with Mutual Funds
Challenges for Indian Mutual Fund Industry in India
Future of Mutual Funds in India
List of Tables & Diagrams