Global Markets for Catalysts: Focus on Catalyst Regeneration

 Published On: Jun, 2015 |    No of Pages: 414 |  Published By: BCC Research-JT Gabrielsen Consulting LLC Research | Format: PDF
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The global market for catalyst and catalyst regeneration reached nearly $23.2 billion and nearly $24.6 billion in 2013 and 2014, respectively. This market is forecasted to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 4.0% to reach $29.9 billion in 2019.

This report provides:
-An overview of the global markets for catalysts with a focus on catalyst regeneration.
-Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2011 to 2014, and projections of CAGRs through 2019.
-An understanding of how the regenerated catalyst business contributes to meeting the energy needs of the world's economies while at the same time helping to reduce the costs associated with preventing environmental degradation and remediation of adverse environmental impacts as they occur.
-Information on the main regeneration markets of refineries, chemical applications and flue/waste treatment systems.
-Assessment of market impact due to rising raw material prices and tight supply and demand curves.
-Evaluation of the role of catalyst regeneration as a key input for the production of high-quality, clean transportation fuels, and environmental cleanup of dangerous pollutants.

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
BCC Research previously published two reports on the catalyst regeneration market, first in 2006 and again in 2012. Further, BCC Research also published reports on catalysts for the environmental and energy markets in 2010 and on catalysts for the U.S. petrochemicals market in 2011.

This report is the third update to the catalyst regeneration market, and includes updated market data. Further, we have included a more detailed analysis of the catalyst market than that in the previous reports.

The global catalyst market is estimated to have been valued at nearly $23.2 billion in 2013, and is expected to grow further to $29.9 billion market by 2019 for a five-year CAGR of 4%.

The catalyst regeneration market is expected to cross the $4 billion barrier in 2014 and to grow further to nearly $4.9 billion by 2019, at a CAGR of 3.7%. This represents a potential growth of nearly $1 billion from 2014 to 2019.

The main objective of this report is to understand the current market scenario, the growth in the past few years, potential future growth and the changes that are taking place in the catalyst regeneration marketplace.

The catalyst regeneration market is closely tied to the catalyst market itself, with companies that are heavily focused on R&D growing significantly faster than those that are not. New advances in catalyst technology development also drive the regeneration market.

In this report, a detailed analysis of the four catalyst market segments (environmental, refinery, polymer and chemical catalysts) is undertaken. Market trends in the last few years are studied, and eight major industry trends are reported in Chapter Three. Another objective of the report is to understand more about catalysts and catalyst regeneration technologies. Twenty-one specific processes are addressed and thoroughly reviewed, including the details of each process, types of catalysts used, mechanisms of deactivation of the catalysts and how these catalysts can be regenerated. This chapter should give further thought to companies in the regeneration market as to which process segments of the market they can grow into.

While catalyst regeneration is a growing market, the numerous experts we consulted with felt that a primary reason for growth not occurring as fast as expected is the lack of faith users have in the regeneration process. Often, refinery operators are not convinced that the regeneration process is reliable or will provide them material that has activity on a par with fresh catalysts. Nor do they believe that the use of a regeneration process will result in cost-effective savings.

In order to educate the end user, BCC Research has studied regeneration process technology in detail, as to how the process works, what kind of monitoring is possible for the process, how the regenerated catalysts are evaluated as suitable for customer use and how such data can be presented to customers. We believe that the details presented in Chapter Five will be helpful to end users of catalyst regeneration, enabling them to ask the right questions and get the correct answers that could minimize the risk in the choice of regenerated catalysts.

Analysis of the market and an estimation of various segments of the catalyst regeneration market as well as potential growth rates are presented in the report, with this being the core focus of the report.

One key driver for catalyst market growth is changes in regulations. Regulations affecting various market segments are reviewed in Chapter Seven of the report, and this summary will be useful for catalyst manufacturers, end users and companies focused on regeneration.

An analysis of intellectual property (IP) data on catalyst regeneration is another facet of the report. This data is presented in Chapter Seven, with the objective of understanding both the technologies that have been developed, the pace of technology development and the major companies that are focused on developing IP for catalyst regeneration. The study also points out the monopolistic nature of the IP field, showing that for specific processes and catalysts used there is most likely just a single company that has been developing intellectual property. Data is presented by chronology, company, application field and technology.

The final objective of the report is to convey in-depth information about companies active in the marketplace. In the previous versions of this report, an overview of the companies was offered; in this report, further details of the companies are provided, including sales data, production facility information and market segments of operation where such data is available. Merger and acquisition data is also presented.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
The catalyst regeneration market has further consolidated since BCC Researchís previous report. Eurecat, the marketís largest player, acquired Tricat in 2013, leaving Porocel as the second largest player. These two companies now lead the regeneration market for refinery catalysts.

In the environmental catalyst arena, recent years have seen ownership changes for several companies. The segment is not as consolidated as the refinery regeneration market. The other two markets, polymer and chemical catalysts, are largely fragmented and relatively small compared with the catalyst regeneration market.

Regulatory changes are expected to significantly affect the catalyst market in the coming years, especially in automotive catalysts and other environmental applications, which are the two largest markets for catalysts. In this report, BCC Research has compiled in detail the regulatory changes that are affecting various market segments. Since the automotive and environmental market segments are vital customers for the catalyst regeneration market, BCC Research also has studied a number of refineries worldwide and has included data on production quantity and capacity of refineries worldwide by country. Also presented is data on gas-, oil- and coal-based power plants worldwide, again segmented by the number of plants and capacity by country. These are important target markets for the catalyst industry.

While market data on catalysts was presented in earlier versions of this report, detailed trade data was not included. In the current report, in-depth data is provided for the U.S., European and Japanese catalyst markets, including trade data by each state in the U.S. and catalyst price data by segment for Europe and Japan.

INTENDED AUDIENCE
This report is aimed at five major audience groups.
Companies that are active in new catalyst development and manufacturing will find the information in the report useful to compare their operations with others in the field, and also to understand their markets and customers. Specifically, the financials of several companies are presented. There is also a separate chapter discussing the regulations in various countries and market segments that affect catalyst usage.

The report will be highly useful for professionals in the financial marketplace such as private equity companies, investment managers, owners and C-level executives of companies, and investors and fund managers focused on the energy and petrochemical markets. Catalysts, while a relatively smaller cost component in the petrochemical industry, are vital in the value they add to the market, and regeneration has proven to reduce catalyst costs in half or more in various applications. With the regeneration market now consolidated in the refinery segment, consolidation in other markets, especially environmental catalysts, can be expected in the next decade. Refineries worldwide are the single largest users of catalyst regeneration; however, market penetration of regeneration technologies in this industry has not even reached half its full potential. BCC Research estimates that technological understanding of the regeneration process and its benefits by this industry are crucial to ensure continued growth for the industry, and that the technical details included in this report will be highly useful to technologists in the refining industry. The report is nontechnical in its approach and is written in a manner that makes it easy for readers to understand the market.

A detailed description of regeneration technologies is an excellent source of ideas for technologists and researchers working in the catalyst industry. Comparison of current processes used in one market may be directly applicable to other market segments, and the review of a wide range of processes presented in Chapter Four is directly useful for R&D leaders to understand and appreciate potential markets for growth for their companies. A detailed analysis of U.S. patents is presented that should evoke discussions that could open new application markets for companies. Specifically, BCC Research has proposed two potential ideas for technologists to consider that have not been considered previously.

Various related industry personnel will also benefit from the report for its broad coverage of the industry. Suppliers to the catalyst manufacturers are a market segment that will find this report useful as a reference guide. Equipment manufacturers that cater to the industry will also find the contents useful. Environmental regulatory personnel will find the report useful, as it provides the basic technology background available from the industry and details the trends in the marketplace.

SCOPE AND FORMAT
Meeting rising energy requirements and protecting the environment are among the most important applications of catalyst technology. Broadly speaking, a catalyst is a substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction by reducing the required activation energy, but is left unchanged by the reaction.

As was the case in the previous review on this topic, the refinery industry remains the largest single user of regenerated catalysts, especially in hydroprocessing to produce refined products such as gasoline and low-sulfur diesel fuel.

Regenerated catalysts find use in many types of environmental remediation, from power plant emissions control systems to industrial effluent and municipal waste treatment. Regenerated catalysts lower costs, since they can be significantly cheaper than fresh catalysts and nearly as active.

This report provides an understanding of how the regenerated catalyst business contributes to meeting the energy needs of the world economies, while at the same time helping reduce the costs associated with preventing environmental degradation and remediation of adverse environmental impacts as they occur.

While the core focus of the report is catalyst regeneration, we also review the global catalyst market and provide forecasts for various segments, as the catalyst market trends strongly drive the regeneration market trends.

The study is divided into a number of sections and covers the following aspects, each covered in separate chapters:
-Catalysts, the catalyst market scenario and projections.
-Catalyst regeneration technology by application.
-Elements involved in the processes in catalyst regeneration.
-Regulatory aspects affecting the catalyst regeneration marketplace.
-Catalyst regeneration market scenarios and projections.
-Analysis of patents in catalyst regeneration.
-Company profiles for market participants.

METHODOLOGIES AND INFORMATION SOURCES
Information presented in this report was collected and categorized from both primary and secondary information sources.

Primary information sources are thought leaders in the industry, who were contacted by E-mail, phone calls or personal visits and interviews. The author acknowledges the strong and open communication provided by several company representatives in this regard. A detailed online survey was also conducted by BCC Research that provided responses from industry personnel about the specifics of the market. The support provided by these contacts is acknowledged with appreciation.

Secondary information sources include the Internet, market publications, the U.S. Patent and Trademarks Office (USPTO), the U.S. Census Bureau, trade statistics, other specific data sources as well as books, technical journal articles, Masterís and Doctoral thesis documents, and company literature and regulatory filings.

The data collected were analyzed and extrapolated where required, and assumptions were made at several instances based on specific information that was available. The best possible attempts have been made to accurately portray the market size and trends based on the data that is available from the above-mentioned sources.

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary 6 $0
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE AND FORMAT
METHODOLOGIES AND INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER

Chapter- 2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2 $250
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

Chapter- 3: CATALYSTS AND CATALYST MARKETS 90 $2968
TYPES OF CATALYSTS
CATALYST APPLICATION MARKETS
GLOBAL CATALYSIS MARKET TRENDS
INDUSTRY ORGANIZATIONS
CATALYST INDUSTRY IN NORTH AMERICA
CATALYST INDUSTRY IN EUROPE
CATALYST INDUSTRY IN JAPAN
GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET
Table 1 : IMPORTANT CATALYTIC PROCESSES DEVELOPED SINCE 1940

Chapter- 4: TECHNOLOGIES IN CATALYST REGENERATION 58 $1397
TECHNOLOGIES IN CATALYST REGENERATION
ALKYLATION OF LIGHT AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS
ALKYLATION OF PARAFFINS AND OLEFINS
CAPROLACTAM PRODUCTION
CYCLIC ALDOL CONDENSATION
DEHYDROGENATION
DENITRIFICATION (EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION)
FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
FLUID CATALYTIC CRACKING
FLUORINATION
FRIEDEL-CRAFTS REACTION
FUEL CELL REACTIONS (PEM)
GLYCOL PRODUCTION
HYDROCARBON CONVERSION WITH IRIDIUM CATALYST
HYDROCARBON CRACKING WITH A MIX OF ISOMERIZATION AND METATHESIS CATALYSTS
KOCH PROCESS
METHANOL PRODUCTION
MOTOR VEHICLE EXHAUST PURIFICATION
OLEFIN EPOXIDATION
OLIGOMERIZATION OF LOWER OLEFINS WITH SPA CATALYST
OLIGOMERIZATION OF LOWER OLEFINS WITH ZEOLITE CATALYST
OXYGEN REMOVAL

Chapter- 5: CATALYST REGENERATION PROCESSES 24 $578
CATALYST REGENERATION: WHY AND HOW

Chapter- 6: CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET 28 $1075
HISTORY OF THE CATALYST REGENERATION MARKETPLACE
CATALYST MARKET
CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET
OFF-SITE AND ON-SITE REGENERATION
MARKET SEGMENTS
REGIONAL MARKETS
COMPANIES ACTIVE IN CATALYST REGENERATION
GLOBAL CAPACITY FOR CATALYST REGENERATION
Figure 79 : BUSINESS MODEL OF CATALYST MANUFACTURERS: INTEGRATED PLAYERS
Figure 80 : BUSINESS MODEL OF CATALYST MANUFACTURERS: INDEPENDENT PLAYERS

Chapter- 7: REGULATIONS 17 $410
INTRODUCTION
INFORMATION SOURCES
U.S. FEDERAL REGULATIONS FOR AIR POLLUTION CONTROLS
REACH: REGULATIONS IN EUROPE
REGULATIONS IN CHINA
TWO-WHEELER REGULATIONS BY COUNTRY
TRANSBOUNDARY MOVEMENT OF WASTE

Chapter- 8: PATENT ANALYSIS 21 $506
PATENT ANALYSIS
PATENT ANALYSIS BY YEAR
CORE PATENTS IN CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGY
PATENT ANALYSIS BY COMPANY
PATENT ANALYSIS BY TECHNOLOGY
PATENT ANALYSIS BY CATALYST USED
TECHNOLOGICAL ANALYSIS AND UNEXPLORED AREAS

Chapter- 9: COMPANY PROFILES 168 $2848
ACCELRYS INC.
ADVANCED CATALYST SYSTEMS LLC
ADVANCED METALLURGIC GROUP NV
AL BILAD CATALYST CO. LTD. (ABC)
ALBEMARLE CORP.
ARISTO INTELLIGENT CATALYST TECHNOLOGY
AXENS
BABCOCK HITACHI KK (NOW MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS LTD.)
BABCOCK POWER INC.
BASF
BAYER TECHNOLOGY SERVICES GMBH
BERGARI SOLUTIONS LLC
CATALYTIC COMBUSTION CORP.
CDTI
CELANESE
CHEMTRADE
CHEVRON LUMMUS GLOBAL
CHROMALOX
CLARIANT INTERNATIONAL
CLEAN HARBORS
COALOGIX (SCR-TECH LLC)
CORMETECH INC.
CRI CATALYST COMPANY LTD. (CRITERION)
DCL AMERICA INC.
DONGFANG ELECTRIC CORP. LTD.
DOW OIL AND GAS
DUPONT
EBINGER KATALYSATOR SERVICE GMBH & CO. KG
ECO-RIGEN S.R.L
ENVIRONEX INC.
ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS WORLDWIDE INC. (ESW GROUP)
ENVIROTHERM GMBH (FORMER KWH)
ERAMET GROUP
EURECAT SA
EURO SUPPORT B.V.
EUROMET
EVONIK INDUSTRIES AG
FUEL TECH INC.
FULL YIELD INDUSTRY CO. LTD. (FYI)
GENERAL CHEMICAL CORP. (GENCHEM)
GULF CHEMICAL & METALLURGICAL CORP. (GCMC)
HALDOR TOPSOE A/S
HEADWATERS TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION (HTI)
HERAEUS PRECIOUS METALS
HITACHI ZOSEN CORP.
HUNTSMAN CORP
IDEMITSU KOSAN CO. LTD.
IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES
INTERTEK
JEANBLANC INTERNATIONAL
JGC CATALYSTS AND CHEMICALS LTD. (JGC & CC)
JOHNSON MATTHEY
KAIDA CO.
KBR
KC COTTRELL
LIQTECH INTERNATIONAL A/S
LYONDELLBASELL
METCHEM (METALCHEMIC RECYCLING) BV
MIRATECH CORP.
MITSUBISHI CHEMICAL CORP.
MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRIES
MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER SYSTEMS AMERICA
MITSUI CHEMICALS INC.
MOURIK INTERNATIONAL BV
MOXBA-METREX BV
N.E. CHEMCAT CORP.
NANO
NEW CHEMICAL SYNTHESES INSTITUTE
NIKKI-UNIVERSAL CO. LTD.
NIPPON KETJEN
NIPPON SHOKUBAI CO. LTD.
NOVA CHEMICALS
PEMEX
POROCEL
PQ CORP.
RENEWABLE ENERGY GROUP (REG)
REPSOL YPF
SAMSUNG ENGINEERING CO. LTD.
SASOL
SHOWA SHELL SEKIYU KK
SINOPEC CATALYST CO. (SCC)
SOLVAY SA
STEAG ENERGY SERVICES LLC
TAIYO KOKO CO.
TANAKA HOLDINGS CO., LTD
TORFTECH GROUP
TREIBACHER INDUSTRIE AG
TRICAT
UMICORE
UNIVATION TECHNOLOGIES
UOP
VELOCYS INC.
W.R. GRACE
YARA INTERNATIONAL ASA
ZEOLYST INTERNATIONAL
ZIBO HENGJI CHEMICAL CO. LTD.
Table 86 : MAJOR COMPANIES IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST MARKETPLACE

List of Tables
Summary Table : GLOBAL CATALYST AND CATALYST REGENERATION MARKETS, THROUGH 2019
Table 1 : IMPORTANT CATALYTIC PROCESSES DEVELOPED SINCE 1940
Table 2 : EXAMPLES OF SOLID CATALYSTS BY TYPE
Table 3 : IMPORTANT PROPERTIES FOR SUPPORTS
Table 4 : SPECIFIC SURFACE AREA FOR VARIOUS SUPPORTS
Table 5 : CATALYST MANUFACTURING PROCESSES
Table 6 : CATALYST MATERIAL AND APPLICATION MARKETS SUMMARY
Table 7 : PLATINUM GROUP METALS: CATALYST APPLICATIONS
Table 8 : GLOBAL PGM DEMAND FOR AUTOMOTIVE CATALYSTS, THROUGH 2019
Table 9 : GLOBAL PLATINUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOCATALYTIC MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
Table 10 : GLOBAL PALLADIUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOCATALYTIC MARKET BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
Table 11 : LIST OF COMPANIES IN THE EMISSION CONTROL MARKET FOR AUTOMOBILES
Table 12 : REGIONAL GASOLINE SULFUR CONTENT REQUIREMENTS, 2012-2020
Table 13 : SULFUR CONTENT IN VARIOUS FUELS AND THEIR CHEMISTRY
Table 14 : MULTIPLE GENERATIONS OF PP ZN CATALYSTS
Table 15 : GLOBAL CHEMICAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011
Table 16 : SKILL SETS REQUIRED FOR CATALYST TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT
Table 17 : CHANGE IN HYDROCRACKING OVER THE LAST 50 YEARS
Table 18 : GASIFICATION POTENTIAL FOR VARIOUS FUELS
Table 19 : LARGEST ETHYLENE STEAM CRACKING PRODUCTION PLANTS WORLDWIDE AS OF JAN. 1, 2013
Table 20 : U.S. CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE AND COUNTRY, 2013
Table 21 : U.S. CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE AND STATE OF ORIGIN, 2013
Table 22 : U.S. CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE AND COUNTRY, 2013
Table 23 : MEMBER COMPANIES OF EUROPEAN CATALYST MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
Table 24 : EUROPEAN CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013
Table 25 : EUROPEAN CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013
Table 26 : AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY TYPE IN EUROPE, 2010-2013
Table 27 : MEMBER COMPANIES OF CATALYST ASSOCIATION IN JAPAN
Table 28 : AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY SEGMENT, 2010-2013
Table 29 : GLOBAL CATALYST TRADE EXPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2010-2012
Table 30 : GLOBAL CATALYST TRADE IMPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2010-2012
Table 31 : LIST OF ALKYLATION REACTIONS
Table 32 : LIST OF SULFURIC ACID REGENERATION FACILITIES
Table 33 : DEHYDROGENATION PROCESSES IN COMMERCIAL OPERATION
Table 34 : COMPARISON OF ISOBUTANE DEHYDROGENATION PROCESSES
Table 35 : EMISSIONS FROM VARIOUS FOSSIL FUELS
Table 36 : PROPERTIES OF ORIMULSION COMPARED WITH ORINOCO OIL AND FUEL OIL C
Table 37 : FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS CONDITIONS, CATALYSTS AND REGENERATION TECHNIQUES
Table 38 : COMPATIBILITY AND COMPARISON OF REFINING TECHNOLOGIES WITH FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
Table 39 : GUIDE FOR THE AMOUNT OF MANGANESE AND ANTIMONY TO BE USED IN THE CATALYST FOR FCC REACTIONS
Table 40 : LIST OF FLUORINATION REACTIONS
Table 41 : UNIQUE PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC FLUORINE COMPOUNDS AND APPLICATION MARKETS
Table 42 : FLUORINE CHEMICALS AND MARKET APPLICATIONS
Table 43 : COMPARISON OF ANISOLE CONVERSION BY FRIEDEL-CRAFTS REACTION UNDER 12 DIFFERENT CATALYSIS CONDITIONS
Table 44 : COMPARISON OF FRIEDEL-CRAFTS CONVERSION OF ANISOLE WITH CARBOXYLIC ACIDS WITH MULTIPLE CATALYSTS
Table 45 : IONIC LIQUID CATALYST REUSABILITY FOR THE FRIEDEL-CRAFTS REACTION OF PHENOL
Table 46 : REACTIVITY OF CATALYST USED IN OLEFIN EPOXIDATION UNDER VARIOUS REGENERATION CONDITIONS
Table 47 : ILLUSTRATIVE STEPS FOR A SEQUENTIAL REACTOR ROTATION TO OPTIMALLY USE ZEOLITE CATALYST IN OLEFIN OLIGOMERIZATION
Table 48 : PROCESSES, CATALYSTS AND POISONS
Table 49 : COKE DEPOSIT CONSTITUENTS
Table 50 : PROPERTY TARGETS FOR REGENERATED CATALYSTS
Table 51 : HYDROTREATING CATALYSTS AND MANUFACTURERS
Table 52 : REGENERATION OF HYDROTREATING CATALYST
Table 53 : COMPONENTS OF EXHAUST FROM GASOLINE AND DIESEL ENGINES
Table 54 : INDUSTRIAL PROCESSES AND EMISSIONS
Table 55 : FINANCIAL ANALYSIS FOR CATALYST REGENERATION: SCR UNIT
Table 56 : ALUMINA SUPPORT PHASE TRANSFORMATIONS
Table 57 : ZEOLITE CARRIERS USED IN CATALYSIS
Table 58 : USES OF REGENERATED CATALYSTS BY APPLICATION
Table 59 : COMPARISON OF METAL RECOVERY BY VARIOUS LEACHING AND ROASTING METHODS
Table 60 : GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, THROUGH 2019
Table 61 : GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET, THROUGH 2019
Table 62 : SHARES OF FRESH AND REGENERATED CATALYSTS IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011-2019
Table 63 : ON-SITE AND OFF-SITE CATALYST REGENERATION, THROUGH 2019
Table 64 : ON-SITE AND OFF-SITE CATALYST REGENERATION, 2011-2019
Table 65 : LARGEST REFINERIES IN THE WORLD
Table 66 : CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2013
Table 67 : CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2019
Table 68 : CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2011-2019
Table 69 : COMPARISON OF EMISSIONS FROM COAL AND NATURAL GAS POWER PLANTS
Table 70 : COAL POWER PLANTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY, NUMBER OF PLANTS AND TOTAL CAPACITY, 2014
Table 71 : OIL-POWERED PLANTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY, NUMBER OF PLANTS AND TOTAL CAPACITY, 2014
Table 72 : GAS-POWERED PLANTS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY, NUMBER OF PLANTS AND TOTAL CAPACITY, 2014
Table 73 : GLOBAL REFINING CAPACITY BY REGION, THROUGH 2019
Table 74 : COMPANIES ACTIVE IN CATALYST REGENERATION
Table 75 : GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION CAPACITY, THROUGH 2019
Table 76 : INFORMATION SOURCES FOR REGULATIONS AND POLICIES AFFECTING THE CATALYST REGENERATION INDUSTRY
Table 77 : HISTORY OF REGISTRATION REQUIREMENTS UNDER REACH
Table 78 : CHEMICALS REGISTERED UNDER REACH BY EURECAT AND TRICAT
Table 79 : TWO-WHEELER EMISSION REGULATIONS BY COUNTRY
Table 80 : COMPANIES ACTIVE IN ORGANIZATIONS RELATED TO EMISSION CONTROLS IN VARIOUS REGIONAL MARKETS
Table 81 : U.S. PATENTS SPECIFIC TO CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES, 1976 TO APRIL 2015
Table 82 : NUMBER OF U.S. CATALYST REGENERATION PATENTS BY COMPANY
Table 83 : NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS BY CATALYST TYPE AND ASSIGNEE COMPANIES FOR CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES
Table 84 : CATALYSTS MENTIONED IN PATENTS BY CARRIER TYPE
Table 85 : LIST OF COUNTRIES WITH CATALYST IMPORTS EXCEEDING $50 MILLION, 2012
Table 86 : MAJOR COMPANIES IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST MARKETPLACE
Table 87 : LIST OF AL BILAD CUSTOMERS WORLDWIDE BY COUNTRY
Table 88 : ALBEMARLE: PARTNERSHIPS AND JOINT VENTURES SUMMARY
Table 89 : AXENS: LIST OF CATALYSTS BY INDUSTRY AND APPLICATION
Table 90 : HONDA VEHICLE PLATFORMS WITH CDTI TECHNOLOGIES
Table 91 : U.S. PATENTS ASSIGNED TO CELANESE RELATED TO CATALYSTS AND REGENERATION
Table 92 : TECHNOLOGY INNOVATIONS AT CHEVRON LUMMUS SINCE 1959
Table 93 : LIST OF CUSTOMER UNITS RUNNING LC-FINING TECHNOLOGY
Table 94 : CLARIANT COMPANY FINANCIALS, CATALYST SEGMENT AND SUBSIDIARIES
Table 95 : CLARIANT CATALYST PORTFOLIO
Table 96 : LIST OF CUSTOMERS AND CATALYSTS REGENERATED BY EBINGER
Table 97 : LIST OF CUSTOMER OF ENVIRONEX
Table 98 : LIST OF CUSTOMERS OF ENVIROTHERM
Table 99 : LIST OF CATALYSTS OFFERED BY EVONIK
Table 100 : IFP: PORTFOLIO OF INDUSTRIAL INVESTMENTS
Table 101 : LIST OF COMPANIES THAT COLLABORATE WITH IFP
Table 102 : COMPARISON OF PROPYLENE PRODUCTION PROCESSES
Table 103 : JOHNSON MATTHEY CATALYSTS AND PROCESSES SUPPORTED
Table 104 : DPF REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES: A COMPARISON
Table 105 : CATALYSTS FROM KAIDA SHOWING PGM LOADING LEVELS BY APPLICATION
Table 106 : NIPPON SHOBUKAI FINANCIALS FOR CATALYST SEGMENT,2011-2013
Table 107 : POROCEL DISTRIBUTION OF CATALYST REGENERATION BY TYPE OF CATALYST, 2014
Table 108 : COMPARISON OF IRON AND COBALT CATALYSTS FOR THE FISCHER-TROPSCH PROCESS
Table 109 : U.S. PATENTS GRANTED TO SYNTROLEUM ON CATALYST REGENERATION
Table 110 : SAMSUNG ENGINEERING PROJECTS RELATED TO CATALYST MARKETS
Table 111 : TECHNOLOGIES LICENSED BY SINOPEC WITH CATALYST REGENERATION
Table 112 : SINOPEC CATALYSTS THAT CAN BE REGENERATED
Table 113 : CATALYST PRODUCTS FROM TANAKA
Table 114 : LIST OF VELOCYS REACTORS WORLDWIDE
Table 115 : COMPARISON OF HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER BY MICROCHANNEL TECHNOLOGY AND CONVENTIONAL PROCESSES

List of Figures
Summary Figure : GLOBAL CATALYST AND CATALYST REGENERATION MARKETS, 2011-2019
Figure 1 : GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY TECHNOLOGY, 2014
Figure 2 : VARIOUS CATALYST SHAPES
Figure 3 : GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2014
Figure 4 : GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET GROWTH PROJECTION BY SEGMENTS, 2011-2017
Figure 5 : GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET: ATTRACTIVENESS BY SEGMENT
Figure 6 : LIGHT VEHICLE PRODUCTION TRENDS, 2013-2020
Figure 7 : HEAVY-DUTY VEHICLE PRODUCTION TRENDS, 2013-2020
Figure 8 : FUEL EMISSIONS REGULATORY TRENDS BY COUNTRY, 2010-2020
Figure 9 : GASOLINE ENGINE, REGULATORY CONTROLS, TRENDS
Figure 10 : DIESEL ENGINE, REGULATORY CONTROLS AND TRENDS
Figure 11 : DISTRIBUTION OF PLATINUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOMOTIVE CATALYST MARKET BY REGION, 2013
Figure 12 : DISTRIBUTION OF PALLADIUM DEMAND WITHIN THE AUTOMOTIVE CATALYST MARKET BY REGION, 2013
Figure 13 : FLEET AVERAGE WEIGHT AND CO2 EMISSIONS BY CAR MAKER AND EU TARGETS FOR 2020
Figure 14 : NOX REDUCTION CATALYSTS FOR MOBILE AND FIXED SOURCES
Figure 15 : SULFUR CONTENT IN CRUDE FROM VARIOUS GLOBAL LOCATIONS
Figure 16 : SULFUR STANDARDS WORLDWIDE BY REGION, 2015
Figure 17 : GLOBAL SULFUR STANDARDS FOR FUELS, 2012-2025
Figure 18 : DESULFURIZATION CAPACITY ADDITIONS AND PROJECTIONS, 2012-2035
Figure 19 : WORLD FUEL OIL MARKETS: INLAND AND BUNKER, 2000-2020
Figure 20 : IMO TIMELINE FOR SULFUR CONTENT REDUCTIONS, 2008-2025
Figure 21 : DEODORIZATION BY HONEYCOMB CATALYSTS
Figure 22 : PROVEN OIL RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2014
Figure 23 : OIL PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2013
Figure 24 : TOP PETROLEUM COMPANIES BY CRUDE OIL PRODUCTION,2012
Figure 25 : PROVEN NATURAL GAS RESERVES BY COUNTRY, 2014
Figure 26 : NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY COUNTRY, 2013
Figure 27 : TOP COMPANIES FOR NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION, 2012
Figure 28 : TOP PETROLEUM COMPANIES BY REVENUE, 2012
Figure 29 : SCHEMATIC OF A TYPICAL REFINERY OPERATIONS
Figure 30 : GLOBAL REFINERY CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013
Figure 31 : REFINERY CATALYST MARKET GROWTH PROJECTION BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013 AND 2019
Figure 32 : GLOBAL REFINERY CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY REGION, 2012
Figure 33 : GLOBAL HYDROPROCESSING CATALYST MARKET STRUCTURE CHANGE, 1985 VS. 2012
Figure 34 : GLOBAL SHALE GAS PRODUCTION BY REGION, 1990-2035
Figure 35 : UNITED STATES NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION BY SOURCE, 1990-2040
Figure 36 : GLOBAL POLYMER CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013
Figure 37 : POLYMER CATALYST MARKET GROWTH PROJECTION BY SUBSEGMENT, 2013 AND 2019
Figure 38 : POLYPROPYLENE ZIEGLER-NATTA CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY COMPANY, 2013
Figure 39 : LINEAR POLYETHYLENE CATALYSTS MARKET SHARES BY COMPANY, 2013
Figure 40 : TRENDS IN CATALYST DEVELOPMENT IN HYDROCRACKING
Figure 41 : MARKET DRIVERS FOR COAL-BASED PROCESSES IN CHINA
Figure 42 : CHEMICALS AND INDUSTRIES SUPPORTED BY NATURAL GAS
Figure 43 : COST CURVE FOR NEW GTL PLANT INSTALLATIONS
Figure 44 : PROPYLENE DEMAND AND SUPPLY, 2001-2021
Figure 45 : PROPYLENE YIELDS FROM VARIOUS PRODUCTION PROCESSES
Figure 46 : PROPYLENE END-USE MARKETS: HISTORIC CHANGES, 1970 VS. 2004
Figure 47 : POLYOLEFINS PRODUCTION CAPACITIES OF TOP PLAYERS, 2013
Figure 48 : GLOBAL POLYOLEFIN MARKET BY REGION, 2005-2020
Figure 49 : U.S. CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013
Figure 50 : U.S. CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013
Figure 51 : EUROPEAN CATALYST IMPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013
Figure 52 : EUROPEAN CATALYST EXPORTS BY TYPE, 2010-2013
Figure 53 : AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY TYPE IN EUROPE, 2010-2013
Figure 54 : NON-PGM CATALYST MARKET SHARES IN EUROPE BY METAL TYPE, 2012
Figure 55 : AVERAGE PRICES FOR CATALYSTS BY SEGMENT, 2010-2013
Figure 56 : JAPANESE CATALYST PRODUCTION BY MARKET SEGMENT, 2010-2013
Figure 57 : JAPANESE CATALYST MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2010-2013
Figure 58 : JAPANESE CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2013
Figure 59 : MARKET SHARES OF CATALYST EXPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2012
Figure 60 : MARKET SHARES OF CATALYST IMPORTS BY COUNTRY, 2012
Figure 61 : CATALYST ACTIVITY WITH PARTICLE SIZE AND PROCESS
Figure 62 : ESTIMATED GLOBAL LINEAR ALKYL BENZENE (LAB) DEMAND BY REGION/COUNTRY, 2015
Figure 63 : COMPARISON OF EFFICIENCIES OF SOLID-STATE CATALYSTS USED IN ALKYLATION REACTIONS
Figure 64 : COMPARISON OF ISOBUTANE DEHYDROGENATION PROCESSES
Figure 65 : PROCESS CONDITIONS FOR AMMONIUM SULFATE AND HYDROSULFATE FORMATION AND DEPOSITION ON SCR CATALYSTS
Figure 66 : GLOBAL GROWTH ESTIMATE FOR DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID, 2010-2020
Figure 67 : FCC SCHEMATIC
Figure 68 : ANALYSIS OF UNLOADED CATALYST FOR REGENERATION DECISION, CASE 1
Figure 69 : ANALYSIS OF UNLOADED CATALYST FOR REGENERATION DECISION, CASE 2
Figure 70 : ANALYSIS OF CATALYST FOR CARBON PROFILING OF THE REACTOR, CASE 3
Figure 71 : ANALYSIS OF CATALYST CONFIRMING REGENERATION AS NOT POSSIBLE, CASE 4
Figure 72 : CATALYST REGENERATION MONITORING BY MASS SPECTROSCOPY
Figure 73 : OPERATIONAL WINDOW FOR A THREE-WAY CATALYST
Figure 74 : OXYGEN SENSOR DATA FROM A THREE-WAY CATALYST IN OPERATION
Figure 75 : REGENERATION MONITORING FOR A PT-BAO-AL2O3 CATALYST
Figure 76 : CATALYST REGENERATION OF RHODIUM/PLATINUM CATALYST USED FOR E-85 REFORMING
Figure 77 : SCHEMATIC OF A TYPICAL SCR REACTOR
Figure 78 : CATALYST MANAGEMENT PLAN FOR AN SCR REACTOR
Figure 79 : BUSINESS MODEL OF CATALYST MANUFACTURERS: INTEGRATED PLAYERS
Figure 80 : BUSINESS MODEL OF CATALYST MANUFACTURERS: INDEPENDENT PLAYERS
Figure 81 : GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011-2019
Figure 82 : GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET, 2011-2019
Figure 83 : SHARES OF FRESH AND REGENERATED CATALYSTS IN THE GLOBAL CATALYST MARKET, 2011-2019
Figure 84 : ON-SITE AND OFF-SITE CATALYST REGENERATIONS, 2011-2019
Figure 85 : CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY SEGMENT, 2013
Figure 86 : CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET BY SEGMENT, 2011-2019
Figure 87 : GLOBAL POTENTIAL SCR CATALYST MARKET SHARES BY REGION, 2014
Figure 88 : GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION OF REFINING CAPACITY BY REGION, 2013
Figure 89 : GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION MARKET SHARES BY REGION, 2013
Figure 90 : GLOBAL CATALYST REGENERATION CAPACITY, 2011-2019
Figure 91 : NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976*
Figure 92 : NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976 BY YEAR, FIRST METHOD*
Figure 93 : NUMBER OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION TECHNOLOGIES SINCE 1976 BY YEAR, SECOND METHOD*
Figure 94 : COMPANY MARKET SHARES OF U.S. PATENTS ISSUED ON CATALYST REGENERATION
Figure 95 : SPENT CATALYST RECYCLING CAPACITY AT AMG, 2000-2014
Figure 96 : ALBEMARLE REVENUES FROM CATALYST SEGMENT, 2009-2013
Figure 97 : BASF REVENUES FROM CATALYST SUBSEGMENTS, 2009-2013
Figure 98 : DISTRIBUTION OF BASF CATALYST REVENUES BY REGION, 2013
Figure 99 : BASF CATALYST REVENUE SHARES BY MARKET, 2013
Figure 100 : EXAMPLE OF IN SITU MONITORING OF CATALYST REGENERATION FOR PROCESS CONTROL
Figure 101 : EXAMPLE OF HYDROGENATION MONITORING USING IR SPECTROSCOPY
Figure 102 : DISTRIBUTION OF CORMETECH SCR SYSTEM INSTALLATIONS BY INDUSTRY SEGMENT
Figure 103 : EURECAT COMPANY ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
Figure 104 : ROTO LOUVRE USED BY EURECAT FOR CATALYST REGENERATION
Figure 105 : COMPARISON OF OFF-SITE AND ON-SITE SULFIDATION PROCESSES
Figure 106 : CATALYST ACTIVITY THROUGH REGENERATION CYCLES FOR PROPYLENE PRODUCTION BY DTP
Figure 107 : ACTIVE DPF REGENERATION TECHNOLOGY-PROCESS DETAILS
Figure 108 : POROCEL'S MOVING BELT REGENERATION PROCESS:SCHEMATIC
Figure 109 : POROCEL DISTRIBUTION OF CATALYST REGENERATION BY TYPE OF CATALYST, 2014
Figure 110 : COMPARISON OF LAB SCALE AND COMMERCIAL SCALE CATALYST REGENERATION TESTS AT SASOL
Figure 111 : UMICORE REVENUES FROM CATALYSIS SUBSEGMENT, 2009-2013
Figure 112 : POLYETHYLENE PRODUCTION CAPACITY AND TECHNOLOGIES PROVIDED BY UNIVATION,1968-2010
Figure 113 : DISTRIBUTION OF UOP CCR PLATFORMING UNITS BY REGION
Figure 114 : UOP COMPANY REVENUES, 2009-2013
Figure 115 : DISTRIBUTION OF GAS FIELDS BY SIZE
Figure 116 : VELOCYS MICROCHANNEL REACTOR DESIGN SCHEMATIC
Figure 117 : VELOCYS IP PORTFOLIO SUMMARY
Figure 118 : W.R. GRACE CATALYST SEGMENT FINANCIALS BY MARKETS, 2011-2013
Figure 119 : W.R. GRACE CATALYST SEGMENT FINANCIALS BY REGION, 2011-2013


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