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Automotive V2X Market by Connectivity (DSRC, and Cellular), Communication (V2V, V2I, V2P, V2G, V2C, and V2D), Vehicle Type (Passenger Cars, and Commercial Vehicles), Propulsion (ICE and EV), Unit, Offering, Technology and Region - Global Forecast to 2028

Automotive V2X Market by Connectivity (DSRC, and Cellular), Communication (V2V, V2I, V2P, V2G, V2C, and V2D), Vehicle Type (Passenger Cars, and Commercial Vehicles), Propulsion (ICE and EV), Unit, Offering, Technology and Region - Global Forecast to 2028

The global automotive V2X market is projected to grow from USD 2.6 billion in 2022 to USD 19.5 billion by 2028, at a CAGR of 39.7%. Parameters such as increase in demand for connected vehicles, along with increase in demand for autonomous mobility. In addition, the advancements in 5G technology, paired with government support for V2X technology will create new opportunities for this market.

“DSRC segment is expected to be the largest market during the forecast period, by connectivity.”

Dedicated Short-Range Communications (DSRC) of the automotive V2X market is projected to be the largest segment during the forecast period. DSRC is based on IEEE 802.11p connectivity, which is a Wi-Fi offshoot. It runs in the unlicensed 5.9 GHz frequency band. This connectivity is called Wireless Access for Vehicular Environments (WAVE) and ITS-G5 in the European Cooperative Intelligent Transport Systems (C-ITS). The V2X communication through DSRC goes outside line-of-sight, unlike sensors that include radar, cameras, and LiDAR. This connectivity mainly covers V2I and V2V cases, offering speed limit alerts, electronic parking, toll payments, and collision warnings.

The functional aspects of DSRC include low latency (~2 ms), short range (under 1 km), and high reliability. The primary aspect driving the DSRC V2X market is the ability to effectively communicate among fast-moving vehicles at a data rate ranging from 3–27 Mbps over a distance of at least 300 m. DSRC connectivity has matured over the years since its introduction more than 10 years back. It has already been tested and deployed. These factors would also drive the growth of this segment.

“North America is expected to have significant growth during the forecast period.”

The North American region is estimated to demonstrate significant growth during the forecast period. The North American automotive industry is one of the fastest-growing industries at a global level. Home to the big three—Ford Motors, General Motors, and Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, the automotive market in the US has favored passenger cars with advanced comfort and safety technologies. The US is the largest market in the region and accounts for more than two-thirds of the overall market, followed by Mexico and Canada.

The market is dominated by American OEMs such as Ford Motors, General Motors, and Fiat- Chrysler Automotive, along with established European and Asian OEMs such as Toyota (Japan), Nissan (Japan), Honda (Japan), Hyundai/Kia (South Korea), BMW Group (Germany), and Volkswagen Group (Germany). The continuous progression of safety regulations in North American countries, such as the possibility of mandatory installation of rear-view cameras in the US, and discussion on mandates regarding V2V communication, would drive the North American connected car market in the coming years. The presence of key automotive players such as Qualcomm Incorporated and HARMAN International would help drive the North American V2X market.

“Electric vehicles segment is estimated to be the promising segment in the automotive V2X market during the forecast period”

Electric vehicles is expected to be the promising segment by propulsion during the forecast period. Electric vehicles represent a significant step forward in curbing pollution-related environmental concerns. However, the growing energy demands for electric vehicles also pose major challenges to the stability of the power grid. This is expected to increase the demand for Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) technology. V2G enables EVs to export their unused battery capacity back to the grid to fill gaps in renewable energy generation.

Electric vehicles equipped with V2X enable an additional V2G (vehicle-to-grid) function compared to ICE vehicles. The V2G function enables the regulation of EV charging rates or returning the electricity to the grid if not required by the EV. This communication helps improve the economic, environmental, and operational aspects of EVs. The V2V and V2I communications offer high safety and fuel economy, and this, along with V2G, offers improved performance when compared to V2X-equipped ICE vehicles.

This primary factor would drive the EV V2X market during the forecast period. Many top vehicle manufacturers, such as Nissan, offer V2X-equipped EVs. In addition, companies such as Virta Global (Finland), Nuvve Holding Corp. (US), and AC Propulsion, Inc. (US), among others offer V2X technology for end-users.

In-depth interviews were conducted with CEOs, marketing directors, other innovation and technology directors, and executives from various key organizations operating in this market.

•By Company Type: OEMs - 21%, Tier I - 31%, and Tier II - 48%
•By Designation: CXOs - 40%, Directors - 35%, and Others - 25%
•By Region: North America - 30%, Europe - 50%, Asia Pacific - 15%, and RoW - 5%

The automotive V2X market is dominated by major players including Qualcomm Incorporated (US), Autotalks (Israel), Continental AG (Germany), Cohda Wireless (Australia), and Robert Bosch GmbH (Germany). These companies have strong product portfolio as well as strong distribution networks at the global level.

Research Coverage:
The report covers the automotive V2X market, in terms of Connectivity (DSRC, and Cellular), Communication (V2V, V2I, V2P, V2G, V2C, and V2D), Vehicle Type (Passenger Cars, and Commercial Vehicles), Propulsion (Internal Combustion Engines, and Electric Vehicles), Unit (On-Board Units, and Roadside Units), Offering (Hardware, and Software), Technology (Automated Driver Assistance, Intelligent Traffic Systems, Emergency Vehicle Notification, Passenger Information System, Fleet & Asset Management, Parking Management System, Line of Sight, Non-line of Sight, Backing, and Others), and Region (Asia Pacific, Europe, North America, and Row). It covers the competitive landscape and company profiles of the major players in the automotive V2X market ecosystem.

The study also includes an in-depth competitive analysis of the key players in the market, along with their company profiles, key observations related to product and business offerings, recent developments, and key market strategies.

Key Benefits of Buying the Report:
•The report will help market leaders/new entrants in this market with information on the closest approximations of revenue numbers for the overall automotive V2X market and its subsegments.
•This report will help stakeholders understand the competitive landscape and gain more insights to better position their businesses and plan suitable go-to-market strategies.
•The report also helps stakeholders understand the pulse of the market and provides them information on key market drivers, restraints, challenges, and opportunities.
•The report also helps stakeholders understand the current and future pricing trend of different automotive V2Xs based on their capacity.
Table of Contents

1INTRODUCTION25
1.1STUDY OBJECTIVES25
1.2MARKET DEFINITION26
TABLE 1AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET DEFINITION, BY COMMUNICATION26
TABLE 2AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET DEFINITION, BY VEHICLE TYPE27
TABLE 3AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET DEFINITION, BY CONNECTIVITY27
TABLE 4AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET DEFINITION, BY UNIT27
1.2.1INCLUSIONS AND EXCLUSIONS28
TABLE 5AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: INCLUSIONS AND EXCLUSIONS28
1.3STUDY SCOPE29
FIGURE 1MARKETS COVERED29
1.3.1YEARS CONSIDERED29
1.4CURRENCY CONSIDERED30
TABLE 6CURRENCY EXCHANGE RATES30
1.5PACKAGE SIZE30
1.6STAKEHOLDERS30
1.7SUMMARY OF CHANGES31
2RESEARCH METHODOLOGY32
2.1RESEARCH DATA32
FIGURE 2AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN32
FIGURE 3RESEARCH DESIGN MODEL33
2.1.1SECONDARY DATA33
2.1.1.1Key secondary sources for automotive V2X market34
2.1.1.2Key data from secondary sources35
2.1.2PRIMARY DATA36
FIGURE 4BREAKDOWN OF PRIMARY INTERVIEWS36
2.1.2.1List of primary participants37
2.2MARKET SIZE ESTIMATION37
FIGURE 5RESEARCH METHODOLOGY: HYPOTHESIS BUILDING38
2.2.1BOTTOM-UP APPROACH39
FIGURE 6AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE: BOTTOM-UP APPROACH39
2.2.2TOP-DOWN APPROACH39
FIGURE 7TOP-DOWN APPROACH: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET39
FIGURE 8AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: MARKET ESTIMATION NOTES40
FIGURE 9AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY FOR ICE VEHICLES– DEMAND SIDE41
FIGURE 10AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES– DEMAND SIDE42
2.3DATA TRIANGULATION43
FIGURE 11DATA TRIANGULATION METHODOLOGY43
2.4FACTOR ANALYSIS44
FIGURE 12FACTOR ANALYSIS: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET44
FIGURE 13FACTOR ANALYSIS FOR MARKET SIZING: DEMAND AND SUPPLY SIDES45
2.5RESEARCH ASSUMPTIONS46
2.6RESEARCH LIMITATIONS47
3EXECUTIVE SUMMARY48
TABLE 7C-V2X EQUIPPED VEHICLES LAUNCHED IN CHINA48
FIGURE 14AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET OVERVIEW49
FIGURE 15AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–202850
FIGURE 16AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY CONNECTIVITY, 2022 VS. 202850
FIGURE 17KEY PLAYERS IN AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET51
4PREMIUM INSIGHTS52
4.1ATTRACTIVE OPPORTUNITIES IN AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET52
FIGURE 18INCREASING FOCUS TOWARD AUTONOMOUS MOBILITY AND CONNECTED CAR TECHNOLOGY TO BOOST GROWTH OF AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET52
4.2AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION52
FIGURE 19V2V TO BE DOMINANT SEGMENT OF AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (USD MILLION)52
4.3AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY CONNECTIVITY53
FIGURE 20DSRC TO BE LARGER SEGMENT OF AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (THOUSAND UNITS)53
4.4AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY PROPULSION53
FIGURE 21INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES TO REMAIN LARGER MARKET SEGMENT (THOUSAND UNITS)53
4.5AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY OFFERING54
FIGURE 22SOFTWARE TO BE LARGER SEGMENT OF AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET IN 2022 (USD MILLION)54
4.6AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE54
FIGURE 23PASSENGER CARS TO HAVE LARGER SHARE OF AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, 2022 VS. 2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)54
4.7AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY UNIT55
FIGURE 24ON-BOARD UNITS TO HAVE LARGER SHARE OF AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, 2022 VS. 2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)55
4.8AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY55
FIGURE 25AUTOMATED DRIVER ASSISTANCE TO BE LARGEST MARKET SEGMENT, 2022 VS. 2028 (USD MILLION)55
4.9AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY REGION56
FIGURE 26ASIA PACIFIC PROJECTED TO BE LARGEST MARKET FOR AUTOMOTIVE V2X56
5MARKET OVERVIEW57
5.1INTRODUCTION57
FIGURE 27KEY ELEMENTS OF VEHICLE-TO-EVERYTHING (V2X)57
TABLE 8COMPARISON OF V2X TECHNOLOGIES58
5.2MARKET DYNAMICS59
FIGURE 28AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: MARKET DYNAMICS59
5.2.1DRIVERS59
5.2.1.1Increasing demand for fully autonomous driving and safe vehicles59
TABLE 9SAFETY FACTS CONCERNING V2X COMMUNICATION60
FIGURE 29ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES FACT60
5.2.1.2Concerns over environmental pollution60
TABLE 10ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION FACTS61
5.2.1.3Developments in connected car technology and growing collaborations61
FIGURE 30IMPACT OF CONNECTED VEHICLES61
5.2.2RESTRAINTS62
5.2.2.1Latency/reliability challenges62
5.2.2.2Lack of infrastructure for proper functioning62
5.2.3OPPORTUNITIES63
5.2.3.1Government support for V2X technology63
5.2.3.2Advancements in 5G technology63
FIGURE 31HIGH-SPEED DATA AND PERFORMANCE LEVEL63
TABLE 11SPEED COMPARISON OF VARIOUS NETWORK TYPES64
TABLE 125G-V2X USE CASE PERFORMANCES64
5.2.3.3Development in autonomous vehicles64
FIGURE 32US L3 AND L4 AUTONOMOUS CAR MARKET, 2018 VS. 2022 VS. 2025 (THOUSAND UNITS)65
5.2.4CHALLENGES65
5.2.4.1Vulnerability to cyberattacks65
TABLE 13BASE STANDARDS FOR SECURITY AND PRIVACY DEVELOPED BY EUROPEAN TELECOMMUNICATIONS STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ETSI)66
TABLE 14AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: IMPACT OF MARKET DYNAMICS66
5.3AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SCENARIOS (2022–2028)67
FIGURE 33AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET FUTURE TRENDS & SCENARIOS, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)67
5.3.1MOST LIKELY SCENARIO67
TABLE 15AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (MOST LIKELY), BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)67
5.3.2OPTIMISTIC SCENARIO68
TABLE 16AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (OPTIMISTIC), BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)68
5.3.3PESSIMISTIC SCENARIO68
TABLE 17AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (PESSIMISTIC), BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)68
5.4MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS69
5.4.1GDP TRENDS AND FORECASTS FOR MAJOR ECONOMIES69
TABLE 18GDP TRENDS AND FORECASTS FOR MAJOR ECONOMIES, 2018–2026 (USD BILLION)69
5.4.2WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION STATISTICS IN 202170
TABLE 19WORLD MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION STATISTICS IN 2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)70
5.5TRENDS & DISRUPTIONS IMPACTING MARKET71
FIGURE 34REVENUE SHIFT DRIVING AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET GROWTH71
6INDUSTRY TRENDS72
6.1INTRODUCTION72
6.2PORTER’S FIVE FORCES ANALYSIS72
FIGURE 35PORTER’S FIVE FORCES: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET72
TABLE 20AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: IMPACT OF PORTER’S FIVE FORCES73
6.2.1THREAT OF SUBSTITUTES73
6.2.2THREAT OF NEW ENTRANTS73
6.2.3BARGAINING POWER OF BUYERS73
6.2.4BARGAINING POWER OF SUPPLIERS73
6.2.5INTENSITY OF COMPETITIVE RIVALRY74
6.3AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET ECOSYSTEM74
FIGURE 36AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: ECOSYSTEM ANALYSIS74
TABLE 21AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: ROLE OF COMPANIES IN ECOSYSTEM75
6.4VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS76
FIGURE 37VALUE CHAIN ANALYSIS OF AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET76
6.5TECHNOLOGICAL ANALYSIS77
TABLE 22C-V2X TECHNICAL ADVANTAGES OVER IEEE 802.11P (ITS-G5 OR DSRC)77
6.5.1CELLULAR V2X (C-V2X)78
TABLE 23CUMULATIVE GAIN WHILE USING 5G NR (NEW RADIO) C-V2X78
6.5.1.1LTE-V2X78
6.5.1.25G-V2X79
6.6PATENT ANALYSIS79
FIGURE 38PUBLICATION TRENDS (2015–2021)79
6.6.1LEGAL STATUS OF PATENTS (2012–2021)80
FIGURE 39LEGAL STATUS OF PATENTS FILED FOR AUTOMOTIVE V2X (2012–2021)80
6.6.2TOP PATENT APPLICANTS (2012–2021)80
FIGURE 40AUTOMOTIVE V2X, BY APPLICANT80
TABLE 24IMPORTANT PATENT REGISTRATIONS RELATED TO AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET81
6.7CASE STUDY83
6.7.1PILOT PROJECT ON VIRGINIA SMART ROAD83
6.7.2VEHICLE POSITIONING ACCURACY IN NEW YORK83
6.7.3TOWARDS ZERO ROAD SAFETY STRATEGY84
6.7.4PREPARING ROADS FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES84
6.7.5PILOT PROJECT ON SAN DIEGO ROADWAYS84
6.8REGULATORY OVERVIEW85
TABLE 25REGULATIONS FOR AUTOMOTIVE V2X85
TABLE 26US AND EU SPECIFICATION STANDARDS85
7AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY OFFERING86
7.1INTRODUCTION87
FIGURE 41SOFTWARE SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGER MARKET SHARE, BY VALUE, BY 2028 (USD MILLION)87
TABLE 27AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY OFFERING, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)87
TABLE 28AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY OFFERING, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)88
7.1.1OPERATIONAL DATA88
TABLE 29HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE OFFERED BY KEY PLAYERS88
7.1.2ASSUMPTIONS89
TABLE 30ASSUMPTIONS: OFFERING89
7.1.3RESEARCH METHODOLOGY89
7.2HARDWARE89
7.2.1INCREASING FOCUS ON AUTONOMOUS MOBILITY AND ROAD SAFETY89
TABLE 31V2X HARDWARE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)90
TABLE 32V2X HARDWARE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)90
7.3SOFTWARE91
7.3.1DEPLOYMENT OF 5G91
TABLE 33V2X SOFTWARE MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)91
TABLE 34V2X SOFTWARE MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)91
7.4KEY PRIMARY INSIGHTS92
8AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION93
8.1INTRODUCTION94
FIGURE 42V2G SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST MARKET SHARE, BY VALUE, BY 2028 (USD MILLION)94
TABLE 35AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)94
TABLE 36AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)95
TABLE 37AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)95
TABLE 38AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)95
8.1.1OPERATIONAL DATA96
TABLE 39VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH VARIOUS V2X COMMUNICATIONS96
8.1.2ASSUMPTIONS96
TABLE 40ASSUMPTIONS: BY COMMUNICATION96
8.1.3RESEARCH METHODOLOGY97

8.2V2V97
8.2.1FOCUS ON ROAD SAFETY97
TABLE 41V2V MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)97
TABLE 42V2V MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)98
TABLE 43V2V MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)98
TABLE 44V2V MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)98
8.3V2I99
8.3.1IMPROVEMENT IN ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE99
TABLE 45V2I MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)99
TABLE 46V2I MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)99
TABLE 47V2I MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)100
TABLE 48V2I MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)100
8.4V2G100
8.4.1INCREASING SALES OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES100
TABLE 49V2G MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)101
TABLE 50V2G MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)101
TABLE 51V2G MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)101
TABLE 52V2G MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)101
8.5V2P102
8.5.1PEDESTRIAN SAFETY CONCERNS102
TABLE 53V2P MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)102
TABLE 54V2P MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)103
TABLE 55V2P MARKET, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)103
TABLE 56V2P MARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)103
8.6VEHICLE-TO-CLOUD (V2C)104
8.7VEHICLE-TO-DEVICE (V2D)104
8.8KEY PRIMARY INSIGHTS104
9AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY PROPULSION105
9.1INTRODUCTION106
FIGURE 43AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY PROPULSION, 2022 VS. 2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)107
TABLE 57AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY PROPULSION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)107
TABLE 58AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY PROPULSION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)107
9.1.1OPERATIONAL DATA108
TABLE 59CARS EQUIPPED WITH V2X (BY PROPULSION)108
9.1.2ASSUMPTIONS108
TABLE 60ASSUMPTIONS: BY PROPULSION108
9.1.3RESEARCH METHODOLOGY108

9.2INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES109
9.2.1REVIVAL OF ICE VEHICLE PRODUCTION109
TABLE 61INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)109
TABLE 62INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)109
9.3ELECTRIC VEHICLES110
9.3.1GROWING ADOPTION OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES GLOBALLY110
TABLE 63ELECTRIC VEHICLES V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)111
TABLE 64ELECTRIC VEHICLES V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)111
9.4KEY PRIMARY INSIGHTS111
10AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY CONNECTIVITY112
10.1INTRODUCTION113
TABLE 65DSRC VS. C-V2X, PHYSICAL LAYER MAIN PARAMETERS113
TABLE 66COMPARISON BETWEEN DSRC AND C-V2X114
FIGURE 44AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY CONNECTIVITY, 2022 VS. 2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)114
TABLE 67AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY CONNECTIVITY, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)115
TABLE 68AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY CONNECTIVITY, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)115
10.1.1OPERATIONAL DATA115
TABLE 69COMPANIES OFFERING V2X PRODUCTS (BY CONNECTIVITY)115
10.1.2ASSUMPTIONS116
TABLE 70ASSUMPTIONS: BY CONNECTIVITY116
10.1.3RESEARCH METHODOLOGY116
10.2DSRC (DEDICATED SHORT-RANGE COMMUNICATIONS)116
10.2.1EFFECTIVE NON-LINE OF SIGHT AWARENESS116
TABLE 71DSRC V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)117
TABLE 72DSRC V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)117
10.3CELLULAR118
10.3.1ADVENT OF 5G NETWORK118
FIGURE 45C-V2X ARCHITECTURE118
FIGURE 46C-V2X IMPACT ON DRIVING EXPERIENCE AND SMART CITY DEVELOPMENT119
FIGURE 47CELLULAR-V2X SOLUTION FOR CONNECTED VEHICLE CHALLENGES119
TABLE 73PERFORMANCE OF DSRC VS. CELLULAR120
TABLE 74V2X STANDARDS FOR VARIOUS COMMUNICATION RANGES120
TABLE 75CELLULAR MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)120
TABLE 76CELLULAR MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)121
10.4KEY PRIMARY INSIGHTS121

11AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY122
11.1INTRODUCTION123
FIGURE 48AUTOMATED DRIVER ASSISTANCE SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGEST MARKET SHARE, BY VALUE, BY 2028 (USD MILLION)123
TABLE 77AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)124
TABLE 78AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)124
11.1.1OPERATIONAL DATA125
TABLE 79VARIOUS V2X TECHNOLOGIES BY COMMUNICATION TYPE125
11.1.2ASSUMPTIONS125
TABLE 80ASSUMPTIONS: BY TECHNOLOGY125
11.1.3RESEARCH METHODOLOGY126
11.2V2V126
11.2.1INCREASING FOCUS ON AUTONOMOUS MOBILITY126
11.2.2AUTOMATED DRIVER ASSISTANCE126
TABLE 81V2V MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)127
TABLE 82V2V MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)127
11.3V2I127
11.3.1RISING FOCUS ON TRAFFIC CONGESTION127
TABLE 83V2I MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)127
TABLE 84V2I MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)128
11.3.2INTELLIGENT TRAFFIC SYSTEMS (ITS)128
TABLE 85ITS SERVICES128
11.3.3EMERGENCY VEHICLE NOTIFICATION129
11.3.4PASSENGER INFORMATION SYSTEMS129
11.3.5FLEET AND ASSET MANAGEMENT129
11.3.6PARKING MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS130
11.4V2P130
11.4.1GROWING CONCERNS PERTAINING TO PEDESTRIAN SAFETY130
TABLE 86V2P MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)130
TABLE 87V2P MARKET, BY TECHNOLOGY, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)130
11.4.2LINE OF SIGHT131
11.4.3NON-LINE OF SIGHT131
TABLE 88RANKING OF STATE PEDESTRIAN FATALITY RATES (2019)131
11.4.4BACKING132
11.5KEY INDUSTRY INSIGHTS132
12AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE133
12.1INTRODUCTION134
TABLE 89GLOBAL PASSENGER CARS AND COMMERCIAL VEHICLES PRODUCTION DATA, 2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)134
TABLE 90GLOBAL SALES DATA OF PASSENGER CARS AND COMMERCIAL VEHICLES OVER YEARS (MILLION UNITS)134
FIGURE 49AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022 VS. 2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)135
TABLE 91AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)135
TABLE 92AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)135
TABLE 93AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)136
TABLE 94AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY VEHICLE TYPE, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)136
12.1.1OPERATIONAL DATA136
TABLE 95PASSENGER CARS EQUIPPED WITH V2X136
12.1.2ASSUMPTIONS137
TABLE 96ASSUMPTIONS: BY VEHICLE TYPE137
12.1.3RESEARCH METHODOLOGY137
12.2PASSENGER CARS137
12.2.1GROWING DEMAND FOR PREMIUM VEHICLES137
TABLE 97FATALITIES CAUSED BY PASSENGER CARS138
TABLE 98PASSENGER CARS: V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)138
TABLE 99PASSENGER CARS: V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)139
TABLE 100PASSENGER CARS: V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)139
TABLE 101PASSENGER CARS: V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)139
12.3COMMERCIAL VEHICLES140
12.3.1GROWTH FROM STRONG ROAD TRANSPORTATION SECTOR140
TABLE 102COMMERCIAL VEHICLES: V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)140
TABLE 103COMMERCIAL VEHICLE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)140
12.4KEY PRIMARY INSIGHTS141
13AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY UNIT142
13.1INTRODUCTION143
FIGURE 50AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY UNIT, 2022 VS. 2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)144
TABLE 104AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY UNIT, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)144
TABLE 105AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY UNIT, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)144
TABLE 106AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY UNIT, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)144
TABLE 107AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SIZE, BY UNIT, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)145
13.1.1OPERATIONAL DATA145
TABLE 108COMPANIES OFFERING RSU AND OBU145
13.1.2ASSUMPTIONS146
TABLE 109ASSUMPTIONS: BY UNIT146
13.1.3RESEARCH METHODOLOGY146
13.2ON-BOARD UNITS (OBUS)147
13.2.1DEMAND FOR SAFETY AND V2V COMMUNICATION147
13.3ROADSIDE UNITS (RSUS)147
13.3.1SMART CITIES147
13.4KEY PRIMARY INSIGHTS148
14AUTOMOTIVE V2X AFTERMARKET, BY OFFERING149
14.1INTRODUCTION150
FIGURE 51SOFTWARE SEGMENT TO HOLD LARGER MARKET SIZE, BY VALUE BY 2028 (USD MILLION)150
TABLE 110AUTOMOTIVE V2X AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)151
TABLE 111AUTOMOTIVE V2X AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)151
TABLE 112AUTOMOTIVE V2X AFTERMARKET, BY OFFERING, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)151
14.1.1OPERATIONAL DATA152
TABLE 113TOP INDUSTRIES FOR V2X MARKET IN NORTH AMERICA152
14.1.2ASSUMPTIONS152
TABLE 114ASSUMPTIONS: OFFERING (AFTERMARKET)152
14.1.3RESEARCH METHODOLOGY152
14.2HARDWARE153
14.2.1INCREASING FOCUS ON INFRASTRUCTURAL ACTIVITIES153
TABLE 115V2X HARDWARE AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)153
14.3SOFTWARE154
14.3.1ADVENT OF 5G NETWORK TO SUPPORT SEGMENT GROWTH154
TABLE 116V2X SOFTWARE AFTERMARKET, BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)154
14.4SERVICES155
14.4.1FLEET MANAGEMENT155
14.4.2AUTOMOTIVE ADVANCED DRIVER-ASSISTANCE SYSTEMS (ADAS)155
14.4.3TELEMATICS155
14.4.4CYBERSECURITY156
14.4.5AUTONOMOUS DRIVING156
14.4.6CHALLENGES FACED BY FLEET OPERATORS FOR V2X SERVICES156
14.4.6.1Hardware and software/firmware design challenge156
14.4.6.2Integration of data with existing and past database156
14.4.6.3Data privacy and security156
14.4.6.4Supporting infrastructure availability156
14.5KEY PRIMARY INSIGHTS157

15AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY REGION158
15.1INTRODUCTION159
TABLE 117V2X SHORT-RANGE ENVIRONMENT159
FIGURE 52AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (ICE), BY REGION, 2022 VS. 2028160
TABLE 118AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (ICE AND EV), BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)160
TABLE 119AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (ICE AND EV), BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)160
TABLE 120AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (ICE AND EV), BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)161
TABLE 121AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (ICE AND EV), BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)161
TABLE 122AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (ICE), BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)161
TABLE 123AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (ICE), BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)162
TABLE 124AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (ICE), BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)162
TABLE 125AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (ICE), BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)162
TABLE 126AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (EV), BY REGION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)163
TABLE 127AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (EV), BY REGION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)163
TABLE 128AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (EV), BY REGION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)163
TABLE 129AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET (EV), BY REGION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)163
15.2ASIA PACIFIC164
FIGURE 53ASIA PACIFIC: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SNAPSHOT165
TABLE 130ASIA PACIFIC: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)165
TABLE 131ASIA PACIFIC: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)166
TABLE 132ASIA PACIFIC: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)166
TABLE 133ASIA PACIFIC: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)166
15.2.1CHINA167
15.2.1.1Strong government support toward C-V2X technology167
TABLE 134CHINA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)167
TABLE 135CHINA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)168
TABLE 136CHINA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)168
TABLE 137CHINA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)168
15.2.2JAPAN169
15.2.2.1Increased performance and reduced costs of V2X169
FIGURE 54V2X SYSTEMS IN JAPAN170
TABLE 138JAPAN: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)171
TABLE 139JAPAN: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)171
TABLE 140JAPAN: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)171
TABLE 141JAPAN: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)171
15.2.3SOUTH KOREA172
15.2.3.1Growing government initiatives toward 5G-V2X172
TABLE 142SOUTH KOREA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)172
TABLE 143SOUTH KOREA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)173
TABLE 144SOUTH KOREA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)173
TABLE 145SOUTH KOREA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)173
15.2.4INDIA174
15.2.4.1Improving infrastructure for installation of RSUs174
TABLE 146INDIA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)174
TABLE 147INDIA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)174
15.2.5AUSTRALIA175
15.2.5.1Increasing number of tests and trials175
15.2.6TAIWAN175
15.2.6.1Technological advancements and R&D175
15.3EUROPE176
FIGURE 55EUROPE: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, 2022 VS. 2028 (USD MILLION)176
TABLE 148EUROPE: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)177
TABLE 149EUROPE: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)177
TABLE 150EUROPE: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)177
TABLE 151EUROPE: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)178
15.3.1GERMANY178
15.3.1.1Increase in C-V2X trials and tests178
TABLE 152GERMANY: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)179
TABLE 153GERMANY: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)179
TABLE 154GERMANY: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)179
TABLE 155GERMANY: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)179
15.3.2ITALY180
15.3.2.1Testing of V2X for truck platooning180
TABLE 156ITALY: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)180
TABLE 157ITALY: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)181
TABLE 158ITALY: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)181
TABLE 159ITALY: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)181
15.3.3FRANCE182
15.3.3.1Government funded projects to drive market182
TABLE 160FRANCE: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)182
TABLE 161FRANCE: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)182
TABLE 162FRANCE: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)183
TABLE 163FRANCE: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)183
15.3.4UK183
15.3.4.1Government initiatives for connected and autonomous vehicles183
TABLE 164UK: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)184
TABLE 165UK: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)184
TABLE 166UK: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)184
TABLE 167UK: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)184
15.3.5SPAIN185
15.3.5.1Growing traffic and safety concerns185
TABLE 168SPAIN: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)185
TABLE 169SPAIN: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)186
TABLE 170SPAIN: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)186
TABLE 171SPAIN: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)186
15.4NORTH AMERICA187
FIGURE 56NORTH AMERICA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET SNAPSHOT187
TABLE 172NORTH AMERICA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)188
TABLE 173NORTH AMERICA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)188
TABLE 174NORTH AMERICA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)188
TABLE 175NORTH AMERICA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)188
15.4.1US189
15.4.1.1High sales of V2V/V2I-enabled cars coupled with trails related to V2X189
TABLE 176US: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)189
TABLE 177US: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)190
TABLE 178US: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)190
TABLE 179US: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)190
15.4.2CANADA191
15.4.2.1Entry of more vehicles equipped with V2X191
TABLE 180CANADA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)191
TABLE 181CANADA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)191
TABLE 182CANADA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)192
TABLE 183CANADA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)192
15.4.3MEXICO193
15.4.3.1Improving infrastructure facilities193
TABLE 184MEXICO: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (THOUSAND UNITS)193
TABLE 185MEXICO: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)193
TABLE 186MEXICO: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2018–2021 (USD MILLION)193
TABLE 187MEXICO: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)194
15.5REST OF THE WORLD194
FIGURE 57ROW: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022 VS. 2028 (USD MILLION)194
TABLE 188REST OF THE WORLD: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)195
TABLE 189REST OF THE WORLD: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COUNTRY, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)195
15.5.1ARGENTINA195
15.5.1.1Future technological advancements195
TABLE 190ARGENTINA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)195
TABLE 191ARGENTINA: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)196

15.5.2BRAZIL196
15.5.2.1Government initiatives to curb pollution and growing vehicle sales196
TABLE 192BRAZIL: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (THOUSAND UNITS)196
TABLE 193BRAZIL: AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET, BY COMMUNICATION, 2022–2028 (USD MILLION)197
16COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE198
16.1OVERVIEW198
16.2MARKET RANKING ANALYSIS198
FIGURE 58AUTOMOTIVE V2X MARKET: MARKET RANKING, 2021198
16.3COMPETITIVE SCENARIO199
TABLE 194NEW PRODUCT LAUNCHES, 2016–2021200
16.3.1DEALS202
TABLE 195DEALS, 2017–2021202
16.3.2EXPANSIONS213
TABLE 196EXPANSIONS, 2017-2019213
16.4COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING (V2X SOLUTION PROVIDERS)214
16.4.1STARS214
16.4.2EMERGING LEADERS214
16.4.3PERVASIVE PLAYERS214
16.4.4PARTICIPANTS214
FIGURE 59AUTOMOTIVE V2X SOLUTION PROVIDERS MARKET: COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING, 2021215
16.5COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING (OEMS)216
16.5.1PROGRESSIVE COMPANIES216
16.5.2RESPONSIVE COMPANIES216
16.5.3DYNAMIC COMPANIES216
16.5.4STARTING BLOCKS216
FIGURE 60AUTOMOTIVE OEMS IN V2X MARKET: COMPETITIVE LEADERSHIP MAPPING, 2021217

Report Title: Automotive V2X Market by Connectivity (DSRC, and Cellular), Communication (V2V, V2I, V2P, V2G, V2C, and V2D), Vehicle Type (Passenger Cars, and Commercial Vehicles), Propulsion (ICE and EV), Unit, Offering, Technology and Region - Global Forecast to 2028


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