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Romania In-depth PEST Insights

Romania In-depth PEST Insights


This PEST country analysis report on Romania provides a holistic view of the country, with insightful analysis of current and future issues, supplemented with relevant quantitative data to support trend analysis.


- Understand the political system in Romania through analysis of key figures in the country and governance indicators.
- Understand the economic situation in Romania through a balanced assessment of core macroeconomic issues.
- Understand customer demographics in Romania through analysis of income distribution and the rural-urban split, as well as healthcare and education.
- Understand the technological landscape in Romania through analysis of relevant laws and policies, as well as patents data.


- The political landscape section discusses the evolution of the political scenario in Romania, as well as the country's economic, social, foreign, and defense policies. The section also discusses the country's performance according to World Bank Governance Indicators.
- The economic landscape section outlines the evolution of Romania's economy, as well as the country's performance in terms of GDP growth, composition by sector (agriculture, industry, and services), fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, credit disbursement, banking sector, and employment."
- The social landscape section analyzes the government's social welfare policies, as well as the country's performance in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education.

Reasons to Buy

- What is the outlook in Romania in terms of political stability, policies towards business, and the popularity of the government?
- How does Romania perform in terms of GDP growth, its fiscal situation, international investment position, monetary situation, and employment?
- How does Romania perform in terms of healthcare, income distribution, and education?
- How does Romania perform in terms of technology-intensive sectors like IT, life sciences, and R&D expenditure trends?

Table of Contents

1. Overview
1.1. Catalyst
1.2. Summary
1.2.1. Key highlights
1.3. Key developments (May 2022 - April 2023)
1.4. Key economic updates
1.4.1. Real GDP growth rate
1.4.2. Inflation and interest rate
1.4.3. External trade
1.4.4. Domestic demand
1.4.5. Unemployment rate
2. Key Facts and Geographic Location
2.1. Key facts
2.2. Geographical location
3. Political landscape
3.1. Summary
3.2. Evolution
3.3. Structure and policies
3.3.1. Key political figures
3.3.2. Structure of government
3.3.3. Legislature
3.3.4. Key political parties
3.3.5. Composition of parliament
3.3.6. Key policies
3.3.7. Economic and social
3.3.8. Romania’s national recovery and resilience plan
3.3.9. Foreign and defense policies
3.4. Performance
3.4.1. Governance indicators
4. Economic Landscape
4.1. Summary
4.2. Evolution
4.3. Structure and policies
4.3.1. Financial system
4.4. Performance
4.5. GDP composition by sector
4.5.1. Agriculture
4.5.2. Industry
4.5.3. Services
4.5.4. Fiscal situation
4.5.5. Current account
4.5.6. General government gross debt
4.5.7. Foreign trade
4.5.8. International investment position
4.5.9. Foreign exchange position
4.6. Key monetary indicators
4.6.1. Consumer price index inflation
4.6.2. Interest rate
4.6.3. Unemployment
5. Social Landscape
5.1. Summary
5.2. Evolution
5.3. Structure and policies
5.3.1. Demographic composition
5.3.2. Religious composition
5.3.3. Education
5.3.4. Healthcare
5.4. Performance
5.4.1. Healthcare
5.4.2. Income distribution
5.4.3. Standard of living
5.4.4. Education
6. Technological Landscape
6.1. Summary
6.2. Evolutions
6.3. Structure and policies
6.3.1. Intellectual property
6.4. Performance
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List of Tables
Table 1: Romania - Key facts, 2023
Table 2: Romania - Population by gender (as a percentage of total population), 2022

List of Figures
Figure 1: Key economic indicators trend
Figure 2: Map of Romania, 2023
Figure 3: Romania - Timeline of key political events
Figure 4: Romania - Key political figures
Figure 5: Distribution of seats in the chamber of deputies in Romania, December 2020
Figure 6: Evolution of GDP (%), 2012-22
Figure 7: Bucharest stock exchange index (BET index), March 2022-March 2023
Figure 8: Real GDP and GDP growth (constant prices), 2018-27f
Figure 9: GDP by sector in Romania, 2022
Figure 10: Romania - Agricultural output (RON billion/%), 2018-23f
Figure 11: Romania - Industrial output (RON billion/%), 2018-23f
Figure 12: Romania - Services output (RON billion/%), 2018-23f
Figure 13: Romania - General government net lending/borrowing, 2018-27f
Figure 14: Romania - Current account balance, 2018-27f
Figure 15: Romania - General government gross debt, 2018-27f
Figure 16: Volume of export and import of goods and services growth (%), 2018-27f
Figure 17: FDI inflows in Romania, 2012-21
Figure 17: Consumer price index and CPI-based inflation, 2018-27f
Figure 18: Unemployment rate, 2018-27f
Figure 19: Religion in Romania, 2011
Figure 20: Total healthcare expenditure, 2012-20
Figure 21: Gross enrollment ratio and net enrollment rate for secondary education, 2014-20
Figure 22: Patents granted per million persons, 2012-21
Figure 23: Internet users in Romania, 2018-23f

Report Title: Romania In-depth PEST Insights

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