Lightweight Materials in Transportation

 Published On: Sep, 2015 |    No of Pages: 163 |  Published By: BCC Research-JT Gabrielsen Consulting LLC Research | Format: PDF
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The global market for lightweight materials used in transportation reached $115.4 billion in 2014. This market is expected to reach about $109 billion by 2015 and $188.7 billion by 2020, registering a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 11.6% from 2015 to 2020.

This report provides:

-An overview of the global market for lightweight materials in transportation equipment, including motor vehicles, aircraft, trains, and ships.
-Analyses of global market trends, with data from 2014, estimates for 2015, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2020.
-Identification of lightweight materials that are in commercial use or under development for transportation applications.
-Discussion of trends by type of material and application.
-Analysis of the market's dynamics, specifically growth drivers, inhibitors, and opportunities.
-Factors that will influence the long-term development of the market.
-Profiles of major players in the industry.

INTRODUCTION

BACKGROUND
Reducing structural weight is one of the most important ways of reducing fuel consumption and improving the performance of motor vehicles and other types of conveyances. For example, an estimated 75% of the average motor vehicle’s fuel consumption is directly related to factors associated with vehicle weight. As with other performance and safety requirements, less weight means more useful work can be extracted from a unit of fuel or other energy source. In addition, weight-reducing technologies are critical to the success of new, highly efficient energy technologies such as hybrid vehicles.

Downsizing is one approach to reducing structural weight. However, practical considerations, safety standards and consumer preferences combine to limit the potential for reducing the weight of most transportation systems further through this approach.

The alternative to downsizing is the development of materials that combine relatively low mass (weight) with the requisite strength, flexibility and other performance criteria. The aircraft industry was the first to introduce lightweight materials (e.g., aluminum alloys) on a widespread scale beginning in the 1920s. This continues today with the adoption of lightweight composite materials.

Other industries, particularly the automotive industry, did not embrace lightweight materials as rapidly as the aircraft industry. However, in the 1990s automakers doubled their use of aluminum in an effort to reduce vehicle weight to meet federal fuel economy standards. While The Aluminum Association projects that automotive demand for aluminum is likely to slow in the early 21st century, automakers are now incorporating increasing amounts of composites in their products.

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
This report is an update of a BCC Research report published in early 2013. The overall goal of this report is to provide an up-to-date assessment of the business opportunities for providers of lightweight materials that will arise over the next five years as these materials increase their penetration into various transportation markets. In support of this goal, specific objectives of the report include:
Identifying lightweight materials with the greatest commercial potential in transportation applications over the next five years (2015 to 2020). Estimating the potential global markets for these technologies.

Analyzing the technical, commercial and other prerequisites for success in these markets.

INTENDED AUDIENCE
The report is intended especially for manufacturers and users of lightweight materials in the transportation equipment industry. Although the report is structured around specific technologies, it is largely nontechnical in nature and concerned primarily with markets, pricing, competition and other marketing-related issues.

As such, the report’s intended audience is mainly marketing executives, entrepreneurs, investors, venture capitalists and other readers with a need to know where the transportation market for lightweight materials is headed in the next five years. The report is not written specifically for scientists and technologists, although its findings regarding the market for their work—including the availability of government and corporate research funding for different technologies and applications—should interest them as well.

Others who should find the report informative include government agencies as well as environmental and public policy interest groups focusing on transportation, energy conservation, the environment and sustainable development in general.

SCOPE OF REPORT
The report is global in scope, focusing on the worldwide market for lightweight materials in transportation equipment, including motor vehicles, aircraft, trains and ships. Lightweight materials are defined broadly as materials that are used in the fabrication of equipment primarily in order to minimize weight.

As the term is used in this report, transportation equipment includes all motorized vehicles or craft used to convey people, animals or cargo between two points, except for vehicles/craft used exclusively for sports or recreation applications (e.g., glider aircraft and sailboats). Sports and recreation vehicles and craft are excluded in part because they are the subjects of another BCC Research report, AVM053A – Materials and Devices for High-Performance Sports Products. In this report, dual-purpose transportation equipment, such as small airplanes, is analyzed along with vehicles and craft whose purpose is primarily commercial.

The report also does not cover motor vehicles, ships and aircraft built for and used by the armed forces of the United States and other nations.

The report includes the following major elements:

-Executive summary.
-Definitions.
-A listing of lightweight materials that are in commercial use or under development for transportation applications.
-A listing of lightweight materials and applications with the greatest commercial potential through 2020.
-Global market trends by type of material and application, 2014 to 2020.
-Factors that will influence the long-term development of the market.

INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY
The information sources and methodologies used to develop the market projections in this report are discussed at length in the section “Global Market for Lightweight Materials in Transportation Applications, 2014 through 2020/Detailed Market Estimates and Projections.” In general, BCC Research used the following approach:
Identified commercial as well as promising developmental materials and their target markets through a literature review and interviews with industry experts.

Estimated baseline (2014) market penetration ratio for each material and target market.

Developed forecasts of growth trends in each target market.

Analyzed technical, economic and other factors that will influence the ability of different materials to compete for a share of their respective market(s) and estimated future consumption of each material on this basis.

The report estimates the market for each technology in unit as well as cost terms. Average cost data were obtained from a variety of sources, including industry publications, manufacturers’ price lists and contacts with industry sources. Where possible, BCC Research has projected 2020 prices based on factors such as historical price trends, supply/demand relationships and overall levels of production.

The report carefully documents data sources and assumptions. In this way, readers can see how the market estimates were developed; moreover, if they so desire, they can test the impact on the final numbers of changing assumptions such as price.
Chapter- 1: Introduction - Complimentary 4 $0   
BACKGROUND
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE OF REPORT
INFORMATION SOURCES AND METHODOLOGY
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER

Chapter- 2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 2 $250   
Table Summary : GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN TRANSPORTATION, THROUGH 2020
Figure Summary : GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN TRANSPORTATION, 2014-2020

Chapter- 3: OVERVIEW 24 $1469   
DEFINITIONS
IMPORTANCE OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS
END-USER SEGMENTS

Chapter- 4: LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 54 $3305   
OVERVIEW

Chapter- 5: PATENT ANALYSIS 3 $184   
OVERVIEW
PATENTS BY TYPE OF MATERIAL
PATENTS BY TYPE OF TRANSPORT APPLICATION

Chapter- 6: PUBLIC POLICY DIMENSIONS OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS 7 $428   
BACKGROUND
UNITED STATES
EUROPEAN UNION
JAPAN
OTHER COUNTRIES

Chapter- 7: GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT 56 $3427   
SUMMARY
DETAILED MARKET ESTIMATES AND PROJECTIONS

Chapter- 8: COMPANY PROFILES 13 $796   
3M CO.
ADVANCED MAGNESIUM ALLOYS CORP.
AKZO NOBEL NV
ALCOA INC.
BASF SE
BAYER MATERIAL SCIENCE AG
CELANESE CORP.
CYTEC INDUSTRIES INC.
DOW CHEMICAL CO.
E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND CO.
DWA ALUMINUM COMPOSITES
EXATEC LLC
FMW COMPOSITE SYSTEMS INC.
FREIGHTCAR AMERICA
HANWHA AZDEL INC.
HEXCEL CORP.
HOLLAND CO.
LANXESS AG
LYONDELLBASELL INDUSTRIES
MAGNESIUM ELEKTRON
MARTIN MARIETTA MATERIALS
MATERION CORP.
MERITOR INC.
MESSIER-BUGATTI-DOWTY
METAL MATRIX CAST COMPOSITES LLC
MX COMPOSITES AB
POLYONE CORP.
RAYMOR INDUSTRIES INC.
RENTON COIL SPRING CO.
RHODIA SA
SABIC INNOVATIVE PLASTICS
SIEMENS AG
SOLVAY SA
TITANIUM METALS CORP.
UBE INDUSTRIES LTD.
U.S. STEEL CORP.
VERKHNAYA SALDA METALLURGICAL PRODUCTION ASSOC.
VICTREX PLC

List of Tables

Summary Table : GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN TRANSPORTATION, THROUGH 2020
Table 1 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FOR TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT MATERIALS BY SEGMENT, THROUGH 2020
Table 2 : PROJECTED MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
Table 3 : GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVES AND ROLLING STOCK, 2014
Table 4 : PROJECTED SHIPMENTS OF RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVES AND ROLLING STOCK, THROUGH 2020
Table 5 : AVERAGE WEIGHT OF RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVES AND ROLLING STOCK, 2011
Table 6 : PROJECTED SHIP DELIVERIES, THROUGH 2020
Table 7 : PROJECTED GLOBAL DELIVERIES OF CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, THROUGH 2020
Table 8 : CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT AVERAGE UNLOADED WEIGHT BY TYPE OF AIRCRAFT, 2014
Table 9 : MAJOR END USES AND APPLICATIONS OF HIGH-STRENGTH STEEL
Table 10 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF LIGHTWEIGHT STEEL FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
Table 11 : ALUMINUM ALLOY DESIGNATIONS
Table 12 : AVERAGE LIGHT VEHICLE ALUMINUM CONTENT BY REGION OF MANUFACTURE, THROUGH 2015
Table 13 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF ALUMINUM FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
Table 14 : TITANIUM ALLOYS COMMONLY USED IN AEROSPACE APPLICATIONS
Table 15 : TITANIUM APPLICATIONS IN MOTOR VEHICLES
Table 16 : MAJOR SUPPLIERS OF TITANIUM AND TITANIUM PRODUCTS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
Table 17 : MAJOR SUPPLIERS OF MAGNESIUM AND MAGNESIUM PRODUCTS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
Table 18 : COMMONLY USED PLASTICS IN TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
Table 19 : TYPICAL PLASTICS APPLICATIONS IN MOTOR VEHICLES
Table 20 : TYPICAL PLASTICS APPLICATIONS IN AIRCRAFT
Table 21 : PRICES OF PLASTICS USED IN TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS, 2015
Table 22 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF PLASTICS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
Table 23 : TYPICAL SMC/BMC FORMULATION
Table 24 : TYPICAL COMPOSITE APPLICATIONS IN MOTOR VEHICLES
Table 25 : AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS OF NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIALS
Table 26 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF POLYMER COMPOSITES FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
Table 27 : POTENTIAL AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS OF MMCS
Table 28 : POTENTIAL COMMERCIAL/GENERAL AVIATION APPLICATIONS OF MMCS
Table 29 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
Table 30 : MAJOR MANUFACTURERS OF HYBRID MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS
Table 31 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2020
Table 32 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2020
Table 33 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE OF LIGHTWEIGHT TRANSPORTATION MATERIALS BY END-USER SEGMENT, THROUGH 2020
Table 34 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN MOTOR VEHICLES, THROUGH 2020
Table 35 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS CONSUMED IN PRODUCTION OF PASSENGER CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2014
Table 36 : PROJECTED GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PASSENGER CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, THROUGH 2020
Table 37 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN PASSENGER CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, THROUGH 2020
Table 38 : PROJECTED WEIGHT OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIAL USED IN HEAVY TRUCKS, 2015-2020
Table 39 : PROJECTED AVERAGE PRICE OF ALUMINUM ALLOYS USED IN HEAVY TRUCKS, 2014-2020
Table 40 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN HEAVY TRUCKS, THROUGH 2020
Table 41 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN THE FABRICATION OF BUSES, 2014
Table 42 : MARKET PENETRATION RATIOS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN BUSES, 2014-2020
Table 43 : PRICES OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN THE FABRICATION OF BUSES
Table 44 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN BUSES, THROUGH 2020
Table 45 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN FABRICATION OF RAILWAY EQUIPMENT, 2014
Table 46 : MARKET PENETRATION RATIOS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN RAILWAY EQUIPMENT, 2014-2020
Table 47 : PRICES OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN FABRICATING RAILWAY EQUIPMENT, THROUGH 2020
Table 48 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVES AND CARS, THROUGH 2020
Table 49 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN FABRICATING COMMERCIAL SHIPS, 2014
Table 50 : PROJECTED WEIGHT OF MATERIAL USED IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING, 2014-2020
Table 51 : MARKET PENETRATION RATIOS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING, 2014-2020
Table 52 : PRICE TRENDS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING, 2014-2020
Table 53 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN SHIPBUILDING, THROUGH 2020
Table 54 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN FABRICATING COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2014
Table 55 : PROJECTED WEIGHT OF MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2014-2020
Table 56 : MARKET PENETRATION RATIOS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2014-2020
Table 57 : LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2014-2020
Table 58 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, THROUGH 2020

List of Figures

Summary Figure : GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN TRANSPORTATION, 2014-2020
Figure 1 : TRANSPORTATION SECTOR SHARE OF GLOBAL LIQUID FUELS CONSUMPTION, 2012 AND 2035
Figure 2 : GLOBAL FUEL CONSUMPTION BY TRANSPORT MODE, 2014
Figure 3 : GLOBAL TRANSPORT SECTOR CONTRIBUTION TO GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS, 2014
Figure 4 : COMPARATIVE COST/STRENGTH OF STEEL VERSUS LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS FOR VEHICLE PRIMARY STRUCTURES
Figure 5 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION FOR TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT MATERIALS BY SEGMENT, 2014-2020
Figure 6 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION SHARE FOR TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT MATERIALS BY SEGMENT, 2014 VERSUS 2020
Figure 7 : GLOBAL PRODUCTION SHARE FOR MOTOR VEHICLES BY TYPE, 2014
Figure 8 : PROJECTED MOTOR VEHICLE PRODUCTION BY TYPE, 2014-2020
Figure 9 : AVERAGE VEHICLE WEIGHTS BY CLASS, 2014
Figure 10 : TOTAL MOTOR VEHICLE MATERIAL USAGE, 2014-2020
Figure 11 : TOTAL RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVE AND ROLLING STOCK MATERIAL USAGE, 2014-2020
Figure 12 : TRENDS IN WORLD SHIP DELIVERIES, 2006-2014
Figure 13 : PROJECTED SHIP DELIVERIES, 2014-2020
Figure 14 : STEELWEIGHT OF PROJECTED SHIP DELIVERIES, 2014-2020
Figure 15 : GLOBAL CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT DELIVERIES, 2014
Figure 16 : TRENDS IN GLOBAL DELIVERIES OF CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2014-2020
Figure 17 : TOTAL CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT MATERIALS USAGE, 2014-2020
Figure 18 : TRENDS IN GLOBAL CARBON STEEL PRICES, 1995-2014
Figure 19 : TRENDS IN AVERAGE LIGHT VEHICLE ALUMINUM CONTENT BY REGION OF MANUFACTURE, 2002-2015
Figure 20 : MAIN ALUMINUM APPLICATIONS IN PASSENGER CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2012*
Figure 21 : ALUMINUM ALLOY PRICE TRENDS, 1995-2014
Figure 22 : TRENDS IN AVERAGE MAGNESIUM PRICES, 2014-2020
Figure 23 : U.S. PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH MAY 15, 2015, RELATING TO LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS, BY TYPE OF MATERIAL
Figure 24 : U.S. PATENTS ISSUED THROUGH MAY 15, 2015, RELATING TO LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS FOR TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS, BY TYPE OF APPLICATION
Figure 25 : TRENDS IN GLOBAL MARKET FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT, 2014 THROUGH 2020
Figure 26 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION MARKET SHARE FOR LIGHTWEIGHT TRANSPORTATION MATERIALS BY TYPE OF MATERIAL, 2014-2020
Figure 27 : GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR LIGHTWEIGHT TRANSPORTATION MATERIALS BY TYPE OF MATERIAL, 2014-2020
Figure 28 : GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS TONNAGE CONSUMPTION USED IN MOTOR VEHICLES, 2014 TO 2020
Figure 29 : GLOBAL MARKET SHARE IN VALUE OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN MOTOR VEHICLE, 2014 TO 2020
Figure 30 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN AUTOS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2014
Figure 31 : AUTOMOBILE AND LIGHT TRUCK CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS, BY TONNAGE AND VALUE, 2014
Figure 32 : PROJECTED GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF PASSENGER CARS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2014-2020
Figure 33 : MARKET PENETRATION RATIOS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN AUTOS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2014-2020
Figure 34 : PRICE TRENDS FOR LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN AUTOS AND LIGHT TRUCKS, 2014-2020
Figure 35 : AUTOMOBILE AND LIGHT TRUCK CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS BY TONNAGE AND VALUE, 2020
Figure 36 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN HEAVY TRUCKS, 2014
Figure 37 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN BUSES, 2014
Figure 38 : CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN THE FABRICATION OF BUSES, TONS AND VALUE, 2014
Figure 39 : TRENDS IN WORLDWIDE SHIPMENTS OF BUSES AND RELATED MATERIALS CONSUMPTION, 2014-2020
Figure 40 : PERCENTAGE SHARE OF CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN THE FABRICATION OF BUSES, TONNAGE AND VALUE 2020
Figure 41 : GLOBAL PERCENTAGE SHARE OF CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN RAILWAY EQUIPMENT, 2014
Figure 42 : CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN THE FABRICATION OF RAILWAY EQUIPMENT (TONNAGE AND VALUE), 2014
Figure 43 : TRENDS IN GLOBAL SHIPMENTS OF RAILWAY LOCOMOTIVES AND ROLLING STOCK, 2014-2020
Figure 44 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN FABRICATING RAILWAY EQUIPMENT (TONNAGE AND VALUE), 2020
Figure 45 : PERCENTAGE SHARE OF GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING, 2014
Figure 46 : GLOBAL CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING (TONNAGE AND VALUE), 2014
Figure 47 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN COMMERCIAL SHIPBUILDING (TONNAGE AND VALUE), 2017
Figure 48 : GLOBAL PERCENTAGE SHARE OF CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS USED IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT, 2014
Figure 49 : CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT (TONNAGE AND VALUE) 2014
Figure 50 : PROJECTED CONSUMPTION OF LIGHTWEIGHT MATERIALS IN COMMERCIAL AND CIVILIAN AIRCRAFT (TONNAGE AND VALUE), 2020

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