Ballast Water Treatment: Technologies and Global Markets

 Published On: Aug, 2016 |    No of Pages: 183 |  Published By: BCC Research-JT Gabrielsen Consulting LLC Research | Format: PDF
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The global market for ballast water treatment equipment will grow from nearly $5.2 billion in 2015 to nearly $36.0 billion by 2020 with a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 47.1% for the period of 2015-2020.

This report provides:

-An overview of the global market for ballast treatment technologies, including solid-liquid separations, with and without coagulation and flocculation; chemical treatment, such as chlorination and ozonation; and physical treatment such as ultraviolet irradiation, gas injection, and ultrasonic processes.
-Analyses of market trends for four world regions, with data from 2014, 2015, and projections of compound annual growth rates (CAGRs) through 2020.
-A presentation of legislative and other drivers by region and a discussion of pending International Maritime Organization regulations.
-A listing of the categories of seagoing vessels, i.e. cargo ships, cruise ships, ferries, tankers, affected by recent and expected rulings and the types of treatment equipment each will require.
-A patent analysis that reveals technical developments and firms with leading intellectual property portfolios.
-A discussion of industry structure.
-Comprehensive company profiles of key players in the market.

INTRODUCTION

STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES

This BCC Research report is designed to provide the reader with an understanding of the ballast water treatment equipment industry and the market forces that affect it. The report begins with an overview of the global shipping industry and the problems associated with the transfer of invasive species from port to port in ballast water. Pending and existing regulations at the global, regional and local levels are described, along with their numerical standards and implementation schedules. Vessels affected by these rulings are identified and categorized by type, country, size and age.

The report presents estimates of the current market value and forecast values for the year 2020 by calculating the compound annual growth rate (CAGR) for a five-year period. Market size and growth are assessed for four world regions: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and the “Rest of World.” Within each world region, the countries forecast to make the largest system purchases are broken out of the total.

The markets are further analyzed by a number of other parameters including technology type, vessel type and vessel size. Values for each of these markets are presented for 2015 and 2020, and CAGRs are provided for the five-year time frame.

A patent analysis covering both U.S. and world patent activity is included to show technology trends and identify companies with the largest intellectual property portfolios. Number of patents and percentage share of the total are broken down by technology, assignee or inventor, and country.

A section on industry structure looks at the firms involved in ballast water treatment and categorizes them by type of company, i.e., diversified multinational corporation, water treatment specialist and base of operation. Brief profiles describe each company’s core activities and ballast water treatment systems.

REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
Shipping activities transport more than 80% of the world’s commodities and transfers three to five billion metric tons of ballast water every year. Ballast water is essential to the safe and efficient operation of shipping, but also poses serious ecological, economic and health threats due to the inadvertent transfer of invasive aquatic species. The introduction of invasive marine species into new environments through ballast water transfer has been identified as one of the major threats to the world’s oceans. In response, the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) called on the International Maritime Organization (IMO) and other international bodies to take action to solve the problem.

By this time, the IMO had been seeking a solution for more than a decade. In 1991, the organization published Guidelines for Preventing the Introduction of Unwanted Organisms and Pathogens from Ship’s Ballast Waters and Sediment Discharges. This publication was updated in 1993. In 1997, the IMO published Guidelines for Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water to Minimize the Transfer of Harmful Aquatic Organisms and Pathogens (Resolution A.868 (20)).

In February 2004, the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments (also known as the Ballast Water Management or BWM Convention) was adopted by the IMO. To complement the Convention, the IMO adopted over 15 sets of guidelines and other documents contained in various resolutions and circulars. In addition to the international regulations, federal laws, such as those implemented in the U.S., as well as state and local regulations impact market dynamics.

Prior studies analyzing the ballast water treatment equipment market have based their calculations on the IMO’s original schedule for system implementation. The timetable is now expected to change, so the market needs to be reassessed. Instead of requiring that the entire global fleet be in compliance within three years, the new schedule would spread the annual installation workload more evenly over the five-year period from 2016 to 2021.

Regardless of the implementation schedule, there is a massive global market for ballast water treatment systems, as many as 10,000 units per year or 30 installations per day, for multiple years. However, the market is unusual in that once all existing ships are in compliance, only newbuild ships will require system installation, shrinking the market to 2,000 to 3,000 ships per year, or about five installations per day.

INTENDED AUDIENCE
Global interest in ballast water treatment has been rising steadily since the early 1990s. The transfer of invasive aquatic species affects many global regions, including both developing and developed countries. These invasive species compete with and negatively impact the survival of native organisms. The outcome of this can be economic and health-related.

This study is designed to be useful to a wide range of readers: industry players, researchers, corporations and others who have stakes in shipping and ballast water treatment technologies, as well as those who are considering expanding into these markets. This study provides critical information to decision makers regarding global, national and regional investment strategies, along with the level of anticipated return that will result from continued market development.

SCOPE AND FORMAT
This report is focused on the market for ballast water treatment equipment for four world regions: North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and the “Rest of World.” The study begins with a discussion of problems associated with ballast water, and continues with a discussion of existing and pending regulations regarding its treatment, and an overview of the various types of treatment technologies.

The report includes current and projected market value, market drivers, trends and opportunities, top-selling products and suppliers, and a general market outlook. The report contains roughly 100 market tables and figures that provide a comprehensive insight into the market, along with nearly 80 company profiles. Market tables are presented for a range of parameters including geographic region, vessel size and type, supplier and product type.

All market data pertains to sales at the manufacturer level. Data are expressed in current U.S. dollars.

METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
Both primary and secondary sources were used in the compilation of this report. Research began with an examination of existing and pending regulations that drive the industry, and a review of their implementation schedules, if the standards were not yet in effect. Data were gathered regarding the number of ships in the global fleet, categorized by age, type and world region of ownership. A review of treatment technologies was also conducted and systems were categorized according to treatment type.

Regulatory information was collected from the IMO and its Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC), the U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Federal Register, the State of California and the Australian Environmental Protection Authority.

For global vessel numbers sizes and types, a variety of sources were used including Lloyd’s Register, Equasis, the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Factbook, American Bureau of Shipping (ABS), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the Norwegian Ordinary Ship Register and the Shipbuilder’s Association of Japan.

The IMO, MEPC, company presentations and product literature provided system information. Other sources included the Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force, Safety 4 Sea, company annual reports, trade associations, industry journals, and the U.S. and world patent databases.

Chapter- 1: INTRODUCTION - Complimentary 4 $0
STUDY GOALS AND OBJECTIVES
REASONS FOR DOING THE STUDY
INTENDED AUDIENCE
SCOPE AND FORMAT
METHODOLOGY AND INFORMATION SOURCES
ANALYST'S CREDENTIALS
RELATED BCC RESEARCH REPORTS
BCC RESEARCH WEBSITE
DISCLAIMER

Chapter- 2: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 3 $250
Table Summary : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
Figure Summary : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2014-2020

Chapter- 3: OVERVIEW 14 $763
UNWANTED SPECIES FOUND IN BALLAST WATER
REGULATIONS
Table 1 : BALLAST WATER NEEDS, VESSEL TYPES AND TYPICAL PUMPING RATES

Chapter- 4: TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES 42 $2289
SOLID-LIQUID SEPARATION
DISINFECTION
BALLAST WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE
BALLAST WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY COUNTRY
APPROVAL PROCESS FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS
SYSTEMS BASED ON ACTIVE SUBSTANCES
SELECTING A BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM
COSTS
MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY VESSEL SIZE
Figure 1 : BALLAST WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES

Chapter- 5: PATENT ANALYSIS 6 $327
PATENT REVIEW
PATENT REVIEW BY APPLICANT
PATENT REVIEW BY COUNTRY

Chapter- 6: GLOBAL MARKETS 34 $1853
GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET
NEWBUILDS
GLOBAL MARKET SIZE AND GROWTH FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS, BY REGION
NORTH AMERICA/NAFTA
EUROPE/EUROPEAN UNION
ASIA-PACIFIC
REST OF WORLD

Chapter- 7: INDUSTRY STRUCTURE 48 $2616
SHIPBUILDERS, SHIP EQUIPMENT/SERVICE SUPPLIERS
UV SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS
OZONE SYSTEMS MANUFACTURERS
CHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS
PURE PLAYS
FIRMS WITH OTHER CORE COMPETENCIES
MARKET SHARE
COMPANY PROFILES
Table 44 : DIVERSIFIED MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET
Table 45 : WATER TREATMENT COMPANIES ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET

Chapter- 8: APPENDIX 32 $1744
Table 54 : LIST OF PATENTS, JANUARY 14, 2010 TO DECEMBER 30, 2015

List of Tables

Summary Table : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
Table 1 : BALLAST WATER NEEDS, VESSEL TYPES AND TYPICAL PUMPING RATES
Table 2 : TOP 10 MOST UNWANTED SPECIES CARRIED IN BALLAST WATER
Table 3 : ADVERSE IMPACTS CAUSED BY AQUATIC NUISANCE SPECIES
Table 4 : STATUS OF THE IMO CONVENTION, SIGNATORY STATES AND ESTIMATED NUMBER OF SHIPS, 2016
Table 5 : IMO STANDARDS FOR DISCHARGED BALLAST WATER
Table 6 : TIMETABLE FOR INSTALLATION OF BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS, 2009-2012
Table 7 : IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE FOR U.S. COAST GUARD-APPROVED BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT METHODS
Table 8 : ALTERNATIVE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS APPROVED BY U.S. COAST GUARD, AS OF 2015
Table 9 : BALLAST WATER DISCHARGE STANDARDS UNDER CALIFORNIA LAW
Table 10 : COMPARISON OF DISINFECTION METHODS
Table 11 : BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY MANUFACTURER, 2015
Table 12 : NUMBER OF BALLAST WATER PRETREATMENT AND DISINFECTION SYSTEMS BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2015
Table 13 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, THROUGH 2020
Table 14 : NUMBER OF BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS AND THEIR SHARE BY COUNTRY, 2015
Table 15 : LIST OF BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS THAT MAKE USE OF ACTIVE SUBSTANCES WHICH HAVE RECEIVED BASIC AND/OR FINAL APPROVAL FROM THE IMO
Table 16 : LIST OF BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS THAT HAVE RECEIVED TYPE APPROVAL CERTIFICATION BY THEIR RESPECTIVE ADMINISTRATIONS
Table 17 : BALLAST WATER CAPACITY AND BALLAST PUMP RATE BY VESSEL TYPE, 2011
Table 18 : SUITABILITY OF A BALLAST WATER SYSTEM TYPE TO A VESSEL TYPE
Table 19 : INSTALLATION COST BREAKDOWN FOR SELECTED SYSTEMS
Table 20 : ESTMATED CAPITAL AND OPERATING COSTS FOR 200 M3/HR AND 2,000 M3/HR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY MANUFACTURER, 2010
Table 21 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY SHIP BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, THROUGH 2020
Table 22 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY VESSEL TYPE, THROUGH 2020
Table 23 : PATENTS BY YEAR, 2011-2015
Table 24 : PATENTS BY FIRST LISTED APPLICANT, 2011 TO 2015
Table 25 : PATENTS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2016
Table 26 : NUMBER OF VESSELS BY COUNTRY OF REGISTRATION, 2014
Table 27 : NUMBER AND GLOBAL MARKET SHARE OF VESSELS IN ACTIVE SERVICE BY REGION, 2015
Table 28 : GLOBAL MERCHANT VESSELS FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE, 2014
Table 29 : GLOBAL MERCHANT VESSEL FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE AND SIZE, 2014
Table 30 : GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, 2014
Table 31 : GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE AND AGE, 2014
Table 32 : FPSOS IN OPERATION, 2015
Table 33 : GLOBAL MARKET ORDER BOOK AND SHARE FOR SHIPBUILDERS BY REGION, 2014
Table 34 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY REGION, THROUGH 2020
Table 35 : VESSEL REGISTRATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, 2015
Table 36 : DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN VESSELS SUBJECT TO THE EPA'S VGP BALLAST WATER REQUIREMENTS BY TYPE, 2013
Table 37 : MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020
Table 38 : VESSEL REGISTRATION IN EU (28) BY COUNTRY, 2015
Table 39 : MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS IN EU (28) BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020
Table 40 : VESSEL REGISTRATION IN ASIA-PACIFIC, BY COUNTRY, 2015
Table 41 : MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS IN ASIA-PACIFIC BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020
Table 42 : VESSEL REGISTRATION IN THE REST OF WORLD, 2015
Table 43 : REST OF WORLD MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY COUNTRY, THROUGH 2020
Table 44 : DIVERSIFIED MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET
Table 45 : WATER TREATMENT COMPANIES ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET
Table 46 : SHIPBUILDERS AND SHIP EQUIPMENT/SERVICE SUPPLIERS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET
Table 47 : UV SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET
Table 48 : OZONE SYSTEM MANUFACTURER ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET
Table 49 : CHEMICAL MANUFACTURERS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET
Table 50 : PURE PLAYS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET
Table 51 : OTHER FIRMS ACTIVE IN THE BALLAST WATER TREATMENT MARKET
Table 52 : BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPERS, BY COMPANY TYPE
Table 53 : ESTIMATED SHARE OF THE GLOBAL BALLAST WATER TREAMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET, BY MANUFACTURER, 2015
Table 54 : LIST OF PATENTS, JANUARY 14, 2010 TO DECEMBER 30, 2015

List of Figures

Summary Figure : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2014-2020
Figure 1 : BALLAST WATER TREATMENT TECHNOLOGIES
Figure 2 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT EQUIPMENT BY TECHNOLOGY TYPE, 2014-2020
Figure 3 : NUMBER OF BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM MANUFACTURERS BY COUNTRY, 2015
Figure 4 : APPROVAL PATHWAY FOR BALLAST WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
Figure 5 : ESTIMATED CAPITAL COSTS FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY TYPE, 2010
Figure 6 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY SHIP BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, 2014-2020
Figure 7 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY VESSEL TYPE 2014-2020
Figure 8 : PATENTS BY COUNTRY, 2011-2016
Figure 9 : NUMBER OF VESSELS IN ACTIVE SERVICE BY REGION, 2014
Figure 10 : GLOBAL MERCHANT VESSEL FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE, 2014
Figure 11 : GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY BALLAST WATER CAPACITY, 2014
Figure 12 : GLOBAL MERCHANT FLEET BY VESSEL TYPE AND AGE, 2014
Figure 13 : GLOBAL MARKET SHARE FOR SHIPBUILDERS BY REGION, 2014
Figure 14 : GLOBAL MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS BY REGION, 2014-2020
Figure 15 : VESSEL REGISTRATIONS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, 2015
Figure 16 : MARKET FOR BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEMS IN NORTH AMERICA BY COUNTRY, 2015-2020
Figure 17 : BALLAST WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPERS BY COMPANY TYPE
Figure 18 : ESTIMATED SHARE OF THE GLOBAL BALLAST WATER TREAMENT EQUIPMENT MARKET, BY MANUFACTURER, 2015


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